Expenditure ed
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Expenditure ed

on

  • 506 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
506
Views on SlideShare
386
Embed Views
120

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

2 Embeds 120

http://datatopics.worldbank.org 119
http://mylearn.hct.ac.ae 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Expenditure ed Expenditure ed Presentation Transcript

  • EducationExpendituresThe State of Education SeriesFebruary 2013A Global Report
  • ContentsThis presentation includes analysis of: Share of GDP for education expenditures Share of total government expenditures for education Per student education expenditures forprimary, secondary and tertiary education as a share ofGDP per capita Recurrent expenditures as a share of total educationexpenditures A Country Education Expenditure Profile of Benin
  • AcronymsAcronym NameEAP East Asia and the PacificECA Europe and Central AsiaLAC Latin American and the CaribbeanMNA Middle East and North AfricaSAS South AsiaSSA Sub-Saharan AfricaGER Gross Enrollment RateNER Net Enrollment RatePCR Primary Completion RateGDP p.c. Gross Domestic Product per capita
  • Share of GDPfor EducationExpenditures
  • Which countries spend the least oneducation as a share of GDP? These countries spendless than 2.5% of GDPon education. All income groups arerepresented in this listfrom Monaco andLiechtenstein (highincome) to Myanmar,CAR, Eritrea, andBangladesh (lowincome). Low spending as a % ofGDP resulted in netenrolment rates rangingfrom 35.6% to 94.9%. Six of 8 countries (withdata) have primary netenrolment rates higherthan 85%.10 Countries with the LowestShare of GDP for Education(2006-2012)% of GDPfor EduGDP p.c.Current $Net EnrolmentRate. Primary1 Myanmar 0.782 Monaco 1.21 172,6763 Central African Rep. 1.25 483 68.54 Zambia 1.35 1,425 91.45 Lebanon 1.56 9,904 94.96 Sri Lanka 2.06 2,835 94.07 Liechtenstein 2.11 134,915 93.58 Eritrea 2.13 482 35.69 Dominican Rep. 2.19 5,530 89.410 Bangladesh 2.23 735 86.3Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Black is2011; Green in 2009; Blue is 2008; Red is 2007; Beige is 2006;Data were not available for 55 of 214 countries.
  • Which countries spend the most oneducation as a share of GDP?10 Countries with the HighestShare of GDP for Education(2006-2012)% of GDPfor EduGDP p.c.Current $Net EnrolmentRate. Primary1 Lesotho 13.0 1,106 73.42 Cuba 12.9 5,397 98.23 Timor-Leste 10.1 896 85.34 Denmark 8.7 59,684 95.45 Moldova 8.6 1,967 87.86 Djibouti 8.4 1,203 51.77 Namibia 8.3 5,293 85.18 Cyprus 7.9 30,670 98.79 Botswana 7.8 8,680 87.110 Iceland 7.8 44,072 99.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Black is2011; Blue is 2010; Green in 2009; Purple is 2008; Maroon is 2007;Data were not available for 55 of 214 countries. The highest spendingcountries spentbetween 8 and 13percent of GDP oneducation. Three countries –Denmark, Iceland,and Cyprus – havehigh GDP and spenda high percentage ofit on education. Primary netenrolment rates forthe highest spendingcountries range from52% to 99%. Eightcountries have NERshigher than 85% and3 are higher than98%.
  • Public Education Expenditureas % of GDP(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Which countries have increasedexpenditures as a % of GDP the most? These countrieshave increased theireducationexpenditures as a %of GDP by 2.2 to 5percentage pointsover time. Solomon Islandsand Ecuador haveboth more thandoubled theireducation spending.Comoros was closeto doubling itsspending. 35% of the 138countries with datadecreasededucationexpenditures overtime.10 Countries with Large Increases inEducation Expenditure as a % of GDP(2006-2012)PercentagePointsIncreased% of GDP1999-2002Mostcurrent %of GDP%Increased1 Solomon Islands 5.0 2.2 7.3 223.52 Ecuador 3.9 1.0 4.9 399.53 Comoros 3.8 3.8 7.6 99.64 Cuba 3.3 9.6 12.9 34.35 Moldova 3.1 5.5 8.6 56.06 Congo, Rep. 3.0 3.2 6.2 93.97 Burundi 2.9 3.2 6.1 91.08 Nicaragua 2.9 3.1 6.0 92.19 Swaziland 2.4 5.1 7.4 46.310 Ireland 2.2 4.3 6.5 52.9Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013;Notes: Data were not available for 76 of 214 countries.
  •  Low levels ofeducation spending asa % of GDP do notnecessarily lead to lowprimary net enrolmentrates (NER). Cambodia spends2.6% of GDP oneducation and has a98% primary NERwhile Liberia spendsonly slightly more(2.7%) and has a40.8% NER. High levels ofspending also do notnecessary lead to highenrolment rates:Djibouti spends 8.4%of GDP on educationbut has a 51.7% NER.R² = 0.017304050607080901000.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0NetEnrollmentRate.PrimaryPublic expenditure on education as % of GDPDjiboutiEritreaLiberiaLesothoSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013; Notes: Data is for themost recent year between 2006 and 2012. Data were not available for 71 countries.CubaDo high levels of education spendingresult in high primary enrolment rates?
  • Which countries have high enrollmentrates with lower spending?10 Countries with Low Spendingfor High Primary Enrolment Rates(2006-2012)% of GDPfor EduGDP p.c.Current $Net EnrolmentRate. Primary1 Cambodia 2.6 900 98.22 Georgia 2.7 3,203 98.13 Turkey 2.9 10,498 98.94 Uruguay 2.9 13,866 99.55 Japan 3.8 45,903 100.06 Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 4,526 99.87 Rwanda 4.8 583 98.78 Ecuador 4.9 4,569 98.69 Spain 5.0 32,244 99.710 Korea, Rep. 5.0 22,424 98.6Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Black is2011; Blue is 2010; Green in 2009; Purple is 2008;Data were not available for 55 of 214 countries. These countries haveprimary netenrolment rateshigher than 98% witheducation spendingbetween 2.6 and 5%of GDP. Rwanda andCambodia are lowincome countries withlow spending andhigh enrolment rates. Cuba also has a highenrolment rate98.2%, but uses12.9% of GDP oneducation.
  •  Most countries spendbetween 2.5% and 7%of GDP oneducation, but resultsfrom similar levels ofspending vary greatly. Zambia spends 1.3%of GDP on educationand has a 103%Primary CompletionRate (PCR) whileCAR spends 1.2%and has a 43% PCR. High levels ofspending also do notnecessary lead to highprimary completionrates: Lesotho, thehighestspender, spends 13%of GDP on educationbut has a 70% PCR.Do high levels of education spendingresult in high primary completion rates?R² = 0.001304050607080901001101200.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0PrimaryCompletionRate.TotalPublic expenditure on education as % of GDPDjiboutiEritreaCARLesothoSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013; Notes: Data is for themost recent year between 2006 and 2012. Data were not available for 72 countries.CubaChadTimor-Leste
  • Which countries have highcompletion rates with low spending?10 Countries with Low Spendingand High Primary CompletionRates(2006-2012)% of GDPfor EduGDP p.c.Current $PrimaryCompletionRate (%)1 Myanmar 0.8 103.62 Monaco 1.2 172,676 132.23 Zambia 1.3 1,425 103.34 Sri Lanka 2.1 2,835 100.85 Liechtenstein 2.1 134,915 111.16 Georgia 2.7 3,203 116.27 Turkey 2.9 10,498 100.48 Uruguay 2.9 13,866 104.49 Indonesia 3.0 3,495 108.810 Kazakhstan 3.1 11,245 108.2Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Data were not available for 55 of 214 countries. These countries haveprimary completionrates higher than98% with educationspending between0.8 and 3.1% ofGDP. All countries havePCRs higher than100% likely becauseof over/under-agedstudents entering thelast grade of primaryfor the first time. Myanmar is the onlylow income countryon the list.
  • Share of TotalGovernmentExpendituresfor Education
  • Which countries spend the least oneducation as a share of totalexpenditures? These countries spendless than 10% of totalpublic expenditures onthe education sector.The average spendingof all countries withdata is 15.4%. All these countries(with data) haveenrolment rates higherthan 85%. Low spending as ashare of totalexpenditures resultedin primary completionrates ranging from 47%(Angola) to 132%(Monaco).10 Countries with the Lowest Shareof Total Expenditures for Education(2006-2012)% of TotalExp. forEducationNet EnrolmentRate. PrimaryPrimaryCompletionRate (%)1 Lebanon 7.1 94.9 87.02 Qatar 7.1 94.0 95.83 Georgia 7.7 98.1 116.24 Monaco 8.1 132.25 Sri Lanka 8.1 94.0 100.86 Timor-Leste 8.1 85.3 65.57 Zimbabwe 8.38 Angola 8.5 85.7 46.69 Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.9 58.710 Italy 9.1 97.4 103.2Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available:Black is 2011; Blue is 2010; Green in 2009; Red is 2008;Data were not available for 66 of 214 countries.
  • 10 Countries with the Highest Shareof Total Expenditures for Education(2006-2012)% of TotalExp. forEducationNet EnrolmentRate. PrimaryPrimaryCompletionRate (%)1 Solomon Islands 34.0 86.82 Oman 31.1 96.6 107.03 Benin 27.8 89.1 75.34 Nicaragua 26.4 92.5 80.95 Morocco 25.7 95.7 89.36 Ethiopia 25.4 86.5 64.07 Cote dIvoire 24.6 61.5 58.68 Ghana 24.4 82.1 99.19 Burundi 24.1 89.7 62.110 Senegal 24.0 75.7 62.8Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Black is2011; Blue is 2010; Green in 2009; Red is 2008; Beige is 2006;Data were not available for 66 of 214 countries. The highest spendingcountries spend morethan 24% of totalexpenditures oneducation. Primary enrolment ratesfor the highest spendingcountries range from61% (Cote d’Ivoire) to97% (Oman). Only Ghana and Omanhave primarycompletion rates higherthan 90%. Despite high spending,at least 1/4 of studentsin five of these countriesare not completingprimary school.Which countries spend the most oneducation as a share of totalexpenditures?
  • Public Education Expenditure as %of Total Government Expenditure(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Which countries have increasededucation expenditures the most? These countrieshave increased theirshare of totalexpenditures for theeducation sector by6 to 12 percentagepoints over time. The Gambia hasmore than doubledits spending as a %of total expenditures Over half (55.8%) ofthe countries withdata decreasedspending oneducation over time.10 Countries with Large Increases inEducation Expenditure as a % of TotalExpendituresPercentagePointsIncreased% of TotalExp in1999-2002Mostcurrent % ofTotal Exp%Increased1 Ethiopia 11.6 13.8 25.4 84.52 Nicaragua 11.2 15.2 26.4 73.63 Benin 11.1 16.6 27.8 66.84 Burundi 11.1 13.0 24.1 85.35 Gambia, The 10.8 9.0 19.7 120.66 Oman 8.5 22.7 31.1 37.47 Brunei Darussalam 7.8 9.1 16.9 84.88 Panama 7.0 7.7 14.8 91.09 Nepal 6.3 14.0 20.2 44.910 Tunisia 6.2 16.5 22.7 37.7Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Data were not available for 101 of 214 countries.
  •  Low levels ofeducation spending asa % of totalexpenditures do notnecessarily lead to lowprimary net enrolmentrates (NER). The fourlowest spenders haveNERs higher than94%. Georgia spends 7.7%on education and hasa 98% primary NERwhile Cote d’Ivoirespends 24.6% andhas a 61.5% NER.Do high levels of education spendingresult in higher primary enrolment rates?R² = 0.0354050607080901005.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0NetEnrollmentRate.PrimaryPublic expenditure on education as % of totalgovernment expenditureDjiboutiCote dIvoireLiberiaSolomonIslandsSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013; Notes: Data is for themost recent year between 2006 and 2012. Data were not available for 81 countries.OmanCAR
  • Which countries have high enrollmentrates with low spending?10 Countries with Low Spendingfor High Primary Enrolment Rates(2006-2012)% of TotalExp. ForEducationNet EnrolmentRate. Primary1 Georgia 7.7 98.12 Japan 9.4 100.03 France 10.4 98.54 Spain 10.8 99.75 United Kingdom 11.3 99.56 Netherlands 11.5 99.87 Uruguay 11.6 99.58 Portugal 11.6 99.29 Mongolia 11.9 98.610 Belgium 12.2 98.9Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Data were not available for 79 of 214 countries. These countries haveprimary netenrolment rateshigher than 98% witheducation spendingbetween 7.7 and 12%of total expenditures. Japan and Georgiaspend less than 10%of total expenditureson education andhave achieveduniversal primaryeducation. Tunisia also has ahigh enrolment rate(98.5%), but uses22.7% of totalexpenditures oneducation.
  •  Seven countriesspend less than 9%on education; Thosecountries haveprimary completionrates (PCRs) rangingfrom 47% (Angola) to132% (Monaco). Lowspending does notnecessarily lead to lowcompletion rates. High levels ofspending also do notnecessary lead to highcompletion rates:Benin, the 2nd highestspender, spends 28%of govn’t expenditureon education but hasa 75% PCR.Do high levels of education spendingresult in higher primary completion rates?R² = 0.056304050607080901001101201301405.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0PrimaryCompletionRate.TotalPublic expenditure on education as % of totalgovernment expenditureDjiboutiCARAngolaBeninSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013; Notes: Data is for themost recent year between 2006 and 2012. Data were not available for 82 countries.MonacoChadEthiopiaGeorgiaOman
  • Which countries have highcompletion rates with low spending?10 Countries with Low Spending forHigh Primary Completion Rates(2006-2012)% of TotalExp. ForEducationPrimaryCompletion Rate(%)1 Georgia 7.7 116.22 Sri Lanka 8.1 100.83 Monaco 8.1 132.24 Italy 9.1 103.25 Japan 9.4 101.96 Serbia 9.5 99.37 Czech Republic 9.8 104.68 Slovak Republic 9.9 98.59 Germany 10.5 100.610 Spain 10.8 103.4Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Data were not available for 82 of 214 countries. These countries haveprimary completionrates higher than98% with educationspending between7.7 and 10.8% oftotal governmentexpenditures. Countries have PCRshigher than 100%likely because ofover/under-agedstudents entering thelast grade of primaryfor the first time.
  • Expenditureson PrimaryEducation
  • Which countries spend the least perstudent on primary education? The averagespending per primaryschool student is16.7% of per capitaGDP. These countriesspend between 3.5 and7 percent of GDP percapita on each primaryschool student. Five of the 10 lowestspending countries arein SSA. Two areclassified as highincome countries. 5 countries have netenrollment rates higherthan 90%. DRC is the only countrywith low primaryspending and very highprivate enrollmentshare (82.5%).10 Countries with the Lowest Shareof p.c. GDP per Primary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%)per studentPrimary NetEnrolmentRate (%)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Monaco 3.5 21.82 Central African Rep. 4.4 68.5 13.83 Brunei Darussalam 5.1 91.6 36.64 Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.2 82.55 Liberia 5.4 40.8 32.66 Madagascar 6.4 17.87 Cameroon 6.6 93.8 20.98 Cambodia 6.8 98.2 1.59 Panama 6.8 96.9 12.010 Rwanda 6.9 98.7 2.2Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available between 2006and 2012: Blue figures are for 2010; Green for 2009; Black for 2011; Maroonfor 2007; Data were not available for 82 countries.
  • Which countries spend the most perstudent on primary education? Serbia spends overhalf of per capitaGDP on each primarystudent, and all othercountries in the listspend more than aquarter. Eight of the listedcountries haveprimary net enrolmentrates (NER) higherthan 90%. These countries havelow private enrolmentshares ranging from0.1 to 14%.10 Countries with the Highest Shareof p.c. GDP per Primary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%) perstudentPrimary NetEnrolmentRate (%)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Serbia 55.6 93.2 0.12 Cuba 49.3 98.23 Moldova 41.4 87.8 0.94 Cyprus 31.5 98.7 7.65 Latvia 31.4 95.1 1.16 Comoros 29.5 77.8 14.17 Denmark 28.9 95.4 13.78 Sweden 28.3 99.4 9.59 Estonia 27.8 95.0 4.110 Iceland 27.2 99.0 2.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Notes: Figures are for the most recent year with data available between2006 and 2012: Blue figures are for 2010; Green for 2009;Maroon for 2008; Data were not available for 82 countries.
  • Public Expenditure per Pupil as a% of GDP per capita. Primary(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Expenditureson SecondaryEducation
  • Which countries spend the least perstudent on secondary education? On average, countriesspend 24.4% of percapita GDP persecondary educationstudent. These countriesspend between 5.5 and9.4%. 5 of the 10 countries arein LAC and 3 are in EAP. Brunei Darussalam is theonly country on the listwith a net enrollment ratein the top half ofcountries. More than half ofsecondary enrollmentsare in private schools inGuatemala and morethan ¼ are in privateschools in Venezuelaand Peru.10 Countries with the Lowest Shareof p.c. GDP per Secondary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%) perstudentSecondaryEnrolmentRate (NER)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Guatemala 5.5 46.1 62.52 Monaco 5.5 - 22.33 Cambodia 6.8 35.1 2.04 Dominican Rep. 7.0 62.1 20.85 Brunei Darussalam 7.8 99.0 13.56 Venezuela, RB 8.0 72.8 28.47 Indonesia 8.8 67.3 41.88 Peru 9.1 77.6 26.09 Philippines 9.1 61.6 19.810 El Salvador 9.4 60.0 16.3Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Notes: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Bluefigures are for 2010; Green for 2009; Black for 2011; Maroon for 2008;Purple for 2007; Data were not available for 86 countries.
  • Which countries spend the most perstudent on secondary education? 5 of the 10 countriesare in SSA. Niger, Angola, andMozambique havehigh per studentsending and three ofthe lowest secondarynet enrolment rates ofall countries. Honduras spends themost as a share of pcGDP by far, but alsohas the highest shareof students enrolled inprivate schools (27%).10 Countries with the Highest Shareof p.c. GDP per Secondary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%) perstudentSecondaryEnrolmentRate (NER)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Honduras 279.7 - 26.92 Mozambique 84.8 17.3 12.73 Lesotho 55.1 29.8 1.04 Cuba 52.1 86.6 -5 Niger 51.1 9.4 18.16 Angola 45.0 13.5 10.67 Cyprus 40.7 96.0 17.58 Moldova 39.4 77.7 1.39 Rwanda 39.3 - 20.610 Morocco 39.1 - 5.2Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Notes: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Blue figuresare for 2010; Green for 2009; Black for 2011; Maroon for 2008; Purple for2007; Beige for 2006; Data were not available for 86 countries.
  • Public Expenditure per Pupil as a % ofGDP per capita. Secondary(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Expenditureson TertiaryEducation
  • Which countries spend the least perstudent on tertiary education? On average, countriesspend 91% of percapita GDP per tertiarystudent. The medianspending is 30%.These countries spendbetween 3.5 and 12%. Three countries are inECA and 3 are in EAP. Korea, Rep. has the12th lowest spendinglevel, but has a 103%gross enrollment rate. Six of 9 countries haveprivate enrollmentshares higher than50%.10 Countries with the Lowest Shareof p.c. GDP per Tertiary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%) perstudentTertiaryEnrolmentRate (GER)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Mongolia 3.5 57.2 38.72 Armenia 7.5 48.9 22.83 Lebanon 8.1 57.7 60.84 Liechtenstein 9.2 36.0 100.05 Peru 9.2 43.0 54.36 Philippines 9.6 28.2 65.97 Kazakhstan 10.2 43.2 50.68 Myanmar 10.8 14.89 El Salvador 11.6 23.4 66.610 Georgia 12.3 30.0 20.9Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Notes: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Blackfigures are for 2011; Blue are for 2010; Green for 2009; Maroon for 2008;Purple for 2007; Data were not available for 96 countries.
  • Which countries spend the most perstudent on tertiary education? All the listed countriesare in Sub-SaharanAfrica. These countriesspend from 2 to 18times GDP per capitaon each tertiarystudent. Despite highspending, all thecountries in the listhave gross enrollmentrates less than 8%.These countries areall within the bottom20 countries in tertiaryenrolment rates.10 Countries with the Highest Shareof p.c. GDP per Tertiary Student(2006-2012)Share of pcGDP (%) perstudentTertiaryEnrolmentRate (GER)PrivateEnrollmentShare (%)1 Malawi 1859.4 0.8 10.32 Lesotho 1331.1 3.53 Tanzania 868.2 2.14 Niger 564.6 1.5 25.05 Burundi 350.8 3.2 57.76 Swaziland 296.4 4.47 Botswana 256.3 7.4 100.08 Chad 247.9 2.3 28.29 Burkina Faso 243.1 3.9 22.010 Mauritania 193.5 4.4Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Notes: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Blackfigures are for 2011; Blue are for 2010; Green for 2009; Maroon for 2008;Purple for 2007; Beige for 2006; Data were not available for 96 countries.
  • Public Expenditure per Pupil as a %of GDP per capita. Tertiary(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Salaries andRecurrentEducationExpenditures
  • Which countries spend the most onrecurrent expenditures?10 Countries with the HighestRecurrent Share of Total EducationExpenditures on Pre-Tertiary Education(2006-2012)% for Recurrent % for Salaries1 Zimbabwe 100.0 100.02 Jordan 100.0 100.03 Cayman Islands 100.0 97.64 San Marino 100.0 96.55 Aruba 100.0 95.26St. Vincent and theGrenadines100.0 94.37 Jamaica 100.0 93.88 Costa Rica 100.0 86.89 Liechtenstein 100.0 71.810 Guatemala 99.9 73.9Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013; Note: Figures are forthe most recent year with data available; Blue for 2010; Green for 2009; Red for2008; Beige for 2006; Data were not available for 112 countries. 9 of 10 countries spend100% of publicexpenditures on pre-tertiary education onrecurrent expenditureslike salaries, textbooks,and teaching/learningsupplies. 100% of pre-tertiaryexpenditures in Jordanand Zimbabwe go topaying salaries. Fiveother countries spendmore than 90% of totalexpenditures onsalaries. High recurrentexpenditures leave littleor no room in publicspending for schoolconstruction and othercapital programs.
  • Which countries spend the least onrecurrent expenditures? 5 of 10 countries are inSSA and 2 are highincome countries. Low recurrentexpenditures can leaveroom in publicexpenditures for capitalprojects like schoolconstruction, but canleave less fiscal spacefor teachers’salaries, textbooks, teaching and learningmaterials, etc. The majority ofrecurrent expendituresin many of thesecountries is dedicatedto salaries (whichincludes both teachersand administrativesalaries).10 Countries with the Lowest RecurrentShare of Total Education Expenditures onPre-Tertiary Education(2006-2012)% forRecurrent% forSalaries% forCapital1 Monaco 63.0 61.3 37.02 Timor-Leste 66.4 54.8 33.63 Chad 68.6 52.6 31.44 Mozambique 71.4 59.2 28.65 Angola 71.7 28.36 Bangladesh 77.9 54.3 22.17 Peru 79.0 67.0 21.08 Mauritius 80.2 62.3 19.89 Rwanda 80.3 48.3 19.710 Korea, Rep. 83.2 58.8 16.8Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Feb. 2013Note: Figures are for the most recent year with data available: Black for2011; Blue for 2010; Green for 2009; Red for 2007; Beige for 2006; Datawere not available for 112 countries.
  • Recurrent education expenditures as a % of totaleducation expenditures on public institutions.Primary, Secondary, and Post-Sec./Non-Tertiary (ISCED 1-4)(2006-2012)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the latest available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • CountryEducationExpenditureProfile:BeninData extracted from the World BankEducation Expenditure Database
  • Data Source and NotesThe Benin Country Education Expenditure Profile highlights a few ofthe hundreds of indicators available in the World Bank EducationExpenditure Database. The database allows users to search foreducation expenditure data published in World Bank expendituredocuments. The data for the Benin Country Expenditure Profile wasextracted from Benin’s 2004 Public Expenditure Review.The Benin Country Expenditure Profile is an example of the types ofanalysis that can be completed using the World Bank EducationExpenditure Database.Note: The data in the World Bank Education Expenditure Databaseare not internationally comparable because there is no standardmethod of calculation for most of the indicators. Users should notcompare the data across countries.
  • Education Expenditure Summary:Benin Benin spends around1/5 of all governmentexpenditures on theeducation sector. Of the educationspending, Beninprioritizes primaryeducation, but theshare for primarydecreased from almost50% in 1998 to lessthan 40% in 2003. Thetertiary share has beenrising. Half of all of Benin’sexpenditures go tosalaries and around20% go toward capitalexpenditures.Benin: Education Expenditure Summary(1998-2003)1998 2000 2001 2002 2003Total EducationExpenditures (in CFAFBillions)39.90 50.00 66.30 69.50 75.00Share of Total PublicExpenditures forEducation Sector (%)20.4 19.7 19.6 20.5 22.1Share of Total EducationExpenditures for: Primary (%) 49.1 47 51.6 49.3 38.1 Secondary (%) 15.9 16.7 16.8 16.2 17.2 Tertiary (%) 16.7 14.7 17.2 18.9 24.1 Technical/Vocational (%) 3.1 4.9 5.8 7.4 9.2 Administration (%) 15.2 16.7 8.6 8.3 11.4 Recurrent Expenditures(%)88.4 79.6 73.9 83.9 80.6 Salary Expenditures (%) 63.8 62 48 50.9 50.8 Capital Expenditures (%) 11.6 20.4 26.1 16.1 19.4Source: World Bank Public Education Expenditure Database, Sept 2009
  • Total Education Expendituresin Benin Total expenditures oneducation in Beninalmost doubledbetween 1998 and2003 from 40 to 75billion CFAF. The share of total publicexpenditures for theeducation sector initiallydropped from 20.4% in1998 to 19.7% in 2000and 2001 before risingto 22.1% in 2003.20.4 19.7 19.6 20.522.1010203040506070801998 2000 2001 2002 2003Benin:Total Education ExpendituresTotal Expenditure in CFAF billionsTotal public education expenditure, % of government spendingSource: World Bank EdStats, Education Expenditure Database, Sept, 2009
  • Share of Total EducationExpenditures for Educational Levels Primary receives thehighest share ofexpenditures, but theshare declined over timeby 11 percentage points. Secondary has receiveda consistent share ofaround 16% over time. The shares for tertiaryand technical/vocationaleducation have risen by7.5 and 6 percentagepoints respectively. Administration receivedequal funding tosecondary and tertiary in1999, but dropped by25% in 2003.0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%1998 2000 2001 2002 2003Benin: Share of Total Expendituresfor Educational Levels (%)Administration Technical/Vocational Ed.Tertiary SecondaryPrimarySource: World Bank EdStats, Education Expenditure Database, Sept, 2009
  • Share of Total EducationExpenditures by Type Recurrent expendituresaccounted for almost90% of totalexpenditures in1999, but dropped to80.6 in 2003. The salary share of totalexpenditures has alsodropped from 64% to51%, leaving morespace for non-salaryexpenditures liketextbooks andteaching/learningmaterials. Capital expendituresrose from 12% in 1999to 26% in 2001 beforedropping to 19.4% in2003.63.8624850.9 50.80%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%1998 2000 2001 2002 2003Share of Total Expenditures forRecurrent and Capital (%)Capital Recurrent Non-Salary Recurrent SalarySource: World Bank EdStats, Education Expenditure Database, Sept, 2009
  • Per Student Education Expendituresin BeninPer Student Recurrent EducationExpenditures in Benin(1998-2002)Recurrent expendituresper student in USD:1998 1999 2000 2001 2002• Primary 40 38 31 33 37• Secondary 56 49.4 49.6 59.4 59.2• Technical/Vocational 224 182 171 198 ..• Tertiary 684 676 360 479 522• Administration 8 7.6 3.1 6.6 7.4Ratio of recurrentexpenditures per student:1998 1999 2000 2001 2002• Secondary to Primary 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.6• Technical/vocational toPrimary5.6 4.8 5.5 6 ..• Tertiary to Primary 17.1 17.8 11.6 14.5 14.1 Recurrent per studentexpenditures are higheston tertiary education inBenin. Tertiary studentscost 17 times more thanprimary students in 1998and 14 times more in2002. Students inTechnical/Vocationaleducation also cost 5.5to 6 times more thanprimary students. Per student recurrentspending on primary,technical/vocational andtertiary educationdecreased between1998 and 2002.Source: World Bank Public Education Expenditure Database, Sept 2009
  • Education Budget Execution Ratesin BeninExecution Rates for EducationBudgets in Benin(1998-2002)1997 1999 2001 2003Total Education Budget 74.9 89.7 91.7 86.3Recurrent Budget 92.2 95.5 94.4 94.2Salary Budget 98.3 93.7 94.9 102.9Capital Budget 36.4 66.4 84.8 63.8Domestically-financedCapital Budget34.9 77.6 96.4 72.8Internationally-financedCapital Budget36.6 62.1 74.6 54.1 Total budget executionrates have variedgreatly over time inBenin from 75% to 92%,but have never reached100%. Salaries and recurrentexpenditures generallyhave higher executionrates. The only budgetthat was fully executedwas salaries in 2003. Both domestically- andinternationally-financedcapital have lowexecution rates overtime, but rates haveimproved from around35% in 1997 to 73 and54% in 2003respectively.Source: World Bank Public Education Expenditure Database, Sept 2009
  • This presentation utilizes the following data sources:1) UNESCO Institute for Statistics data in the EdStats Query The presentation was created with the most recent UIS data release that included2011 data for most indicators and 2012 data for Singapore and Brunei only. Indicators were calculated by UIS according to definitions available in the EdStatsQuery metadata.2) The Benin Country Profile was created in August 2009 with data extractedfrom the 2004 Benin Public Expenditure Review. The data was accessedvia the World Bank Education Expenditure Database.Data Sources
  • The State of Education SeriesThe following State of Education presentationsare available on the EdStats website:Educational Levels: Pre-Primary Education Primary Education Secondary Education Tertiary EducationTopics: Access Quality Expenditures Gender Literacy Equity