Ranked Choice Voting 101
Agenda <ul><ul><li>What is Ranked Choice Voting? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Vote? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How ...
The Election <ul><ul><li>November 3, 2009 is Election Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is no primary in 2009 </li>...
What is Ranked Choice Voting? <ul><ul><li>Voters rank up to three candidates for each race. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In ...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Get a Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign-in or register to vote </li></ul></ul...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vote by filling in an oval on a paper ballot </li>...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make your first choice in the first column on the ...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election officials will not use your second or thi...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping a column before or between rank...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking the same candidate in more than ...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking more than one candidate for offi...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at...
How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 4 – Cast your Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look over your ballot one last time  <...
How are the Votes Counted? <ul><ul><ul><li>The first choice votes for all candidates are sorted and counted.  </li></ul></...
The Counting Process Begins <ul><ul><li>Fixes voter error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All errors and remedies are outli...
The Threshold <ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of seats + 1 </li></ul></ul>+ 1 vote <ul><li>The number of v...
Single Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>If no one passes the threshold (50% + 1 vote) the candidate with the fewest votes is eli...
Single Seat Example:  Round 1 Candidates Votes Pershing 1,000 North Commons 800 Matthews  700 Wirth 500 TOTAL 3,000
Single Seat Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>(Total votes/2) + 1 vote = Threshold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3,000/2) +...
Single Seat Example:  Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Pershing 1,000 0 1,000 North Commo...
Single Seat Example:  Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 Results Pershing 1,000 1,0...
Multiple Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>The threshold is calculated.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Park Board At-Large: 25% ...
Multiple Seat Elections Continued <ul><ul><li>If candidates have votes over the threshold, their surplus votes are proport...
Park Board Example: Round 1 Candidates Votes Lake Nokomis 1,300 Lake Harriet 850 Lake Hiawatha 750 Lake Calhoun 710 Browni...
Park Board Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>4,000/4 + 1 = 1,001 </li></ul></ul>
Park Board Example: Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1,300 Lake Harrie...
Park Board Example: Surplus <ul><ul><li>surplus votes = surplus fraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>total votes </li></ul>...
Park Board Example:  Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Of all the 1,300 voters who ranked Lake Nokomis first… </li></ul...
Park Board Example: Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Lake Calhoun: 1,250 x .23 = 287.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake...
Park Board Example: Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1...
Counting by Hand <ul><ul><li>A hand count is required by state law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No federally certified e...
Educating the Public <ul><ul><li>Speakers Bureau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach to Community Partners </li></ul></ul>...
How Can You Help <ul><ul><li>Request a Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Questions? <ul><ul><li>For more information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call – 311 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li...
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Speaker Bureau Presentation

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  • Introduce yourself Discuss goal – inform you about the City’s new voting method called Ranked Choice Voting There is no such thing as a stupid question, please feel free to interrupt me during the presentation.
  • This election is a little different than previous Municipal Elections for the City of Minneapolis. For the first time you can rank your choices for Mayor, City Council, Board of Estimate and Taxation, and Park and Recreation Board. The election is November 3 rd , 2009. This year there is no primary. There will be a primary in 2010 for the state races This change only applies to City of Minneapolis municipal elections – Mayor, City Council, Park Board, Board of Estimate and Taxation. [Does not apply to school board, county commissioners, judges, etc.]
  • This election is a little different than previous Municipal Elections for the City of Minneapolis. For the first time you can rank your choices for Mayor, City Council, Board of Estimate and Taxation, and Park and Recreation Board. The election is November 3 rd , 2009. This year there is no primary. There will be a primary in 2010 for the state races This change only applies to City of Minneapolis municipal elections – Mayor, City Council, Park Board, Board of Estimate and Taxation. [Does not apply to school board, county commissioners, judges, etc.]
  • [pass out ballot] This is a sample ballot to determine the best park and lake in Minneapolis. I will ask you to fill this out in a few minutes.
  • The ballot counter will reject a ballot if there are multiple candidates marked in the same column.
  • The ballot counter will reject a ballot if there are multiple candidates marked in the same column.
  • Ask attendees to fill out the ballot
  • For example - 1 seat – 50%, 2 seats – 33%, 3 seats – 25%
  • The candidate with the lowest number of votes is eliminated and the next ranked choice for that eliminated candidate is counted. This continues in rounds until a candidate receives at least 50% of the vote plus 1.
  • Elects board of estimate and taxation and park board at large Mathematical elimination occurs when it would be impossible for a candidate to exceed the next highest candidate. If mathematical elimination is done and all the seats are still not filled, the election judges will turn to the candidate with the largest surplus. All of those ballots are sorted based on the voters next choice.
  • The elected candidate’s surplus votes are allocated proportionately according to the next ranked candidates on those ballots.
  • Brownie Lake is mathematically eliminated, which means that it would be impossible for Brownie to get more votes than the next highest candidate. If you add the surplus votes of Lake Nokomis (299) to Brownie’s votes you get 689. Brownie can’t beat the next highest candidates (Calhoun, which has 710).
  • This means that all of Lake Nokomis’s second choice votes will be worth .23
  • Hand count is necessary because there is no federally certified voting equipment for Ranked Choice Voting ballots. According to Minnesota State Law, all of our voting equipment must be certified. Experienced judges have been practicing counting since May. Results will be released as they are known. The hand count will be completed for all races by December 22.
  • Hand count is necessary because there is no federally certified voting equipment for Ranked Choice Voting ballots. According to Minnesota State Law, all of our voting equipment must be certified. Experienced judges have been practicing counting since May. Results will be released as they are known. The hand count will be completed for all races by December 22.
  • Hand count is necessary because there is no federally certified voting equipment for Ranked Choice Voting ballots. According to Minnesota State Law, all of our voting equipment must be certified. Experienced judges have been practicing counting since May. Results will be released as they are known. The hand count will be completed for all races by December 22.
  • Speaker Bureau Presentation

    1. 1. Ranked Choice Voting 101
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><ul><li>What is Ranked Choice Voting? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Vote? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Will the Votes Be Counted? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Can I Help? </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. The Election <ul><ul><li>November 3, 2009 is Election Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is no primary in 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal elections only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mayor, City Council, Park Board, Board of Estimate and Taxation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only in the City of Minneapolis </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What is Ranked Choice Voting? <ul><ul><li>Voters rank up to three candidates for each race. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006, Minneapolis voters approved using Ranked Choice Voting for Municipal Elections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This upcoming election will be the first time that voters in Minneapolis will use this new voting method. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Get a Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign-in or register to vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstration Judge will provide instructions on how to vote with a ranked choice voting ballot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have the choice of voting using either a pen or the AutoMARK </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vote by filling in an oval on a paper ballot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rank candidates in order of preference </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make your first choice in the first column on the left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark your second choice in the second column, if you have one </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark your third choice in the third column, if you have one </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election officials will not use your second or third choice unless your first choice has already been eliminated or elected. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skipping a column before or between ranked candidates </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking the same candidate in more than one column </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marking more than one candidate for office in the same column </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at-large Park Board candidate and Board of Estimate and Taxation candidate per column </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 3 – What Not to Do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>REMEMBER! – You can only vote for one at-large Park Board candidate and Board of Estimate and Taxation candidate per column </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. How Do I Vote? <ul><ul><li>Step 4 – Cast your Ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look over your ballot one last time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feed the ballot into the ballot counter and wait for it to accept your ballot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If the machine does not accept your ballot ask an election judge for assistance. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. How are the Votes Counted? <ul><ul><ul><li>The first choice votes for all candidates are sorted and counted. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If no candidate receives the required number of votes to win , a process of eliminating candidates and considering subsequent choices begins. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. The Counting Process Begins <ul><ul><li>Fixes voter error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All errors and remedies are outlined in the city ordinance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Count write-in candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand count all offices </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. The Threshold <ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of seats + 1 </li></ul></ul>+ 1 vote <ul><li>The number of votes necessary to win </li></ul>
    18. 18. Single Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>If no one passes the threshold (50% + 1 vote) the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second choice votes from the eliminated candidate are redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counting continues until a winner is declared. </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Single Seat Example: Round 1 Candidates Votes Pershing 1,000 North Commons 800 Matthews 700 Wirth 500 TOTAL 3,000
    20. 20. Single Seat Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>(Total votes/2) + 1 vote = Threshold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(3,000/2) + 1 = 1,501 </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Single Seat Example: Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Pershing 1,000 0 1,000 North Commons 800 +250 1,050 Matthews 700 +250 950 Wirth 500 -500 0 TOTAL 3,000 3,000
    22. 22. Single Seat Example: Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 Results Pershing 1,000 1,000 0 1,000 North Commons 800 1,050 +950 2,000 Mathews 700 950 -950 0 Wirth 500 0 0 0 TOTAL 3,000 3,000 3,000
    23. 23. Multiple Seat Elections <ul><ul><li>The threshold is calculated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Park Board At-Large: 25% + 1 vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board of Estimate and Taxation: 33% + 1 vote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If all the seats are not filled during the first round, mathematical elimination begins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The second choice votes from the mathematically eliminated candidate are redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This continues until there are no more candidates that can be mathematically eliminated. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Multiple Seat Elections Continued <ul><ul><li>If candidates have votes over the threshold, their surplus votes are proportionally redistributed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematical elimination begins again if there are no more surplus votes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This continues until all the seats are filled. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Park Board Example: Round 1 Candidates Votes Lake Nokomis 1,300 Lake Harriet 850 Lake Hiawatha 750 Lake Calhoun 710 Brownie Lake 390 TOTAL 4,000
    26. 26. Park Board Example: The Threshold <ul><ul><li>4,000/4 + 1 = 1,001 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Park Board Example: Round 2 Candidates Round 1 results Redistribution Round 2 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1,300 Lake Harriet 850 850 Lake Hiawatha 750 +300 1,050 Lake Calhoun 710 +90 800 Brownie Lake 390 -390 0 TOTAL 4,000 4,000
    28. 28. Park Board Example: Surplus <ul><ul><li>surplus votes = surplus fraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>total votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>299 = .23 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,300 </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Park Board Example: Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Of all the 1,300 voters who ranked Lake Nokomis first… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,250 ranked Lake Calhoun second </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50 ranked Lake Hiawatha second </li></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Park Board Example: Distributing the Surplus <ul><ul><li>Lake Calhoun: 1,250 x .23 = 287.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Hiawatha: 50 x .23 = 11.5 </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Park Board Example: Round 3 Candidates Round 1 results Round 2 results Redistribution Round 3 results Lake Nokomis 1,300 1,300 -299 1,001 Lake Harriet 850 850 +11.5 861.5 Lake Hiawatha 750 1,050 1,050 Lake Calhoun 710 800 +287.5 1,087.5 Brownie Lake 390 0 0 TOTAL 4,000 4,000 4,000
    32. 32. Counting by Hand <ul><ul><li>A hand count is required by state law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No federally certified equipment for Ranked Choice Voting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results will be released as they are known. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Educating the Public <ul><ul><li>Speakers Bureau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach to Community Partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbor to Neighbor Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail to Voters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tour of the City – 14 events in 14 nights </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. How Can You Help <ul><ul><li>Request a Speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribute Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruit Volunteers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Display Educational Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send us your Feedback </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Questions? <ul><ul><li>For more information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call – 311 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visit – www.voteminneapolis.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail – info@voteminneapolis.org </li></ul></ul></ul>

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