Overview of Jammu & Kashmir India

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  • STRUCTURE AS OF OCTOBER 1 ST 1947
  • Overview of Jammu & Kashmir India

    1. 1. JAMMU AND KASHMIR – THE REAL STORY
    2. 2. Structure As of 1st October 1947 King George 6th Mountbatten(GG-India) Jinnah(GG-Pak) Auchinleck(Army Chief-Combined) Gracey/meshewary(Army Chief-Pak) Lokharth/butcher(Army Chief-India) Nehru (PM-India) Liyakat(PM-Pak) Russel(Delhi Maj.Gen Kalwant Singh(Srinagar) Brig. L.P.Sen(Front) Maj.Gen.Akbar Khan Radcliffe(Border Commission)
    3. 3. Status of Control (As of April 1st 2011) • The State of Jammu & Kashmir Total Area 2,22,236 sq. km. • 1. Area occupied by Pakistan 78,114 sq.km. • (Pakistan had occupied 83,294 sq. km. in 1947 & 1948, • which includes 72,971 sq.km. handed over by Major Brown of Gilgit Scouts; • out of which Pakistan has given 5,180 sq. km. to China in 1960) • 2. Area occupied by China 42,735 sq.km. • 37,555 sq. km. of the State of J & K was forcibly occupied • - by China in 1959. (Ladakh region) • 5,180 sq. km. given by Pakistan to China. • • 3. Total area of the State of J & K occupied • - by Pakistan & China in 1963 1,20,859 sq.km. • 4. Remaining area of the State of J & K 1,02,307 sq.km.
    4. 4. RESOLUTIONS • Instrument of Accession • October 26th 1947 • United Nations • August 13th 1948 • J&K Assembly • February 6th 1954 • Parliament • February 22nd 1994
    5. 5. DISTURBANCE • J & K Total districts 22 • Districts in Kashmir Valley 10 • Disturbed Districts(14% Area) 05
    6. 6. Religious, Ethnic and Geographical based Population • Jammu = 1800 Thousands Muslims (Gujjar, Rajput and Pahadis) 3800 Thousands million Hindu (Sikh, Dogra, etc.) out • of which 500 Thousands Indian citizens, who are not - • considered residents of Jammu – Kashmir state. • valley = 4700 Thousands (Shia, Kashmiri, Pahadis & Gujjars) 70 Thousands Sikhs, Kashmiri Pandits, Dogra & etc. 300 Thousands Kashmiri Pandit families • displaced in Jammu and other region of India. • Ladakh = 160 Thousands (Buddhist). 10 Thousands (Dogra, Sikh, kashmiri Pandits, etc.) • - Leh District. 130 Thousands (Shia Muslims) Kargil District.
    7. 7. FACT FILE Regions Jammu Valley Ladakh AREA (sq. km.) 26293 15853 59241 Districts (Number) 10 10 02 Population 56,00,000 50,00,000 3,00,000 Lok Sabha 02 03 01 Assembly 37 46 04
    8. 8. POSITION OF INDIA • PHYSICAL • HISTORICAL • CULTURAL • POLITICAL • LEGAL • CONSTITUTIONAL • WORLD COMMUNITY
    9. 9. History of Kashmir • The history of Kashmir is traceable as far back as 4000 years B.C. Twenty-one dynasties of Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, have ruled from time to time. • 3rd century BC Ashoka (296-232 BC) the grandson of Chandra Gupta, the Mauryan King made Srinagar the capital of his huge empire. The Ujjan empire took control in 530 AD. The Hindu king Lalitya Dityas' rule ( 724-761) marked an era of literature and learning. Kashmir as his base he led his armies deep into South India, Turkistan and Tibet. He built temples at Martand , Avantipor and Pandrethan which still remain. He set an example for Kashmir as an independent country.
    10. 10. History of Kashmir • 1752 to 1819: Tyrannical Afghan Rule: It was the Afghans who saw an opportunity and invaded Kashmir. Ahmad Shah Abdali ruled in a ruthless manner, he ordered public executions and people drowned in the Jehlem river. Afghans built Amira Kadal, Hari Parbat forte. One ruler 18 year old Azad Khan plundered , killed and raped like a lunatic. He slit the stomach of his doctor for not curing his eye ailment. Abdali died in Kabul in 1818 , the sons fought and lost Kashmir to Sikhs.
    11. 11. JAMMU AND KASHMIR – HISTORICAL FACTS A few years back, an opinion poll conducted under the patronage of Lord Avebury, a known British protagonist of Pakistan, found that only 6% Kashmiris wanted to join Pakistan, 61% wanted to remain in India and 33% were undecided! More recently, in May 2010, King's College of London University, at the instance of the son of Col. Gaddafi of Libya, carried out another similar survey in Kashmir. This survey found that only 2% of the people of Kashmir wanted to join Pakistan. In 1986 - In one of the most shameful acts of religious massacre, several ancient historical Hindu temples are destroyed and scores of Hindus were killed in the city of Anantnag. Chief Minister G. M. Shah looses power to his brother-in-law Farooq Abdullah. During 1990 – 2007: In a spate of terrorist violence, 35000 minority kashmiri Hindus have been killed by Islamic fundamentalists and 700,000 Kashmiri Hindus have been driven out of their homes. Pakistan’s involvement in this carnage of violence is beyond doubt. In Jan 26, 2011 – Constitutional right to hoist Indian Flag in Lalchowk was denied by the elected government of Jammu and Kashmir, thereby supporting the cause of separatists.

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