Problems Concerning Ukrainian
 Energy System Sustainability

       Proposed by Group 2
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Contents

     •Introduction
     •Main groups of pr...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Introduction

     The goal of 21 century lies in su...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability                                                                ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability              Introduction

        Ukraine offers great potenti...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Introduction
           We don’t use renewable resou...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Renewable resources




                            ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Introduction

  The main reasons are the following:
...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Main Groups of Problems




    Technological       ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Technological Issues

      • Old equipment for ener...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability              Technological Issues

            1. Old equipment...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Technological Issues
        ~ 90% of power units ar...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Technological Issues

     2. Energy distribution sy...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Technological Issues
3. Uncoordinated energy product...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Technological Issues
3. Uncoordinated energy product...
Problems Concerning

                      Regulation and Legislative Issues
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability




  ...
Problems Concerning

                      Regulation and Legislative Issues
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability




  ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability                                                    Regulation a...
Problems Concerning

                      Regulation and Legislative Issues
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability




  ...
Problems Concerning

                      Regulation and Legislative Issues
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability




  ...
Problems Concerning

                      Regulation and Legislative Issues
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability




  ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Social Aspects
    • Engineering specialties are bad...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Social Aspects

     1. Engineering specialties are ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability             Social Aspects

              2. Society lacks info...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Studying Sustainability




                        ...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Conclusions

     The main objectives for the energy...
Problems Concerning
Ukrainian Energy System
Sustainability            Let’s protect them!




                            ...
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15.02, Group 2 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine

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SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

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    I'm working for international construction management company which is focused on Health&Safety , Invironment and Sustainability aspects. I would appreciate if somebody could provide me with the contacts of any NGO or local or international company for cooperation in the field of Sustainability.
    If you have the information for me, please send it on my e-mail address zaliko.kajaia@bovislendlease.com
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15.02, Group 2 — Problems concerning sustainability of Energy System in Ukraine

  1. 1. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Proposed by Group 2
  2. 2. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Contents •Introduction •Main groups of problems •Technological Issues •Regulation and Legislative Issues •Social Aspects •Conclusions Group 2
  3. 3. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Introduction The goal of 21 century lies in sustainable energy systems as the way of reaching sustainable development. The main directions are: • Efficient energy use • Reducing energy use • New technologies in energy production (like renewable sources) Group 2
  4. 4. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Introduction Unlike some African & Asian states, Ukraine has rather developed infrastructure but, nevertheless, we don’t receive the results similar to that ones of smart societies. 2,6 times 0.89 0.84 0.33 Compared with the EU-25, Ukraine 0.40 0.34 0.43 0.39 0.50 0.33 0.34 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.23 uses 3.3 times more energy toS1 0.240.34 0.26 produce each unit of GDP Turkey Germany Hungary Spain Great Britain Finland Poland Japan World Austria Denmark France Czech Republic Lithuania Ukraine Russia Belarus Australia China Switzerland Group 2
  5. 5. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Introduction Ukraine offers great potential for energy savings but lacks practical approach to use this potential. Metallurgy state-owned energy% Ukraine’s 35 efficiency company, UkrESCO, Fuel and power sector efficiency could estimates that greater 30% Chemicals 35 per cent reduction in achieve a 11% energy import. Group 2
  6. 6. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Introduction We don’t use renewable resources! Only 4% of Ukrainian energy comes from renewable resources. But these are only water resources. Group 2
  7. 7. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Renewable resources Group 2
  8. 8. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Introduction The main reasons are the following: Ineffectiveness Indifference Mismanagement Group 2
  9. 9. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Main Groups of Problems Technological Social Regulation and Legislative Group 2
  10. 10. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues • Old equipment for energy production, transporting and consumption • Energy distribution systems are not perfect • Non-coordinated energy production/consumption (cooling, heating, air conditioning etc.) Group 2
  11. 11. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues 1. Old equipment for energy production, transporting, and consumption • Nowadays, greater part of electricity in Ukraine is generated on condensing plants that have coefficient of performance approximately 30%. It is much lower than that ones of heat and power (cogeneration) plants (about 80%) • Old and ineffective appliances for burning fossil fuels • We use inefficient gas-boilers or electric resistance heaters mostly for heating of single-family houses Group 2
  12. 12. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues ~ 90% of power units are exhausted ~ 40% of equipment is not suitable for operation Group 2
  13. 13. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues 2. Energy distribution systems are not perfect • Big energy losses during transportation (sometimes about 40% of energy generated on power plant or boiler- house) • Low thermal insulation of buildings which are cooled or heated. As a consequence we cause a great environmental damage not only during transportation, but also during heating or cooling the objects Group 2
  14. 14. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues 3. Uncoordinated energy production/consumption (cooling, heating, air conditioning etc.) •Weak weather forecast for heating rate of boiler houses regulating Group 2
  15. 15. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Technological Issues 3. Uncoordinated energy production/consumption (cooling, heating, air conditioning etc.) •We don’t possess practical scheme of simultaneous production of heat and cool where they are needed. We use different sources and different appliances both for heating and cooling, so energy input on such factories increases twice or more Group 2
  16. 16. Problems Concerning Regulation and Legislative Issues Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability • Resource market monopolization • State does not encourage the effective energy consumption • State does not stimulate the scientific researches in the sphere given • Absence of proper risk management system Group 2
  17. 17. Problems Concerning Regulation and Legislative Issues Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability 1. Resource market monopolization Alfa Group, System Capital Management, RosUkrEnergo, Privat Group, Industrial Union of Donbass, etc. Group 2
  18. 18. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Regulation and Legislative Issues Share of imported energy carriers in structure of energetic complex of different countries 90.0 97.9 80.1 82.1 68.9 74.3 64.7 71.6 61.4 57.7 60.7 50.0 55.9 35.9 34.1 33.3 26.5 23.8 11.6 -27.2 -8.9 Ge rm a ny Ita ly H unga r y P o r tu g a l S p a in F in la n d S w itz e r la n d E n g la n d Ir e la n d Lux e m bourg P o la n d D e nm a rk Greece Fra nc e N e th e r la n d s A u s tr ia E s to n ia R e p u b lic R o m a n ia U k r a in e B e lg iu m Czech th e The main external suppliers are Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan Group 2
  19. 19. Problems Concerning Regulation and Legislative Issues Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability 2. The state does not encourage effective energy consumption Group 2
  20. 20. Problems Concerning Regulation and Legislative Issues Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability 3. The state does not really stimulate scientific researches in this sphere Total R&D Country Expenditures, million $ Ukraine 3.2 Finland 61 Norway 70 Group 2
  21. 21. Problems Concerning Regulation and Legislative Issues Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability 4. Absence of proper risk management system Group 2
  22. 22. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Social Aspects • Engineering specialties are badly treated and poorly-paid, and moreover, they have no social defense (R&D are not profitable at all) • Society lacks information on need for sustainable development Indifference to efficient use questions Group 2
  23. 23. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Social Aspects 1. Engineering specialties are badly treated and poorly-paid, and moreover, they have no social defense • R&D are not profitable at all • People work under very high risk • It's hard to find worthwhile salary Group 2
  24. 24. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Social Aspects 2. Society lacks information on need for sustainable development • Politicians are not worried with our unsustainable development • Most of energetic specialists are not aware of SD paradigm • SD is not taught in schools and universities Group 2
  25. 25. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Studying Sustainability Group 2
  26. 26. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Conclusions The main objectives for the energy system of Ukraine are: ü Efficiency ü Safe environment üR&D Sustainable development Group 2
  27. 27. Problems Concerning Ukrainian Energy System Sustainability Let’s protect them! Group 2
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