Vitamin, herbs, and nutritional supplements


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  • Good Evening my name is Velma Spates, I attend Kaplan University Online College, and I am in my fourth weeks of class and has six more weeks before graduation. My major is Health Science and will be graduating with a Bachelor Degree in Health and Wellness. My lecture will be on The importance of Vitamin, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements
  • Herbs can be a flowering plant, shrub, tree, or a moss, lichen, fern, algae, seaweed or fungus. Herbal medicines plants are best used fresh, but are not marketed because they are perishable. Herb can be dried whole, or chopped and prepared as an infusion, (steep as tea), or decoctions (simmered over low heat). Flowers, leaves and powdered herbs are infused like Peppermint and chamomile, and fruits, seeds, barks, and roots require decocting like rose hips, cinnamon bark, licorice roots. Fresh and dried herbs can be tinctured as preserved medicine in alcohols. To have access to high quality herbs grow your own in your home garden. Many culinary herbs such as thyme, oregano, and rosemary contain antioxidant and antimicrobial volatile oils and digestive stimulant and antiseptics. Kitchen garden could serve as preventive and therapeutic medicines for minor ailments.
  • Herbs act as natural remedies for all healthcare concerns. They tap into nature’s own therapeutic powers and provide preventative and practical strategies for a wide variety of self-care. Additionally, herbal remedies are a healthy alternative to pharmaceutical drugs, and are untainted by dangerous chemicals or toxic additives. is proud of its holistic approach to healthcare maintenance utilizing the amazing potency of herbs. Medical herbology has been employed the world over for at least five thousand years. Herbs are vital to practitioners of Chinese, Tibetan and Ayurvedic medicine, for example. Western clinical research has only recently acknowledged the efficacy of herbs that other civilizations have been utilizing for millennia.
  • There are 13 different known vitamins and each has a special role to play. Vitamins and minerals play an important role in glucose metabolism, so understanding the impact of vitamin and mineral deficiencies and the potentialutility of supplementation is relevant to the prevention and/or management of type2 diabetes mellitus (DM)They are classified into two groups, fat soluble (A,D, E, and K) and water soluble Vitamin C, B vitamin are thiamin (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pyridoxine (B6), Biotin, Pantothenic Acid and Pantothenic, Folic Acid, Vitamin B12. These vitamins are essential to good health, human body function, energy production (Murray, 1996).
  • Do you know Vitamin A was first recognized fat soluble and major determinant of immune function. Carotene color red and yellow represent most widespread group of naturally occurring pigments in nature. Women if you planning to become pregnant or is at risk for becoming pregnant you must avoid Vitamin A supplementation, or keep vitamin A level below 5000 I.U. or better yet look to carotene. A recent study published in prestigious New England Journal of Medicine stated that vitamin A dosage greater than 10,000 I.U. was responsible 1out of 57 case of birth defect in the United States. Vitamin D our bodies can produce by action of the sunlight on skin. Natural sources of Vitamin D cod liver oil, cold water fish like (mackerel, salmon, herring), butter, dark leafy vegetables, and egg yolk. Vitamin D deficiency in children is rickets and adults osteomalacia. Toxicity will occur if dosage is greater than 1000 I.U. per day. Vitamin E is required for reproduction. Best sources are polyunsaturated vegetable oils, seeds, nuts, and whole grains. Good sources asparagus, avocados, berries, green leafy vegetables and tomatoes. Vitamin E deficiency is rare, and vitamin E function as antioxidant in protecting against damage cell membrane, like heart diseases, cancer and strokes and many other disease like diabetes, cardiovascular, arthritis to name a few. Vitamin K role is known as clotting factor. Food sources dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, lettuce, cabbage, spinach, and green tea is a rich source of vitamin K. Good sources asparagus oats, whole wheat and fresh green peas. Newborn are susceptible to vitamin K deficiency because they do not have gut bacteria, so they are administered intramuscularly to prevent hemorrhagic disease.(Murray, 1996).
  • Vitamin C known as ascorbic acid, essential role in human nutrition. Citrus fruit, broccoli, peppers, potatoes, and Brussels sprouts. It is important to eat fresh fruit quickly because exposure to air destroy vitamin c. Thiamin is the first B vitamin, and severe thiamin deficiency cause a syndrome call beriberi and some of the symptom is mental confusion, muscle wasting (dry beriberi), fluid retention (wet beriberi), high blood pressure, difficulty walking, and heart disturbance. Food source is soybeans, brown rice, sunflower seeds, and peanuts. Thiamin is sensitive to alcohol. Riboflavin or vitamin B2 was recognized as a yellow and green pigment in milk and function in energy production. Food source is organ meat like liver kidney, and heart. Plant source almond, mushrooms, whole grains, soybean green leafy vegetables. Severe riboflavin deficiency is cracking of lips and corner of mouth, inflamed tongue visual disturbance and can produce anemia and seborrhea dermatitis. Niacin is created when the body convert tryptophan. Niacin enzymes play important role in energy production. Rich food source of tryptophan, liver organ meats, eggs, fish, and peanuts. Good food source of niacin is legumes, whole grains milk and avocados. Severe deficiency in Niacin and tryptophan cause pellagra and it is known as the 3 Ds dermatitis, dementia and diarrhea. Pyridoxine vitamin B6 involved in formation of body proteins and structural compounds, chemical transmitter in nervous system, red blood cells, prostaglandins, maintaining hormonal balance and proper immune function. Good plant source whole grains, legumes, bananas, seeds, nuts, potatoes, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. Deficiency we see is depression, convulsion (especially in children), glucose tolerance, anemia, impaired nerve function, cracking of the lip and tongue and seborrhea or eczema.
  • Biotin is a B vitamin function in manufacture of and utilization of fats, and amino acids. Without biotin our body metabolism is severely impaired. Best dietary source is cheese, organ meats, and soybeans. Good sources cauliflower, eggs, mushrooms, nuts, peanuts, and whole wheat. Raw egg white prevent absorption. Deficiency in adults dry, scaly skin, nausea, anorexia and seborrhea. Infant under six month of age seborrhea dermatitis and alopecia (hair loss) or cradle cap. Pantothenic Acid is vitamin B 5 manufacture of coenzyme A (CoA) and acyl carrier protein (ACP), these two play critical roles in utilization of fats and carbohydrates in energy production and manufacture of adrenal hormones and red blood cells. Food sources liver, organ meats milk, fish, poultry, whole grains, legumes, sweet potatoes, broccoli, cauliflower, oranges, and strawberries. Folic acids critical cellular division which mean that cell do not divide properly, development of nervous system of fetus. Deficiency has been link to birth defect like neural tube defects like spinal bifida, depression, atherosclerosis and osteoporosis. Folic acid means foliage found high concentration in green leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, beet green, and chard. Cobalamin or B12 is identified as nutritional factor in liver that prevented pernicious anemia which is a deadly type of anemia characterized by large immature red blood cells. B12 works with folic acid in many body process. B12 is found in animal food, riches sources are liver, and kidney, eggs, fish, cheese, and meat. B12 is stored in liver and kidney and may not show deficiency until 5 to 6 years of poor diet intake or inadequate secretion
  • In the last few years more American than ever are taking nutritional supplements. Over 100 million American take dietary supplement on a regular basis. There are scientific evidence to support the use of nutritional supplementation. The reason why so many are taking supplements, not getting what they need from their diet, supplement makes them feel healthier. These studies indicate the chances of consuming a diet meeting the RDA for all nutrient is extremely unlikely for most Americans. A healthy individual can get all the nutrition he or she needs from foods, but most American do not even come close to meeting all their nutritional needs through diet alone. Many Americans looks to vitamin and mineral supplements to increase their intake of essential nutrient. The fact is most American is deficient in many vitamin and minerals, the level of deficiency is usually not to a point where obvious nutrient deficiencies are apparent. A sever deficiency disease like scurvy (lack of vitamin C) is extremely rare. Subclinical deficiency is used to describe marginal nutrient deficiencies. The only clue of subclinical nutrient deficiency may be fatigue, lethargy, difficulty in concentration, a lack of well being, or some vague symptom.
  • Vitamin, herbs, and nutritional supplements

    1. 1. Vitamin, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements<br />by<br />Velma Spates, <br />06/10/2011<br />
    2. 2. Herbs<br /><ul><li>Definition
    3. 3. Forms
    4. 4. Home Gardens
    5. 5. Kitchen Garden</li></li></ul><li>Longevity Herbs<br />
    6. 6. Vitamins<br /><ul><li> Special Roles
    7. 7. Classified Group
    8. 8. Why are they Important
    9. 9. Martini, L., Catania, A., Ferreira, S., (2010)
    10. 10. (Murray, 1996)</li></li></ul><li>Fat Soluble Vitamins<br />Vitamin A<br />Vitamin D<br />Vitamin E<br />Vitamin K<br />Murray, 1996<br />
    11. 11. Water Soluble Vitamin<br />Vitamin C<br />Thiamin (B1)<br />Riboflavin (B2)<br />Niacin (B3)<br />Pyridoxine (B6)<br />Murray, 1996<br />
    12. 12. Water Soluble Vitamin continue<br />Biotin<br />Pantothenic Acid <br />Folic Acid<br /> Cobalamin, (Vitamin B12)<br />
    13. 13. Nutrition Supplements<br /><ul><li> Growing Popularity
    14. 14. Estimates
    15. 15. Why
    16. 16. Studies</li></ul>Murray ,1996<br />
    17. 17. References<br />Murray, M., (1996), Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements, The Essential Guide for Improving Your Health Naturally, Three River Press, New York<br />Micozzi, M., (2006), Fundamentals of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Third Edition, Saunders Elsevier, Missouri<br /><br />
    18. 18. References<br />Martini, L., Catania, A., and Ferreira, S., (2010), Roles of Vitamin and Mineral in Prevention and management of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Volume 68 Issue 6, p341-354<br /><br />