Giovanetti Federico - Medium & Heavy Trucks Product Management - Iveco

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Slides presentate a Roma il 21 gennaio 2014 in occasione del Workshop "L'Impiego del gas naturale liquefatto (GNL) nei trasporti stradali. Normative, Standard e Tecnologie" promosso da @ConferenzaGNL, un progetto a cura di Symposia e WEC Italia - TWITTER #GNL

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Giovanetti Federico - Medium & Heavy Trucks Product Management - Iveco

  1. 1. LNG application in medium-long transportation Federico Giovanetti M&HT Product Management CNG/LNG VEHICLES Product Manager 21-01-2014, Roma Contains confidential proprietary and trade secrets information of CNH Industrial. Any use of this work without express written consent is strictly prohibited.
  2. 2. Contents  Main drivers for CNG/LNG  Potential market  LNG technology in EMEA 15-10-13 Footer 2
  3. 3. Main drivers for CNG/LNG 3 are the main reasons of the fast-growing global interest in adopting methane-based gas in commercial transport as sustainable alternative to crude oil-based fuels:  ENERGY SECURITY: independency from crude oil producers Countries  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT: reduce pollutants emission and noise  TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP : reduce cost per km In the last years, the focus has moved from ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT to TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP DISTRIBUTION and FOOD AND BEVERAGE REFUSE COLLECTION 15-10-13 Footer MEDIUM-LONG HAUL 3
  4. 4. Main drivers for CNG/LNG ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT POLLUTANTS LIMITS NOX 0,4 0,2 Euro VI Cursor 8 CNG/LNG Euro VI WHTC - g/kWh HCNM Particolato 0,16 0,01 0,08 0,002 CO 4 2,44 CH4 0,5 0,18 According to experimental activities the CO2 reduction is from 2 to 8% according to mission NOISE DIESEL dB(A) 1 CNG 74 72 Avg 71 dB(A) 70 68 Avg 66 dB(A) 66 6 2 64 1 5 Mic distance: 7m Mic height: 1,5m 15-10-13 3 4 5 MODEL (DIESEL/CNG): IVECO 240E25 6x2 3 4 2 Footer 6
  5. 5. Main drivers for CNG/LNG TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP – MEDIUM-LONG HAUL AT440S36T/P DIESEL Euro VI AT440S33T/P LNG Euro VI New vehicle cost € 67.000 € 92.200 Cost of capital -€ 7.000 -€ 11.000 Residual value -€ 13.000 -€ 2.500 Net vehicle cost € 61.000 € 100.700 € 14.500 € 28.200 Fuel consumption € 205.400 € 127.500 Urea consumption € 4.000 €0 € 800 TIRES TOLLS € 61.000 TCO DEPRECIATION M&R IVECO € 14.500 € 100.700 DEPRECIATION € 28.200 M&R € 210.200 FUEL € 128.300 TIRES € 6.000 € 6.000 € 800 € 63.000 € 63.000 TOLLS € 6.000 € 6.000 € 27.200 € 27.200 € 63.000 € 63.000 TAXES AND INSURANCE Taxes € 2.200 € 2.200 DRIVER SALARY Insurance € 25.000 € 25.000 DRIVER SALARY € 175.000 € 175.000 TOTAL € 556.900 € 528.400 DIFFERENCE -€ 28.500 FUEL Lubricant cons. TAXES AND INSURANCE € 175.000 € 175.000 AT440S36T/P AT440S33T/P - LNG Simulation based on (the data shown has to be considered CONFIDENTIAL and not binding for IVECO): Market: Italy Mission: regional Mileage: 100,000km / year Period: 5 years Interest rate: 5% Diesel: 1,3€ / liter (w/o VAT) LNG: 0,85 € / kg (w/o VAT) Urea: 0,3€ /l Oil: 5€ / liter Diesel consumption: 31,6 liter / 100km LNG consumption: 30kg / 100km Tires life: 200,000km Toll: 0,18 €/km Mission: 70% motorway 15-10-13 Footer
  6. 6. Main drivers for CNG/LNG TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP  The economic sustainability for natural gas in the medium-long haul business relays dramatically in the difference of cost between diesel (€ / liter) and CNG (€/kg)  In a medium-long haul mission (100.000km / year, 5 years) a difference in cost of 0,26€ between diesel diesel (€ / liter) and CNG (€/kg) make the 2 technology equivalent for the fleet owner 15-10-13 Footer 6
  7. 7. Contents  Main drivers for CNG/LNG  Potential market  LNG technology in EMEA 15-10-13 Footer 7
  8. 8. Potential Market Frost & Sullivan Source: Strategic Analysis of the Medium- to Heavy-duty Natural Gas Commercial Vehicle Market in Europe – 02/2013 15-10-13 Footer 8
  9. 9. Potential Market BIPE Source: Heavy Vehicle Powertrain Prospective 2030– 112013 15-10-13 Footer 9
  10. 10. Potential Market IVECO in Europe  The more conservative figure below reflects the IVECO truck sales forecast n the 5 major Markets + Benelux. With a Heavy Truck Market of 250.000 units in 2016-2017, the CNG+LNG Market is expected between 2 and 5%, with a market share of IVECO around 25-33%. 1400 RCV 1200 1000 800 Distribution 600 400 200 Regional 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017  While the natural gas application in distribution and refuse collection missions is expected steady, the adoption of LNG in medium-long haul missions is expected to boom thanks to - homologation and registration for LNG trucks by middle 2014 (amended UNECE R110) - increasing confidence of fleet managers in CNG/LNG technology - development of the infrastructure - cost reductions through economies of scale - OEM development of natural gas engines dedicated to medium-long haul applications 15-10-13 Footer 10
  11. 11. Potential Market Modello di valutazione del mercato potenziale e dei relativi impatti – IVECO CSST dAD Destinazione dello spostamento Area 1 di rifornimento LNG dOA dOA + dAD < Dautonomia (km) Area 2 di rifornimento LNG Origine dello spostamento Area di rifornimento LNG dAD Destinazione dello spostamento dDO dOA dOA + dAD + dDO < Dautonomia (km) Origine dello spostamento 15-10-13 Footer 11
  12. 12. Potential Market Modello di valutazione del mercato potenziale e dei relativi impatti – IVECO CSST Ipotesi: Brescia Prato Ancona Jesi Livorno Livorno Piombino  I punti di rifornimento LNG siano localizzati presso i principali Porti e Interporti della Rete TEN-T Orte Pescara  Raggio medio area di adduzione d OA = 20 km / 50 km Civitavecchia Fiumicino Pomezia Nola Gaeta Bari Marcianise Napoli Salerno Bari Brindisi Trapani Milazzo Messina Taranto Palermo Termini I. Vado Savona Genova Novara Mortara Torino Rivalta Scrivia Cervignano Portogruaro Monfalcone Verona Padova Trieste Mantova Venezia Chioggia Piacenza Rovigo Parma Bologna Ravenna La Spezia Carrara Busto Arsizio Trento Gela 15-10-13 Footer  Autonomia del veicolo LNG D autonomia = 600 km  Coppie Origini/Destinazioni “DIRETTE” / Coppie Origini/Destinazioni “A/R” Gioia Tauro Reggio Calabria Catania Augusta Siracusa Fonte: List of nodes of the Core and Comprehensive Network 12
  13. 13. Potential Market Modello di valutazione del mercato potenziale e dei relativi impatti – IVECO CSST O/D O/D O/D TOTALI ATTRATTE DIRETTE O/D A/R 311.346 - - - Spostamenti Scenario dOA < 20 km - 66.524 17.280 49.244 Spostamenti Scenario dOA < 50 km - 190.519 144.333 46.186 Veicoli * km Scenario dOA < 20 km - 10.019.130 (+ 12,98%) - - Veicoli * km Scenario dOA < 50 km - 30.880.547 (+38,90%) - - Spostamenti Scenario Attuale 15-10-13 Footer 13
  14. 14. Potential Market Modello di valutazione del mercato potenziale e dei relativi impatti – IVECO CSST Principali spostamenti O/D potenzialmente interessati all’alimentazione LNG (segmento in «area di adduzione» <20 Km) 15-10-13 Footer 14
  15. 15. Potential Market Modello di valutazione del mercato potenziale e dei relativi impatti – IVECO CSST Principali spostamenti O/D potenzialmente interessati all’alimentazione LNG (segmento in «area di adduzione» <50 Km) 15-10-13 Footer 15
  16. 16. Contents  Main drivers for CNG/LNG  Potential market  LNG technology in Europe 15-10-13 Footer 16
  17. 17. LNG technology in Europe How it works CNG SYSTEM (200 bar) ENGINE CURSOR 8 CRYOGENIC LNG TANK (-120º C, 9 bar) AND EVAPORATOR 3-WAY CATALYST 15-10-13 Footer 17
  18. 18. LNG technology in Europe Why LNG for medium-long haul TOTAL CNG CAPACITY (liters) CRUISE RANGE (km) (*) 500 219 600 262 700 306 800 350 900 393 1000 437 1100 481 1200 525 1300 568 1400 612 1500 656 500 liters LNG tank + 280 liters CNG 762 500 liters LNG tank + 320 liters CNG 780 While on rigids CNG tank combinations up to 1.200 liters are technically possible (tanks on the chassis side, above the frame upper edge, behind the cab), on standard 4x2 tractors LNG is necessary to achieve the requested mileage (*) calculated with T=25°C, fuel consumption 30kg/100km, 1 liter CNG = 0,13kg CNG 15-10-13 Footer 18
  19. 19. LNG technology in Europe Main technologies SPARK IGNITED MONO-FUEL METHANE BENEFITS DRAWBACKS DUAL FUEL DIESEL-METHANE (PORT INJECTED) HPDI - DUAL FUEL DIESEL-METHANE (DIRECT INJECTED)  Cost-effective method to use natural gas  Compatible with CNG and LNG  Low complexity cost (on top very simple passive exhaust aftertreatment, 3-way catalyst)  Reduced noise (- 5dB)  Engine can operate under Diesel or Diesel-gas mode (flexibility)  Compatible with CNG and LNG  Retrofit Opportunities for existing Diesel engine (no certification for duration with CNG use)  Full Diesel torque, cycle efficiency and compression braking  High Diesel substitution rate (up to 90-95%)  Same heat rejection as Diesel  Reduced compression braking  Increased exhaust temperature  Mono-fuel system, without limphome recovery mode  Engine not optimized for natural gas operation (compromise at low and high operating loads)  High sensitivity to fuel quality due to knock limitations (low methane number)  Lower advantages in TCO due to higher complexity costs and higher fuel costs due to substitution rate (CNG/LNG max 60-70%)  Requires full Diesel emissions after-treatment (DOC+DPF+SCR) with urea injection for NOx controls  Methane emissions control is a challenge for Euro VI emissions compliance  Very high system cost (requires specific injectors and high pressure cryogenic pump for LNG fuel)  Engine can operate only with LNG  Requires full Diesel emissions after-treatment (DOC+DPF+SCR) with urea injection for NOx controls  Limited field experiences for engine reliability  Engine can’t operate under Diesel mode for limp-home 15-10-13 Footer 19
  20. 20. LNG technology in Europe SAFETY  IF YOU ARE POURING WATER IN THE LNG: LNG does not dissolve in water and in contact with it, it evaporates without mixing and without leaving any residue.  LNG IS NOT THE TOXIC: If you spill of LNG in a glass of water, once the water has evaporated gas can be safely drunk . It can not pollute the sea or groundwater.  IN THE EVENT OF A SPILL OF LNG: the LNG is stored at atmospheric pressure in the system: even in the unlikely event of spills disperse in the air evaporates without leaving a trace. If LNG is spilled on the ground evaporates and leaves no residue to clean.  LNG CAN CATCH FIRE? The LNG is not flammable if not in very special conditions that can not occur inside the regasification or LNG carriers (should be in a closed environment and saturated, mix with an oxygen percentage of between 10% and 15% and simultaneously be in contact with a source of ignition of the flame)  LNG MAY EXPLODE ? Also coming in contact with fire, LNG does not explode and does not create flareups, but it creates a lazy flame that evaporates without creating a shock wave. To confirm this, it is known that in 1984, during the war between Iran and Iraq, a ship carrying gas at low temperatures, the Gaz Fountain, was hit by three missiles and caught fire. The crew managed to extinguish the fire and then to recover 93% of the gas load without further incident. Thanks to this characteristic of LNG a study by the U.S. Coast Guard is satisfied that: “LNG is one of the less dangerous substances among the many normally carried by sea and discharged in coastal deposits such as chemical / petrochemical / fuels. During over 33,000 trips in the world of gas tankers in the last 20 years there have been no major accidents” 15-10-13 Footer
  21. 21. LNG technology in Europe SAFETY LNG tank is tested also for Drop Test http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibgAHfkKF4E 15-10-13 Footer Bonfire Test Chart LNG tank http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NK3z0GSXZBA

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