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Holocaust presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Approx. 1933-1945 H ocaust ol
  • 2.  “Holocaust” is a word of Greek origin meaning “ sacrifice by fire”  The Nazis believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, thought to be "inferior“, were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community
  • 3.  “The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.” (Intro to Holocaust)  Methods of death:  Disease  Starvation  Neglect  Maltreatment  Incarceration  Extermination Camps
  • 4.  During WWII, the Nazi camp system expanded rapidly. In some camps, Nazi doctors performed medical experiments on prisoners
  • 5.  To help make the “Final Solution” possible, the Nazis established Killing Centers in Poland, the country with the largest Jewish population. The killing centers were designed for efficient mass murder
  • 6.  The Nazis constructed gas chambers to increase killing efficiency and to make the process more impersonal.  At the Auschwitz camp complex, the Birkenau killing center had four gas chambers. During the height of deportations to the camp, up to 6,000 Jews were gassed each day.  Auschwitz was the site of more than 1,300,000 Jewish deaths.
  • 7.  Elie Wiesel was born September 30, 1928 in a small town in     Transylvania which became part of Hungary during the 1940’s His father was quite involved in the Jewish community and so was Elie himself, familiarizing himself with many Jewish texts Until 1944 the Jewish community of Hungary were relatively unaffected by the catastrophe that was affecting other parts of Europe May of 1944, Wiesel and his family were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. Wiesel’s father, mother, and little sister all died in the Holocaust. Out of the 15,000 Jews in his Pre-War community, only about 50 families survived the Holocaust
  • 8.  In 1956, Weisel published Un di Velt Hot Geshvign which means And the World Remained Silent. It was an account of his life during the Holocaust  In 1958, he translated it from Yiddish into French  The work was then translated into English and published in 1960 as Night
  • 9.  Although the book is Wiesel’s testimony about his experiences, Wiesel is not necessarily the story’s protagonist. The story is told by a boy named Eliezer who is supposed to represent Wiesel. It is a memoir without being classified as one, an attempt at recreating the thoughts and experiences that Wiesel had as a concentration camp prisoner and survivor.  One of the techniques Wiesel uses to ensure this is slightly changing some of the experiences, slight details that change the character from Wiesel himself into this boy.
  • 10.  Movies:  Schindler’s List  Life is Beautiful  The Pianist Books  The Boy in the Striped Pajamas  Number the Stars  The Book Thief The Holocaust Museum in DC