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Meiji Restoration

Meiji Restoration



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For the class blog



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    Meiji Restoration Meiji Restoration Presentation Transcript

    • Authoritarian Regimes: Japan
      From Samurai to Steamships
    • Japan: Some key facts
      Known as Nippon (Land of the Rising Sun)
      4 Major islands (Honshu, Kyushu, Hokkaido & Shikoku)
      Shinto Religion: Emperor divine, descendant of Sun Goddess
      Majority of population peasants
    • Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868)
      Japan ruled by Emperor (religious) & Shogun (military)
      Samurai as lords & nobles
      Hermit kingdom – closed its doors to the world
      Homogeneous language & culture
      The Samurai were not as chivalrous as popular culture today depicts them to be.
    • East Meets West
      1853 – Arrival of Commodore Perry
      Japan thrown into turmoil
      Shogunate discredited – signed unfavourable treaties
      Dissidents wanted to topple the Shogun and restore power to Emperor
      In 1868, the Meiji Emperor ascended the throne of Japan, & a new era of modernisation began.
      Japanese depiction of Perry’s arrival. The Japanese had no answer to the American cannons.
    • Meiji Restoration
      Meiji leaders understood that in order to save Japan from being colonised & to be accepted by the west, they had to modernise.
      Leaders were all young, western educated & idealistic
      Impressed by the power of the west & felt Japan could follow suit
      “Rich Country, Strong Military”
      The Meiji emperor reigned from 1868-1912. He was 15 when he ascended the throne.
    • “Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of imperial rule. . . Evil customs of the past shall be broken off and everything based on the just laws of nature.”
      Meiji Charter Oath – 1868
    • Meiji Reforms - Political
      Constitution based on German model
      Constitutional monarchy – cult of Emperor established
      Parliament or Diet established
      Power centralised – no more domains
      The Meiji Oligarchy or Genro
    • Meiji Reforms - Military
      Abolition of Samurai class
      Introduction of conscript army – Blood tax
      New army put down Satsuma Rebellion
      Disgruntled Samurai rose up against the new conscript army: Swords vs. Guns, the outcome was predictable…
    • Meiji Reforms - Economic
      Massive industrialisation – Textiles as Japan’s no.1 export.
      Rise of Zaibatsu
      Land reforms to help peasants grow more crops
      Mitsubishi didn’t just manufacture cars and fridges in those days
    • Meiji Reforms - Social
      Education encouraged – pple taught to embrace modernity & revere Emperor.
      Foreign talent – about 5000 by 1880
      The Japanese people were encouraged to embrace modern changes.
    • A Meiji era factory – women were encouraged to work as well.
    • Meiji Reforms – Report Card
      Victories in Sino-Japanese War, 1894, Russo-Japanese War, 1905 & WW I, 1918
      Strong industrial base
      Modern infrastructure, economy and army
      By Meiji Emperor’s death in 1912, Japan was considered the major power in the Far East
      The world sat up and took notice as Japan became the first Asian nation to defeat a European nation in war.
    • In 20 years, Japan went from…
      To this!