Climate change and the risk of violent conflict in the Middle East
-Rising Temperatures, Rising Tensions-
Climate change and the risk of violent conflict in the Middle East by Oli Brown and Alec Crawford
This report was written by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), an independent environment and development policy research institute, headquartered in Canada with offices in New York and Geneva. IISD has been researching various aspects of climate change and environmental security for the past 15 years.1 IISD is not a campaigning organization, nor does it have political links in the region.
The study involved two research trips (October 2008 and January–February 2009) augmented by deskbased research. IISD’s neutral position enabled the authors to hold consultations and conduct interviews on several sides of the region’s many political divides; a total of eight informal and frank consultations and dozens of interviews were held in Amman, Beirut, Damascus, Jerusalem, Ramallah and Tel Aviv. More than 100 experts, academics, donor representatives, environmental activists and political figures participated.
The project was funded by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, this report should in no way be
seen as a reflection of the position of the government of Denmark, the participants in the consultations or
the reviewers. All errors of commission or omission are the responsibility of the authors who welcome
comments and feedback (firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com).
1See more of IISD’s work on climate change at http://www.iisd.org/climate and on environmental security at http://www.iisd.org/security/es