LAWRENCE EAGLEBURGER (Wikipedia Information)


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LAWRENCE EAGLEBURGER (Wikipedia Information)

  1. 1. FROM: accordance with Federal Laws provided For Educational and Information Purposes – i.e. of PUBLIC InterestLawrence EagleburgerFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lawrence Eagleburger 62nd United States Secretary of State In office December 8, 1992 – January 20, 1993 Acting Secretary, Aug. 23, 1992 – Dec. 8, 1992 President George H. W. Bush Preceded by James Baker Succeeded by Warren Christopher 10th United States Deputy Secretary of State In office January 20, 1989 – August 23, 1992 President George H. W. Bush Preceded by John C. Whitehead Succeeded by Clifton R. Wharton, Jr. 12th Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs In office February 11, 1982 – May 1, 1984 President Ronald Reagan Preceded by Walter J. Stoessel, Jr. Succeeded by Michael Armacost Personal details Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger Born August 1, 1930
  2. 2. Milwaukee, Wisconsin June 4, 2011 (aged 80) Died Charlottesville, VirginiaPolitical party Republican Marlene Ann Heinemann Spouse(s) (m. 1966–2010, her death) Lawrence Scott Eagleburger Children Lawrence Andrew Eagleburger Lawrence Jason Eagleburger[1] University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point Alma mater University of Wisconsin–Madison (B.A., M.A.) Profession political analyst Religion Lutheran Signature Military serviceService/branch United States ArmyYears of service 1952–1954 Rank First LieutenantLawrence Sidney Eagleburger (August 1, 1930 – June 4, 2011)[2] was an American statesman and former careerdiplomat, who served briefly as the United States Secretary of State under President George H. W. Bush.Previously, he had served in lesser capacities under Presidents Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, andGeorge H. W. Bush. Eagleburger is the only career Foreign Service Officer to have served as the United StatesSecretary of State.[3]Contents[hide]  1 Education and personal life  2 Governmental career  3 International Commission on Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims  4 Stance on Middle Eastern conflict  5 2008 Presidential election  6 Death  7 References  8 Sources  9 External links[edit] Education and personal lifeEagleburger was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the son of Helen (née Van Ornum), an elementary school teacher,and Leon Sidney Eagleburger, a physician. [4] He graduated from P J Jacobs High School in Stevens Point,Wisconsin, then attended Stevens Point State College (now the University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point), beforeearning his Bachelors and Masters degrees from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. During his time atWisconsin, he joined Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity. On May 6, 1995, he delivered the commencement address to the1995 graduating class of James Madison University.[5]
  3. 3. He was formerly a member of the Board of Visitors at the College of William and Mary.Eagleburger also served in the United States Army (1952–1954), attaining the rank of First Lieutenant.He had three sons, all of whom are named Lawrence Eagleburger, though they have different middle names. [1] Theeldest is from his first marriage, which ended in divorce. The other two are from his second marriage, which was toMarlene Heinemann from 1966 until her death in 2010. [6][edit] Governmental careerIn 1957, Eagleburger joined the United States Foreign Service, and served in various posts in embassies,consulates, and the Department of State. From 1961 to 1965 he served as a staffer at the U.S. Embassy in Belgrade,Yugoslavia.Starting in 1969, he served in the Nixon administration as an assistant to National Security Advisor HenryKissinger. He stayed in this appointment until 1971; thereafter he took on several positions, including advisor tothe U.S. Mission to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Brussels, and, following Kissingersappointment as Secretary of State, a number of additional posts in the State Department.Following Nixons resignation, he briefly left government service, but was soon appointed as ambassador toYugoslavia by President Jimmy Carter, a post he held from 1977 to 1980.In 1982, Reagan appointed him as Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (the State Departments third-ranking position), a position he held for several years. In 1989, President George H. W. Bush appointed himDeputy Secretary of State (the Departments second-ranking position); he also served as the Presidents primaryadvisor for affairs relating to the quickly disintegrating Yugoslavia. On August 23, 1992, James A. Baker resignedas Secretary of State (to head up Bushs unsuccessful re-election campaign), and Eagleburger served as ActingSecretary of State until Bush gave him a recess appointment for the remainder of the Bush administration.His period as advisor for Yugoslavian affairs from 1989 to 1992 was highly controversial. He gained a reputationfor being a strong Serbian partisan, most controversially denying that Serbian paramilitaries and the YugoslavNational Army had committed atrocities in the breakaway republic of Croatia. This perceived partisanship led theEuropean press to dub him Lawrence of Serbia[7] (a reference to Lawrence of Arabia).In 1991, President Bush awarded him the Presidential Citizens Medal. He was a member of the board of directorsof the International Republican Institute.[8][edit] International Commission on Holocaust-Era Insurance ClaimsEagleburger became chairman of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims, or ICHEIC,which was set up in 1998. The purpose of the Commission was to resolve unpaid Nazi-era insurance claims forsurvivors of the Holocaust. In 2005, Eagleburger announced that the ICHEIC was offering approximately 16million dollars to Holocaust victims and their heirs, noting as he did so the research ability of the ICHEIC staffwhich allowed them to evaluate claims from companies which no longer existed. [9][clarification needed] In the years priorto this there had been some controversy about the Commission, including reports that it was over-budgeted and tooslow, and that insurance companies which had previously agreed to work with the ICHEIC had failed to disclosepolicyholder lists.[10] Eagleburger responded to these accusations by saying, among other things, that it wasdifficult to work quickly when many of the claimants lacked basic information such as the name of the insurancecompany involved.[11][edit] Stance on Middle Eastern conflict
  4. 4. After serving in the Foreign Service for 27 years, Eagleburger retained an interest in foreign policy and was afamiliar figure on current events talk shows. He caused some discussion with public comments about PresidentGeorge W. Bushs foreign policy. In August 2002, Eagleburger questioned the timing of possible military action inIraq, saying, "I am not at all convinced now that this is something we have to do this very moment." [12] He didindicate he believed that Iraqi regime change could be a legitimate U.S. endeavor at some point, but that at thattime he did not believe the administration was fully prepared for such a conflict. [13] In April 2003, followingwarnings by the Bush administration to the government of Syria, Eagleburger condemned the possibility ofmilitary action in Syria or Iran, saying that public opinion would not support such a move and that "If PresidentBush were to try it now, even I would feel he should be skinned alive." [14]On January 5, 2006, he participated in a meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State todiscuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials. On November 10, 2006 it was announcedthat he would replace Secretary of Defense designate Robert Gates in the Iraq Study Group.[15]After the election of Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Eagleburger seemed to think that Iran was movingin a direction which may at some point call for military action, saying in an interview that while "we should tryeverything else we can first," at some point it would probably be necessary to use force to ensure that Iran did notobtain or use nuclear weapons.[16]He was Chairman of the Board of Trustees for The Forum for International Policy, and a member of theWashington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) Board of Advisors.[edit] 2008 Presidential electionBefore Republican primaries, Eagleburger endorsed John McCain for President.[17] In an NPR interview onOctober 30, 2008, he described McCains running-mate Sarah Palin as "not prepared" for top office. He also statedthat many Vice Presidents have not been ready. [18] The next day, in an interview on Fox News, he retracted hiscomments about Palin.[19]On October 30, 2008, on the Fox News Channel, Eagleburger referred to Democratic presidential nominee BarackObama as a "charlatan", citing his fundraising methods and other aspects of his presidential campaign. [20][edit] DeathEagleburger died of pneumonia at the University of Virginia Medical Center in Charlottesville, Virginia. [21] Hewas 80 and had lived outside Charlottesville since 1990. He is survived by his three sons. [6][edit] References 1. ^ a b "Biography of Lawrence Eagleburger". The American Academy of Diplomacy. August 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 2. ^ Bernard Gwertzman (June 4, 2011). "Lawrence Eagleburger, a Top Diplomat, Dies at 80". The New York Times. 3. ^ "Ex-Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger dies at 80". Associated Press (Politico). 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2011- 06-04. 4. ^ [1] 5. ^ "JMU Graduation Speakers" 6. ^ a b Telegraph obituary 7. ^ I Kathimerini, Ο «Λόρενς της Σερβίας» section 8. ^ International Republican Institute web site, accessed July 16, 2010. 9. ^ ICHEIC offers additional $16 million to holocaust era insurance claimaints, accessed May 31, 2006 10. ^ Webpage of Representative Henry Waxman, Justice delayed and justice denied, accessed May 31, 2006 11. ^ Holocaust insurance body blasted for not paying claims, accessed May 31, 2006
  5. 5. 12. ^ Eagleburger questions possible Iraqi move, accessed May 31, 2006 13. ^ Transcript: Lawrence Eagleburger on FNS, accessed May 31, 2006 14. ^ Bush’s call to Syrians, accessed May 31, 2006 15. ^ "Eagleburger to join U.S. Iraq study group", Reuters, November 10, 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2006. 16. ^ Interview With Former Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger, accessed May 31, 2006 17. ^ 18. ^ "Eagleburger Questions Gov. Palins Abilities As a Vice Presidential Candidate". NPR. October 30, 2008.. 19. ^ Huffpost Politics 20. ^ 21. ^ Lawrence S. Eagleburger, diplomat and onetime secretary of state dies, at 80 The Washington Post, June 4, 2011[edit] Sources  University of Virginia Health System — Secretary Lawrence Eagleburger[edit] External links  Sourcewatch article on Eagleburger.  Lawrence Eagleburger profile, NNDB.  Lawrence Eagleburger has been interviewed as part of Frontline Diplomacy: The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training, a site at the Library of Congress. Political offices Preceded by United States Deputy Secretary of State Succeeded by John C. Whitehead 1989–1992 Clifton R. Wharton Jr. United States Secretary of State Preceded by Served under: George H.W. Bush Succeeded by James Baker August 23, 1992 – January 20, 1993 Warren Christopher Acting until December 8, 1992