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Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies
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Action Research on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Technologies

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Brenda Achiro (WASHTech country facilitator) presented an update of the initiatives to sell and create awareness around TAF and the entire WASHTech project since the project inception.

Brenda Achiro (WASHTech country facilitator) presented an update of the initiatives to sell and create awareness around TAF and the entire WASHTech project since the project inception.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Transcript

  • 1. EU-FP7 2011-2013 (36 months)
  • 2.  Burkina  Ghana  Uganda Faso
  • 3. Country Burkina Faso Partners Main roles WSA Research, embedding-learning-communication WaterAid-BF Pilot technology assessments TREND Embedding-learning-communication WaterAid-Ghana Pilot technology assessments KNUST Research NETWAS Uganda Research, embedding-learning-communication WaterAid-Uganda Pilot technology assessments Europe IRC Consortium management, learning alliances/ embedding, communications & information dissemination, coordination Europe WaterAid UK Pilot technology assessments Europe Cranfield University Situation analysis, monitoring and impact assessment Europe SKAT Technology Assessment Framework; Recommendations sector strengthening Ghana Uganda
  • 4.      Achieving water and sanitation MDGs in many African countries South of Sahara uncertain Role of affordable, sustainable technologies recognised Good range of innovative WASH technologies available National strategies focus on the conventional No systems to validate new technologies and assess real potential Photo: Jo Smet, IRC Photo: Henk Holtslag, Connect Int
  • 5. Overall: More effective investment in new technologies Specific:  Development of framework and process to assess a wide range of new WASH technologies (Technology Assessment Framework & process)  Development of strategies and approaches for introduction of innovation and scaling up in decentralised system, and process & time needed for successful uptake and sustainability  Establishing required capacities on assessment framework and introduction in BF, GH, UG
  • 6. 1. BASELINE STUDY ON STAKEHOLDER KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE; UGANDA FINDINGS
  • 7. Scenario 1: Formal process Scenario 2: Informal process Donor agencies Line ministry/ UNBS Government/ Line ministry Local Gov’ts/ district NGOs/ CBOs Private sector Local Gov’ts/ district NGOs/ CBOs Private sector Donor agencies Private sector Government/ Line ministry Local gov’ts NGOs/ private sector Local Gov’ts
  • 8.  S/H were positive about the formal process of technology introduction and approval MWE/UNBS  Introduction  Standardizing   LOCAL GOV’TS - Testing/ piloting - uptake/ scale up NGOs/ PS - scale up Other S/H were open to influence from external agencies; donors, private sector, NGOs provided the influence is channeled through gov’t. A lesser No. of S/H preferred following an informal process to avoid government bureaucracy.
  • 9.  No detailed framework for technology introduction, appraisal or review of existing technologies.  No tool that is employed to ensure a harmonized decision making process  There is need for a technology assessment framework.  Need for CB in technology assessment
  • 10. 2. UGANDA TECHNOLOGY REVIEW; EMERGING ISSUES
  • 11. Successful Promising New opportunities Failed • Urine diversion double vault latrine (UDDT EcoSan), • U2 Hand pump (groundwater lifting) • ferro-cement tank >6,000l (water storage) • tippy tap (hand washing device) • Canzee pump (groundwater lifting) • Rope pump (groundwater lifting)
  • 12. Urine Diversion Dry Toilets (UDDT) Successful and particular conditions     Suitable for water logged areas and collapsing soils, Suitable at HH level Not suitable for public places- need for a strict O&M system. Gap at introductionno design for Muslim community U2 PUMP  Suitable for deep wells  Easy to operate/ man  Available HPMs for minor and major repairs.  Limited knowledge on minor maintenance/ repairs by the communities
  • 13. Rope pump       Viewed as promising as opposed to failed The pump is still being used in pockets (afew places, 7 pumps in total) Not suitable for capacities beyond 300 HH Very slow and low uptake Well managed at individual level Issues of contamination Tippy Tap      Confirmed to be promising Low cost; available L/material Mechanism of use prevents contamination 20% of technology adopters do abandon them while replication was estimated at about 30% (ACORD). Gap-lack of a policy framework and standards.
  • 14.  UGA pump  Fabrication of the NIIRA pump  New technology (2009)  Still being piloted and yet to be approved by the ministry  Installed No. is about 30 in the country.  Viewed as a suitable option for shallow wells.  Suitable for Rural communities  No break downs have been experiences.
  • 15. 3. TECHNOLOGY ASSESMENT FRAMEWORK
  • 16.  Our main innovation for the action research is the Technology Assessment Framework (the TAF). A set of questions to be thought through in a structured way for informed decision making on New and Existing technologies
  • 17. Stakeholder Indicator User/ Buyer •Affordability •Demand for the product •Potential for negative impact for user •Existent management structures •Skills set to manage technology •Reliability- fulfill need Producer/ provider •Price of product- market potential •Need for promotion •Potential for local production •Legal requirements for registration •Level of technical& business skills needed •Viable supply chain Regulator/ investor •Financial supportive mechanisms •Need for behavioral change/ social marketing

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