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Giuseppe Zollino, Italian National Delegate FP7 Energy Committee - I programmi Europei per le tecnologie low-carbon: quali lezioni apprese e quali orientamenti sulla CCS da Horizon 2020?
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Giuseppe Zollino, Italian National Delegate FP7 Energy Committee - I programmi Europei per le tecnologie low-carbon: quali lezioni apprese e quali orientamenti sulla CCS da Horizon 2020?

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Slides presentate in occasione del convegno "Le strategie europee di de-carbonizzazione - Quale ruolo per la Cattura e Stoccaggio della CO2?" organizzato il 16/05/2013 da WEC Italia e AIDIC in …

Slides presentate in occasione del convegno "Le strategie europee di de-carbonizzazione - Quale ruolo per la Cattura e Stoccaggio della CO2?" organizzato il 16/05/2013 da WEC Italia e AIDIC in collaborazione con Energia Media

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance

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  • 1. 1Programmi UE per le tecnologie low-carbon:quale ruolo per la CCS?Giuseppe Zollino, Università di Padova-Consorzio RFXDelegato nazionale in Comitato Energia del 7° Programma Quadro
  • 2. 2Le attività CCS e clean coal nel 7° Programma Quadro– Nei 6 anni 2007-2012, finanziati intutto 40 progetti CCS e Clean Coal;– Budget complessivo di ~270 M€,con contributo comunitario pari a~180 M€;– a partecipanti italiani ~14 M€ (~8%);Finanziamento a progetti FP7
  • 3. 3I partecipanti italiani nei progetti finanziati dal 7° PQENELPOLITECNICO DI MILANOERSE/RSE –RICERCA SUL SISTEMA ENERGETICOANSALDO ENERGIA SPAUNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI ROMA TREUNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVAUNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZAISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI OCEANOGRAFIA E DI GEOFISICA SPERIMENTALE OGSFOSTER WHEELER ITALIANA SRLREPOWER ITALIA SPASOL S.p.A.ASATREM SRLCOGNE ACCIAI SPECIALI SPACENTRO SVILUPPO MATERIALI SPAFondazione Internazionale per la ricerca sulla Combustione - OnlusCONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
  • 4. 4EERP - Recovery plan (2009)Paese Impianto Tecnologia Punti grant[M€]D Jaenschwalde Oxyfuel & post combustion, onshore storage indepleted gas field89 180NL Rotterdam Post combustion, offshore storage in depletedgas field87 180UK Hatfield IGCC, offshore storage in depleted gas field 86 180It PortoTolle/BrindisiPost combustion, offshore storage in salineaquifer83 100PL Belchatow Post combustion, onshore storage in salineaquifer82 180E Compostilla Oxyfuel, onshore storage in saline aquifer 81 180Lo European Energy Recovery Plan (EERP) ha erogato un finanziamento afondo perduto di 1 mld€ come contributo alla costruzione per di 6 impiantidimostrativi
  • 5. 5NER 300 (2012)Con i proventi delle aste di 300 Mt di diritti di emissione della riserva nuovi entranti (NER300) delnuovo sistema di Emission Trading europeo costituito un fondo per l’erogazione di grant per lacostruzione di impianti di generazione elettrica a fonte rinnovabile e CCS;Regole prevedono rigide categorie tecnologiche, contribuzione del Paesi Membri ospitanti e delproponente (sponsor) e soprattutto taglie minime degli impianti (250 MWe per impianti con CCS);Selezione in 2 fasi: la prima conclusa a luglio 2012; la seconda avviata ad aprile 2013Risultati della prima fase per la categoria CCS
  • 6. 6Iniziative Industriali del SET plan Estimated budget needs, coming from EU (Horizon 2020, StructuralFunds, other initiatives) + Members States + Industries for the period 2010-2020EII and Joint Undertakings Estimated needs (public&private)[mld Euro]Solar (fotovoltaico+termico) 16Wind 6Grid 2CCS 11-16Bioenergy 9Sustainable Nuclear (fission) 5-10Smart Cities and Communities 10-12Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 5-6Fusion for Energy 10-11Totale 74-88
  • 7. 7Horizon 2020 Negoziati in corso; budget complessivo ~71 mld€; break-down tra varie parti di H2020 nondefinitivo; Nella parte III, tra le Societal Challenges, è compreso il challenge “SECURE, CLEAN ANDEFFICIENT ENERGY”, che include 7 linee di attività:1. Reducing energy consumption and carbon footprint through smart and sustainable usage;2. Low-cost, low-carbon electricity supply Develop the full potential of wind energy Develop efficient, reliable and cost-competitive solar energy systems Develop competitive and environmentally safe technologies for CO2 capture, transport andstorage; Develop geothermal, hydro, marine and other renewable energy options;3. Alternative fuels and mobile energy sources;4. A single, smart European electricity grid;5. New knowledge and technologies;6. Robust decision making and public engagement;7. Market uptake of energy innovation, empowering markets and consumers;
  • 8. 8EU Energy Roadmap 20500%20%40%60%80%100%1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 20500%20%40%60%80%100%Current policyPower SectorResidential & TertiaryNon CO2 Other SectorsIndustryTransportNon CO2 AgricultureGHG reductions compared to 1990 2005 2030 2050Total -7% -40 to -44% -79 to -82%SectorsPower (CO2) -7% -54 to -68% -93 to -99%Industry (CO2) -20% -34 to -40% -83 to -87%Transport +30% +20 to -9% -54 to -67%Residential and services -12% -37 to -53% -88 to-91%Agriculture -20% -36 to -37% -42 to -49%Other -30% -72 to -73% -70 to -78%
  • 9. 9Per Settore Elettrico, considerati 8 scenari; di cui 6 raggiungono l’obbiettivo:Scenario1, di riferimento (Business as Usual – BaU)Scenario1bis, Current Policy Initiatives scenario – CPIScenario2, High Energy Efficiency (appliances, new buildings, renovation of existingbuildings, energy savings obligations on energy utilities…): decrease in energy demand of41% by 2050 as compared to the peaks in 2005-2006;Scenario3, Diversified supply technologies: no technology is preferred; all energy sourcescan compete on a market basis with no specific support measures; de-carbonisation driven bycarbon pricing, with public acceptance of both nuclear and CCS;Scenario4, High Renewable energy sources (RES): strong support measures for RES: 75%RES in gross final energy consumption and 97% RES in electricity;Scenario5, Delayed CCS: similar to Diversified supply technologies scenario but assumingthat CCS is delayed, leading to higher shares for nuclear energy with de-carbonisation drivenby carbon prices rather than technology push;Scenario6, Low nuclear: similar to Diversified supply technologies scenario but assuming thatno new nuclear (besides reactors currently under construction) is being built resulting in ahigher penetration of CCS (around 32% in power generation).EU Energy Roadmap 2050
  • 10. 10EU Energy Roadmap 2050