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Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch
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Cpwf volta basin devt challenge launch


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  • Points to make (from Boru): Why our core principles ? Learned from experience that: Partnership -- Research won’t be relevant nor research outputs put into use without partnership; networking Capacity development -- Making change happen often requires changes in peoples’ knowledge, attitudes and skills, through capacity development Adaptive management -- Real world problems are complex and dynamic, goal post shift, opportunities emerge. Projects, BDCs and the Program must be able to learn, spot opportunity and take advantage of it to really make a difference Gender and diversity -- We work to benefit women, youth, socially excluded Interdisciplinary integration -- Real world problems are complex and multifaceted and unlikely to fall to single disciplinary research Accountability – we ensure our accountability to our stakeholders while also working to improve accountability systems impacting on water productivity and livelihoods [Suggest don’t go through all, pick your top two] Linking research to impact: We carefully chose compelling basin development challenges to motivate people to get on the bus We then invest early-on in mapping out pathways to the desired outcomes and impact. These pathways, or road maps (for the bus) link the research we do, how we do it (guided by core principles) to changes in next user and end user knowledge, attitude, skills and practice. Agreeing these outcome pathways, and who needs to do what, when, helps ensure programmatic coherence and helps set priorities. The road map can change, indeed we expect it to change, once the journey begins (adaptive management). We manage our program to allow that to happen (part of what makes us different). We systematically seek insight across our projects and basins by: Being guided by conceptual frameworks the CPWF sees useful to guide practice and to which it seeks to help develop (e.g., Resilience, MUS, Innovation Systems) Setting up and supporting Topic Working Groups as a mechanism for doing 1) Setting up our 28 projects as experiments into how research does (and does not) foster innovation and developmental change Other key elements to add (left in from Amanda) here by speaking to the slide (if not mentioned before) Projects contribute to achieving the BDC (hence should adhere to core principles) Basin focus but mechanisms in place to ensure cross basin learning (covered by the previous slide if needed) Team in place to make integrated process work Ability to scale up, replicate, influence and contribute to policy change
  • The CPWF Volta basin team focus on institutional and technical mechanisms to develop, maintain and sustain small reservoirs and other rainwater management approaches to improve the livelihoods of the poor in the dry‐lands of Burkina Faso and Northern Ghana, taking into ac‐count implications for downstream users. The aim is to improve the resilience and livelihoods of the people and ecosystems
  • How to achieve these? Through four interdependent research projects and one coordination project challenges  and opportunities of working across Ghana and BF (linguistic, cultural, socio-economic, etc) - wider macro economic and political environment in West Africa makes this R4D particularly timely - with BDC taking a multi-scale approach and integrating institutional arrangements, governance issues, technical initiatives and strong hydrology and soil perspective - BDC team is well positioned to contribute to improved livelihoods in the basin - region particularly hard hit by and vulnerable to both global food price hike and global financial changes - Builds on strength of Phase 1, particularly SRP and BFP
  • To enhance impacts of on-going policy initiatives in the Volta basin
  • A first step is to map the project focus areas and document what kind of research is taking place at the different sites. and for what expected outcome
  • Actor analysis: relative importance a influence processes involved in decision making, how learning and uptake take place
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Challenge Program on Water and Food in the Volta Basin Olufunke Cofie Basin Leader, CPWF-Volta food · water · environment · livelihoods
    • 2. Outline
      • The CPWF global agenda
      • Research in the Volta
    • 3. What is CPWF?
      • An international, multi-institutional research initiative of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research ( CGIAR ) with a focus on improving how water is managed and used for improved food production .
    • 4. Aim of CPWF
      • CPWF aims to increase the resilience of social and
      • ecological systems through better water
      • management for food production
      • Through its broad partnerships , it conducts
      • research that leads to impact on the poor and
      • policy change
    • 5. Phase I: 2003 - 2008
      • Some Lessons:
      • Integrated strategies are needed for effective innovations
      • Successful projects have multiple partners at several scales
      • Beyond water productivity (more crop per drop), the resilience of social and ecological system is important
      • Rich source of data & information
      • Emphasis on new partnerships & networks
      • Capacity building for research
      • Minimal investment toward influence and uptake
    • 6. CPWF Phase II: 2009-2014
      • Fewer projects: 4-5/basin, 6 basins, building on insights from Phase I
      • Focus on basin development challenges, so research for development and impact
      • Integration of projects across a basin, mindful of on-going activities
      • Aiming to integrate strategies combining policy environment, institutions and technologies
      • Stronger basin-level coordination building on existing networks, institutions
      • Cross-basin learning through Topic Working Groups
    • 7. How we work
      • Guided by core principles :
        • working in partnership
        • adaptive management
        • capacity development
        • gender and interdisciplinary integration
        • accountability
      • Linking research to impact through compelling basin development challenges and ‘outcome pathways’
      • Seeking insight across projects and basins
    • 8. Six basin Development Challenges Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational 2 1
    • 9. The Volta Basin
      • Main Features
      • Area : apx. 400,000 km 2
      • Riparian Countries : Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Mali, and Cote d’Ivoire
      • Popn. apx 19 million; 70 % rural; 2.5 % growth rate
      • Population below $2/day: > 70 % in 5 out of 6 countries
      • Annual rainfall : 500 - 1,100 mm
      • Total annual water demand : 1.7 billion m 3
      • Water Availability: >2000 m 3 /cap-yr (south); 900 m 3 (North)
      • Reservoirs: 3 Large reservoirs for hydropower;
      • over 1000 small for multiple uses
      • Elevation : 95 % of the basin is below 400 m
      • Natural rangeland : 85 % of the basin
      • Rainfed agriculture : 14 % of the basin
      • Irrigated agriculture : about 0.5 % of cultivated area
      • Institutions : VBA, sub-basin org, WUAs, National water
      • policies and IWRM plans;
    • 10. Main Challenges in the Volta
      • Rainfall variability
      • Land degradation, poor soil fertility
      • Poor water quality
      • Poor access to infrastructure, production inputs and rural services
      • Inadequate public and private sector investments especially in rural areas
      • Governance and institutions
      • Low agricultural productivity
      • water related diseases
      • High poverty and hunger
    • 11. CPWF’s Response: Volta Basin Development Challenge (VBDC)
      • Integrated Management of
      • Rainwater and Small Reservoirs for Multiple Uses
      • Objective
      • “ Improving rainwater and small reservoir management to contribute to poverty reduction and improved livelihoods resilience while taking account of downstream and upstream water users including ecosystem services ”.
    • 12. V2 – Integrated Management of rainwater for Crop-Livestock Agroecosystems V1 – Targeting and Scaling Out V4 – Sub-basin management and governance of RW and SR V5 – Coordination & Change
      • Guideline on rainwater management strategies (RMS) that improve s farmers livelihood targeted to different biophysical and socio-economic domains
      • Innovation platforms on crop-livestock value chains
      • Tools for integrated analysis of RMS
      Identification of successful agricultural water management (AWM) interventions in specific locations and under specific conditions
      • SR management options that improves the livelihood of reservoir water users
      • SR management that improves the functioning and the resilience of reservoir
      • Information on governance decisions that combine sustainability, planning concerns and livelihood priorities
      V3 – Integrated Management of Small Reservoirs (SR) for Multiple Use
      • high quality integrated research results effectively communicated to next and end users provides enabling environment for RW and SR management
      Basin Community Watershed VBDC Research
    • 13. V1: Targeting and scaling out
      • Project V1 develops a decision-support tool that will identify likely sites to introduce agricultural water management (AWM) interventions for smallholder farming systems
      • Lead Institution: SEI
      • Partners: INERA, UoO, SARI, KNUST
    • 14. V2: Integrated management of rainwater for crop-livestock agroecosystems
      • V2 will Identify, evaluate, adapt, and disseminate best-fit integrated rainwater management strategies (RMS), comprising of technological solutions, directed at different domains of the agroecosystems, strengthened by enabling institutional and policy environments and linked to market incentives that can drive adoption
      Lead Institution: ILRI Partners: IWMI, WUR-PPS, INERA, WRI & SNV
    • 15. V3: Integrated management of small reservoirs for multiple uses
      • Integrated management options at local scale for small reservoirs (SR) in a multiple use context. These include maintaining infrastructures, protecting and improving water quality for the various uses; enhancing water productivity potentials; and seeking for equity.
      • Lead Institution: UMR G‐Eau / Cirad‐Es,
      • Partners: IRD, 2iE, TU-Delft, WRI, INERA, SARI
    • 16. V4: Sub‐basin management and governance of rainwater and small reservoirs
      • Provide understanding of the processes that govern IWRM policy-making, practice and research in the Basin and identify demand-driven opportunities for the management and the governance of rainwater and small reservoirs at the watershed (sub-basin) level.
      • Lead Institution: IWMI
      • Partners: CIRAD; UPR-Green, SP-PAGIRE, WRC, WRI, UDS
    • 17. V5: Coordination and Change: learning for innovation and adaptive management
      • Ensure coherence amongst the VBDC Projects and aligned BDC research to stakeholders need so as to contribute to poverty reduction and improved livelihood resilience in the Basin
      • Lead Institution: VBA
      • Partners: GWP, IWMI and INERA
    • 18. Study Areas
    • 19. Network of Partners
    • 20.  
    • 21. In other words…
      • Several projects and partners contribute to achieving the Volta basin development challenge
      • Our whole CPWF team is in place to support integrated research in the Volta
      • This will contribute to improving livelihoods of the poor.
    • 22. If the VBDC is successful, then:
      • A decision support tool will be available to guide the out-scaling of successful AWM initiatives in appropriate locations
      • Rainwater will be managed more appropriately leading to positive impacts on crop and livestock productivity, farm profitability, environmental resilience, and human well-being
      • Community-level institutions will be strong enough to manage small reservoirs to maximise the benefits from multiple uses.
      • The interaction between various institutions will be strengthened and mutually supportive
      • Governments and development agencies would have more evidence to support investment in small reservoir for multiple uses