22.02, Group 7 — Concept of sustainable development in built environment
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22.02, Group 7 — Concept of sustainable development in built environment

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SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

SD Course in Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 12-23 Febraury 2006

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22.02, Group 7 — Concept of sustainable development in built environment 22.02, Group 7 — Concept of sustainable development in built environment Presentation Transcript

  • Group 7 Energy system in Ukraine Sector: Transport
  • Our vision of energy situation by 2030 ØDevelopment of energy system based on innovations and international cooperation directed on environmental protection ØEnergy production safety ØIncreasing total part of energy sources, without CO2 emission ØTendency to spreading of consuming renewable energy sources Group 7
  • Perspective solution for SD: eco-transport It is based on: • Biofuel • Hydrogen • Electric and solar energy Group 7
  • Biofuel There are three main types of transport biofuel: l Biogas (mainly methane) l Biodiesel l Bioethanol The usage of bioethanol is one of the most perspective solutions for environmental protection. It can be produced of agricultural and consumer waste, plants, wood, etc. World leaders on its production are Brazil and USA. Group 7
  • Bioethanol advantages: l Usage of bioethanol as the addition to petrol will reduce the amount of CO, NO and other harmful substances l Increasing the petrol quality (high-octane number) l Deliverance from waste l Relatively easy producing process l Inexpensive fuel Group 7
  • The example Obvio quot;Tribridquot; – new generation car, which has combined engine. In that way it can use ordinary petrol, natural gas and bioethanol. Cost depends on version, but average price is $28.000. This car will be done to 2008. Group 7
  • Maximum speed – 160 km/h. Group 7
  • The Hybride Cars are transition technology. The most perspective solution is based on hydrogen fuel transport, which is used in space devices. Such engines make no pollution in atmosphere cause of water steam like a result of action. Scientists foresee that the spread of biofuel will solve the main world energy problem. Group 7
  • Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program The goal of this program is to help industry develop technologies to produce, store, transport and use hydrogen. Hydrogen can be produced from a wide variety of domestic resources using several technologies. This electric energy can be used to power our vehicles as well as heat, cool, and power our homes and buildings. Group 7
  • Advantages of Hydrogen: l unexhausted energy source; l result of hydrogen combustion in oxygen is warm and water; l combination “hydrogen + oxygen” has biggest maintenance of energy per unit of mass Group 7
  • Packaging l New and innovative tank designs will provide better containment, reduced weight and volume, and improved safety. Group 7
  • Perspective technology to product hydrogen in Ukraine Fossil (natural gas, oil) and synthetic Biomass (methanol, ethanol) fuel Catalyst conversion in H2 , which includes natural gas Н2 Electrical power Electrolysis of water Group 7
  • Necessary resources: • mine methane • biomass Group 7
  • Ukrainian mine methane potential (2003) Volume, thousands tonns Region of standard coal per year Donetsk 1069 Lugansk 143 Total 1212 Group 7
  • Ukrainian biomass potential (2003) Biomass Energy potential, million tonnes of standart coal Grain- 2.21 crops/straw Maize/stalk 1.19 Sunflower/stalk 2.31 Pus/manure gas 1.59 Waste of wood 1.58 Waste gas 0.19 Total 9.07 Group 7
  • A battery electric vehicle (BEV) It is an electric vehicle that utilizes chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. Electric vehicles use electric motors instead of, or in addition to, internal combustion engines (ICEs). Group 7
  • Conclusion: Ukraine has all facilities to produce eco-fuel using renewable resources. l For the short-time period the bioethanol production and consuming are perspective. l For the long-term period it’s better to focus on hydrogen as the transport fuel. Group 7
  • Measuring: l Ecology protection: controlling the amount of CO, NO and other harmful substances. It must be no higher than fixed limit l Economy effectiveness: new fuel should be cheaper then the existing one. Prices for hydrogen will reduce and the prices for mine resources will increase l Energy independence l Coefficient of efficiency: it should be higher than COE of hydrogen (70-80%) and mine resources (40%). Group 7
  • To realize the sustainability goals it is necessary: l to adapt the legislation for such science intensive technologies l to set the low taxes for using the eco-safety fuel and transport l to implement controlling devices l grants and awards for companies which product eco-fuel l to develop business projects to attract investments l to spread the eco-fuel idea in society l to use the international experience in sustainable development Group 7
  • Thank you for attention Group 7