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U.S. Vice President RICHARD ("Dick") CHENEY - Baker Donelson's MASK To HIDE TERRORIST Regime

U.S. Vice President RICHARD ("Dick") CHENEY - Baker Donelson's MASK To HIDE TERRORIST Regime



Understanding how the United States of America met its FATEFUL/TRAGIC DEMISE!

Understanding how the United States of America met its FATEFUL/TRAGIC DEMISE!



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    U.S. Vice President RICHARD ("Dick") CHENEY - Baker Donelson's MASK To HIDE TERRORIST Regime U.S. Vice President RICHARD ("Dick") CHENEY - Baker Donelson's MASK To HIDE TERRORIST Regime Document Transcript

    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 1 of 23Dick CheneyFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRichard Bruce "Dick" Cheney[1] (born January Dick Cheney30, 1941) served as the 46th Vice President of theUnited States from 2001 to 2009 in theadministration of George W. Bush. He brieflyserved as Acting President of the United States ontwo occasions during which Bush underwentmedical procedures.Cheney was raised in Casper, Wyoming. He beganhis political career as an intern for CongressmanWilliam A. Steiger, eventually working his way intothe White House during the Nixon and Fordadministrations, where he served the latter as WhiteHouse Chief of Staff. In 1978, Cheney was electedto the U.S. House of Representatives fromWyoming; he was reelected five times, eventuallybecoming House Minority Whip. Cheney wasselected to be the Secretary of Defense during thepresidency of George H. W. Bush, holding theposition for the majority of Bushs term. During this 46th Vice President of thetime, Cheney oversaw the 1991 Operation Desert United StatesStorm, among other actions. In office January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009Out of office during the Clinton presidency, Cheney President George W. Bushwas chairman and CEO of Halliburton Company Preceded by Al Gorefrom 1995 to 2000. Succeeded by Joe BidenCheney joined the Bush administration in 2000,after Bush selected him as his running mate. After 17th United States Secretary of Defensebecoming Vice President, Cheney remained a very In officepublic, influential, and controversial figure. March 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 President George H. W. Bush Deputy Donald J. Atwood, Jr.Contents Preceded by Frank Carlucci Succeeded by Les Aspin „ 1 Early life and education „ 2 Early White House appointments 15th United States House of Representatives „ 3 Congress Minority Whip „ 3.1 Votes In office „ 3.2 House Minority Whip January 3 – March 20, 1989 „ 4 Secretary of Defense Leader Robert H. Michel „ 4.1 Early tenure Preceded by Trent Lott „ 4.2 Budgetary practices Succeeded by Newt Gingrich „ 4.3 Political climate and agenda „ 4.4 International situations Member of the U.S. House of Representatives „ 4.4.1 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait EXHIBIT CXXVhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 2 of 23 „ US and world from Wyomings At-large district reaction In office „ Military action January 3, 1979 – March 20, 1989 „ Aftermath Preceded by Teno Roncalio „ 5 Private sector career Succeeded by Craig L. Thomas „ 6 Vice Presidency „ 6.1 2000 election 7th White House Chief of Staff „ 6.2 First term In office „ 6.2.1 Iraq War November 21, 1975 – January 20, 1977 „ 6.3 Second term President Gerald Ford „ 6.3.1 Disclosure of documents Preceded by Donald Rumsfeld „ 6.3.2 CIA leak scandal Succeeded by Hamilton Jordan „ 6.3.3 Assassination attempt „ 6.3.4 Policy formulation Born January 30, 1941 „ 7 Post Vice-Presidency Lincoln, Nebraska, United States „ 8 Health problems Political party Republican „ 9 Public perception Spouse(s) Lynne Cheney „ 10 Personal life Children Elizabeth Cheney „ 10.1 Hunting incident Mary Cheney „ 11 Portrayal Residence McLean, Virginia „ 12 References Jackson, Wyoming „ 13 Further reading Alma mater University of Wyoming „ 14 External links (B.A./M.A.) Profession Politician BusinessmanEarly life and education Religion Methodist SignatureCheney was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, the son ofMarjorie Lorraine (née Dickey) and Richard HerbertCheney. He is of predominantly English, Irish andWelsh ancestry.[2][3] Although not a direct descendant, he is collaterally related to Benjamin PierceCheney (1815-1895), the early American expressman. He attended Calvert Elementary School[4][5]before his family moved to Casper, Wyoming,[6] where he attended Natrona County High School. Hisfather was a soil conservation agent for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and his mother was asoftball star in the 1930s;[7] Cheney was one of three children. He attended Yale University, but, as hestated, "[he] flunked out."[8][9] Among the influential teachers from his days in New Haven wasProfessor H. Bradford Westerfield, whom Cheney repeatedly credited with having helped to shape hisapproach to foreign policy.[10] He later attended the University of Wyoming, where he earned both aBachelor of Arts and a Master of Arts in political science. He subsequently started, but did not finish,doctoral studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[11]In November 1962, at the age of 21, Cheney was convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI). He wasarrested for DWI again the following year.[12] Cheney said that the arrests made him "think about whereI was and where I was headed. I was headed down a bad road if I continued on that course."[13]In 1964, he married Lynne Vincent, his high school sweetheart, whom he had met at age 14.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 3 of 23When Cheney became eligible for the draft, during the Vietnam War, he applied for and received fivedraft deferments.[14][15] In 1989, The Washington Post writer George C. Wilson interviewed Cheney asthe next Secretary of Defense; when asked about his deferments, Cheney reportedly said, "I had otherpriorities in the 60s than military service."[16] Cheney testified during his confirmation hearings in 1989that he received deferments to finish a college career that lasted six years rather than four, owing to subpar academic performance and the need to work to pay for his education. Initially, he was not called upbecause the Selective Service System was only taking older men. When he became eligible for the draft,he applied for four deferments in sequence. He applied for his fifth exemption on January 19, 1966,when his wife was about 10 weeks pregnant. He was granted 3-A status, the "hardship" exemption,which excluded men with children or dependent parents. In January 1967, Cheney turned 26 and was nolonger eligible for the draft.[17]Early White House appointments Cheneys political career began in 1969, as an intern for Congressman William A. Steiger during the Richard Nixon Administration. He then joined the staff of Donald Rumsfeld, who was then Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity from 1969–70.[12] He held several positions in the years that followed: White House Staff Assistant in 1971, Assistant Director of the Cost of Living Council from 1971–73, and Deputy Assistant to the president from 1974–1975. It was in this position that Cheney suggested in a memo to Rumsfeld that the Ford White House Chief of Staff Donald Rumsfeld (left) and his administration should use the US Justice Department in a variety of assistant Cheney (right) meet legally questionable ways to exact retribution for an article published with President Gerald Ford at by The New York Times investigative reporter Seymour Hersh.[18][19] the White House, April 1975 Cheney was Assistant to the President under Gerald Ford. When Rumsfeld was named Secretary of Defense, Cheney became WhiteHouse Chief of Staff, succeeding Rumsfeld.[12] He later was campaign manager for Fords 1976presidential campaign as well.[20]CongressIn 1978, Cheney was elected to represent Wyoming in the U.S. House of Representatives and succeedretiring Congressman Teno Roncalio, having defeated his Democratic opponent, Bill Bailey. Cheneywas reelected five times, serving until 1989. He was Chairman of the Republican Policy Committeefrom 1981 to 1987 when he was elected Chairman of the House Republican Conference. The followingyear, he was elected House Minority Whip.[21]VotesAmong the many votes he cast during his tenure in the House, he votedin 1979 with the majority against making Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.sbirthday a national holiday, but then voted with the majority in 1983 when the measure passed.[20] Hevoted against the creation of the U.S. Department of Education, citing his concern over budget deficitsand expansion of the federal government, and claiming that the Department was an encroachment onhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 4 of 23states rights.[22] He voted against funding Head Start, but reversed hisposition in 2000.[23]In 1986, after President Ronald Reagan vetoed a bill to imposeeconomic sanctions on South Africa for its policy of apartheid, Cheneywas one of 83 Representatives to vote against overriding Reagans veto.[24] In later years, he articulated his opposition to unilateral sanctionsagainst many different countries, stating "they almost never work"[25] Cheney meets with Presidentand that in that case they might have ended up hurting the people Ronald Reagan, 1983instead.[26]In 1986, Cheney, along with 145 Republicans and 31 Democrats, voted against a non-bindingCongressional resolution calling on the South African government to release Nelson Mandela fromprison, after the Democrats defeated proposed amendments that would have required Mandela torenounce violence sponsored by the African National Congress (ANC) and requiring it to oust thecommunist faction from its leadership; the resolution was defeated. Appearing on CNN, Cheneyaddressed criticism for this, saying he opposed the resolution because the ANC "at the time was viewedas a terrorist organization and had a number of interests that were fundamentally inimical to the UnitedStates."[27]Cheney also served as ranking minority member of the Congressional committee investigating the Iran-Contra affair.[12][28] He promoted Wyomings petroleum and coal businesses as well,[29] and as a result,the federal building in Casper, a regional center of the fossil fuel industry, is named the Dick CheneyFederal Building.[30]House Minority WhipIn December 1988, the House Republicans elected Cheney as Minority Whip, the second spot under theMinority Leader.[21] He served for two and a half months before he was appointed Secretary of Defenseinstead of former Texas Senator John G. Tower, whose nomination had been rejected by the Senate inMarch 1989.[31]Secretary of DefensePresident George H. W. Bush nominated Cheney for the office of Secretaryof Defense immediately after the US Senate failed to confirm John Tower forthat position.[32] The senate confirmed Cheney by a vote of 92 to 0[32] and heserved in that office from March 1989 to January 1993. He directed theUnited States invasion of Panama and Operation Desert Storm in the MiddleEast. In 1991 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bush.[21]Early tenureCheney worked closely with Pete Williams, Assistant Secretary of Defense Secretary of Defensefor Public Affairs, and Paul Wolfowitz, Under Secretary of Defense for Dick CheneyPolicy, from the beginning of his tenure. He focused primarily on externalmatters, and left most internal Pentagon management to Deputy Secretary ofhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 5 of 23Defense Donald J. Atwood, Jr.[31]Budgetary practicesCheneys most immediate issue as Secretary of Defense was the Department of Defense budget. Cheneydeemed it appropriate to cut the budget and downsize the military, following President Ronald Reaganspeacetime defense buildup at the height of the Cold War.[33] As part of the fiscal year 1990 budget,Cheney assessed the requests from each of the branches of the armed services for such expensiveprograms as the B-2 stealth bomber, the V-22 Osprey tilt-wing helicopter, the Aegis destroyer and theMX missile, totaling approximately $4.5 billion in light of changed world politics.[31] Cheney opposedthe V-22 program, which Congress had already appropriated funds for, and initially refused to issuecontracts for it before relenting.[34] When the 1990 Budget came before Congress in the summer of1989, it settled on a figure between the Administrations request and the House Armed ServicesCommittees recommendation.[31] In subsequent years under Cheney, the proposed and adopted budgets followed patterns similar to that of 1990. Early in 1991, he unveiled a plan to reduce military strength by the mid-1990s to 1.6 million, compared with 2.2 million when he entered office. Cheneys 1993 defense budget was reduced from 1992, omitting programs that Congress had directed the Department of Defense to buy weapons that it did not want, and omitting unrequested reserve forces.[31] Secretary of Defense Cheney Over his four years as Secretary of Defense, Cheney downsized the delivering a speech before the launch of a new destroyer. military and his budgets showed negative real growth, despite pressures to acquire weapon systems advocated by Congress. The Department of Defenses total obligational authority in current dollars declined from$291 billion to $270 billion. Total military personnel strength decreased by 19 percent, from about 2.2million in 1989 to about 1.8 million in 1993.[31]Political climate and agendaCheney publicly expressed concern that nations such as Iraq, Iran, and North Korea, could acquirenuclear components after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The end of the Cold War, the fall ofthe Soviet Union, and the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact obliged the first Bush Administration toreevaluate the North Atlantic Treaty Organizations (NATOs) purpose and makeup. Cheney believedthat NATO should remain the foundation of European security relationships and that it would remainimportant to the United States in the long term; he urged the alliance to lend more assistance to the newdemocracies in Eastern Europe.[31]Cheneys views on NATO reflected his skepticism about prospects for peaceful social development inthe former Eastern Bloc countries, where he saw a high potential for political uncertainty and instability.He felt that the Bush Administration was too optimistic in supporting Soviet Premier MikhailGorbachev and his successor, Russian President Boris Yeltsin.[31] Cheney worked to maintain strongties between the United States and its European allies.[35]Cheney persuaded the Saudi Arabian aristocracy to allow bases for US ground troops and war planes inthe nation. This was an important element of the success of the Gulf War, as well as a lightning-rod forhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 6 of 23Islamists who opposed having non-Muslim armies near their holy sites.[36]International situationsUsing economic sanctions and political pressure, the United States mounted a campaign to drivePanamanian ruler General Manuel Antonio Noriega from power after he fell from favour.[31] In May1989, after Guillermo Endara had been duly elected President of Panama, Noriega nullified the electionoutcome, drawing intensified pressure. In October, Noriega suppressed a military coup, but inDecember, after soldiers of the Panamanian army killed a US serviceman, the United States invasion ofPanama began under Cheneys direction. The stated reason for the invasion was to seize Noriega to facedrug charges in the United States, protect US lives and property, and restore Panamanian civil liberties.[37] Although the mission was controversial,[38] US forces achieved control of Panama and Endaraassumed the Presidency; Noriega was convicted and imprisoned on racketeering and drug traffickingcharges in April 1992.[39]In 1991, the Somali Civil War drew the worlds attention. In August1992, the United States began to provide humanitarian assistance,primarily food, through a military airlift. At President Bushs direction,Cheney dispatched the first of 26,000 US troops to Somalia as part ofthe Unified Task Force (UNITAF), designed to provide security andfood relief.[31] Cheneys successors as Secretary of Defense, Les Aspinand William J. Perry, had to contend with both the Bosnian and Somaliissues. Secretary of Defense Cheney during a press conference onIraqi invasion of Kuwait the Gulf WarOn August 1, 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sent invadingforces into neighboring Kuwait, a small petroleum-rich state long claimed by Iraq as part of its territory.[40] An estimated 140,000 Iraqi troops quickly took control of Kuwait City and moved on to the SaudiArabia/Kuwait border.[31] The United States had already begun to develop contingency plans for thedefense of Saudi Arabia by the US Central Command, headed by General Norman Schwarzkopf,because of its important petroleum reserves.US and world reaction Cheney and Schwarzkopf oversaw planning for what would become a full-scale US military operation. According to General Colin Powell, Cheney "had become a glutton for information, with an appetite we could barely satisfy. He spent hours in the National Military Command Center peppering my staff with questions."[31] Shortly after the Iraqi invasion, Cheney made the first of several visits to Saudi Arabia where King Fahd requested US military assistance. Cheney meets with Prince The United Nations took action as well, passing a series of resolutions Sultan, Minister of Defence condemning Iraqs invasion of Kuwait; the UN Security Council and Aviation in Saudi Arabia to discuss how to handle the authorized "all means necessary" to eject Iraq from Kuwait, and invasion of Kuwait demanded that the country withdraw its forces by January 15, 1991.[40] By then, the United States had a force of about 500,000 stationed in Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf. Other nations, including Britain,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 7 of 23Canada, France, Italy, Syria, and Egypt, contributed troops, and other allies, most notably Germany andJapan, agreed to provide financial support for the coalition effort, named Operation Desert Shield.[31]On January 12, 1991, Congress authorized Bush to use military force to enforce Iraqs compliance withUN resolutions on Kuwait.[40]Military actionThe first phase of Operation Desert Storm, which began on January 17, 1991, was an air offensive tosecure air superiority and attack Iraqs forces, targeting key Iraqi command and control centers,including Baghdad and Basra. Cheney turned most other Department of Defense matters over to DeputySecretary Atwood and briefed Congress during the air and ground phases of the war.[31] He flew withPowell to the region (specifically Riyadh) to review and finalize the ground war plans.[40]After an air offensive of more than five weeks, the UN coalition launched the ground war on February24. Within 100 hours, Iraqi forces had been routed from Kuwait and Schwarzkopf reported that the basicobjective — expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait — had been met on February 27.[41] After consultationwith Cheney and other members of his national security team, Bush declared a suspension of hostilities.[40]AftermathA total of 147 U.S. military personnel died in combat, and another 236 died as a result of accidents orother causes.[31][41] Iraq agreed to a formal truce on March 3, and a permanent cease-fire on April 6.[31]There was subsequent debate about whether the UN coalition should have driven as far as Baghdad tooust Saddam Hussein from power. Bush agreed that the decision to end the ground war when they didwas correct, but the debate persisted as Hussein remained in power and rebuilt his military forces.[31]Arguably the most significant debate concerned whether U.S. and coalition forces had left Iraq too soon.[42][43] In an April 15, 1994 interview with C-SPAN, Cheney explained that occupying and attemptingto take over the country would have been a "bad idea" and would have led to a "quagmire."[44][45]Cheney regarded the Gulf War as an example of the kind of regional problem the United States waslikely to continue to face in the future.[46] Were always going to have to be involved [in the Middle East]. Maybe its part of our national character, you know we like to have these problems nice and neatly wrapped up, put a ribbon around it. You deploy a force, you win the war and the problem goes away and it doesnt work that way in the Middle East it never has and isnt likely to in my lifetime.Private sector careerBetween 1987 and 1989, during his last term in Congress, Cheney was a director of the Council onForeign Relations foreign policy organization.[47]With the new Democratic administration under President Bill Clinton in January 1993, Cheney left theDepartment of Defense and joined the American Enterprise Institute. He also served a second term as aCouncil on Foreign Relations director from 1993 to 1995.[47] From 1995 until 2000, he served asChairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Halliburton, a Fortune 500 company and markethttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 8 of 23leader in the energy sector.Cheneys record as CEO was subject to some dispute among Wall Street analysts; a 1998 mergerbetween Halliburton and Dresser Industries attracted the criticism of some Dresser executives forHalliburtons lack of accounting transparency.[48] During Cheneys tenure, Halliburton changed itsaccounting practices regarding revenue realization of disputed costs on major construction projects.[49]Cheney resigned as CEO of Halliburton on July 25, 2000. As vice president, he argued that this stepremoved any conflict of interest. Cheneys net worth, estimated to be between $30 million and $100million, is largely derived from his post at Halliburton, as well as the Cheneys gross income of nearly$8.82 million.[50]In 1997, along with Donald Rumsfeld, William Kristol and others, Cheney founded the Project for theNew American Century, a neoconservative think tank whose self-stated goal is to "promote Americanglobal leadership."[51] He was also part of the board of advisors of the Jewish Institute for NationalSecurity Affairs (JINSA) before becoming vice president.[36]Vice Presidency2000 election See also: United States presidential election, 2000In early 2000, while serving as the CEO of Halliburton, Cheney headedGeorge W. Bushs vice-presidential search committee. On July 25, afterreviewing Cheneys findings, Bush surprised some pundits by askingCheney himself to join the Republican ticket.[12] Halliburtonreportedly reached agreement on July 20 to allow Cheney to retire,with a package estimated at $20 million.[52]Cheney campaigned against Al Gores running mate, JosephLieberman, in the 2000 presidential election. Cheney, who had been Vice-president Cheney withtypecast as being aloof during most of the campaign, was remarkably General LaPorte during hislively during his visit to Chicago, where he rode the L, danced the visit to Yongsan Garrison, 2003polka, served attendees kielbasa with stuffed cabbage and addressed acheering crowd.[53]While the election was undecided, the Bush-Cheney team was not eligible for public funding to plan atransition to a new administration. So, Cheney opened a privately funded transition office inWashington. This office worked to identify candidates for all important positions in the cabinet.[54]According to Craig Unger, Cheney advocated Donald Rumsfeld for the post of Secretary of Defense tocounter the influence of Colin Powell at the State Department, and tried unsuccessfully to have PaulWolfowitz named to replace George Tenet as director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[55]First termFollowing the September 11, 2001 attacks, Cheney remained physically apart from Bush for securityreasons. For a period, Cheney stayed at an undisclosed location, out of public view.[56]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 9 of 23On the morning of June 29, 2002, Cheney served as Acting President of the United States under theterms of the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, while Bush was undergoing a colonoscopy. Cheneyacted as President from 11:09 UTC that day until Bush resumed the powers of the presidency at 13:24UTC.[57][58]Iraq WarFollowing 9/11, Cheney helped shape Bushs approach to the "War onTerrorism". Despite contrary claims from the Pentagon, Cheneycontinued to assert a connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda prior to the Iraq War in several public speeches, drawingcriticism from some members of the intelligence community andleading Democrats.[59][60][61] He also made numerous publicstatements alleging Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction, andmade repeated personal visits to CIA headquarters, where hequestioned mid-level agency analysts on their conclusions about that. Cheney speaks to US troops at[62] Camp Anaconda, Iraq in 2008Following the US invasion of Iraq, Cheney remained steadfast in his support of the war, stating that itwould be an "enormous success story",[63] and made many visits to the country. He often criticized warcritics, calling them “opportunists” who were peddling “cynical and pernicious falsehoods” to gainpolitical advantage while US soldiers died in Iraq. In response, Senator John Kerry asserted, “It is hardto name a government official with less credibility on Iraq [than Cheney]."[64]Second term See also: United States presidential election, 2004Bush and Cheney were re-elected in the 2004 presidential election,running against John Kerry and his running mate, John Edwards.During the election, the pregnancy of his daughter Mary and her sexualorientation as a lesbian became a source of public attention for Cheneyin light of the same-sex marriage debate.[65] Cheney has stated that heis in favor of gay marriages but that each individual state should decidewhether to permit it.[66] President of Lithuania ValdasCheneys former chief legal counsel, David Addington,[67] became his Adamkus (right) meets with Vice President Cheney inchief of staff and remained in that office until Cheneys departure from Vilnius, May 2006office. John P. Hannah served as Cheneys national security adviser.[68]Until his resignation in 2005, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Jr. served inboth roles.[69]On the morning of July 21, 2007, Cheney once again served as acting president for about two and a halfhours. Bush transferred the power of the presidency prior to undergoing a medical procedure, requiringsedation, and later resumed his powers and duties that same day.[70]After his term began in 2001, Cheney was occasionally asked if he was interested in the Republicannomination for the 2008 elections. However, he always maintained that he wished to retire upon thehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 10 of 23expiration of his term and he did not run in the 2008 presidential primaries. The Republicans nominatedArizona Senator John McCain.[71]Disclosure of documents Cheney was a prominent member of the National Energy Policy Development Group (NEPDG),[72] commonly known as the Energy task force, which comprised energy industry representatives, including several Enron executives. After the Enron scandal, the Bush administration was accused of improper political and business ties. In July 2003, the Supreme Court ruled that the US Department of Commerce must disclose NEPDG documents, containing references to companies that had made agreements with the previous Iraqi Cheney (far right) with former Defense Secretary Donald government to extract Iraqs petroleum.[73] Rumsfeld and President Bush Beginning in 2003, Cheneys staff opted not to file required reports with the National Archives and Records Administration office chargedwith assuring that the executive branch protects classified information, nor did it allow inspection of itsrecord keeping.[74] Cheney refused to release the documents, citing his executive privilege to denycongressional information requests.[75][76] Media outlets such as Time magazine and CBS Newsquestioned whether Cheney had created a "fourth branch of government" that was not subject to anylaws.[77] A group of historians and open-government advocates filed a lawsuit in the US District Courtfor the District of Columbia, asking the court to declare that Cheneys vice-presidential records arecovered by the Presidential Records Act of 1978 and cannot be destroyed, taken or withheld from thepublic without proper review.[78][79][80]CIA leak scandal Main article: CIA leak scandal See also: CIA leak grand jury investigation and United States v. LibbyOn October 18, 2005, The Washington Post reported that the vicepresidents office was central to the investigation of the Valerie PlameCIA leak scandal, for Cheneys former chief of staff, Lewis "Scooter"Libby, was one of the figures under investigation.[81] Following anindictment, Libby resigned his positions as Cheneys chief of staff andassistant on national security affairs. Handwritten note above Joe Wilsons editorial by CheneyOn September 8, 2006, Richard Armitage, former Deputy Secretary of referring to the covert agentState, publicly announced that he was the source of the revelation of before the leak took placePlames status. Armitage said he was not a part of a conspiracy toreveal Plames identity and did not know whether one existed.[82]In February 2006, The National Journal reported that Libby had stated before a grand jury that hissuperiors, including Cheney, had authorized him to disclose classified information to the press regardingintelligence on Iraqs weapons .[83]On March 6, 2007, Libby was convicted on four felony counts for obstruction of justice, perjury, andhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 11 of 23making false statements to federal investigators.[84]Assassination attempt Main article: 2007 Bagram Air Base bombingOn February 27, 2007, at about 10 a.m., a suicide bomber killed 23people and wounded 20 more outside Bagram Air Base in Afghanistanduring a visit by Cheney. Qari Yousef Ahmadi, a Taliban spokesman,claimed responsibility for the attack and said Cheney was its intendedtarget. The Taliban claimed that Osama Bin Laden supervised theoperation.[85] The bomb went off outside the front gate, however, whileCheney was inside the base and half a mile away. He reported hearing Cheney speaks to the pressthe blast, saying "I heard a loud boom...The Secret Service came in and flanked by fellow Republicanstold me there had been an attack on the main gate."[86] The purpose of Mitch McConnell (left) andCheneys visit to the region had been to press Pakistan for a united Trent Lott, April 2007front against the Taliban.[87]Policy formulationCheney has been characterised as the most powerful and influentialVice President in history.[88][89] Both supporters and detractors ofCheney regard him as a shrewd and knowledgeable politician whoknows the functions and intricacies of the federal government. A signof Cheneys active policy-making role was then-House Speaker DennisHasterts provision of an office near the House floor for Cheney[90] inaddition to his office in the West Wing,[91] his ceremonial office in theOld Executive Office Building,[92] and his Senate offices (one in the Pope Benedict XVI, ViceDirksen Senate Office Building and another off the floor of the Senate). President Dick Cheney and[90][93] Mrs. Lynne Cheney at a farewell ceremony for the Pope at John F. KennedyCheney has actively promoted an expansion of the powers of the International Airport in Newpresidency, saying that the Bush administration’s challenges to the York.laws which Congress passed after Vietnam and Watergate to containand oversee the executive branch — the Foreign IntelligenceSurveillance Act, the Presidential Records Act, the Freedom of Information Act and the War PowersResolution — are, in Cheneys words, “a restoration, if you will, of the power and authority of thepresident.”[94][95] In June 2007, the Washington Post summarized Cheney’s vice presidency in a Pulitzer Prize-winning[96] four-part series, based in part on interviews withformer administration officials. The articles characterized Cheney not as a “shadow” president, but assomeone who usually has the last words of counsel to the president on policies, which in many caseswould reshape the powers of the presidency. When former Vice President Dan Quayle suggested toCheney that the office was largely ceremonial, Cheney reportedly replied, “I have a differentunderstanding with the president.” The articles described Cheney as having a secretive approach to thetools of government, indicated by the use of his own security classification and three man-sized safes inhis offices.[97]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 12 of 23 The articles described Cheney’s influence on decisions pertaining to detention of suspected terrorists and the legal limits that apply to their questioning, especially what constitutes torture.[98] They characterized Cheney as having the strongest influence within the administration in shaping budget and tax policy in a manner that assures “conservative orthodoxy.”[99] They also highlighted Cheney’s behind-the-scenes influence on the administration’s environmental policy to ease pollution controls for power plants, facilitate the disposal of nuclear waste, open access to federal timber resources, and avoid federal constraints on greenhouse gas emissions, among other issues. The articles characterized his approach to policy formulation as favoring business over the environment.[100] In June 2008, Cheney allegedly attempted to block efforts by Secretary of Vice President Cheney State Condoleezza Rice to strike a controversial US compromise deal with escorts former first lady North Korea over the communist states nuclear program.[101] Nancy Reagan at the commissioning In July 2008, a former Environmental Protection Agency official stated ceremony of the USS publicly that Cheneys office had pushed significantly for large-scale Ronald Reagan, 2003 deletions from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report on the health effects of global warming "fearing the presentation by a leading healthofficial might make it harder to avoid regulating greenhouse gases."[102] In October, when the reportappeared with six pages cut from the testimony, The White House stated that the changes were madedue to concerns regarding the accuracy of the science. However, according to the former senior adviseron climate change to Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Stephen Johnson, Cheneys officewas directly responsible for nearly half of the original testimony being deleted.[102]Cheney and former United States Attorney General Alberto Gonzales were indicted by a Texas grandjury for conflict of interest in his role as Vice President and "at least misdemeanor assaults" via hisinvestments in private company that runs detention centers in Texas.[103] The grand jury indictment wasrelated to Cheneys financial involvement with Vanguard Group, a company that contracts with theUnited States Government to operate Federal prisons and detention centers.[104] The charges specificallyrelated to prisoner abuse in those centers.[105] The prosecutor, Juan Guerra, also brought indictmentsagainst several special prosecutors and judges that were involved in investigating his office formisconduct over the past several years. Guerra did not appear in court.[106][107] The indictments weredismissed by the judge as invalid on December 1, 2008.[108]Post Vice-PresidencyAfter leaving office, Cheney purchased a home in McLean, Virginia (Washington suburbs), andmaintains homes in Wyoming and on Marylands Eastern Shore.[109]Said to be writing a book,[110] his memoirs are likely to be published in spring 2011. It is thought thebook will charge that in his second term George W. Bush ignored Cheneys advice and, in a word, wentsoft. According to a front page article in The Washington Post, Cheney "felt Bush was drifting awayfrom him. Cheney said Bush was shackled by public reaction and the criticism he took. The Cheneydoctrine was cast iron strength at all times - never apologise, never explain while Bush moved towardsa conciliatory approach." Personal factors also contributed to the growing distance between the twohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 13 of 23men. Cheney was dismayed when Mr. Bush forced his old friend and mentor Donald Rumsfeld out ofthe Pentagon in 2006. Cheney reportedly further accused Bush of abandoning Lewis "Scooter" Libby,likening his action to leaving a soldier on the battlefield.[111] Cheney maintained a visible public profileafter leaving office,[112] being especially critical of Obama administration policies on national security.[113][114]In May 2009, Cheney spoke of his support for same-sex marriage, becoming one of the most prominentRepublican politicians to do so. Speaking to the National Press Club, Cheney stated: "People ought to befree to enter into any kind of union they wish, any kind of arrangement they wish. I do believe,historically, the way marriage has been regulated is at a state level. Its always been a state issue, and Ithink thats the way it ought to be handled today."[115]Although, by custom, a former Vice President receives unofficial six month protection from the UnitedStates Secret Service, President Obama reportedly extended the protection period for Cheney[116].On July 11, 2009 CIA Director Leon E. Panetta told the Senate and House intelligence committees thatthe CIA withheld information about a secret counter-terrorism program from Congress for eight years ondirect orders from Dick Cheney. Intelligence and Congressional officials have said the unidentifiedprogram did not involve the CIA interrogation program and did not involve domestic intelligenceactivities. They have said the program was started by the counter-terrorism center at the CIA shortlyafter the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, but never became fully operational, involving planning and sometraining that took place off and on from 2001 until this year.[117] Wall Street Journal reported, citingformer intelligence officials familiar with the matter, that the program was an attempt to carry out a2001 presidential authorization to capture or kill al Qaeda operatives.[118]Health problemsCheneys long histories of cardiovascular disease and periodic need for urgent health care raisedquestions of whether he was medically fit to serve in public office.[119] Once a heavy smoker, Cheneysustained the first of four heart attacks in 1978, at age 37. Subsequent attacks in 1984, 1988, and 2000[120] have resulted in moderate contractile dysfunction of his left ventricle. He underwent four-vesselcoronary artery bypass grafting in 1988, coronary artery stenting in November 1994, and urgentcoronary balloon angioplasty in December 1994.[121]As vice president, Cheney was cared for by the White House Medical Unit (WHMU).[122] Staff fromthe WHMG accompany the president and the vice president while either is traveling, and make advancecontact with local emergency medical services to ensure that urgent care is available immediately shouldit be necessary. He has undergone a number of procedures during his tenure.In 2001, an examination of Cheney with a Holter monitor revealed the presence of brief episodes of(asymptomatic) ectopy. An electrophysiology study was performed, at which Cheney was found to havean unsteady and potentially fatal heartbeat.[123] An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) wastherefore implanted in his left upper anterior chest.[124]On September 24, 2005, Cheney underwent a six-hour endo-vascular procedure to repair popliteal arteryaneurysms bilaterally, a catheter treatment technique used in the artery behind each knee.[121] Thecondition was discovered at a regular physical in July, and was not life-threatening.[123] Cheney washospitalized for tests after experiencing shortness of breath five months later. In late April 2006, anhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 14 of 23ultrasound revealed that the clot was smaller.[121]On March 5, 2007, Cheney was treated for deep-vein thrombosis in his left leg at George WashingtonUniversity Hospital after experiencing pain in his left calf.[121] Doctors prescribed blood-thinningmedication and allowed him to return to work.[125]CBS News reported that during the morning of November 26, 2007, Cheney was diagnosed with atrialfibrillation and underwent treatment that afternoon.[121]On July 12, 2008 Cheney underwent a cardiological exam, and doctors reported that his heartbeat wasnormal for a 67-year-old man with a history of heart problems. As part of his annual checkup, he wasadministered an electrocardiogram and radiological imaging of the stents placed in the arteries behindhis knees in 2005. Doctors said that Cheney had not experienced any recurrence of atrial fibrillation andthat his special pacemaker had neither detected nor treated any arrhythmia.[126]On October 15, 2008, Cheney returned to the hospital briefly to treat a minor irregularity.[127]On January 19, 2009, Cheney strained his back "while moving boxes into his new house". As aconsequence, he was in a wheelchair for two days, including his attendance at the 2009 United Statespresidential inauguration.[128]Public perceptionIn the beginning of the Bush administration, Cheneys public opinion polls were more favorable thanunfavorable. In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, both Bushs and Cheneys approval ratingsrose, with Cheney reaching 63 percent[129] and the president with 90 percent.[130] The polling numbersfor both men declined after the September 11 attacks, however.[129][131] Cheneys Gallup poll figuresare consistent with those from other polls:[129][132] „ April 2001—63% approval, 21% disapproval „ January 2002—68% approval, 18% disapproval „ January 2004—56% approval, 36% disapproval „ January 2005—50% approval, 40% disapproval „ January 2006—41% approval, 46% disapproval „ July 2007—30% approval, 60% disapproval „ March 2009—30% approval, 63% disapprovalIn April 2007 Cheney was awarded an honorary doctorate of public service from Brigham YoungUniversity, where he delivered the commencement address.[133] His selection as graduatecommencement speaker was controversial. The college board of trustees issued a statement explainingthat the invitation should be viewed "as one extended to someone holding the high office of vicepresident of the United States rather than to a partisan political figure."[134] BYU permitted a protest tooccur so long as it did not "make personal attacks against Cheney, attack (the) BYU administration, thechurch or the First Presidency."[135]Personal lifehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 15 of 23Cheney is a member of the United Methodist Church,[136] and was "the first Methodist Vice President toserve under a Methodist president".[137]His wife, Lynne Cheney, was Chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities from 1986 to 1996.She is now a public speaker, author, and a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. The couplehave two children, Elizabeth and Mary, and six grandchildren. Elizabeth, his eldest daughter, is marriedto Philip J. Perry, former General Counsel of the Department of Homeland Security. Mary Cheney, aformer employee of the Colorado Rockies baseball team and Coors Brewing Company and campaignaide to the Bush re-election campaign, currently lives in Great Falls, Virginia with her longtime partnerHeather Poe.[138]Hunting incident Main article: Dick Cheney hunting incidentOn February 11, 2006, Cheney accidentally[139] shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney,in the face, neck, and upper torso with birdshot pellets when he turned to shoot a quail while hunting ona southern Texas ranch.[140]Whittington suffered a mild heart attack, and atrial fibrillation due to a pellet that embedded in the outerlayers of his heart. The Kenedy County Sheriffs office cleared Cheney of any criminal wrongdoing inthe matter, and in an interview with Fox News, Cheney accepted full responsibility for the incident.[141]Whittington was discharged from the hospital on February 17, 2006. Later, Whittington apologized tothe vice-president for the trouble the event had caused him and his family. Cheney reiterated that it wasan honest accident.[142]PortrayalCheney was portrayed by Richard Dreyfuss in the 2008 film W.[143]References 1. ^ Although his family name is usually pronounced CHAY-nee in the media and public-at-large, the Vice President himself and his family pronounce it CHEE-nee. See Cheney Holds News Briefing with Republican House Leaders, Aired on CNN December 5, 2000 2. ^ http://www.wargs.com/political/cheney.html 3. ^ Dick Cheney is a descendant of William Cheney, recorded in Roxbury, Massachusetts, by 1640, while Benjamin Pierce Cheney was a descendant of Williams brother, John Cheney, who was recorded in Roxbury in 1635 and who moved to Newbury, Massachusetts, the following year. See Charles Henry Pope, The Cheney Genealogy, Vol. 1, pp. 17-33, Boston: Charles H. Pope, 1897; The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. X, pp. 213-214, New York: James T. White & Company, 1909, reprint of 1900 edition. 4. ^ "Bio on Kids section of White House site". White House. http://www.whitehouse.gov/kids/vicepresident/. Retrieved October 23, 2006. 5. ^ "Flyer for Calvert Elementary School" (PDF). Lincoln Public Schools. May 15, 2006. http://www.lps.org/about/profiles/2005-06%20Elementary/2005-06%20Calvert.pdf. Retrieved October 23, 2006. 6. ^ "Official US Biography". White House. http://www.whitehouse.gov/vicepresident/. Retrieved October 23,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 16 of 23 2006. 7. ^ "Interview With Lynne Cheney". CNN. September 20, 2003. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0309/20/lkl.00.html. Retrieved May 23, 2007. 8. ^ Phil McCombs (April 3, 1991). "The Unsettling Calm of Dick Cheney: Defenses Civilian Chief and Seasoned Washington Hand, Playing It Cool". Washington Post. p. C01. 9. ^ "Dick Cheney: a man of influence, but still in the background". Minnesota Public Radio, AP. September 1, 2004. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2004/09/01_ap_cheneyprofile/. Retrieved May 21, 2007. 10. ^ Martin, Douglas. "H. Bradford Westerfield, 79, Influential Yale Professor," New York Times, January 27, 2008. 11. ^ "A Newsletter for Alumni and Friends of the Department" (PDF). North Hall News (Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin–Madison): 4. Fall 2006. http://polisci.wisc.edu/documents/AlumniNewsletterFall06.pdf. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 12. ^ a b c d e Lindsay G. McCollough (Producer), Barton Gellman (Narrator). The Life and Career of Dick Cheney. [Narrated slideshow]. The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- srv/photo/gallery/070622/GAL-07Jun22-78887/. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 13. ^ Lemann, Nicholas (2001). "The Quiet Man". The New Yorker (New York). May 7, 2001. http://web.archive.org/web/20040918102730/http://www.newyorker.com/archive/content/? 040906fr_archive06. Retrieved August 2, 2006. 14. ^ Noah, Timothy (2004). "Elizabeth Cheney, Deferment Baby - How Dick Cheney dodged the Vietnam draft.". Slate (Washington, D.C.). March 18, 2004. http://www.slate.com/id/2097365/. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 15. ^ Nichols, John (2004). "Dicks Vietnam Hypocrisy". The Nation (New York, NY). April 29, 2004. http://www.thenation.com/doc/20040517/nichols. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 16. ^ Dionne, E.J. Jr. (January 17, 2006). "Murtha and the Mudslingers". The Washington Post (Washington, DC). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/16/AR2006011600913.html. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 17. ^ "Cheneys Five Draft Deferments During the Vietnam Era Emerge as a Campaign Issue". The New York Times. May 1, 2004. http://www.nytimes.com/2004/05/01/politics/campaign/01CHEN.html? ex=1398830400&en=1c0259e620183dd6&ei=5007&partner=USERLAND. Retrieved December 11, 2007. 18. ^ "Hersh on secret White House plot to bomb Iran". Rolling Stone. April 2, 2007. http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/story/14010621/national_affairs_cheneys_nemesis_seymour_hersh_rev eals_white_houses_secret_plan_to_bomb_iran/print. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 19. ^ Lowell Bergman and Marlena Telvick (February 13, 2007). "Dick Cheneys Memos from 30 Years Ago". Public Broadcasting System FRONTLINE: News War. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/newswar/preview/documents.html. Retrieved February 13, 2008. 20. ^ a b "People in the News: Dick Cheney". Chiff.com. http://www.chiff.com/pop-culture/news-people/dick- cheney.htm. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 21. ^ a b c "The Board of Regents". Smithsonian Institution. http://www.si.edu/about/regents/members.htm. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 22. ^ "Dick Cheney on Education". OntheIssues.com. http://www.issues2000.org/2004/Dick_Cheney_Education.htm. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 23. ^ McIntyre, Robert S. (July 28, 2000). "Dick Cheney, Fiscal Conservative?". The New York Times. http://www.commondreams.org/views/072800-101.htm. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 24. ^ Booker, Salih (2001). "The Coming Apathy: Africa Policy Under a Bush Administration". http://www.fpif.org/commentary/0012africa.html. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 25. ^ "Defending Liberty in a Global Economy". Cato Institute. June 23, 1998. http://www.cato.org/speeches/sp- dc062398.html. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 26. ^ "Cheney Slips in Explaining A Vote on Freeing Mandela". The New York Times. July 28, 2000. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C07E1DB173DF93BA15754C0A9669C8B63. Retrieved March 19, 2008. 27. ^ "Cheney defends voting record, blasts Clinton on talk-show circuit". CNN. July 30, 2000. http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/07/30/talk.wrap/index.html. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 28. ^ Sean Wilintz (July 9, 2007). "Mr. Cheneys Minority Report". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/09/opinion/09wilentz.html?pagewanted=print.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 17 of 23 29. ^ "Calm After Desert Storm". Hoover Institution. Summer 1993. http://www.hoover.org/publications/policyreview/3582101.html. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 30. ^ United States House of Representatives: Barbara Cubin (1999). "Cheney Building Dedication to be Held in Casper". Press release. http://www.house.gov/cubin/news/1999/May25.html. Retrieved January 1, 2008. 31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Richard B. Cheney:17th Secretary of Defense". United States Department of Defense. http://www.defenselink.mil/specials/secdef_histories/bios/cheney.htm. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 32. ^ a b Taggart, Charles Johnson (1990). "Cheney, Richard Bruce". 1990 Britannica Book of the Year. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.. p. 85. ISBN 0-85229-522-7. 33. ^ Bartels, Larry M. (June 1, 1991). "Constituency Opinion and Congressional Policy Making: The Reagan Defense Build Up". The American Political Science Review 85 (2): 457–474. doi:10.2307/1963169. ISSN 00030554. 34. ^ Charlie Savage (November 26, 2006). "Hail to the chief: Dick Cheneys mission to expand -or restore - the powers of the presidency". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2006/11/26/hail_to_the_chief/?page=4. Retrieved February 26, 2008. 35. ^ Department of Defense (October 14, 1992). "Defense Department Report, Wednesday, October 14 (10/14/92)". Press release. http://www.fas.org/news/usa/1992/56297759-56300711.htm. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 36. ^ a b "President-elect G.W. Bush: Key Defense Appointments and Arms Control Policy". Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA). December 18, 2000. http://www.jinsa.org/articles/articles.html/function/view/categoryid/1082/documentid/1084/history/3,2360,6 56,1082,1084. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 37. ^ "Panama: Invasion of Panama". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. pp. 44. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-213962/Panama. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 38. ^ "Observer; Is This Justice Necessary?". The New York Times. January 3, 1990. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE5DF123FF930A35752C0A966958260. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 39. ^ John Pike, ed (April 27, 2005). "Operation Just Cause". http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/just_cause.htm. Retrieved December 12, 2007. 40. ^ a b c d e "The Gulf War: Chronology". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/cron/. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 41. ^ a b "The Gulf War: A Line in the Sand". Military Advantage. 2006. http://www.military.com/Resources/HistorySubmittedFileView?file=history_gulfwar.htm. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 42. ^ "Aftermath of the Gulf War". W.J. Rayment. http://www.indepthinfo.com/iraq/aftermath.shtml. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 43. ^ Strauss, Mark (01). "Attacking Iraq". Foreign Policy (JSTOR) (129): 14–19. doi:10.2307/3183385. ISSN 00157228. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0015-7228(200203%2F04)129%3C14%3AAI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-2. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 44. ^ "Life and Career of Dick Cheney: American Profile Interview". C-SPAN. April 15, 1994. http://www.c- spanarchives.org/library/index.php?main_page=product_video_info&products_id=58277-1. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 45. ^ Garfunkel, Jon (August 22, 2007). "Cheney Video Hunt: The Tangled State of Archived News Footage Online". Public Broadcasting System. http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2007/08/cheney_video_huntthe_tangled_s.html. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 46. ^ "Oral History: Richard Cheney". Public Broadcasting System. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/oral/cheney/2.html. Retrieved October 25, 2007. 47. ^ a b "The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996 - Historical Roster of Directors and Officers". http://www.cfr.org/about/history/cfr/appendix.html. 48. ^ Henriques, Diana B.; Bergman, Lowell; Oppel, Richard A. Jr.; Moss, Michael (August 24, 2000). "THE 2000 CAMPAIGN; Cheney Has Mixed Record In Business Executive Role". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C00EEDB1431F937A1575BC0A9669C8B63. 49. ^ Berenson, Alex; Bergman, Lowell (May 22, 2002). "Under Cheney, Halliburton Altered Policy On Accounting". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 18 of 23 res=9803E6DF1038F931A15756C0A9649C8B63. 50. ^ "Cheneys Halliburton Ties Remain". CBS News. September 26, 2003. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/09/26/politics/main575356.shtml. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 51. ^ "About PNAC". newamericancentury.org. http://www.newamericancentury.org/statementofprinciples.htm. Retrieved July 18, 2007. 52. ^ Henriques, Diana B.; Bergman, Lowell; Norris, Floyd (August 12, 2000). "The 2000 Campaign: The Republican Running Mate—Cheney Is Said to Be Receiving $20 Million Retirement Package". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9502EEDE123FF931A2575BC0A9669C8B63. 53. ^ Quest for the Presidency: Cheney dances, rides public train 09/05/00 54. ^ Appleman, Eric M.. "The New Administration Takes Shape". George Washington University. http://www.gwu.edu/~action/chrntran.html. Retrieved November 13, 2007. 55. ^ Unger, Craig (November 9, 2007). "How Cheney took control of Bushs foreign policy". Salon.com. http://www.salon.com/books/feature/2007/11/09/house_of_bush_3/print.html. Retrieved November 13, 2007. 56. ^ "The Running Mate". PBS. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/white_house/july-dec04/cheney_09-01.html. Retrieved January 2, 2008. 57. ^ White House Press Secretary (June 22, 2002). "Statement by the Press Secretary". http://georgewbush- whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/06/20020629-1.html. Retrieved January 9, 2008. 58. ^ CNN Transcripts (June 29, 2002). "White House Physician Provides Update on Bushs Condition". http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0206/29/bn.02.html. Retrieved June 4, 2006. 59. ^ "Cheney asserts Iraq-al Qaeda link". BBC. April 6, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6533367.stm. Retrieved December 11, 2007. 60. ^ "Cheney Reasserts al-Qaida-Saddam Link". Hearst Communications. April 6, 2007. http://sfgate.com/cgi- bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2007/04/05/national/w222503D69.DTL&type=politics. 61. ^ Mark Mazzetti and Scott Shane (June 6, 2008). "Bush Overstated Iraq Evidence, Senators Report". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/06/world/middleeast/06intel.html?pagewanted=print. Retrieved June 17, 2008. 62. ^ "Frontline: The Dark Side". Public Broadcasting System. June 20, 2006. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/darkside/view/. Retrieved February 6, 2008. 63. ^ "Cheney: Iraq will be enormous success story". CNN. June 25, 2005. http://www.cnn.com/2005/POLITICS/06/23/cheney.interview/. Retrieved December 11, 2007. 64. ^ "Cheney calls war critics "opportunists"". MSNBC. November 17, 2005. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10078197/. Retrieved December 11, 2007. 65. ^ Cheney describes same-sex marriage as state issue. CNN. 2004 (published August 25, 2004). http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/08/24/cheney.samesex/. Retrieved August 2, 2006. 66. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090601/ap_on_re_us/us_cheney 67. ^ "FRONTLINE: Cheneys Law". Public Broadcasting System. October 16, 2007. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/cheney/etc/script.html. Retrieved February 13, 2008. 68. ^ Dreyfuss, Robert (April 17, 2006). "Vice Squad". The American Prospect. http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?articleId=11423. Retrieved February 29, 2008. 69. ^ Jehl, Douglas (November 5, 2005). "In Cheneys New Chief, a Bureaucratic Master". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/02/politics/02aide.html?pagewanted=print. 70. ^ "Bush has 5 polyps removed during colonoscopy". MSNBC. July 21, 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19872260/. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 71. ^ Barnes, Fred (March 7, 2005). "President Cheney?". 10. The Weekly Standard. http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/005/295zkwpw.asp. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 72. ^ "Dick Cheney on Energy & Oil: Member of Bush’s National Energy Policy Development Group". National Energy Policy Report. May 2, 2001. http://www.issues2000.org/2004/Dick_Cheney_Energy_+_Oil.htm. Retrieved January 2, 2008. 73. ^ "Judicial Watch, Inc. vs. National Energy Policy Development Group". Judicial Watch, Inc. 2004. http://www.judicialwatch.org/printer_1270.shtml. Retrieved December 18, 2007. 74. ^ Michael Isikoff (December 24, 2007). "Challenging Cheney". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/81883/output/print. Retrieved February 25, 2008. 75. ^ Ragavan, Chitra (February 8, 2007). "Cheney Tangles With Agency on Secrecy". U.S. News & World Report. http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/070208/8cheney.htm?s_cid=rss:site1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 19 of 23 76. ^ Baker, Peter (June 22, 2007). "Cheney Defiant on Classified Material". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/06/22/AR2007062201322.html? hpid=topnews. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 77. ^ Duffy, Michael (June 22, 2007). "The Cheney Branch of Government". Time. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1636435,00.html. Retrieved July 19, 2007. 78. ^ Lee, Christopher (September 8, 2008). "Lawsuit to Ask That Cheneys Papers Be Made Public". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2008/09/07/AR2008090702260_pf.html. Retrieved September 8, 2008. 79. ^ Lee, Christopher (September 21, 2008). "Cheney Is Told to Keep Official Records". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/09/20/AR2008092001627_pf.html. Retrieved September 28, 2008. 80. ^ Breitman, Rachel (September 9, 2008). "Advocacy Group Files Suit To Ensure That VPs Records Stay Public". The American Lawyer. http://amlawdaily.typepad.com/amlawdaily/2008/09/advocacy-group.html. Retrieved September 9, 2008. 81. ^ Froomkin, Dan (October 24, 2006). "Spinning the Course". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/linkset/2005/04/11/LI2005041100879.html. Retrieved October 24, 2006. 82. ^ Apuzzo, Matt (September 8, 2006). "Armitage Says He Was Source on Plame". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/08/AR2006090800304.html. Retrieved October 24, 2006. 83. ^ Waas, Murray (February 9, 2006). "Cheney Authorized Libby to Leak Classified Information". The National Journal. http://nationaljournal.com/about/njweekly/stories/2006/0209nj1.htm. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 84. ^ "Cheneys top aide indicted; CIA leak probe continues". CNN. October 29, 2005. http://www.cnn.com/2005/POLITICS/10/28/leak.probe/. Retrieved January 2, 2008. 85. ^ Johnson, Anna (April 26, 2007). "Bin Laden is said to have supervised February Cheney-visit attack". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2003681577_cheney26.html. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 86. ^ The Associated Press (February 27, 2007). "Cheney unhurt in blast outside Afghan base". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/asiapcf/02/27/cheney.afghanistan.ap/index.html. Retrieved February 27, 2007. 87. ^ Graham, Stephen (February 26, 2007). "Cheney Asks Musharraf to Fight al-Qaida". CBS. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/02/26/ap/world/mainD8NHG8K01.shtml. Retrieved January 3, 2008. 88. ^ Walsh, Kenneth T. (October 5, 2003). "The Man Behind the Curtain". U.S. News & World Report. http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/031013/13cheney_2.htm. Retrieved January 11, 2009. 89. ^ Kuttner, Robert (February 25, 2004). "Cheneys unprecedented power". The Bostom Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2004/02/25/cheneys_unprecedented_pow er/. Retrieved January 11, 2009. 90. ^ a b "Cheney makes Capitol Hill rounds". CNN. January 5, 2001. http://archives.cnn.com/2001/ALLPOLITICS/stories/01/05/cheney.hill. Retrieved January 3, 2008. 91. ^ Froomkin, Dan (August 22, 2006). "Inside the Real West Wing". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/custom/2005/06/06/CU2005060601310.html. Retrieved January 3, 2008. 92. ^ "Old Executive Office Building". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wash/dc32.htm. Retrieved January 3, 2008. 93. ^ "Dirksen Senate Office Building". United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/visiting/d_three_sections_with_teasers/dirksen_senate_office_map_page. htm. Retrieved January 3, 2008. 94. ^ Brazelon, Emily (November 18, 2007). "All the President’s Powers". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/18/books/review/Bazelon-t.html?pagewanted=print. Retrieved November 18, 2007. 95. ^ Robin Lindley (January 7, 2008). "The Return of the Imperial Presidency: An Interview with Charlie Savage". History News Network. http://hnn.us/articles/44951.html. Retrieved February 13, 2008. 96. ^ Howard Kurtz (April 7, 2008). "Washington Post Wins 6 Pulitzers". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/07/AR2008040701359_pf.html. Retrieved April 7, 2008.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 20 of 23 97. ^ Gellman, Barton; Becker, Jo (June 24, 2007). "Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency—A Different Understanding With the President". Washington Post: A01. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/cheney/chapters/chapter_1/. Retrieved January 17, 2008. 98. ^ Gellman, Barton; Becker, Jo (June 25, 2007). "Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency— Pushing the Envelope on Presidential Power". Washington Post: A01. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/cheney/chapters/pushing_the_envelope_on_presi/index.html. Retrieved January 17, 2008. 99. ^ Gellman, Barton; Becker, Jo (June 26, 2007). "Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency—A Strong Push From Backstage". Washington Post: A01. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/cheney/chapters/a_strong_push_from_back_stage/index.html. Retrieved January 17, 2008.100. ^ "Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency—Leaving No Tracks". Washington Post. June 27, 2007. http://blog.washingtonpost.com/cheney/chapters/leaving_no_tracks/index.html. Retrieved January 17, 2008.101. ^ Sherwell, Philip (June 28, 2008). "Dick Cheney tried to block North Korea Nuclear deal". The Telegraph: A01. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/2211928/Dick-Cheney--%27tried-to- block-North-Korea-nuclear-deal%27.html. Retrieved August 5, 2008.102. ^ a b Hebert, Josef (July 8, 2008). "Cheney wanted cuts in climate testimony". The Associated Press. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080708/ap_on_re_us/cheney_climate. Retrieved July 8, 2008.103. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/APStories/stories/D94HJVVO2.html104. ^ http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2008/11/18/cheney-gonale-indicted/105. ^ http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2008/11/18/texas-grand-jury-indicts-cheney-gonzales/106. ^ http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/Cheneys_lawyer_files_motion_to_quash_indictment.html107. ^ http://www.kveo.com/home/ticker/34783409.html108. ^ "Cheney, Gonzalez Indictments Dismissed in Texas Prison Case". Associated Press (Fox News). December 1, 2008. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2008/12/01/cheney-gonale-indictments-dismissed- texas-prison-case/. Retrieved December 2, 2008.109. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090523/ap_on_go_pr_wh/us_cheney_no_exit110. ^ Rutenberg, Jim and Rich, Motoko (May 22, 2009). "Cheney Seeks Book Deal on Bush Years and More". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/23/us/politics/23cheney.html. Retrieved May 23, 2009.111. ^ The Independent August 14, 2009112. ^ Riechmann, Deb (The Associated Press) (May 23, 2009). "Dont call ex-Vice President Cheney a has- been". Yahoo! News. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090523/ap_on_go_pr_wh/us_cheney_no_exit. Retrieved May 30, 2009.113. ^ Loven, Jennifer (The Associated Press) (May 22, 2009). "Obama, Cheney at odds on Gitmo". Edmonton Sun (Sun Media). http://www.edmontonsun.com/news/world/2009/05/22/9532251-sun.html. Retrieved May 30, 2009.114. ^ Landay, Jonathan S. and Strobel, Warren P. (May 21, 2009). "Cheneys speech ignored some inconvenient truths". McClatchy (mcclatchydc.com). http://www.mcclatchydc.com/226/story/68643.html. Retrieved May 30, 2009.115. ^ http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/articles/2005-12687.html116. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ynews/ynews_pl823117. ^ Scott Shane (July 11, 2009). "Cheney Is Linked to Concealment of C.I.A. Project". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/12/us/politics/12intel.html. Retrieved August 6, 2009.118. ^ Siobhan Gorman (July 13, 2009). "CIA Had Secret Al Qaeda Plan". Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124736381913627661.html. Retrieved August 6, 2009.119. ^ Bruni, Frank (July 24, 2000). "THE 2000 CAMPAIGN: THE TEXAS GOVERNOR; New Sign Bush Favors Cheney as No. 2". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/07/24/us/the-2000- campaign-the-texas-governor-new-sign-bush-favors-cheney-as-no-2.html. Retrieved May 24, 2009.120. ^ http://archives.cnn.com/2001/HEALTH/06/29/cheney.chronology/index.html121. ^ a b c d e "V.P. Cheney Treated For Irregular Heartbeat". CBS News. November 26, 2007. http://wcbstv.com/topstories/cheney.irregular.heartbeat.2.595859.html. Retrieved December 13, 2007.122. ^ "White House Medical Unit History". http://whmureunions.com/History_Page.htm. Retrieved May 25, 2009.123. ^ a b "Dr. Zebra" (December 1, 2007). "Health & Medical History of Richard "Dick" Cheney". Dr. Zebra.com. http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/a_cheney.htm. Retrieved January 10, 2008.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 21 of 23124. ^ Karoub, Jeff (July 2, 2001). "Mems Device in Cheneys Chest helps Veeps Ticker Keep Time". Small Times. http://www.smalltimes.com/articles/article_display.cfm? Section=ARCHI&C=Bio&ARTICLE_ID=267535&p=109. Retrieved January 3, 2008.125. ^ Malveaux, Suzanne (March 5, 2007). "Cheney treated for blood clot in his leg". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/03/05/cheney.health/index.html. Retrieved March 5, 2007.126. ^ "Look at Cheneys health history over the years". Associated Press. July 12, 2008. http://www.newser.com/article/d91sdbo80/look-at-cheneys-health-history-over-the-years.html. Retrieved July 25, 2008.127. ^ "Cheney experiences abnormal heart rhythm". Associated Press. October 15, 2008. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20081015/ap_on_go_pr_wh/cheney. Retrieved October 15, 2008.128. ^ "Vice-President Dick Cheney to watch Barack Obama inauguration in a wheelchair". The Australian. January 21, 2009. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,,24939969-5013948,00.html? from=public_rss. Retrieved July 6, 2009.129. ^ a b c Carroll, Joseph (July 18, 2007). "Americans Ratings of Dick Cheney Reach New Lows". The Gallup Organization. http://www.gallup.com/poll/28159/Americans-Ratings-Dick-Cheney-Reach-New-Lows.aspx. Retrieved December 22, 2007.130. ^ "USAT/Gallup Poll: Bush approval at new low—Republican support eroding". USA Today. July 10, 2007. http://blogs.usatoday.com/onpolitics/2007/07/usatgallup-po-1.html. Retrieved November 28, 2007.131. ^ "Vice President Dick Cheney: Job Ratings". The Polling Report. December 31, 2007. http://www.pollingreport.com/C.htm. Retrieved December 31, 2006.132. ^ Saad, Lidia (April 3, 2009). "Little Change in Negative Images of Bush and Cheney - Favorable ratings for both are at or near their all-time lows". The Gallup Organization. http://www.gallup.com/poll/117250/Little- Change-Negative-Images-Bush-Cheney.aspx. Retrieved April 3, 2009.133. ^ "BYU to give Cheney honorary degree". Deseret News. April 25, 2006. http://www.deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,660215019,00.html. Retrieved May 7, 2007.134. ^ LDS Newsroom (March 29, 2007). "BYU Invitation to Vice President Stirs Debate". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. http://www.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp? vgnextoid=6b5cb10fd5f91110VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRD&vgnextchannel=9ae411154963d010VgnVC M1000004e94610aRCRD. Retrieved June 27, 2007.135. ^ Buchanan, Adam (March 29, 2007). "BYU to Allow Cheney Protest". Brigham Young University. http://nn.byu.edu/story.cfm/63803. Retrieved December 11, 2007.136. ^ Menendez, Alberto J (December 12, 2006). "United Methodists fill 62 seats in new Congress". United States Marine Corps. http://www.umc.org/site/c.gjJTJbMUIuE/b.2287753/k.E975/United_Methodists_fill_62_seats_in_new_Cong ress.htm. Retrieved January 1, 2008.137. ^ "How many U.S. Presidents/Senators/Representatives have been Methodist? Have we ever had a President and Vice President of the same denomination before?". Frequently Asked Questions - Questions About Methodism. The United Methodist Archives Center at Drew University. http://www.drew.edu/depts/library.aspx?id=2410#m5. Retrieved May 24, 2009.138. ^ "Vice President Cheneys legacy grows by one grandchild". http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/europe/05/23/wednesday/index.html. Retrieved September 2007.139. ^ Bash, Dana (February 13, 2006). "Cheney accidentally shoots fellow hunter". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/02/12/cheney/. Retrieved July 4, 2007.140. ^ Buckley, William F. (February 6, 2006). "Killer Cheney". National Review Online. http://www.nationalreview.com/buckley/buckley200602201107.asp. Retrieved February 22, 2007.141. ^ Bash, Dana; Malveaux, Suzanne; McCaughan, Tim (February 16, 2006). "Cheney: One of the worst days of my life". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/02/15/cheney/. Retrieved August 2, 2006.142. ^ MSNBC, Editorial staff (February 16, 2006). "Harry Whittingtons hospital statement—Man shot by Vice President Cheney says accidents happen". MSNBC. http://msnbc.msn.com/id/11409731/. Retrieved August 2, 2006.143. ^ Cole, Brendan. "W". Radio Telefís Éireann Entertainment online. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2008/1030/w.html. Retrieved May 24, 2009.Further readinghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 22 of 23Works by „ Professional Military Education: An Asset for Peace and Progress : A Report of the Crisis Study Group on Professional Military Education (Csis Report) 1997. ISBN 0-89206-297-5 „ Kings of the Hill: How Nine Powerful Men Changed the Course of American History 1996. ISBN 0-8264-0230-5Works about „ Andrews, Elaine. Dick Cheney: A Life Of Public Service. Millbrook Press, 2001. ISBN 0-7613- 2306-6 „ Gellman, Barton. Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency. Penguin Press, 2008. ISBN 9781594201868 „ Hayes, Stephen. Cheney: The Untold Story of Americas Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President. HarperCollins, 2007. ISBN 0060723467 „ Mann, James. Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bushs War Cabinet. Viking, 2004. ISBN 0- 670-03299-9 „ Nichols, John. Dick: The Man Who is President. New Press, 2004. ISBN 1-56584-840-3External links „ Dick Cheney at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress „ US Department of State from the Internet Archive „ The New York Times — Dick Cheney archives „ Vice Presidential Debate, October 5, 2004: Transcript text, 1, 2004&endDate=&s Audio and Video (RealPlayer or MPG format) Political offices Preceded by Vice President of the United States Succeeded by Al Gore January 20, 2001 - January 20, 2009 Joe Biden Preceded by White House Chief of Staff Succeeded by Donald Rumsfeld 1975 – 1977 Hamilton Jordan Preceded by United States Secretary of Defense Succeeded by Served under: George H. W. Bush Frank C. Carlucci March 21, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Les Aspin United States House of Representatives Member of the U.S. House of Representatives Preceded by from Wyomings At-large congressional Succeeded by Teno Roncalio district Craig Thomas January 3, 1979 – March 20, 1989 Party political offices Republican Party Vice Presidential Preceded by Succeeded by candidate Jack Kemp Sarah Palin 2000, 2004 Preceded by Chairman of House Republican Conference Succeeded by Jack Kemp 1987–1989 Jerry Lewis Preceded by Succeeded by Trent Lott House Republican Whip Newt Gingrichhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009
    • Dick Cheney - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 23 of 23 Mississippi 1989 Georgia United States order of precedence Preceded by United States order of precedence Succeeded by Al Gore as of 2009 John DingellRetrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney"Categories: Dick Cheney | American anti-communists | American chief executives | American EnterpriseInstitute | American Methodists | Cheney family | Members of the United States House ofRepresentatives from Wyoming | People from Casper, Wyoming | People from Jackson, Wyoming |People from Lincoln, Nebraska | People of Huguenot descent | Politicians convicted of alcohol-relateddriving offenses | Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients | Republican Party (United States) vicepresidential nominees | United Methodists | United States presidential advisors | United StatesSecretaries of Defense | University of Wyoming alumni | Welsh Americans | Wyoming Republicans |1941 births | Living people | 20th-century vice presidents of the United States „ This page was last modified on 4 December 2009 at 13:39. „ Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. „ Contact ushttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Cheney 12/6/2009