MobAppDev (Fall 2013): Inter-Activity Data Transfer with Application Objects, Custom Views

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  • 1. MobAppDev Inter-Activity Data Transfer with Application Objects, Custom Views Vladimir Kulyukin www.vkedco.blogspot.com
  • 2. Outline ● Review: Getting Results from Started Activities ● Application Objects for Inter-Activity Data Transfers ● Custom Views
  • 3. Review Getting Results from Started Activities
  • 4. Development Steps: Launcher ● The launcher activity (MainActivity) defines request codes (one for factorial computation and one for sum computation); request codes are integer constants ● The launcher activity uses explicit intents to launch FactCalcActivity and SumCalcActivity with startActivityForResult(intent, request_code) ● The launcher activity implements onActivityResult() that uses request codes to and data intents from the launched activities to display results
  • 5. Development Steps: Launched ● The launched activities (FactCalcActivity & SumCalcActivity) – get the intent from the Bundle passed to onCreate() – extract the numerical argument from the intent – run the required calculations – create a data intent – place the result of the calculation into that intent – call setResult() with the request code and the data intent
  • 6. MathIntents App: Sample Screenshots Enter 4 Source code is here
  • 7. MathIntents App: Sample Screenshots Click on RETURN N+ TO MainActivity
  • 8. MathIntents App: Sample Screenshots Click on RETURN N+ TO MainActivity
  • 9. MathIntents App: Sample Screenshots Click on N!
  • 10. MathIntents App: Sample Screenshots Click on RETURN N! TO MainActivity
  • 11. Inter-Activity Data Transfers with Application Objects
  • 12. Application Objects ● All activities within one application share the Application object that each activity can obtain via getApplication() ● An application can extend the Application class and request Android to create the object of that class ● The custom Application subclass can create data structures for each activity can access for inter-activity data transfers
  • 13. Example ● Develop an app that subclasses the Application class (ImageDisplayerApp) to create its own custom Application class ● The custom Application object allows two activities (ImageRequestAct and ImageRequestProcessorAct) to display original or grayscale bitmaps ● ImageRequestAct is the main activity (launcher) ● ImageRequestAct stores its request in ImageDisplayerApp ● ImageRequestProcessorAct retrieves the request and executes it ● LuminosityConverter does the grayscale conversion ● Source code is here
  • 14. Sample Screenshots
  • 15. Code Fragments
  • 16. Customizing Application Class public class ImageDisplayerApp extends Application { protected int mImgId = -1; protected String mImgOper = ""; public ImageDisplayerApp() { mImgId = -1; mImgOper = ""; } public void storeRequest(int img_id, String oper) { mImgId = img_id; mImgOper = oper; } public void removeRequest() { mImgId = -1; mImgOper = ""; } public int getRequestImgId() { return mImgId; } public String getRequestImgOper() { return mImgOper; } }
  • 17. Customizing Application Class <application android:icon="@drawable/rus_uzor" android:label="@string/app_name" android:theme="@style/AppTheme" android:name=".ImageDisplayerApp" > // Activity nodes </application>
  • 18. Accessing Customized App Object public class ImageRequestAct extends Activity { // This is the custom application object. ImageDisplayerApp mApp = null; @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); // Get the custom app object mApp = (ImageDisplayerApp) this.getApplication(); }
  • 19. How ImageRequestAct Stores Info in Application Object mBtnDisplay.setOnClickListener( new OnClickListener() { @Override public void onClick(View v) { int img_id = new Random().nextInt(10); // explicit use of storeRequest method mApp.storeRequest(img_id, mRes.getString(R.string.display_oper_txt)); startActivity(new Intent(mApp, ImageRequestProcessorAct.class)); }} );
  • 20. mBtnGrayscale.setOnClickListener( new OnClickListener() { @Override public void onClick(View v) { int img_id = new Random().nextInt(10); mApp.storeRequest(img_id, mRes.getString(R.string.grayscale_oper_txt)); startActivity(new Intent(mApp, ImageRequestProcessorAct.class)); } } ); How ImageRequestAct Stores Info in Application Object
  • 21. ImageDisplayerApp thisApp = (ImageDisplayerApp) this.getApplication(); mImgView = (ImageView) this.findViewById(R.id.img_processor_view); mImgView.setImageDrawable(null); int img_id = thisApp.getRequestImgId(); String img_oper = thisApp.getRequestImgOper(); How ImageRequestProcessorAct Retrieves Info from Application Object
  • 22. Custom Views
  • 23. Custom Views ● Views can be customized to change the look and feel of your applications ● Views can be are typically customized by extending either View or SurfaceView classes ● View is a lightweight solution for 2D graphics ● SurfaceView can be used for 3D graphics
  • 24. Sample Custom View Source code is here
  • 25. Code Fragments
  • 26. Custom View Construction ● What Do We Need To Do To Construct Custom Views? ● Step 1: Specify the mathematicians' names in XML (famous_mathematicians.xml) (Same as in Example 1) ● Step 2: Design and develop a mathematician class Mathematician.java ● Step 3: Design and develop a mathematician's view in Java (MathematicianView.java) and in XML (colors.xml, dimens.xml mathematician_view_1.xml) ● Step 4: Create an ArrayAdapter<Mathematician> ● Step 5: Connect ArrayAdapter<Mathematician> to the activity's ListView
  • 27. Custom View Construction: Step 2 Define a Custom Data Type that Needs a Custom View (See Mathematician.java and MathematicianView.java in ListOfMathematicians Project)
  • 28. Custom View Construction: Step 3 (colors.xml) <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <resources> <color name="background_clr">#AAFFFF99</color> <color name="line_clr">#FF0000FF</color> <color name="margin_clr">#90FF0000</color> <color name="text_clr">#AA0000FF</color> </resources>
  • 29. Custom View Construction: Step 3 (mathematician_view_1.xml) <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <org.vkedco.android.listofmathematicians.MathematicianView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:padding="10dp" android:scrollbars="vertical" android:textColor="@color/text_clr" android:textSize="20dp" android:fadingEdge="vertical" />
  • 30. Custom View Construction: Steps 4 & 5 private void populateListViewTwo() { mListOfMathematicians = mRes.getStringArray(R.array.list_of_famous_mathematicians); ArrayList<Mathematician> mathematicians = new ArrayList<Mathematician>(); for(String name : mListOfMathematicians) { String[] fnln = name.trim().split(" "); mathematicians.add(new Mathematician(fnln[0],fnln[1])); } getListView().setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<Mathematician>(this, R.layout.mathematician_view_1, mathematicians)); }