J. Smet, B. Tuffuor, S.P. Sekuma
3rd IWA Congress, Nairobi, October 2013









Technologies not fit for context
36% of poorest urban quintile in
SSA: unimproved water supply
Of that segme...
TAF
Technology Applicability Framework
&

TIP
Technology Introduction Process
TAF- A decision making tool on the applicability of a
specific WASH technology and its contribution to a
sustainable servi...
WASH Technology to be assessed for
applicability in given context
1

Screening
Step-1: Need and Demand
Step-2: Basic Appli...




Collect relevant information on
technology, e.g. CapEx, OpEx
Train staff for field assessments
Conduct field survey...
per particular dimension

Key perspectives
User/
Buyer

Producers/ Regulators/
Providers Investors/
Facilitators

Interpre...
Country
Technology Rating
Burkina Faso UDDT
Successful

Ghana
Uganda

VIP latrine
EnviroLoo
Biofill toilet
UDDT

Successfu...









Poor access to household sanitation facilities is
a major problem in low income urban areas
High population...
Dimension
Perspective

User

Producer

Regulator

Social

Clear willingness to invest

No active promotion; producer has
s...








Capital cost of Biofil digester needs attention to
make it more affordable to poor households
Risk for environ...
Uptake +
Operation

Tipping
Point

Invention

Technology Introduction

Specific Tasks
per actor and
phase

Actors

April 2...









TAF is well received in the 3 project countries
Global WASH professionals: TAF, great value for
validation, ...
Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services
Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services
Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services
Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services
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Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services

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A presentation by J. Smet, B. Tuffuor, S.P. Sekuma during the 3rd IWA Congress, Nairobi, Kenya, October 2013.

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Context-specific validation and introduction of technologies for sustainable urban WASH Services

  1. 1. J. Smet, B. Tuffuor, S.P. Sekuma 3rd IWA Congress, Nairobi, October 2013
  2. 2.      Technologies not fit for context 36% of poorest urban quintile in SSA: unimproved water supply Of that segment: 21% defecates in the open and 37% uses unimproved sanitation facilities Promising technologies frequently do not go beyond the pilot stage, no scale. No systems to validate new technologies
  3. 3. TAF Technology Applicability Framework & TIP Technology Introduction Process
  4. 4. TAF- A decision making tool on the applicability of a specific WASH technology and its contribution to a sustainable service and on its readiness for introduction to scale within a specific context Use  Stimulate discussion about a WASH technology  Assess the potential of a particular WASH technology in a specific context  Assess readiness of a sector to scale up a technology  Support M&E of successful or failing technology
  5. 5. WASH Technology to be assessed for applicability in given context 1 Screening Step-1: Need and Demand Step-2: Basic Applicability 2 Assessments of the potential of a WASH technology in a given context 3 Presentation of results of screening and assessments 4 Interpretation and Conclusion April 2013
  6. 6.    Collect relevant information on technology, e.g. CapEx, OpEx Train staff for field assessments Conduct field survey using guiding questions User/ Buyer  Producers/ Providers Regulators/ Investors/ Facilitators Analyse, validate & score in a multi-stakeholder workshop
  7. 7. per particular dimension Key perspectives User/ Buyer Producers/ Regulators/ Providers Investors/ Facilitators Interpretation per perspective (1) SustainabilityDimensions Environmental + + - (5) (6) + ? 0 (7) Economic (3) (4) Social (2) (8) (9) 0 + - 0 Potential impact, could become critical, needs follow up + 0 - - ? ? + ? (14) - 0 (17) (18) + - Unclear information, should be clarified (15) 0 Low value, negative, critical, hindering characteristics (12) (16) Technology (11) (13) Skills & Know-how High value, neutral or positive, supportive characteristics ? (10) Institutional & Legal + ? As entire profile or for specific topics such as O&M June 2013
  8. 8. Country Technology Rating Burkina Faso UDDT Successful Ghana Uganda VIP latrine EnviroLoo Biofill toilet UDDT Successful Failed Promising Failed
  9. 9.       Poor access to household sanitation facilities is a major problem in low income urban areas High population densities and crowded Unplanned settlements: little space for toilets No sewerage system for users to connect to No national level subsidy arrangements Biofil Digester still in pilot phase; yet to be nationally approved as a sanitation technology
  10. 10. Dimension Perspective User Producer Regulator Social Clear willingness to invest No active promotion; producer has strategically limited promotion No need for behavior change and major social marketing Economic Affordable if Capex is subsidised and if it is targeted at small towns There is some profit margin – Producer willing to continue production. Huge marketing potential but producer will not be able to do it all alone No subsidies for sanitation in line with national policies Environmental There can be a potential for risks though not high. Further info on effluent quality needed. Potential for local production without harmful input resources Further info on reuse of manure & effluent needed. MMDA monitoring units need training & equipment which come at a cost Institutional, Organizational and Legal Required legal structures are feasible No legal requirements to register WASH technologies, but it helps for acceptability Regulation of quality of construction supervised by an engineer. Quality of effluent checks not being done by EPA Not fair to say it doesn’t meet quality standards since it has not been checked. Alignment with policies – has not been submitted for approval so cannot say Skills and Knowhow Users can deal with technology appropriately with respect to O&M In terms of product development, sufficient skills and capacities exist. But not proven in the promotion and marketing side Different orgs at the nat’l level-answering the question lumps them together and will present a mixed picture as some have and some don’t have the capacity Technological User satisfaction high though it is in the developmental stage Viable models for selling exist Potential exists for support. Unless the right orgs are approached, the support won’t come.
  11. 11.     Capital cost of Biofil digester needs attention to make it more affordable to poor households Risk for environmental contamination: the quality of effluent and manure needs to be ascertained. Continuous monitoring needed Producer to submit the Biofil technology for national approval The producer to develop strategy and collaboration to procure support to improve upon the technology
  12. 12. Uptake + Operation Tipping Point Invention Technology Introduction Specific Tasks per actor and phase Actors April 2013 Actors Actors
  13. 13.      TAF is well received in the 3 project countries Global WASH professionals: TAF, great value for validation, evaluating, monitoring and TIP for intro TAF ready for scaling up and –out in project and other countries for sustainable WASH services Agreed TAF hosts; Burkina Faso (DIEE), Ghana (CWSA-EHSD), Uganda (ATC) Regular training institutes to consider TAF tool and TIP in their syllabi
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