INTERVIEW | Wim DeetmanALUMNI | Results tracer survey revealedIN FOCUS | Building a glacier in the desertONLINE | Sanitati...
Diversity is key                                                                          Welcome to a new issue of UPDATE...
4|                              Interview with                                                           Wim Deetman,     ...
SHORT NEWS    NEW                                                GROUNDWATER                                              ...
ApRIL-JUNE 2012                                                                                                  THE BIG C...
“I can play an  active role instrengtheningthe position of the Institute”                   © Photo: ANP, Phil Nijhuis4
BOARD MEMBER INTERvIEW“ Being more  creative in  financially  challenging  times” Wim Deetman, Dutch politician and states...
“There will be an important role for     UNESCO-IHE to help the government     achieve its water-related ambitions”       ...
COLUMN                  PERSONALIA                                                         Climate change is              ...
MISSION REpORTColombia callsin expert adviceafter floodingMonths of heavy rains during the extremewet season of 2010-2011 ...
Scour hole left after the major dike failure along the Canal del Dique. The breach had recently beenclosed, but the damage...
Top four of training topics followed after studies              Competences and skills acquired atCompetences and Skills  ...
OpINION pROJECTFlows for people                                                                           Damming Eastern ...
INTERvIEWNurturing anenvironment ofacademic curiosityMaria Kennedy was recently appointed Professor ofWater Treatment Tech...
“A key priority is to ensure that our research results are applied to solve real problems”                    13
unesco-ihe global partnershipSWITCH2006-2011                                                                              ...
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011
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WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011

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Links published in the May issue of UNESCO-IHE UPDATE Magazine


Page 2


Short News


IGRAC


PhD week


Delft Urban Water Research Platform

Page 3



International Water Week


BigChallenge

Page 14



SWITCH centerfold


SWITCH products

Page 16



Flood Resilience Group

Page 17



KULTURisk

Page 18/9



SunGlacier


Cool(E)motion


Exhibitions by artist Ap Verheggen


Reuters news item on SunGlacier

Page 20



Mobile Monitoring Experiment

Page 21


Publications


Water in Central Asia


Urban Hydroinformatics


Les Voyageurs de l’Eau


PhD Dissertations


Biological Wastewater Treatment


UNESCO-IHE Annual Report 2010

Page 22



Progress report SCUSA

Page 23



Joint Masters

Page 24



Water and Peace


100th PhD degree


Joint double degrees


MSc graduation


Water for Food


Indonesian wins Goldman Prize

Page 27



Professor Philip O’Kane awarded UNESCO-IHE Honorary Fellowship

Page 29


Online Resources at your fingertips


TheWaterChannel.tv revamped


Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management Toolbox


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WATER ISSUES - UPDATE May-2011

  1. 1. INTERVIEW | Wim DeetmanALUMNI | Results tracer survey revealedIN FOCUS | Building a glacier in the desertONLINE | Sanitation and Water Management ToolboxUPDATEMAGAZINE UNESCO-IHE INSTITUTE FOR WATER EDUCATION 2011 MAY 2
  2. 2. Diversity is key Welcome to a new issue of UPDATE Magazine in which you can read about the very diverse areas in which the Institute is active, through its efforts in the areas of education, research and capacity development programmes. Much work remains to be done to meet global water challenges. Setting up a global campus as a means to strengthen international academic collaboration and intensify existing relations with partners and institutes is the next step forward. The future education of UNESCO-IHE is to be characterised by a consistent application of innovative, learner-centred didactical approaches to produce graduates who become the much needed water experts. Thus, the Institute aims to offer innovative, internationally appealing global water education programmes, while at the same time pursuing enhanced and effective cooperation with its partner institutions to create new international learning alliances. ARE YOU AN This global campus will be an interdisciplinary environment in which a new generation of water professionals is able to explore ALUMNUS? insights into water problems from many different perspectives, We are living in an international and contribute to the development of creative, integrated world where email is the fastest and sustainable solutions. They will become water leaders way of keeping in touch across rather than followers. Solid knowledge and understanding of the globe. UNESCO-IHE follows one discipline as well as cognitive competencies outside that this trend and we are increasingly discipline blended with functional, personal, values/ethical and sending you information by email. meta-competencies are to be acquired. Do not hesitate to get in touch with us and send us your most UNESCO-IHE in collaboration with its partners have a key up-to-date contact details. Your task in transferring knowledge and research in achieving the details will only be used to send world’s development goals over the next decade. We must all you information about UNESCO- recognize that there is a definite and strong need to develop, IHE. We will respect your privacy strengthen and maintain local and regional capacities to conduct at all times and will not share your professional training, academic education and research in water- information with others without related subjects. your prior consent. I hope you will enjoy reading this issue of UPDATE Magazine. Professor András Szöllösi-Nagy Rector, UNESCO-IHEeditorial board editorial design In UPDATE freedom of expression about the magazine institute for water educationErwin Ploeger contributions Peter Stroo and opinion is encouraged. Opinions UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water UNESCO-IHE is the largestJoop de Schutter Selda Akbal need to be expressed fully and clearly Education produces a biennial magazine international postgraduate waterAndrás Szöllösi-Nagy Leonardo Alfonso print in the content. It should also be clear called UPDATE. We print 15,000 free education institute in the world andStefan Uhlenbrook Giuliano di Baldasarre Prints & Proms/ whose opinion the article represents. copies per issue, which are sent to our the only institution in the UN system Ellen Brandenburg Rotterdam The Editorial Committee reserves the counterparts across the world. UPDATE authorised to confer accreditededitorial committee Wim Douven right to refrain from publishing articles, features institutional information MSc degrees and promote PhDs.Jan Willem Foppen Jan Willem Foppen published by editorial contributions and letters to the related to water education, research The mission of UNESCO-IHE is toAnn van Griensven Carol Howe UNESCO-IHE editor or to publish them in consultation and capacity development activities contribute to the education and trainingJeltsje Kemerink Ewoud Kok PO Box 3015 with the author. undertaken by UNESCO-IHE, its alumni of professionals and to develop theJan Herman Koster Laura Kwak 2601 DA Delft and partners. capacity of sector organisations,Henk Lubberding Michael McClain The Netherlands The Editorial Commitee encourages knowledge centres and other Roy Meijer (TuD) editorial contributions from readers. We try to make every issue of UPDATE institutions active in the fields of water,editor-in-chief Arthur Mynett t +31 15 215 1715 The sections known as The Column, Magazine as eco-friendly as possible. the environment and infrastructure, inAlida Pham Maria Laura Sorrentino f +31 15 212 2921 Op-Ed and Report from the Field are The paper used to make this UPDATE developing countries and countries in Micha Werner e info@unesco-ihe.org intended to provide a platform for such is produced by Sappi and is one of the transition.sub-editor i www.unesco-ihe.org contributions. Please note that editorial Triple Star papers delivered to us byJoy Maul-Phillips sections are subject to change. Papyrus. This paper is PEFC certified. Since 1957, the Institute has provided PEFC stands for the Programme for the postgraduate education to overcoordination UPDATE Magazine is interested in Endorsement of Forest Certification, 14,500 water professionals from 162Manuela Porceddu hearing more from the Institute’s an independent, nonprofit, non- countries, the vast majority of whom alumni, especially about projects governmental organization that works come from the developing world. they are currently undertaking and with forest managers, paper and timber Currently the Institute counts 130 the organisations to which they are companies and their external certifiers registered PhD fellows, and numerous affiliated. Please send your updates to assure that the world’s forests are research and capacity development to the editor by sending an email to managed sustainably for the benefit of projects are carried out throughout update@unesco-ihe.org. future generations. the world.3 update@unesco-ihe.org
  3. 3. 4| Interview with Wim Deetman, 4 IHE Delft Foundation Board Member 12 | Interview with Maria Kennedy, newly appointed Professor 12 10 10 | Alumni Tracer Survey The Results 14 | SWITCH 2006 - 2011 A Global Partnership 14 18 18 | Artist Ap Verheggen Cultural Ambassador presents SunGlacier ABOUT THE COVER 2| Short news INTERVIEW | Wim Deetman ALUMNI | Results tracer survey revealed IN FOCUS | Building a glacier in the desert ONLINE | Sanitation and Water Management Toolboxuch! UPDATE This cover photo was shot at the ATH Resources 7| Column Climate Change coal mine located in the north of Edinburgh MAGAZINE UNESCO-IHE INSTITUTE FOR WATER EDUCATION in Scotland. The specialists are checking the 8| Colombia mission 2011 MAY growth of the reeds in the waste water purifica- tion beds. The water has been pumped out of 11 | Mara flows the coalmines and is being purified by the reeds. 11 | Opinion Damming Eastern Africa’s Rivers 2 ATH Resources operates surface coal mines and is one of the largest producers of coal in the UK, 16 | Updates Flood Resilience Group providing coal principally to the electricity sup- 17 | KULTURisk ply industry and also the industrial and house coal markets. Throughout the development and 20 | Mobile phone data collection field report operation of its projects, the company focuses 21 | Publications on the restoration and rehabilitation of the sites and land is returned to a number of uses includ- 22 | Project progress report Scusa ing agriculture, forestry, nature conservation 23 | Joint programmes and other forms of development. Photo © Monty Rakusen/cultura/Corbis 24 | Past events 26 | Staff news 28 | Online water resources 1
  4. 4. SHORT NEWS NEW GROUNDWATER NEW LIBRARY WASTEWATER RESOURCES CATALOGUE TREATMENT LAB ASSESSMENT The UNESCO-IHE online library A new wastewater treatment lab was CENTRE IS catalogue has recently been fully recently established at UNESCO-IHE. RELOCATING updated and can be accessed through The lab was built in the framework the UNESCO-IHE website at www. of the SALINE research project and The International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre unesco-ihe.org/about/facilities/ financed by UNESCO-IHE and Prof. (IGRAC) had been hosted at the Deltares offices in Utrecht, the library. The online repository contains Ekama from the University of Cape Netherlands. In line with the recent decision by the Dutch govern- all the bibliographical data on the collec- Town. The new lab provides ten ment, IGRAC, a UNESCO Category 2 Institute will be relocated to tion, abstracts and PDF documents, as research stations with state-of-the-art the UNESCO-IHE premises in Delft in the summer of 2011. The well as an instruction manual for using experimental bio‐chemical wastewater Centre will operate under the auspices of UNESCO and will have a the new catalogue and PiCarta. The full- treatment equipment for MSc, PhD and partnership structure which includes international bodies such as text PDF files can only be accessed on post‐doc sanitary engineering students. the World Meteorological Organization. Established in 1999 at the UNESCO-IHE premises or through login 5th International Conference on Hydrology, IGRAC aims to facilitate authentication via the UNESCO-IHE d.brdjanovic@unesco-ihe.org and promote worldwide exchange of groundwater knowledge to portal. The new catalogue also contains improve assessment, development and management of groundwater a direct link to PiCarta, the Dutch Union resources. Catalogue. PiCarta (www.picarta.nl) www.igrac.net is the gateway to library collections of nearly all Dutch University Libraries and the Royal Library of the Netherlands. DELFT URBAN WATER ADDS UNESCO-IHE alumni are eligible for the TO DUTCH EXpERTISE alumni services, including free access to the library catalogue and to PDFs of all Researchers from Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands), MSc theses. UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, the Deltares research m.sorrentino@unesco-ihe.org institute and the KWR Water Cycle Research Institute have set up the Delft Urban Water research platform. By combining expertise in the field of urban water management, they aim to tackle future problems 26-30 SEpTEMBER 2011 of increasing urbanization, flooding and a worldwide shortage of high-quality water. More than twenty professors and over 100 phD WEEK PhD students will be carrying out research related to urban water management. The establishment of the platform will make it possible True to tradition, the annual UNESCO- to efficiently and dynamically integrate a range of technologies at the IHE PhD week will take place from 26- scale of buildings, neighbourhoods and cities. Working in concert ADApTING TO 30 September at the Institute in Delft. with industry partners, advisory agencies and other institutions CLIMATE CHANGE During the event, PhD fellows will present their research and meet with the around the world, researchers at the Delft Urban Water platform are developing innovative concepts and technologies on the cutting IN CUBA management and staff of the institute edge of their disciplines, as well as integrated solutions for the city of UNESCO-IHE was granted EC funds to discuss various research topics. today and tomorrow. though EuropeAid to carry out two pro- UNESCO-IHE currently has more than jects in Cuba. One project is on adapting www.delfturbanwater.nl 130 PhD fellows in various research ar- to climate change and mitigating water eas. During the PhD week, a course will scarcity by innovative urban water be given by the SENSE research school, management. The other is on strength- entitled ‘Environmental Research in ening the Cuban food production and Context’. The aim is to support PhD can- aquaculture sector through resource didates in their research and develop- optimization and recovery. These pro- ment by offering practical planning tips, jects started this year and are intended providing information on the discipli- to help reduce water shortages in Cuba, nary and multidisciplinary research of as well as to increase food security the SENSE Research School, explaining through the recovery and optimization the social context of environmental of resources (water, energy, nutrients) research, and strengthening interactions in the food processing chain. They will with other PhD students. The course is strengthen the expertise of Cuban water designed for starting PhD students from professionals and experts from the food within the SENSE Research School. sector by transferring the knowledge A programme will be made available on generated through the project to local www.unesco-ihe.org/research. graduate and post-graduate schools. j.foppen@unesco-ihe.org c.lopezvazquez@unesco-ihe.org Contact: Roy Meijer, TU Delft Science Information Officer, r.e.t.meijer@tudelft.nl2
  5. 5. ApRIL-JUNE 2012 THE BIG CHALLENGE The Big Challenge is calling on 100 talented young research- ers from all over the world to develop solutions for the world’s most critical issue: WATER. The challenge will be launched at the 6th World Water Forum, in March 2012, and will then continue in Delft, the Netherlands. Twenty groups of five Top Talents will have three months, April to June 2012, to develop innovative and intelligent solutions to real challenges related to water. The Big Challenge is organised by IBM, UNESCO-IHE and H2O Job. The themes used in the challenge are based on real water problems confronting businesses, governments or NGOs. During their time in Delft, the research groups will have ac- cess to an international network of experts. They will travel throughout the country to develop their solution: meeting up with stakeholders, investigating sites of interest, and present- ing their findings at a grand closing event. This hands-on, real-life experience will shape the future leaders of the world.29 OCTOBER - 4 NOvEMBER, 2011 For more information on eligibility criteria, ways to apply, sponsorship packages, the challenges and collaborat-INTERNATIONAL WATER WEEK ing companies see the website www.thebigchallenge.nl. info@thebigchallenge.nlAmsterdam RAI will be organizing the first The event includes the internationallyInternational Water Week in November in renowned Aquatech Amsterdam tradeAmsterdam with the International Water exhibition and Aquaterra, the world forumAssociation (IWA), the Netherlands Water on delta and coastal development. In addi- SpATE IRRIGATIONPartnership (NWP) and Waternet. The tion, Integrated Aqua Solutions (a unique pROJECT STARTStheme week offers a range of events and showcase of innovative water projects)meetings for professionals in water tech- will premiere during the week. The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) hasnology and water management, providing Much of the week’s programmes will also recently granted USD 1.2 Million USD for the Spate Irrigationa small-scale but real-time showcase of the focus on students and young profession- for Rural Growth and Poverty Alleviation project. The projectaccomplishments that are possible when als under the age of 35. The IWW 2011 will develop spate irrigation policies and capacity building pro-good water technology meets good water Amsterdam will be a platform for high- grammes in Ethiopia, Sudan, Yemen and Pakistan. The project ismanagement. During the International lighting the challenges the water sector expected to run from January 2011 to December 2014.Water Week, technical tours and excur- faces, the opportunities at hand, and how In the past few years, UNESCO-IHE and MetaMeta, asions will be organized to visit some of the water professionals can be involved. Netherlands based private company, have jointly documentedmarvels of Dutch engineering. good practices and training material, all of which were used to www.internationalwaterweek.com share experiences within and between countries. This has led to a compendium of improved practices on water diversion and engineering, organization and governance, improving agronomy,WATER CHALLENGES OF URBANISATION moisture management and non-agricultural activities. The pro- ject intends to promote spate irrigation at a national policy levelYOUNG SCIENTISTS WORKSHOP as well as at an operational level. a.meharihaile@unesco-ihe.orgDuring the International Water Week (IWW) at the Amsterdam RAI congress centre, a four-day young scientists workshop will be held on water challenges related to urbanization. Theworkshop will bring together some 35 international PhD students and young professionalsfrom the industrial sector. They will prepare for the workshop by writing a scientific paper onthe topic of ‘Water challenges of urbanization’, in which they will address global problemsassociated with the rapid growth of cities around the world. The workshop is scientificallysupervised by three professors of water management and several senior water professionals.The workshop outcomes include a joint vision on opportunities to solve urbanization issues.The Young Water Professionals Programme is organized by Waternet, IWA and AmsterdamRAI in collaboration with UNESCO-IHE, the Netherlands Water Partnership and the RoyalDutch Water Network. a.lobbrecht@unesco-ihe.org 3
  6. 6. “I can play an active role instrengtheningthe position of the Institute” © Photo: ANP, Phil Nijhuis4
  7. 7. BOARD MEMBER INTERvIEW“ Being more creative in financially challenging times” Wim Deetman, Dutch politician and statesman, At this moment, the Dutch government is by far former minister of education and mayor of The the most important sponsor of UNESCO-IHE. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science provides a Hague in the Netherlands, was appointed Chair base subsidy to support mainly the regular education of the IHE Delft Foundation Board in September programme, whereas the Ministry of Foreign 2010. Deetman who is currently a member of Affairs funds fellowships and project-based capacity development and partnership building activities. ‘Water’ the Dutch Council of State, talked to UPDATE will however remain one of the four priority themes of Magazine about how he sees the position of Dutch development cooperation in the coming years. So, UNESCO-IHE in the Netherlands, important despite the anticipated budget cuts in fellowship (NFP) and capacity building (NICHE) schemes, there will be an areas for the Institute to engage in and his role important role for UNESCO-IHE to help the government as chairperson of the Board. achieve its water-related ambitions. “I recall that in the 1980s, when I was Minister of Education and Science, also many cuts were made in the “I very much believe in UNESCO-IHE and its mission budgets of the central government. It was in this period to contribute to meeting the water-related capacity that we were able to realize many more innovations, building needs of developing countries and countries particularly in the field of research and development. in transition,” he says. “During my tenure as Minister In financially challenging times one needs to be more of Education and later on as President of the Board of creative. There is a larger acceptance of creative ideas,” NUFFIC, I have always supported the programmes Deetman elaborates. and activities in the field of international higher education.” NUFFIC is the Netherlands Organization “As the Chairperson of the IHE Delft Foundation Board, for International Cooperation in Higher Education I see it as my role to support the Rector and my fellow and Research, and acts as intermediary between higher board members in stimulating and encouraging new education institutes and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign developments. I can play an active role in strengthening Affairs under the development cooperation framework. the position of UNESCO-IHE within the national political arena. I will be able to voice the Institute’s “ The Dutch can and must be very proud of this Institute concerns and interests especially within the setting of the and the accomplishments it has made over the years. Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs The global impact in the field and the large alumni and if necessary the Dutch parliament.” network really show that UNESCO-IHE has earned its internationally renowned reputation. The Dutch are too The UNESCO-IHE Governing Board and the IHE Delft modest to realize this and that is a pity.” Foundation Board recently endorsed the proposal for new strategic directions and comprehensive reform of Severe cuts were announced in the Dutch development the current scope and functioning of the Institute. The cooperation budget of the recently installed Rutte Boards also supported the establishment of a global Cabinet. This is the current Dutch coalition cabinet UNESCO-IHE campus of interconnected regional formed by the liberal People’s Party for Freedom and institutes. Democracy (VVD) and the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). The coalition is a minority cabinet, but The global UNESCO-IHE Campus is to increase the is supported by the Party for Freedom (PVV) to have a delivery capacity of UNESCO-IHE through improved small majority in the House of Representatives of the access by a significantly higher number of participants Netherlands. to high quality water and environmental education, 5
  8. 8. “There will be an important role for UNESCO-IHE to help the government achieve its water-related ambitions” training and research opportunities at a competitive cost. university status (including the right to promote PhD They will benefit from everything that a global campus students, Ius Promovendus). This is a necessary asset to network can offer: maximum exposure, shared scientific provide academic leadership and guidance to university interest, enhanced quality and the sharing of business partners and research institutions within this global opportunities in the global education, training and network. research market for water and the environment. UNESCO-IHE can help the government in The Global Campus idea fits the main elements of the the implementation of their new vision on the new policies adopted for internationalization of the internationalization of tertiary education, in which Dutch tertiary education as developed by the National under Dutch national law the promotion right will AWT (National Advisory Council for Science and likely be extended from the limited number of registered Technology). The concept is in full correspondence universities towards a wider group of institutions with the report on ways to optimize the impact of involved in high level research work. Obtaining the right development cooperation from the WRR (National to grant PhD degrees as a result of this process is the Advisory Council for Government Policies). preferred option. “ The global expansion within the proposed reform is a “I know that it is not easy to obtain the Ius Promovendus very good idea. It will make the Institute stronger, more in this setting,” Deetman says. “But at the same time it is financially autonomous,” Deetman explains. “It is very an important condition for the further development and important for the Institute to have an increased and financial stability of the Institute. We all have to make more diversified funding base that could stimulate new clear to authorities that to have the right of promotion developments with other organizations and institutes is a win-win situation, for the Institute but also for the in the world. This is important for the Institute and the Dutch government and society at large.” Dutch government, but also for society at large. Deetman continues: “Research and knowledge institutes The members of the board at its last meeting also in the Netherlands have a lot of expertise with respect recognized the need for the Institute to obtain the to dealing with a variety of water issues. So far we have6
  9. 9. COLUMN PERSONALIA Climate change is 2008 Member of the Dutch Council of State 2002 here to stay – for Thanks to the efforts of Deetman, The Hague was chosen as the seat of The International Criminal Court quite some time… 1996-2008 Mayor of The Hague 1989-1996 President of the Dutch House of Representatives 1982-1989 Climate change and its impact have been receiving considerable Minister of Education and Science attention in our world of water, and continue to be an important 1978-1981 driver for education, research and capacity building at State Secretary of Education and UNESCO-IHE. Can our present water resources be managed Science more effectively? Can we develop sustainable technologies 1972 that will allow future generations to enjoy access to fresh water? Deetman graduates from the Free Is there a way to avert damage resulting from the impact of University Amsterdam where he climate change? studied political science While we contemplate these pressing questions, ice caps on Greenland are melting away, Alaskan glaciers are disappearing, and permafrost is vanishing in Siberia. Is there anything we can do to influence these processes? Should we educate the world to be more aware of environmental issues? Further develop technologies to conserve water and energy? Organize another World Water Forum? Steps need to be taken; that much is clear. But will even our best efforts be effective? Will they stop global warming or lead us back to a stable status quo that will allow everyone to live happily ever after? Unlikely. Even if measures were to be implemented right now, it would not stop the Siberian tundra from emitting enormous quantities of methane, a gas that is many times more harmful than CO2. All signs indicate that the climate ball has just startedbeen able to maintain and further develop this rolling and is still going downhill - and is likely to continue forexpertise, but it would be highly beneficial quite some time …if we were to have an increased number Is there nothing we can do to prevent this? Could we stopof activities outside of the Netherlands. driving cars? Ban all industries? Extinguish all forest fires?Building and maintaining an intense network Hold our breath till we turn blue so we consume less oxygen?throughout the world in which we can actively Organize even more World Water Forums?participate is really the way forward.” Clearly, all measures need to be explored and every relevant technology should be developed. However, the idea that ourHe adds: “Another area that I believe the efforts will make it possible for us to control Mother Earth mayNetherlands should focus on is to see this be an illusion. Climate change has all the features of a stronglyexpertise as an important economic factor that nonlinear system with feedback mechanisms and response timescan generate a sustainable source of revenue if that are not yet fully understood. Have anthropogenic effectswe are to make this expertise available abroad. caused all the problems? Has our influence on climate changeAgainst this background it is of importance become dominant in recent years? According to geologists,that we have a good network, activities and atmospheric CO2 has already reached levels more than 100-foldprogrammes overseas from which we can draw. higher than present values several times in the distant past – long before cars or industries were around to contribute.At the same time we contribute to sustainable So where are we headed? And how soon is this going todevelopment in those areas where it is most happen? The answer depends on your time horizon. Is globalneeded. International postgraduate water warming a fact? All indications are that it is, if we look 50 yearseducation should foremost be done on the into the future. Can we expect another ice age? Most likely,basis of regional and networked educational according to climatologists, but not yet; we would have to lookinstitutions located in areas where water- at a scale of several thousand years. So is there no end in sight?related problems take place. The common Sure there is! Climate change will eventually come to andenominator that connects the global network end: when the sun enters its red giant stage, Earth is likely tois UNESCO-IHE, the alma mater of trained be consumed by the expanding star. Even before that, all waterwater professionals.” will have evaporated due to increased solar activity; our planet is unlikely to support life by that time. The dramatic demise“Finally I would like to say that it is a great of planet Earth is still several billion years away, however.honour for me to succeed Henk Vonhoff in the Meanwhile, at the time scale of human life, there is still plentyrole of chairperson of the Board. He did such of education, research and capacity building toa wonderful job,” Deetman says. “My task is do – and there will be for quite some time …to continue the work he did for the Institute.”Henk Vonhoff who was Chair of the IHE DelftFoundation Board since 2003 passed away on25 July 2010. Arthur Mynett is Professor of Hydraulic Engineering 7
  10. 10. MISSION REpORTColombia callsin expert adviceafter floodingMonths of heavy rains during the extremewet season of 2010-2011 triggeredlandslides and floods at an unprecedentedscale across Colombia, leaving over 350people dead, displacing some 2 millionpeople and causing over $6 billion indamage. Scores of dike breaches, including amajor failure of the dikes along a navigationlink canal, inundated thousands of squarekilometers of land not normally floodedduring the wet season, leaving manycommunities uninhabitable for months. The Colombian government declared Colombia, President Santos requested the Environment, the National Hydro- a state of emergency in 28 of its 32 his Ministry of Transport to ask the Meteorological Agency, the office of provinces. Immediate attention was given Netherlands Embassy in Bogotá to provide the Governor of Cauca, and the National to rescue and response operations, but advice. His request was based on an Planning Agency. Two days were also the scale of the event has led the govern- awareness of the extensive experience spent flying over the affected areas in small ment to start looking for more sustainable in water and flood management in the planes and helicopters to take stock of the solutions. At the request of President Juan Netherlands, as well as the long-standing extent of inundation and flood damage. Manuel Santos Calderón, a delegation of Dutch-Colombian cooperation in the experts from the Netherlands (including water sector dating back to the mid- UNESCO-IHE representatives) visited 1970s. There are also strong ties between RECOMMENDATIONS Colombia at the end of January. The aim UNESCO-IHE and various universities and Based on the information they gathered of their visit was to help identify short, research institutes in Colombia, and many and the discussions they conducted with medium and long-term measures and to UNESCO-IHE alumni hail from Colombia. various authorities, the team developed contribute international experience in inte- In response to the President’s request, recommendations for the Colombian grated flood risk management. the Netherlands Embassy in Bogotá and government on a more sustainable ap- the Netherlands Water Partnership formed proach to flood management. A number a team of experts from the Dutch water of Colombian universities, agencies and REqUEST FOR INpUT sector which travelled to Colombia at the institutions have substantial expertise in FROM EXpERTS end of January. The aim was to provide the field of water and flood management; This flood event has been high on the an analysis of the situation and propose a some of these experts were UNESCO-IHE Colombian political agenda; the govern- more sustainable approach to flood man- alumni, who have worked in close coop- ment has recognized that the magnitude agement in Colombia. The team consisted eration with Colombian universities for of the floods and the extent of the damage of flood experts from UNESCO-IHE, some 30 years, in particular Universidad caused may require a new approach to Deltares, Royal Haskoning, Royal Boskalis del Valle in Cali. Despite this expertise, flood management. A more comprehen- Westminster and Antea Group (formerly one of the issues identified by the team sive approach to flood management is Oranjewoud), among others. was the lack of an integrated approach needed to avoid a repeat of such wide- To understand the extent and impact of to water management in general, and flood spread damage in future rainy seasons, and the floods and to see how the management management in particular. The institutional to adapt to the expected increase in floods of flood events is organised in Colombia, set-up is fragmented and generally does due to climate change. the team met with various ministries not follow river basin boundaries, which To gain a better understanding of and government agencies, including the often leads to an ad-hoc approach how to improve flood management in Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of to flood management. This typically8
  11. 11. Scour hole left after the major dike failure along the Canal del Dique. The breach had recently beenclosed, but the damage to the community and the agricultural area behind the dike can be seen clearly “A morefocuses on small-scale levees that may ing a partnership between the Netherlandsprovide protection to local communities, and Colombia in the area of water manage- integratedbut may equally exacerbate flood issues at ment. Such a partnership would build onthe basin scale. strong ties between the two countries in approach to The main overall recommendation water management, which were estab-given to the government was therefore lished as early as the 1970s. managingto develop a more integrated approach to The President immediately tasked sev-managing flood risks. Institutional reform eral government ministers present at the flood risks iswill also be needed so issues can be ad- meeting with following up on the recom-dressed at the basin level. A shift in focus mendations made by the team; several ac- needed”from flood protection to risk reduction tivities have been initiated since then. Onehas brought about a more sustainable such effort is the pilot projects for the newapproach to flood management in Europe; policy on water management, extendedthis same paradigm shift would also ben- to include aspects of integrated flood riskefit Colombia. management, which are currently taking A good start was made in 2010 with the place in various basins across Colombia.introduction of a new policy on Integrated This effort is coordinated by the MinistryWater Resources Management. While the of the Environment, with the support ofpolicy is still in the pilot phase of imple- the Netherlands Embassy in Bogotá.mentation, the recent flood events did UNESCO-IHE will continue to behighlight that integrated flood risk man- involved in these pilot projects, offeringagement is very much a part of that policy. guidance and facilitating capacity building. Although all those concerned are aware that the recommendations offered for theFEEDBACK TO THE pRESIDENT medium and long term may not reduceAND FOLLOW-Up flood risks in the coming rainy season, it isFollowing briefings with the various min- hoped that a more integrated approach toistries, the team wrapped up the mission flood risk management will minimize theby discussing the recommendations with disruption and damage caused by futurePresident Juan Manuel Santos Calderón. events in Colombia.He took a keen interest in the recommen- Meeting with President Santosdations and welcomed the idea of renew- at the presidential palace. 9 m.werner@unesco-ihe.org
  12. 12. Top four of training topics followed after studies Competences and skills acquired atCompetences and Skills UNESCO-IHE and required on the jobRespondents indicated that they have primarily acquiredtechnical competences and skills at UNESCO-IHE, as well ascompetence in lifelong learning. The tacit knowledge inherentin that competence includes a broader worldview, criticalthinking, reflective thinking and intercultural understanding.To a significant extent, the competences that the respondentsneed in their daily jobs consist of technical and managementskills. The demand for governance competences is indicated tobe higher than was acquired at UNESCO-IHE. Management competences were defined as the knowledgeand skills that are needed to for day to day managementof the organization. Governance competences includedunderstanding of procedures and institutional structures,political consensus building and the ability and willingness toinvolve stakeholders in decision making processes. It must be noted that alumni of all age groups are includedin this sample. In the past, the curriculum included more To which extent did you professionally benefit fromtechnical subjects than nowadays, which may lead to the the contacts (participants, staff, etc.) you made at In most cases, the working environment was conducive for UNESCO-IHE?impression that many alumni acquired mostly technical using the knowledge and skills acquired at UNESCO-IHE,knowledge and skills at UNESCO-IHE. For the younger with 69% indicating that this was true ‘to a high or very highgeneration of alumni, a more varied picture would emerge extent’. The graph shows the changes in job level comparingfrom the data. the level before and after the study at UNESCO-IHE. When In terms of additional non-degree training, the most looking at changes in employment over the longer term, thepopular training mentioned by the respondents covered career paths of the respondents show marked advancements.project management skills, planning, coordinating, organizingand leadership skills. Network Two-thirds of the respondents said that they had benefitedImpact on career professionally from contacts made at UNESCO-IHE. 75%After studying at UNESCO-IHE, the majority of the have professional contact with one or more of the peoplerespondents (76%) continued to work for the same employer they met during their studies, and 19% of this group stated(NB: this is a requirement of many fellowship programs). that they had maintained contact with 15 people or more.Half of them were immediately promoted to a better position. When asked about involvement with a United Nations or Dutch organisation after their studies, 25% indicated that Distribution of job levels before study at UNESCO-IHE up they have been working for or with the UN (in the role of To which extent do you consider your overall professional to four jobs after study commissioner, consultant, sub-contractor or partner), while activities to contribute to the development of your 21% reported to have worked for or with a Dutch public/ country/region? private organization. Impact of study Over 70% of the respondents reported that their professional activities are very much related to the development of their country or region. This number is illustrated by the high percentages of respondents that have contributed to development studies (60%), development reforms (45%) and especially to development projects (86%). * The survey was sent to alumni of IHE and alumni of UNESCO- IHE. For the purposes of the survey, UNESCO-IHE is used to refer to the institute throughout its history.alumni tracer surveyIn an effort to better understand 20.7% (239) of the respondents are female and 79.3% taught me to work in a group, communicate with differentthe relevance and impact of the (914) are male. Ranked by country of origin, the largest cultures and accept different ideas, practice critical andeducation offered by UNESCO- group of respondents is from Indonesia, followed by lateral thinking, improving leadership qualities, manage-IHE, an alumni tracer survey was Ethiopia and Tanzania. The majority of the respond- ment skills and so forth, the list is endless!”.conducted in the last quarter of ents graduated in past two decades but with over 2702010. The results will be used respondents that graduated before1990, the group also The vast majority stays active in the field of water and en-to further improve the Institute’s includes alumni from the earlier years of the institute, vironment in the country or region of their origin, stead-services for future generations providing a complete career development picture of the ily making professional advancement by either improvingof water professionals. 6500 alumni population anno 2011. their job positions or changing of employer. Most alumnialumni were asked to participate further improve their competences by following shortin the survey. Questions were First results of the tracer survey reveal the relevance and specialized courses. In keeping professionally updated,about education, career develop- impact of studying at UNESCO-IHE. Alumni generally in- contacts with former classmates and professors met atment, professional networks and dicate that through their studies they gained new knowl- UNESCO-IHE are highly valued.skills and competences they had edge and competences and increased their confidenceacquired during their studies at required for tackling the challenges they face while The survey is currently undergoing comprehensiveUNESCO-IHE*. A total of 1153 pursuing their career. In the words of an alumnus from analysis. A preliminary preview is given on this page. Inrespondents completed the sur- India: “I am very grateful to IHE, not only for enhancing my the next edition of UPDATE magazine further outcomesvey, a response rate of 18%. knowledge base, but also for shaping my personality … IHE will be published.10 www.unesco-ihe.org/alumni
  13. 13. OpINION pROJECTFlows for people Damming Eastern Africa’s Riversand Ecosystems Eastern Africa is blessed with remarkable rivers, from the Blue Nile and the headwaters of Lake Victoria to coastal rivers draining the slopes ofThe Mara River crosses national river and the productivity of fish and Mt. Kilimanjaro and the Eastern Arc Mountains.borders, creating a situation similar papyrus in the wetland where the Mara From time immemorial, these free-flowing riversto many other rivers in East Africa. empties into Lake Victoria. have shaped the region’s landscape, met the basicIts water resources have not been The bulk of the research is being water needs of people and wildlife, and flourishedsignificantly developed to date, carried out by East African PhD students as biodiverse ecosystems in their own right. Today,but plans are in motion for major under the joint supervision of professors many East African rivers suffer from a deteriorationdevelopment over the coming years, from UNESCO-IHE, the University of in water quality, but, with unfortunate exceptions,including two dams and multipurpose Dar es Salaam, and Egerton University. most rivers are still largely undammed and free-reservoirs to supply water for irrigation, Detailed studies of the river’s flow and flowing. The region has hydropower potential, butdomestic needs and small-scale flooding regimes are underway, with a only 10% of the large options and 2% of its smallhydropower. Although it is in many focus on those components of the flow options has been developed. East Africa has theways a typical transboundary river, and flooding regimes that are most smallest water storage capacity of any region in Africathe Mara is also unusual because it ecologically relevant. Parallel studies and less than 5% of its cultivated land is irrigated. Theis the only perennial river flowing are examining key ecological processes, historical explanation for the lack of river regulationthough the Mara-Serengeti Ecoregion, the variability of those processes as a and development is partly political and partlywhere the migration of more than two function of changes in flow regime, economic, but the countries in the region are settingmillion wildebeest, Plains zebra, and and the related ecosystem services that ambitious goals for the coming 20 years. The grandother ungulates attracts millions of people depend upon. Scale modelling vision is laid out in the Africa Water Vision 2025 andtourists annually. Over-abstraction or of the river basin is being used to assess the ambitions of individual nations are taking shaperegulation of flows in the Mara could the combined effects of land use and in initiatives like Kenya’s Vision 2030.have severe ecological consequences. climate change, enabling the simulation Although many are alarmed, and not withoutModifications of river flows may also of flow regimes into an uncertain future. cause, by the prospects for unacceptable andaffect hundreds of thousands of people These PhD studies are enhanced by irreversible damage to the ecology and ecosystemliving beyond the reach of the proposed associated MSc theses. The project is services of Eastern Africa river systems, I amprojects, people who rely on the river embedded within a larger development hopeful. If it is done properly, now may be thefor water, fish, and other ecosystem- programme financed by the US Agency time to embark on such an ambitious regionaldependent basic needs. To maintain for International Development, which development programme, since many key enablingthe environmental services of the facilitates the transfer of knowledge conditions are in place. First, as a water communityMara River and to enable sustainable to partner agencies and community we now know a great deal about structural anddevelopment, the environmental flow associations of water users. operational approaches to dam development thatneeds of the river must be determined The MaraFlows project is just one of preserve environmental flows in rivers. Second,and protected. more than a dozen ongoing collaborative national policies and institutions across East Africa UNESCO-IHE joined WWF and projects supported by the UNESCO-IHE have been reformed to incorporate principles ofother partners in determining an Partnership Research Fund (UPaRF), Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).initial set of environmental flow which is a unique and highly effective Countries like Kenya and Tanzania have taken thisrecommendations for the Mara River, funding arrangement between the commitment further by passing new water lawswhich have been endorsed by the Lake Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and regulations, assigning the highest priority inVictoria Basin Commission. Now, in (DGIS) and UNESCO-IHE. These water allocation planning to river flows for basiccooperation with the University of Dar combined research and human needs and environmental protection. Third,es Salaam (Tanzania) and Egerton educational programmes I can attest from my own experience that waterUniversity (Kenya), UNESCO-IHE draw expertise from authorities in Kenya and Tanzania are serious aboutis working closely with Kenyan across the research environmental protection and open to collaborationand Tanzanian water authorities to cores of UNESCO- with a range of national and internationalconduct detailed exploratory studies IHE and match it with stakeholders to achieve environmental objectives.of the relationships between flow and key international UNESCO-IHE is collaborating with waterkey ecosystem processes, including partners to authorities across East Africa and engagingnutrient and energy regimes in the maximize impact. many university partners in applied research and capacity-building projects. Our efforts, and my optimism, are bolstered by the presence of more than 1100 UNESCO-IHE alumni in the region. The challenges in East Africa are real, but so are the needs. Now is the time for scientifically sound and environmentally sustainable river basin development, and UNESCO-IHE and its partners should remain a positive facilitating force. Michael McClain is the Head of the Water Engineering Department 11
  14. 14. INTERvIEWNurturing anenvironment ofacademic curiosityMaria Kennedy was recently appointed Professor ofWater Treatment Technology in UNESCO-IHE’s UrbanWater and Sanitation Department. In her new post, shealso heads the Water Supply Engineering core. UPDATEMagazine interviewed Professor Kennedy about whatinspired her throughout her academic career and whatpriority research areas she will embark on. Professor Maria Kennedy has 19 years of research The Water Supply Engineering core that Maria Kennedy experience in the field of desalination and membrane heads is involved in the generation and transfer of related technology for potable and industrial water knowledge related to both appropriate low-cost and treatment and reuse. Maria was also involved in several advanced water treatment technologies, and water international training projects in the field of desalinating transport and distribution. The group addresses a brackish water/seawater in the Palestinian National wide range of water treatment issues, including the Authority (West Bank), Jordan, St. Maarten, Israel, further development and wider use of desalination Bahrain, Iran, Oman, and Yemen. and membrane related technology, removal of arsenic, fluoride, iron and manganese from groundwater, low- “I firmly believe that education can play a key role in cost treatment technologies such as natural coagulants eliminating some of inequalities in the world. When I and biofiltration, natural treatment systems such as soil first started working at UNESCO-IHE, I was inspired aquifer treatment, bank filtration and artificial recharge by the idea that I could contribute in some way to and recovery, and water transport and distribution. In the developing the capacities of people in developing future, Professor Kennedy hopes to expand the research countries and countries in transition, and enabling to include advanced disinfection/oxidation processes for people to effectively solve their water issues,” Professor water and wastewater treatment and reuse.NATIONALITY Kennedy explains. “ What is so interesting about this areaIrish of work is that it really touches upon everyone’s lives, “One of our key assets is the large number of highly because clean drinking water is something everyone motivated Masters participants and PhD fellows,” sheEDUCATION needs. It is a prerequisite for a healthy and sustainable adds. “ The MSc participants come to UNESCO-IHEPhD degree, College of economy and growth thereof. Water is available in holding a Bachelor’s degree and with a few years ofIndustrial Chemistry & abundance in the developed world, but many of us take it work experience, and most of them have a fixed goal toMaterial Science, University of for granted. Some of the major issues and bottlenecks in achieve when they return to their home countries. TheLimerick, Ireland developing countries concern the treatment of this scarce students are very aware of the real problems in water resource.” treatment and water transport and distribution in theAFFILIATIONS developing world. The work we do here to try and comeMember of the Board of Asked about becoming the first full-time female up with solutions for these issues is often conducted inDirectors of the European professor at the Institute, she elaborates: “I consider the context of a very diverse group of people in termsDesalination Society (EDS) it a real privilege to have been appointed Professor of of experience, expertise, varying backgrounds andMember of the International Water Treatment Technology in UNESCO-IHE, and to cultures. “In the Masters programme in Water SupplyDesalination Association (IDA) follow in the footsteps of Prof. Jan Schippers and Prof. Engineering, we try to create water professionals withMember of the International Gary Amy, both of whom have been a huge source of a broad knowledge of water treatment issues and atWater Association (IWA) inspiration to me during the past 19 years. Becoming a the same time sufficient depth to be able to solve real professor was never one of my main objectives – I simply problems once they return home”.PROJECTS IN THE FIELD really enjoyed all of the educational, research and capacityProfessor Maria Kennedy building and training activities that I participated in She continues: “a key priority in the core is to ensure thatwas involved in numerous over the past 19 years. The fact that this led to over 100 our research results are applied to solve real problems inresearch and capacity-building Masters theses, 6 PhD theses and over 120 peer-reviewed the developing world. In addition, it is vital to maintain aand training projects in the journal and conference publications was an added bonus. high academic level in our Masters and PhD programmes.Palestinian National Authority(West Bank), Bahrain, The The ultimate goal was always to contribute in some I believe the higher the level of education, the higher theNetherlands, Iran, Jordan, small way to solving real water related problems in the level of success and impact that can be achieved by theIsrael, USA, St. Maarten, developing world. MSc participants and PhD fellows after they return toOman and Yemen. their home countries. ”12 m.kennedy@unesco-ihe.org
  15. 15. “A key priority is to ensure that our research results are applied to solve real problems” 13
  16. 16. unesco-ihe global partnershipSWITCH2006-2011 BIRMINGHAM – Green & Brown roofs LODZ – Blue-Green networkManaging Water for HAMBURGthe City of the Future ZARAGOZA – Stopping leaksAbout SWITCHThe UNESCO-IHE led SWITCH project hasset out to achieve more sustainable urbanwater management in the “City of the Future”.With support from the EC through its 6thFramework Programme, a consortium of33 partners from 15 countries have workedtogether for five years to create innovative sci- BOGOTA – Cleaner pro-entific, technological and socio-economic so- duction for tannerieslutions that can be replicated around the world. ACCRA – CapturingAction research, demonstrations, training and nutrientswide dissemination have created a ‘SWITCH’ CALIin thinking about urban water management.Why Focus on Cities?By 2030 over 60% of the world’s popula-tion will live in cities. This rapid escalation inpopulation combined with climate change,escalating costs and other risks inherent to LIMA – Greening the slumsconventional urban water management arecausing cities to face ever increasing difficultiesin efficiently managing scarcer and less reliablewater resources. BELO HORIZONTE –Learning Alliances Rainwater collection andCity level “Learning Alliances” are at the heart creek restorationof the SWITCH transition process. Thesemulti-stakeholder platforms have helped breakdown barriers to information sharing, speedingup the process of uptake and innovation. 2006 > 2007 > 2008 > • SWITCH Kick-off Meeting • Accra, Hamburg, Birmingham and Alexandria create visions • Strategic planning underway in 7 cities • Learning Alliances established in 9 cities for their cities. • SWITCH Scientific Meeting held in Belo Horizonte • Demonstrations begin in Tel Aviv, Lodz and Zaragoza • UNESCO announces SWITCH-in-Asia Pacific • Film documentaries on Accra, Beijing, Lodz and Alexandria • Cali and Lima become SWITCH cities launched at EXPO 08 and World Water Forum • SWITCH Scientific Meeting held in Tel Aviv • Spin off demonstrations in Lodz • International Urban Water Research School established14

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