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JUSTICE JOHN G. ROBERTS (Wikipedia Info) JUSTICE JOHN G. ROBERTS (Wikipedia Info) Document Transcript

  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia John Glover Roberts, Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is the 17th and current Chief Justice of the United States. He has served John Roberts since 2005, having been nominated by President George W. Bush after the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist. He has been described as having a conservative judicial philosophy in his jurisprudence. Roberts grew up in northern Indiana and was educated in a private school before attending Harvard College and Harvard Law School, where he was managing editor of the Harvard Law Review. After being admitted to the bar, he served as a law clerk for William Rehnquist before taking a position in the Attorney Generals office during the Reagan Administration. He went on to serve the Reagan Administration and the George H. W. Bush administration in the Department of Justice and the Office of the White House Counsel, before spending fourteen years in private law practice. During this time, he argued thirty-nine cases before the Supreme Court. 17th Chief Justice of the United States Incumbent In 2003, he was appointed as a judge of the D.C. Circuit by President George W. Bush, where he served until his Assumed office nomination to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. September 29, 2005 When Chief Justice Rehnquist died before Robertss Nominated by George W. Bush confirmation hearings, Bush renominated Roberts to fill the Preceded by William Rehnquist newly vacant center seat. Judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit In office June 2, 2003 – September 29, 2005 1 Early years Nominated by George W. Bush 2 Early legal career Preceded by James Buckley 3 On the D.C. Circuit Succeeded by Vacant 3.1 Fourth and Fifth Amendments 3.2 Military tribunals Personal details 3.3 Environmental regulation Born John Glover Roberts, Jr. 4 Nomination and confirmation to the Supreme January 27, 1955 Court Buffalo, New York, U.S. 4.1 Robertss testimony on his jurisprudence Spouse(s) Jane Sullivan 4.1.1 Commerce Clause Alma mater Harvard College 4.1.2 Federalism Harvard Law School 4.1.3 Reviewing Acts of Congress Religion Roman Catholicism[1] 4.1.4 Stare Decisis 4.1.5 Roe v. Wade 4.2 Confirmation1 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts 5 On the U.S. Supreme Court 5.1 Early decisions 5.2 Fourth Amendment 5.3 Notice and opportunity to be heard 5.4 Abortion 5.5 Equal protection clause 5.6 Free speech 5.7 Non-judicial duties of the Chief Justice 6 Personal life 6.1 Health 6.2 Personal finances 7 Bibliography of articles by John G. Roberts Jr. 8 See also 9 Further reading 9.1 News articles 9.2 Government/official biographies 9.3 Other 10 References 11 External links Roberts was born in Buffalo, New York, on January 27, 1955, the son of John Glover (Jack) Roberts, Sr. (1928–2008) and Rosemary, née Podrasky. All his maternal great-grandparents are said to have been from areas of Austria–Hungary, which later became part of Czechoslovakia.[2] His father was a plant manager with Bethlehem Steel.[3] When Roberts was in fourth grade, his family moved to the beachside town of Long Beach, Indiana. He grew up with three sisters: Kathy, Peggy, and Barbara. Roberts attended Notre Dame Elementary School, a Roman Catholic grade school in Long Beach, and then La Lumiere School, a Roman Catholic boarding school in LaPorte, Indiana, where he was an excellent student and athlete.[4] He studied five years of Latin (in four years),[3] some French, and was known generally for his devotion to his studies. He was captain of the football team (he later described himself as a "slow-footed linebacker"), and was a regional champion in wrestling. He participated in choir and drama, co-edited the school newspaper, and served on the athletic council and the executive committee of the student council.[3] He attended Harvard College, graduating with an A.B. summa cum laude in history in three years. He then attended Harvard Law School where he was the managing editor of the Harvard Law Review.[3] He graduated from law school with a J.D. magna cum laude in 1979.[5] After graduating from law school, Roberts served as a law clerk for Judge Henry Friendly on the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for one year.[3] Roberts frequently cites Judge Friendly in his opinions. From 1980 to 1981, he clerked for then-Associate Justice William Rehnquist on the United States Supreme Court. From 1981 to 1982, he served in the Reagan administration as a Special Assistant to U.S. Attorney General William French Smith.[3]2 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts From 1982 to 1986, Roberts served as Associate Counsel to the President under White House Counsel Fred Fielding. Roberts entered private law practice in 1986 as an associate at the Washington, D.C.-based law firm of Hogan & Hartson. Roberts left Hogan & Hartson to serve in the George H. W. Bush administration as Principal Deputy Solicitor General from 1989 to 1993[3] and as Acting Solicitor General for the purposes of at least one case when Ken Starr had a conflict.[6][7] In 1992, George H. W. Bush nominated Roberts to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, but no Senate vote was held, and Robertss nomination expired when Bush left office after losing the 1992 presidential election. Roberts returned to Hogan & Hartson as a partner and became the head of the firms appellate practice, in addition to serving as an adjunct faculty member at the Georgetown University Law Center. During this time, Roberts argued 39 cases for the government before the Supreme Court, prevailing in 25 of them. He represented 18 states in United States v. Microsoft. Those cases include: Case Argued Decided Represented First Options v. Kaplan, 514 U.S. 938 (http://laws.findlaw.com March 22, May 22, Respondent /us/514/938.html) 1995 1995 Adams v. Robertson, 520 U.S. 83 (http://laws.findlaw.com January 14, March 3, Respondent /us/520/83.html) 1997 1997 Alaska v. Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government, 522 December February 25, Petitioner U.S. 520 (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/522/520.html) 10, 1997 1999 Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television, Inc., 523 U.S. 340 January 21, March 31, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/523/340.html) 1998 1998 National Collegiate Athletic Association v. Smith, 525 U.S. 459 January 20, February 23, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/525/459.html) 1999 1999 Rice v. Cayetano, 528 U.S. 495 (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/528 October 6, February 23, Respondent /495.html) 1999 2000 Eastern Associated Coal Corp. v. Mine Workers, 531 U.S. 57 October 2, November Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/531/57.html) 2000 28, 2000 TrafFix Devices, Inc. v. Marketing Displays, Inc., 532 U.S. 23 November March 20, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/532/23.html) 29, 2000 2001 Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams, 534 U.S. 184 November 7, January 8, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/534/184.html) 2001 2002 Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. v. Tahoe Regional January 7, April 23, Planning Agency, 535 U.S. 302 (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/535 Respondent 2002 2002 /302.html) Rush Prudential HMO, Inc. v. Moran, 536 U.S. 355 January 16, June 20, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/536/355.html) 2002 20023 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Gonzaga University v. Doe, 536 U.S. 273 April 24, June 20, Petitioner (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/536/273.html) 2002 2002 Barnhart v. Peabody Coal Co., 537 U.S. 149 October 8, January 15, Respondent (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/537/149.html) 2002 2003 Smith v. Doe, 538 U.S. 84 (http://laws.findlaw.com/us/538 November March 5, Petitioner /84.html) 13, 2002 2003 During the late 1990s, while working for Hogan & Hartson, Roberts served as a member of the steering committee of the Washington, D.C. chapter of the conservative Federalist Society.[8] In 2000, Roberts traveled to Tallahassee, Florida to advise Jeb Bush, then the Governor of Florida, concerning the latters actions in the Florida election recount during the presidential election.[9] On May 10, 2001, President George W. Bush nominated Roberts for a different seat on the D.C. Circuit, which had been vacated by James L. Buckley. The Senate at the time, however, was controlled by the Democrats, who were in conflict with Bush over his judicial nominees. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-VT, refused to give Roberts a hearing in the 107th Congress.[10] The GOP regained control of the Senate on January 7, 2003, and Bush resubmitted Robertss nomination that day. Roberts was confirmed on May 8, 2003,[11] and received his commission on June 2, 2003. During his two year tenure on the D.C. Circuit, Roberts authored 49 opinions, eliciting two dissents from other judges, and authoring three dissents of his own. Notable decisions on the D.C. Circuit include the following: Fourth and Fifth Amendments Hedgepeth v. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, 386 F.3d 1148,[12] involved a 12-year-old girl who was arrested, searched, handcuffed, driven to police headquarters, booked, and fingerprinted after she violated a publicly advertised zero tolerance "no eating" policy in a Washington Metro station by eating a single french fry. She was released to her mother three hours later. She sued, alleging that an adult would have only received a citation for the same offense, while children must be detained until parents are notified. The D.C. Circuit unanimously affirmed the district courts dismissal of the case, which was predicated on alleged violations of the Fourth Amendment (unreasonable search and seizure) and Fifth Amendment (equal protection). "No one is very happy about the events that led to this litigation," Roberts wrote, and noted that the policies under which the girl was apprehended had since been changed. Because age discrimination is evaluated using a rational basis test, however, only weak state interests were required to justify the policy, and the panel concluded they were present. "Because parents and guardians play an essential role in that rehabilitative process, it is reasonable for the District to seek to ensure their participation, and the method chosen — detention until the parent is notified and retrieves the child — certainly does that, in a way issuing a citation might not." The court concluded that the policy and detention were constitutional, noting that "the question before us... is not whether these policies were a bad idea, but whether they violated the Fourth and Fifth Amendments to the Constitution," language reminiscent of Justice Potter Stewarts dissent in Griswold v. Connecticut. "We are not asked in this case to say whether we think this law is unwise, or even asinine," Stewart had written; "[w]e are asked to hold that it violates the United States Constitution. And that, I cannot do."4 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Military tribunals In Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, Roberts was part of a unanimous Circuit panel overturning the district court ruling and upholding military tribunals set up by the Bush administration for trying terrorism suspects known as enemy combatants. Circuit Judge A. Raymond Randolph, writing for the court, ruled that Salim Ahmed Hamdan, a driver for al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden,[13] could be tried by a military court because: 1. the military commission had the approval of the United States Congress; 2. the Third Geneva Convention is a treaty between nations and as such it does not confer individual rights and remedies enforceable in U.S. courts; 3. even if the Convention could be enforced in U.S. courts, it would not be of assistance to Hamdan at the time because, for a conflict such as the war against Al-Qaeda (considered by the court as a separate war from that against Afghanistan itself) that is not between two countries, it guarantees only a certain standard of judicial procedure without speaking to the jurisdiction in which the prisoner must be tried. The court held open the possibility of judicial review of the results of the military commission after the current proceedings have ended.[14] This decision was overturned on June 29, 2006 by the Supreme Court in a 5-3 decision, with Roberts not participating due to his prior ruling as a circuit judge. Environmental regulation Roberts wrote a dissent in Rancho Viejo, LLC v. Norton, 323 F.3d 1062 (http://laws.lp.findlaw.com /dc/015373b.html) , a case involving the protection of a rare California toad under the Endangered Species Act. When the court denied a rehearing en banc, 334 F.3d 1158 (http://laws.lp.findlaw.com/dc/015373b.html) (D.C. Cir. 2003), Roberts dissented, arguing that the panel opinion was inconsistent with United States v. Lopez and United States v. Morrison in that it incorrectly focused on whether the regulation substantially affects interstate commerce rather than on whether the regulated activity does. In Robertss view, the Commerce Clause of the Constitution did not permit the government to regulate activity affecting what he called "a hapless toad" that "for reasons of its own, lives its entire life in California." He said that reviewing the panel decision would allow the court "alternative grounds for sustaining application of the Act that may be more consistent with Supreme Court precedent."[15] Main article: John Roberts Supreme Court nomination and hearings On July 19, 2005, President Bush nominated Roberts to the U.S. Supreme Court to fill a vacancy that would be created by the retirement of Justice Sandra Day OConnor. Roberts was the first Supreme Court nominee since Stephen Breyer in 1994. Bush announced Robertss nomination in a live, nationwide television broadcast from the East Room of the White House at 9 p.m. Eastern Time.5 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist died on September 3, 2005, while Robertss confirmation was still pending before the Senate. Shortly thereafter, on September 5, Bush withdrew Robertss nomination as OConnors successor and announced Robertss new nomination to the position of Chief Justice.[16] Bush asked the Senate to expedite Robertss confirmation hearings to fill the vacancy by the beginning of the Supreme Courts session in early October. John Roberts appears in the Robertss testimony on his jurisprudence background, while President Bush is announcing his nomination for the During his confirmation hearings, Roberts said that he did not have a position of Chief Justice. comprehensive jurisprudential philosophy, and he did "not think beginning with an all-encompassing approach to constitutional interpretation is the best way to faithfully construe the document".[17][18] Roberts analogized judges to baseball umpires: "[I]ts my job to call balls and strikes, and not to pitch or bat."[19] Roberts demonstrated an encyclopedic knowledge of Supreme Court precedent, which he discussed without notes. Among the issues he discussed were: Commerce Clause "Starting with McCulloch v. Maryland, Chief Justice John Marshall gave a very broad and expansive reading to the powers of the Federal Government and explained generally that if the ends be legitimate, then any means chosen to achieve them are within the power of the Federal Government, and cases interpreting that, throughout the years, have come down. Certainly, by the time Lopez was decided, many of us had learned in law school that it was just sort of a formality to say that interstate commerce was affected and that cases werent going to be thrown out that way. Lopez certainly breathed new life into the Commerce Clause. "I think it remains to be seen, in subsequent decisions, how rigorous a showing, and in many cases, it is just a showing. Its not a question of an abstract fact, does this affect interstate commerce or not, but has this body, the Congress, demonstrated the impact on interstate commerce that drove them to legislate? Thats a very important factor. It wasnt present in Lopez at all. I think the members of Congress had heard the same thing I had heard in law school, that this is unimportant — and they hadnt gone through the process of establishing a record in that case."[18] Federalism Roberts has shown a pragmatic approach to federalism in the past, stating on the radio in 1999: "We have gotten to the point these days where we think the only way we can show we’re serious about a problem is if we pass a Federal law, whether it is the Violence Against Women Act or anything else. The fact of the matter is conditions are different in different States, and State laws can be more relevant is I think exactly the right term, more attune to the different situations in New York, as opposed to Minnesota, and that is what the Federal system is based on.’ Here he shows deference for the federal nature of the United States of America. Roberts continues (a defence to his pragmatism) by responding to this 1999 radio show quote given by Feingold, in saying: "just because you have a problem that needs addressing, it’s not necessarily the case that Federal legislation is the best way to address it."6 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Reviewing Acts of Congress "The Supreme Court has, throughout its history, on many occasions described the deference that is due to legislative judgments. Justice Holmes described assessing the constitutionality of an act of Congress as the gravest duty that the Supreme Court is called upon to perform. ... Its a principle that is easily stated and needs to be observed in practice, as well as in theory. "Now, the Court, of course, has the obligation, and has been recognized since Marbury v. Madison, to assess the constitutionality of acts of Congress, and when those acts are challenged, it is the obligation of the Court to say what the law is. The determination of when deference to legislative policy judgments goes too far and becomes abdication of the judicial responsibility, and when scrutiny of those judgments goes too far on the part of the judges and becomes what I think is properly called judicial activism, that is certainly the central dilemma of having an unelected, as you describe it correctly, undemocratic judiciary in a democratic republic."[18][citation needed] Stare Decisis In referring to Brown v. Board that overturned school segregation: "the Court in that case, of course, overruled a prior decision. I dont think that constitutes judicial activism because obviously if the decision is wrong, it should be overruled. Thats not activism. Thats applying the law correctly."[20] Roe v. Wade While working as a lawyer for the Reagan administration, Roberts wrote legal memos defending administration policies on abortion.[21] At his nomination hearing Roberts testified that the legal memos represented the views of the administration he was representing at the time and not necessarily his own.[22] "Senator, I was a staff lawyer; I didnt have a position," Roberts said.[22] As a lawyer in the George H. W. Bush administration, Roberts signed a legal brief urging the court to overturn Roe v. Wade.[23] In private meetings with senators before his confirmation, Roberts testified that Roe was settled law, but added that it was subject to the legal principle of stare decisis,[24] meaning that while the Court must give some weight to the precedent, it was not legally bound to uphold it. In his Senate testimony, Roberts said that, while sitting on the Appellate Court, he had an obligation to respect precedents established by the Supreme Court, including the controversial decision invalidating many restrictions on the right to an abortion. He stated: "Roe v. Wade is the settled law of the land. ... There is nothing in my personal views that would prevent me from fully and faithfully applying that precedent, as well as Casey." Following the traditional reticence of nominees to indicate which way they might vote on an issue likely to come before the Supreme Court, he did not explicitly say whether he would vote to overturn either.[17] Confirmation On September 22, the Senate Judiciary Committee approved Robertss nomination by a vote of 13–5, with Senators Ted Kennedy, Richard Durbin, Charles Schumer, Joe Biden and Dianne Feinstein casting the dissenting votes. Roberts was confirmed by the full Senate on September 29 by a margin of 78–22.[25] All Republicans and the one Independent voted for Roberts; the Democrats split evenly, 22–22. Roberts was confirmed by what was, historically, a narrow margin for a Supreme Court justice. However, all subsequent confirmation votes have been even narrower,[26][27][28] and the nomination of Harriet Miers was never even voted on.7 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Main article: Roberts Court Roberts took the Constitutional oath of office, administered by senior Associate Justice John Paul Stevens at the White House, on September 29. On October 3, he took the judicial oath provided for by the Judiciary Act of 1789 at the United States Supreme Court building, prior to the first oral arguments of the 2005 term. Ending weeks of speculation, Roberts wore a plain black robe, dispensing with the gold sleeve-bars added to the Chief Justices robes by his predecessor. Then 50, Roberts became the youngest member of the Court, and the third-youngest person to have ever become Chief Justice (John Jay was appointed at age 44 in 1789 Roberts is sworn in as Chief Justice by while John Marshall was appointed at age 45 in 1801). However, many Justice John Paul Stevens in the East Associate Justices, such as Clarence Thomas (appointed at age 43) and Room of the White House, September William O. Douglas (appointed at age 41 in 1939), have joined the Court 29, 2005. at a younger age than Roberts. Since joining the court, Justice Antonin Scalia has said that Roberts "pretty much run[s] the show the same way" as Rehnquist, albeit "let[ting] people go on a little longer at conference ... but [hell] get over that."[29] Roberts has been portrayed as a consistent advocate for conservative principles by analysts such as Jeffrey Toobin.[30] Seventh Circuit Judge Diane Sykes, surveying Robertss first term on the court, concluded that his jurisprudence "appears to be strongly rooted in the discipline of traditional legal method, evincing a fidelity to text, structure, history, and the constitutional hierarchy. He exhibits the restraint that flows from the careful application of established decisional rules and the practice of reasoning from the case law. He appears to place great stock in the process-oriented tools and doctrinal rules that guard against the aggregation of judicial power and keep judicial discretion in check: jurisdictional limits, structural federalism, textualism, and the procedural rules that govern the scope of judicial review."[31] Early decisions On January 17, 2006, Roberts dissented along with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas in Gonzales v. Oregon, which held that the Controlled Substances Act does not allow the United States Attorney General to prohibit physicians from prescribing drugs for the assisted suicide of the terminally ill as permitted by an Oregon law. The point of contention in this case was largely one of statutory interpretation, not federalism. On March 6, 2006, Roberts wrote the unanimous decision in Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights that colleges accepting federal money must allow military recruiters on campus, despite university objections to the Clinton administration-initiated "dont ask, dont tell" policy. Fourth Amendment Roberts wrote his first dissent in the case Georgia v. Randolph, decided March 22, 2006. The majoritys decision prohibited police from searching a home if, as in this case, both occupants are present but one occupant objected while another consented. Robertss dissent criticized the majority opinion as inconsistent with prior case law and for basing its reasoning in part on its perception of social custom. Notice and opportunity to be heard8 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Although Roberts has often sided with Scalia and Thomas, Roberts provided a crucial vote against their position in Jones v. Flowers. In Jones, Roberts sided with liberal justices of the court in ruling that, before a home is seized and sold in a tax-forfeiture sale, due diligence must be demonstrated and proper notification needs to be sent to the owners. Dissenting were Anthony Kennedy along with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas. Samuel Alito did not participate, while Robertss opinion was joined by David Souter, Stephen Breyer, John Paul Stevens, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Abortion On the Supreme Court, Roberts has indicated he supports some abortion restrictions. In Gonzales v. Carhart (2007), the only significant abortion case the court has decided since Roberts joined, he voted with the majority to uphold the constitutionality of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. Justice Anthony Kennedy, writing for a five-justice majority, distinguished Stenberg v. Carhart, and concluded that the courts previous decision in Planned Parenthood v. Casey did not prevent Congress from banning the procedure. The decision left the door open for future as-applied challenges, and did not address the broader question of whether Congress had the authority to pass the law.[32] Justice Clarence Thomas filed a concurring opinion, contending that the Courts prior decisions in Roe v. Wade and Casey should be reversed; Roberts declined to join that opinion. Equal protection clause Roberts opposes the use of race in assigning students to particular schools, including for purposes such as maintaining integrated schools.[33] He sees such plans as discrimination in violation of the constitutions equal protection clause and Brown v. Board of Education.[33][34] In Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1, the court considered two voluntarily adopted school district plans that relied on race to determine which schools certain children may attend. The court had held in Brown that "racial discrimination in public education is unconstitutional,"[35] and later, that "racial classifications, imposed by whatever federal, state, or local governmental actor, ... are constitutional only if they are narrowly tailored measures that further compelling governmental interests,"[36] and that this "[n]arrow tailoring ... require[s] serious, good faith consideration of workable race-neutral alternatives."[37] Roberts cited these cases in writing for the Parents Involved majority, concluding that the school districts had "failed to show that they considered methods other than explicit racial classifications to achieve their stated goals."[38] In a section of the opinion joined by four other Justices, Roberts added that "[t]he way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discriminating on the basis of race." Free speech Roberts authored the 2007 student free speech case Morse v. Frederick, ruling that a student in a public school- sponsored activity does not have the right to advocate drug use on the basis that the right to free speech does not invariably prevent the exercise of school discipline.[39] On April 20, 2010, in United States v. Stevens, the Supreme Court struck down an animal cruelty law. Roberts, writing for an 8-1 majority, found that a federal statute criminalizing the commercial production, sale, or possession of depictions of cruelty to animals, was an unconstitutional abridgment of the First Amendment right to freedom of speech. The Court held that the statute was substantially overbroad; for example, it could allow prosecutions for selling photos of out-of-season hunting.[40] Non-judicial duties of the Chief Justice9 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts As Chief Justice, Roberts also serves in a variety of non-judicial roles, including Chancellor of the Smithsonian Institution and leading the Judicial Conference of the United States. Perhaps the best known of these is the custom of the Chief Justice administering the oath of office at Presidential inaugurations. Roberts debuted in this capacity at the inauguration of Barack Obama on January 20, 2009. (As a Senator, Obama had voted against Robertss confirmation to the Supreme Court, making the event doubly a first: the first time a president was sworn in by someone whose confirmation Barack Obama being administered he opposed.[41]) Things did not go smoothly. According to columnist Jeffrey the oath of office by Roberts a Toobin: second time on January 21, 2009. Through intermediaries, Roberts and Obama had agreed how to divide the thirty-five-word oath for the swearing in. Obama was first supposed to repeat the clause “I, Barack Hussein Obama, do solemnly swear.” But, when Obama heard Roberts begin to speak, he interrupted Roberts before he said “do solemnly swear.” This apparently flustered the Chief Justice, who then made a mistake in the next line, inserting the word “faithfully” out of order. Obama smiled, apparently recognizing the error, then tried to follow along. Roberts then garbled another word in the next passage, before correctly reciting, “preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.”[42] Part of the difficulty was that Roberts did not have the text of the oath with him but relied on his memory. On later occasions when Roberts has administered an oath, he has taken the text with him. The Associated Press reported that "[l]ater, as the two men shook hands in the Capitol, Roberts appeared to say the mistake was his fault."[43] The following evening in the White House Map Room with reporters present, Roberts and Obama repeated the oath correctly. This was, according to the White House, done in "an abundance of caution" to ensure that the constitutional requirement had been met. Roberts is one of thirteen Catholic justices — out of 111 justices total — in the history of the Supreme Court.[44] Of those thirteen justices, six (Roberts, Anthony Kennedy, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, and Sonia Sotomayor) are currently serving. Roberts married Jane Sullivan in Washington in 1996.[3] She is an attorney, a Catholic, and a trustee (along with Clarence Thomas) at her alma mater, the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. The couple adopted two children, John (Jack) and Josephine (Josie).[3] Health Roberts suffered a seizure on July 30, 2007, while at his vacation home on Hupper Island off the village of Port Clyde in St. George, Maine.[45][46] As a result of the seizure he fell five to ten feet on a dock near his house but suffered only minor scrapes.[45] He was taken by private boat to the mainland[46] (which is several hundred yards from the island) and then by ambulance to Penobscot Bay Medical Center in Rockport, where he stayed overnight, according to Supreme Court spokesperson Kathy Arberg.[47] Doctors called the incident a benign idiopathic seizure, which means there was no identifiable physiological cause.[45][46][48][49] Roberts had suffered a similar seizure in 1993.[45][46][48] After this first seizure, Roberts temporarily limited some of his activities, such as driving. According to Senator Arlen Specter, who chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee during Robertss nomination to be Chief Justice in 2005, senators were aware of this seizure when10 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts they were considering his nomination, but the committee did not think it was significant enough to bring up during his confirmation hearings. Federal judges are not required by law to release information about their health.[45] According to neurologist Dr. Marc Schlosberg of Washington Hospital Center, who has no direct connection to the Roberts case, someone who has had more than one seizure without any other cause is by definition determined to have epilepsy. After two seizures, the likelihood of another at some point is greater than 60 percent.[46] Dr. Steven Garner of New York Methodist Hospital, who is also uninvolved with the case, said that Robertss previous history of seizures means that the second incident may be less serious than if this were a newly emerging problem.[48] The Supreme Court said in a statement Roberts has "fully recovered from the incident," and a neurological evaluation "revealed no cause for concern." Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a CNN contributor and a neurosurgeon not involved in Robertss case, said when an otherwise healthy person has a seizure, his doctor would investigate whether the patient had started any new medications and had normal electrolyte levels. If those two things were normal, then a brain scan would be performed. If Roberts does not have another seizure within a relatively short time period, Gupta said he was unsure if Roberts would be given the diagnosis of epilepsy. He said the Chief Justice may need to take an anti-seizure medication.[49] Personal finances According to a 16-page financial disclosure form Roberts submitted to the Senate Judiciary Committee prior to his Supreme Court confirmation hearings, his net worth was more than $6 million, including $1.6 million in stock holdings. At the time Roberts left private practice to join the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2003, he took a pay cut from $1 million a year to $171,800; as Chief Justice his salary is $217,400. Roberts also holds a one-eighth interest in a cottage in Knocklong, an Irish village in County Limerick. His wifes family descend from Charleville, County Cork, County Kerry, and County Fermanagh in Ireland. In August 2010, Roberts sold his stock in Pfizer, which allows him to participate in two pending cases involving the pharmaceutical maker. Justices are required to recuse themselves in cases in which they own stock of a party.[50] The University of Michigan Law Library (External Links, below) has compiled fulltext links to these articles and a number of briefs and arguments. Developments in the Law — Zoning, "The Takings Clause," 91 Harv. L. Rev. 1462 (1978). (Section III of a longer article beginning on p. 1427) Comment, "Contract Clause — Legislative Alteration of Private Pension Agreements: Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus," 92 Harv. L. Rev. 86 (1978). (Subsection C of a longer article beginning on p. 57) New Rules and Old Pose Stumbling Blocks in High Court Cases, Legal Times, February 26, 1990, co-authored with E. Barrett Prettyman, Jr. "Article III Limits on Statutory Standing". Duke Law Journal 42: 1219. 1993. Riding the Coattails of the Solicitor General, Legal Times, March 29, 1993. The New Solicitor General and the Power of the Amicus, The Wall Street Journal, May 5, 1993. "The 1992–1993 Supreme Court". Public Interest Law Review 107. 1994. Forfeitures: Does Innocence Matter?, New Jersey Law Journal, October 9, 1995.11 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Thoughts on Presenting an Effective Oral Argument, School Law in Review (1997). Link (http://www.nsba.org/site/docs/36400/36316.pdf) The Bush Panel, 2003 BYU L. Rev. 62 (2003). (Part of a tribute to Rex. E. Lee beginning on p. 1. "The Bush Panel" contains a speech by Roberts.) "Oral Advocacy and the Re-emergence of a Supreme Court Bar". Journal of Supreme Court History 30 (1): 68–81. 2005. doi:10.1111/j.1059-4329.2005.00098.x (http://dx.doi.org /10.1111%2Fj.1059-4329.2005.00098.x) . "What Makes the D.C. Circuit Different? A Historical View" (http://www.virginialawreview.org /content/pdfs/92/375.pdf) (PDF). Virginia Law Review 92 (3): 375. 2006. http://www.virginialawreview.org/content/pdfs/92/375.pdf. "A Tribute to Chief Justice Rehnquist" (http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/119/Nov05 /Rehnquist_TributeFTX.pdf) (PDF). Harvard Law Review 119: 1. 2005. http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/119/Nov05/Rehnquist_TributeFTX.pdf. Demographics of the Supreme Court of the United States List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States List of United States Chief Justices by time in office List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office United States Supreme Court cases during the Roberts Court News articles "Roberts Listed in Federalist Society 97-98 Directory". Washington Post. July 25, 2005.[51] "Appellate judge Roberts is Bush high-court pick." MSNBC. July 19, 2005.[52] Argetsinger, Amy, and Jo Becker. "The nominee as a young pragmatist: under Reagan, Roberts tackled tough issues." Washington Post. July 22, 2005.[53] Barbash, Fred, et al.: "Bush to nominate Judge John G. Roberts Jr." Washington Post. July 19, 2005.[54] Becker, Jo, and R. Jeffrey Smith. "Record of accomplishment — and some contradictions." Washington Post. July 20, 2005.[55] Bumuller, Elisabeth, and David Stout: "President chooses conservative judge as nominee to court." New York Times. July 19, 2005.[56] Entous, Adam. "Bush picks conservative Roberts for Supreme Court." Reuters. July 19, 2005.[57] Goodnough, Abby. "Nominee Gave Quiet Advice on Recount" New York Times. July 21, 2005.[58] Lane, Charles. "Federalist affiliation misstated: Roberts does not belong to group." Washington Post. July 21, 2005.[59] Lane, Charles. "Short record as judge is under a microscope." Washington Post. July 21, 2005.[60] Groppe, Maureen, and John Tuohy. "If you ask John where hes from, he says Indiana." Indianapolis Star. July 20, 2005.[61] McFeatters, Ann. "John G. Roberts Jr. is Bush choice for Supreme Court." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. July 19, 2005.[62] Riechmann, Deb. "Federal judge Roberts is Bushs choice." Associated Press. July 20, 2005.[63]12 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts "Roberts: A smart, self-effacing Eagle Scout." Associated Press. July 20, 2005.[64] "Who Is John G. Roberts Jr.?" ABC News. July 19, 2005.[65] Government/official biographies "President announces Judge John Roberts as Supreme Court nominee." Office of the Press Secretary, Executive Office of the President.[66] "Roberts, John G., Jr." Federal Judicial Center.[67] "John G. Roberts biography." Office of Legal Policy, U.S. Department of Justice.[68] "Biographical Sketches of the Judges of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit." United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.[69] John G. Roberts Questionnaire for Appeals Court Confirmation Hearing (p. 297–339) and responses to Questions from Various Senators (p. 443–461)[70] Other Coffin, Shannen W. "Meet John Roberts: The President Makes the Best Choice." National Review Online. July 19, 2005.[71] "Former Hogan & Hartson partner nominated for the U.S. Supreme Court." Hogan & Hartson, LLP. July 20, 2005.[72] Goldman, Jerry. "John G. Roberts, Jr." Oyez.[73] "John G. Roberts, Jr. Fact Sheet" La Lumiere School.[74] "John G. Roberts federal campaign contributions." Newsmeat.com. July 19, 2005.[75] "Progress for America: Support for the Confirmation of John G. Roberts"[76] "Report of the Alliance for Justice: Opposition to the Confirmation of John G. Roberts to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit." Alliance for Justice.[77] Joel K. Goldstein, "Not Hearing History: A Critique of Chief Justice Robertss Reinterpretation of Brown," 69 Ohio St. L.J. 791 (2008).[78] 1. ^ John G. Roberts (http://www.nndb.com/people 4. ^ Notre Dame Catholic Church & School. "Notre /746/000099449/) bio from Notable Names Database Dame Parish: Alumni" 2. ^ "Ancestry of John G. Roberts" (http://www.notredameparish.net/?webpage_id=12) . (http://www.wargs.com/other/robertsj.html) . http://www.notredameparish.net/?webpage_id=12. Wargs.com. http://www.wargs.com/other Retrieved 2008-12-05. /robertsj.html. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 5. ^ Matthew Continetti, John Robertss Other Papers, 3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Purdum, Todd S.; Jodi Wilgoren and The Weekly Standard, 8 Aug. 2005, available at Pam Belluck (2005-07-21). "Court Nominees Life Is http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public Rooted in Faith and Respect for Law" /Articles/000/000/005/897apaaf.asp (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/21/politics 6. ^ Becker, Jo (September 8, 2005), "Work on Rights /21nominee.html?ex=1279598400& Might Illuminate Robertss Views" en=c055515d290a3215&ei=5090& (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content partner=rssuserland&emc=rss) . The New York /article/2005/09/07/AR2005090702394.html) , The Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/21/politics Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com /21nominee.html?ex=1279598400& /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09 en=c055515d290a3215&ei=5090& /07/AR2005090702394.html, retrieved March 1, partner=rssuserland&emc=rss. Retrieved 2011 2008-12-05. 7. ^ Tomasky, Michael, "Obama, gay marriage, the13 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts constitution and the Crackerjack prize" docid=f:92548.wais. Retrieved December 6, 2008. (http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree 18. ^ a b c Hearings before the Committee on the /michaeltomasky/2011/feb/24/obama-administration- Judiciary, United States Senate, 108th Congress, 1st gay-rights-doma-constitution) The Guardian blog, Session (http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate February 24, 2011, retrieved March 1, 2011 /pdf/108hrg/92548.pdf) , U.S. Government Printing 8. ^ Lane, Charles (July 25, 2005). "Roberts Listed in Office. Retrieved April 12, 2010. Federalist Society 97–98 Directory" 19. ^ Statement of John G. Roberts, Jr., Nominee to be (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content Chief Justice of the United States (pdf) /article/2005/07/24/AR2005072401201.html) . The (http://www.gpoaccess.gov/congress/senate/judiciary Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com /sh109-158/55-56.pdf) /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 20. ^ "Testimony of the Honorable Dick Thornburgh" /24/AR2005072401201.html. Retrieved December 5, (http://judiciary.senate.gov/hearings 2008. /testimony.cfm?id=1611&wit_id=4609) (Press 9. ^ Wallsten, Peter (July 21, 2005). "Confirmation Path release). United States Senate Committee on the May Run Through Florida" Judiciary. September 15, 2005. (http://articles.latimes.com/2005/jul/21/nation http://judiciary.senate.gov/hearings /na-recount21) . Los Angeles Times: p. A–22. /testimony.cfm?id=1611&wit_id=4609. Retrieved http://articles.latimes.com/2005/jul/21/nation December 5, 2008. /na-recount21. 21. ^ Greenburg, Jan Crawford (2007). Supreme 10. ^ Pat Leahy, Judiciary Committee Chairman? Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2006/oct/16 Control of the United States Supreme Court. New /20061016-100753-4244r/) , The Washington Times York: Penguin Press. p. 232. (October 17, 2006) 22. ^ a b Goldstein, Amy; Charles Babington 11. ^ See 149 Cong. Rec. S5980 (2003). (2005-09-15). "Roberts Avoids Specifics on 12. ^ Hedgepeth v. Washington Metropolitan Area Abortion Issue" (http://www.washingtonpost.com Transit Authority, DC 03-7149 /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09 (http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/docs/common /13/AR2005091300682.html) . The Washington Post. /opinions/200410/03-7149a.pdf) (United States http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content District Court for the District of Columbia 2004). /article/2005/09/13/AR2005091300682.html. 13. ^ "Lawyer says Hamden not al-Qaeda - Yemeni was Retrieved December 6, 2008. bin Ladens driver - local" 23. ^ Greenburg, Jan Crawford (2007). Supreme (http://www.yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=712& Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for p=local&a=5) . Yemen Times. Control of the United States Supreme Court. New http://www.yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=712& York: Penguin Press. p. 226. p=local&a=5. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 24. ^ Greenburg, Jan Crawford (2007). Supreme 14. ^ http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/docs/common Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for /opinions/200507/04-5393a.pdf Control of the United States Supreme Court. New 15. ^ See also: "Chief Justice Roberts — Constitutional York: Penguin Press. p. 233. Interpretations of Article III and the Commerce 25. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Clause: Will the "Hapless Toad" and "John Q. Votes > Roll Call Vote" (http://www.senate.gov Public" Have Any Protection in the Roberts Court?" /legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists Paul A. Fortenberry and Daniel Canton Beck. 13 U. /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=1& Balt. J. Envtl. L. 55 (2005) vote=00245) . Senate.gov. http://www.senate.gov 16. ^ "Chief Justice Nomination Announcement" /legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists (http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/JusticeNomi) . /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=1& C-SPAN. September 5, 2005. http://www.c- vote=00245. Retrieved 2010-08-26. spanvideo.org/program/JusticeNomi. Retrieved April 26. ^ Roll call vote on the Nomination (Confirmation 14, 2011. Samuel A. Alito, Jr., of New Jersey, to be an 17. ^ a b United States Senate Committee on the Associate Justice ) (http://www.senate.gov/legislative Judiciary (2003). "Confirmation Hearings on Federal /LIS/roll_call_lists Appointments" (http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=2& /cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108_senate_hearings& vote=00002) . United States Senate. January 31, docid=f:92548.wais) . Government Printing Office. 2006. http://www.senate.gov/legislative http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin /LIS/roll_call_lists /getdoc.cgi?dbname=108_senate_hearings& /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=2&14 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts vote=00002. Retrieved 2010-08-05 (http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/06pdf 27. ^ Roll call vote on the Nomination (Confirmation /05-908.pdf) . Sonia Sotomayor, of New York, to be an Associate 39. ^ Economist.com (2007-06-28). "The Supreme Court Justice of the Supreme Court ) says no to race discrimination in schools" (http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists (http://www.economist.com/daily /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1& /news/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9424122& vote=00262) . United States Senate. August 6, 2009. top_story=1) . Economist.com. http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists http://www.economist.com/daily /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1& /news/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9424122& vote=00262. Retrieved 2010-08-05 top_story=1. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 28. ^ Roll call vote on the Nomination (Confirmation 40. ^ Tribune Wire Services. "Supreme court crushes Elena Kagan of Massachusetts, to be an Associate law against animal cruelty videos and photos" Justice of the Supreme Court of the U.S. ) (http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2010/04 (http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists /supreme-court-animal-videos.html) , Los Angeles /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2& Times, April 20, 2010. vote=00229) . United States Senate. August 5, 2010. 41. ^ Associated Press - Chief Justice and Obama seal http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists deal, with a stumble (http://www.msnbc.msn.com /roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2& /id/28753348/) vote=00229. Retrieved 2010-08-05 42. ^ Jefffrey Toobin, No More Mr. Nice Guy, The New 29. ^ "A conversation with Justice Antonin Scalia" Yorker, May 2009 (http://www.newyorker.com (http://www.charlierose.com/view/interview/9141) . /reporting/2009/05 Charlie Rose. http://www.charlierose.com /25/090525fa_fact_toobin?printable=true) ; see also /view/interview/9141. Retrieved 2010-08-07. Tom LoBianco - Chief justice fumbles presidential 30. ^ Toobin, Jeffrey (May 25, 2009). "No More Mr. oath (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009 Nice Guy" (http://www.newyorker.com/reporting /jan/20/obama-roberts-fumble-oath/) /2009/05/25/090525fa_fact_toobin) . The New 43. ^ Chief Justice stumbles giving presidential oath for Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting first time (http://www.waaytv.com/Global /2009/05/25/090525fa_fact_toobin. Retrieved /story.asp?S=9702800) , Associated Press - January 2009-06-28. 20, 2009 2:23 PM ET; see also Toobin, supra ("At 31. ^ Diane S. Sykes, "Of a Judiciary Nature": the lunch in the Capitol that followed, the two men Observations on Chief Justice Robertss First apologized to each other, but Roberts insisted that he Opinions, 34 Pepp. L. Rev. 1027 (2007). was the one at fault"). 32. ^ Justice Thomas wrote separately to emphasize this: 44. ^ Justice Sherman Minton converted to Catholicism "whether the Act constitutes a permissible exercise of after his retirement. See Religious affiliation of Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause is not Supreme Court justices (http://www.adherents.com before the Court" [1] (http://www.law.cornell.edu /adh_sc.html) /supct/html/05-380.ZC.html) . 45. ^ a b c d e Mears, Bill; Jeane Meserve (2007-07-31). 33. ^ a b Toobin, Jeffrey (2008). The Nine: Inside the "Chief justice tumbles after seizure" Secret World of the Supreme Court. New York: (http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/law/07/30/roberts.fall Doubleday. p. 389. ISBN 978-0385516402. /index.html) . CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2007/US 34. ^ Day to Day (2007-06-28). "Justices Reject Race as /law/07/30/roberts.fall/index.html. Retrieved Factor in School Placement" (http://www.npr.org 2008-12-05. /templates/story/story.php?storyId=11507805) . NPR. 46. ^ a b c d e Sherman, Mark (2007-07-31). "Chief http://www.npr.org/templates/story Justice Roberts Suffers Seizures" /story.php?storyId=11507805. Retrieved 2010-08-26. (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content 35. ^ Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, /article/2007/07 [http://supreme.justia.com/us/349/294/case.html#298 /30/AR2007073001119.html?hpid=topnews) . The 349 U.S. 294, 298 (1955) (Brown II). Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com 36. ^ Adarand Constructors v. Pena, 515 U.S. 200 /wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07 (http://supreme.justia.com/us/515/200/case.html) , /30/AR2007073001119.html?hpid=topnews. 227 (1995). Retrieved 2008-12-05. 37. ^ Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306 47. ^ Maine Today staff (2007-07-30). "Chief Justice (http://supreme.justia.com/us/539/306/case.html) , John Roberts hospitalized in Maine" 339 (2003). (http://news.mainetoday.com/updates/014236.html) . 38. ^ Parents Involved, slip op. at 16 Maine Today. http://news.mainetoday.com/updates15 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts /014236.html. Retrieved 2008-12-05. Contradictions" (http://www.washingtonpost.com 48. ^ a b c McCaleb, Ian; Associated Press (2007-07-31). /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 "President Bush Phones Chief Justice John Roberts at /19/AR2005071902065.html) . The Washington Post. Hospital" (http://www.foxnews.com/story http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /0,2933,291465,00.html) . Fox News. /article/2005/07/19/AR2005071902065.html. http://www.foxnews.com/story Retrieved May 6, 2010. /0,2933,291465,00.html. Retrieved 2008-12-05. 56. ^ Stout, David; Bumiller, Elisabeth (July 19, 2005). 49. ^ a b Chernoff, Alan; Bill Mears, Dana Bash "Presidents Choice of Roberts Ends a Day of (2007-07-31). "Chief justice leaves hospital after Speculation" (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07 seizure" (http://web.archive.org /19/politics/politicsspecial1/19cnd- /web/20080515234407/http://www.cnn.com/2007/US judge.html?hp&ex=1121832000& /law/07/31/roberts.fall/index.html) . CNN. Archived en=856520306462d3af&ei=5094& from the original (http://www.cnn.com/2007/US partner=homepage) . The New York Times. /law/07/31/roberts.fall/index.html) on May 15, 2008. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/19/politics http://web.archive.org/web/20080515234407/http: /politicsspecial1/19cnd- //www.cnn.com/2007/US/law/07/31/roberts.fall judge.html?hp&ex=1121832000& /index.html. Retrieved 2008-12-05. en=856520306462d3af&ei=5094& 50. ^ Sherman, Mark (September 29, 2010). "Pfizer partner=homepage. Retrieved May 6, 2010. stock sold; Roberts to hear companys cases" 57. ^ "World News, Financial News, Breaking US & (http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/sep/29 International News" (http://today.reuters.com /pfizer-stock-sold-roberts-hear-companys-cases/) . /business/newsarticle.aspx?type=tnBusinessNews& The Washington Times. Associated Press. storyID=nN19377424&imageid=&cap=) . Reuters. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/sep/29 http://today.reuters.com/business /pfizer-stock-sold-roberts-hear-companys-cases/. /newsarticle.aspx?type=tnBusinessNews& Retrieved April 28, 2011. storyID=nN19377424&imageid=&cap=. 51. ^ Lane, Charles (July 25, 2005). "Roberts Listed in 58. ^ "Nominee Gave Quiet Advice on Recount" Federalist Society 97-98 Directory" (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/21/politics (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /21florida.html) New York Times, July 21, 2005 /article/2005/07/24/AR2005072401201.html) . The 59. ^ Lane, Charles (July 21, 2005). "Federalist Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com Affiliation Misstated" /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /24/AR2005072401201.html. Retrieved May 6, 2010. /article/2005/07 52. ^ "‘Full, fair’ hearings pledged for court nominee - /20/AR2005072002431.html?nav=hcmodule) . The The Changing Court- msnbc.com" Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com (http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8625492) . MSNBC. /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 2005-07-20. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8625492. /20/AR2005072002431.html?nav=hcmodule. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 53. ^ Becker, Jo; Argetsinger, Amy (July 22, 2005). 60. ^ Lane, Charles (July 21, 2005). "Short Record as "The Nominee As a Young Pragmatist" Judge Is Under a Microscope" (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /article/2005/07 /article/2005/07/20/AR2005072002322.html) . The /21/AR2005072101782.html?nav=hcmodule) . The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 /20/AR2005072002322.html. Retrieved May 6, 2010. /21/AR2005072101782.html?nav=hcmodule. 61. ^ [2] (http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll Retrieved May 6, 2010. /article?AID=/20050720/NEWS02/507200476) 54. ^ Baker, Peter; VandeHei, Jim (July 20, 2005). "Bush 62. ^ "Bush nominates John G. Roberts Jr. for Supreme Chooses Roberts for Court" Court" (http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/05200 (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content /540299.stm) . Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. July 19, /article/2005/07/19/AR2005071901426.html) . The 2005. http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/05200 Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com /540299.stm. /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 63. ^ [3] (http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story /19/AR2005071901426.html. Retrieved May 6, 2010. /0,1280,-5152882,00.html) 55. ^ Smith, R. Jeffrey; Becker, Jo (July 20, 2005). 64. ^ [4] (http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/07/20 "Record of Accomplishment -- And Some /roberts.profile.ap/)16 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts 65. ^ [5] (http://abclocal.go.com Nationalreview.com. 2005-07-19. /kgo/news%5C071905_nw_john_roberts.html) http://www.nationalreview.com/coffin 66. ^ "President Announces Judge John Roberts as /coffin200507192142.asp. Retrieved 2010-08-26. Supreme Court Nominee" (http://georgewbush- 72. ^ [7] (http://www.hhlaw.com whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2005/07 /site/news.aspx?Show=538) /20050719-7.html) . Georgewbush- 73. ^ Oyez: John G. Roberts, Jr., U.S. Supreme Court whitehouse.archives.gov. 2005-07-19. Chief Justice (http://www.oyez.org/oyez/resource http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov /legal_entity/850/) /news/releases/2005/07/20050719-7.html. Retrieved 74. ^ [8] (http://www.lalumiere.org/about/roberts.htm) 2010-08-26. 75. ^ "NEWSMEAT ▷ John G Robertss Federal 67. ^ Biography of John Glover Roberts, Jr. Campaign Contribution Report" (http://www.fjc.gov/servlet/tGetInfo?jid=3001) from (http://www.newsmeat.com the Federal Judicial Center. /judiciary_political_donations/John_G_Roberts.php) . 68. ^ [6] (http://www.usdoj.gov/olp/robertsbio.htm) Newsmeat.com. 2010-08-05. 69. ^ "U.S. Court of Appeals - D.C. Circuit - Home" http://www.newsmeat.com (http://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/internet.nsf /judiciary_political_donations/John_G_Roberts.php. /Content Retrieved 2010-08-26. /Stub+-+Biographical+Sketches+of+the+Judges+of+ 76. ^ "Judge Roberts" (http://judgeroberts.com/) . Judge U.S.+Court+of+Appeals+for+the+DC+Circuit) . Roberts. http://judgeroberts.com/. Retrieved Cadc.uscourts.gov. http://www.cadc.uscourts.gov 2010-08-07. /internet/internet.nsf/Content 77. ^ http://www.independentjudiciary.com/resources /Stub+-+Biographical+Sketches+of+the+Judges+of+ /docs/John_Roberts_Report.pdf (PDF file) U.S.+Court+of+Appeals+for+the+DC+Circuit. 78. ^ "SSRN-Not Hearing History: A Critique of Chief Retrieved 2010-08-26. Justice Roberts Reinterpretation of Brown by Joel 70. ^ http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate Goldstein" (http://papers.ssrn.com /pdf/108hrg/89324.pdf (large PDF file) /sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1387162) . 71. ^ "Shannen W. Coffin on John Roberts on National Papers.ssrn.com. http://papers.ssrn.com Review Online" (http://www.nationalreview.com /sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1387162. Retrieved /coffin/coffin200507192142.asp) . 2010-08-07. Supreme Court (http://www.supremecourt.gov/) official site with biographies (http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx) Profile (http://www.fjc.gov/servlet/nGetInfo?jid=3001) at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center Legal resources (http://www.loc.gov/law/find/roberts.php) at the Law Library of Congress Biography and writings (http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/justices/roberts.bio.html) at the Legal Information Institute Profile (http://www.oyez.org/justices/john_g_roberts_jr) at the Oyez Project Appearances (http://www.c-spanvideo.org/johngroberts) on C-SPAN Profile (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1982343) at the Internet Movie Database Financial information (http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/candlook.php?CID=N99999922) at OpenSecrets.org Collected news and commentary (http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people /r/john_g_jr_roberts) at The New York Times Works by or about John Roberts (http://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-no99-20426) in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Profile (http://www.nndb.com/people/746/000099449) at Notable Names Database Judge Robertss Published Opinions in a searchable database (http://www.asksam.com/ebooks /JohnRoberts/) Chief Justice John Roberts (http://civilliberty.about.com/od/ussupremecourt/ig/Know-Your-Supreme-17 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Court/Chief-Justice-John-Roberts.htm) at About.com List of Circuit Judge Robertss opinions for the DC Circuit (http://www.anastigmatix.net/reference /JGR.html) Federalist Society (http://www.fed-soc.org/) A summary of media-related cases handled by Supreme Court nominee John G. Roberts Jr. (http://www.rcfp.org/news/documents/20050721-robertsrec.html) from The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, July 21, 2005 SCOTUSblog (http://www.scotusblog.com/movabletype/) List of Chief Justices, including John Roberts, Jr. (http://www.historyguy.com/biofiles /chief_justice_scotus.html) On first day, Roberts sets no-nonsense tone (http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles /2005/10/04/on_first_day_roberts_sets_no_nonsense_tone/) — The Boston Globe Nomination and confirmation Transcript of Senate Judiciary Committee hearing (http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate /pdf/108hrg/92548.pdf) on the nomination of John Roberts to the D.C. circuit (Roberts Q&A on pages 17–79) plain text available here (http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin /getdoc.cgi?dbname=108_senate_hearings&docid=f:92548.wais) Supreme Court Nomination Blog (http://www.sctnomination.com/blog/) Senate Vote on the Roberts nomination (http://www.c-span.org/congress/roberts_senate.asp) Experts Analyze Supreme Court Nominee John Robertss Legal Record (http://www.pbs.org/newshour /bb/law/july-dec05/roberts_7-22.html) Profile of the Nominee (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07 /19/AR2005071900870.html) — The Washington Post A Senate Hearing Primer (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/11/politics/politicsspecial1 /11questions.html?ex=1284091200&en=abf98b4ef43253a8&ei=5090) — The New York Times Video and Transcripts From the Roberts Confirmation Hearings (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09 /13/politics/politicsspecial1/roberts_textindex.html) — The New York Times Search and browse the transcripts from Judge Robertss confirmation hearing (http://www.asksam.com /ebooks/JohnRoberts/confirmation_hearing.asp) Legal offices Judge of the Court of Appeals for the Preceded by District of Columbia Circuit Vacant James Buckley 2003–2005 Preceded by Chief Justice of the United States Incumbent William Rehnquist 2005–present United States order of precedence Preceded by Succeeded by John Boehner Order of Precedence of the United States as Speaker of the House of as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Jimmy Carter as Former President Representatives Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Roberts&oldid=465735657" Categories: 1955 births American people of Czech descent American Roman Catholics Chief Justices of the United States Federalist Society members Georgetown University Law Center faculty Harvard Law School alumni Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit La Lumiere School alumni Law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States18 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM
  • John Roberts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Roberts Lawyers who have represented the United States government Living people People from Buffalo, New York People from LaPorte County, Indiana People with epilepsy Reagan Administration personnel United States court of appeals judges appointed by George W. Bush United States federal judges appointed by George W. Bush United States Department of Justice lawyers Washington, D.C. lawyers This page was last modified on 14 December 2011 at 00:47. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.19 of 19 12/23/2011 8:12 PM