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15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine
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15.02, Group 4 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine

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SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

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  • 1. Case Study Sustainability of Ukrainian Energy System Main Problems
  • 2. Sustainable Development Scheme Environmental Protection Social Development Economic development
  • 3. Social Aspect n Former Soviet Union citizen way of thinking and behavior: ¡ Thinking and acting locally in time and space horizon; ¡ “It’s not mine, so I don’t care about it”;
  • 4. Reasoning n Huge environmental resources n Inexhaustible fossil fuel resources for free
  • 5. Reasoning n Man being a part of state production machine
  • 6. Social Aspect n Ukrainian society doesn’t have complete understanding that energy and heat have qualitative and quantitative measures and that they are goods; n Persons in charge of taking decisions are afraid of innovations and changes, they care only about their own position, not about the branch they are responsible for; n Ukrainian people mostly don’t feel civil responsibility (if one doesn’t have a water meter he can just leave the tap turned on and let the water run for no particular reason);
  • 7. Economical Aspects n Getting resources and producing waste for free; n Not counting amount of resources we use … n … and waste; n Short-term planning; n Absence of competitive energy market and appropriate market infrastructure;
  • 8. Economical Aspects n Politization of energetic sphere and scramble for this sphere between political parties, financial and industrial groups and criminals; n “manual management” of the energy market;
  • 9. Environmental Protection n Low level of environmental safety of fuel and energy complex of Ukraine (it produces 45% of atmosphere pollution, 25% of waste water, 26% of solid waste, 65% of greenhouse effect gasses); n Absence of control and penalties for environmental pollution and producing waste;
  • 10. Sustainable Energy System Production Transfer Consumption
  • 11. Production of Energy n High level of capital assets ageing in fuel and energy complex, which causes energy resources overconsumption and raises the possibility of technological disasters; n Destruction of R&D potential in fuel and energy complex and low innovative activity of power concerns; n Shadow economy in fuel and energy complex, shadow redistribution of ownership rights and resources turnover;
  • 12. Production of Energy n Critical dependence of fuel and energy complex on resources imported from one country (Russia); n Low usage of renewable resources and alternative power engineering (for example use of attendant gas in coal mines or thermal waters in Crimea and Carpathians, which are at 1-2 km drilling depth and have a temperature around 110 C);
  • 13. Transfer of Energy n Huge energy losses due to depreciated transmission and distribution channels; n Non-optimal ratio of decentralized and centralized electro generating capacities (7% to 93%);
  • 14. Consumption of Energy n Extremely high power-consuming of gross domestic product (0.89 kg of standard fuel per 1$ of product); n Great portion of natural gas in fuel and energy balance, 2/3 of natural gas is utilized by metallurgy and chemical industry; n Cheapness of energy for the industry and municipal sector;
  • 15. Consumption of Energy n Lack of control for consumed resources (only 1/3 of apartments in Ukraine are equipped with heat and hot water meters); n Non-payments or barter transactions for consumed energy;
  • 16. Conclusion Ukrainian Energy System suffers from a diversity of social, economical, ecological, technological and political problems, so we cannot treat it as a sustainable system. Realizing and solving them can make Energy System of Ukraine effective and sustainable.

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