Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
African Philanthropy Vivian_Anugo_April2014
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

African Philanthropy Vivian_Anugo_April2014

426
views

Published on

A Presentation on African Philanthropy and its tenets. This was in defense of my Substantial Research Paper.

A Presentation on African Philanthropy and its tenets. This was in defense of my Substantial Research Paper.


0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
426
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SENEGAL   DRC   SOUTH   AFRICA   NIGERIA   KENYA   NIGERIA   SOUTH   AFRICA   KENYA  DRC   SOUTH   AFRICA   COTE  D’IVOIRE   SENEGAL   NIGERIA   NIGERIA   NIGERIA   SOUTH   AFRICA   SOUTH   AFRICA   SOUTH   AFRICA   SOUTH   AFRICA   NIGERIA   SOUTH   AFRICA   NIGERIA   SOUTH  AFRICA   KENYA   SOUTH   AFRICA   KENYA  CAMEROON   SOUTH  AFRICA   LIBYA   SOUTH   AFRICA  KENYA   KENYA  TANZANIA   UGANDA   SOUTH   AFRICA  SENEGAL   LIBYA  BENIN             African  Philanthropy   ITS  PRAXIS  AND  POTENTIAL  IN  AFRICAN  DEVELOPMENT   By:  Vivian  N.  Anugo  /  American  University  /  M.A.  International  Development  2014   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 2. Research  Purpose   ì  Sustainable  development,  Indigenous  and  Community  Development,   Financial  Alterna;ves/Assistance  to  Foreign  Aid ì  Research  Ques;ons ì  Does  African  Philanthropy  exist?  And  what  are  the  prac;ces? ì  Is  there  poten;al  in  African  Giving  for  the  sustainability  of  African   philanthropy? ì  What  are  the  challenges  it  faces  or  may  face? ì  Main  Methods   ì  Theore;cal  Research:  comprehensive  perusal  of  published  ar;cles,   reports,  books,  journals,  newspapers  and  magazines. Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 3. The  Foreign  Aid  Debate   Jeffrey  Sachs William  Easterly  and   Dambisa  Moyo Abhijit  V.  Banerjee  and   Esther  Duflo •  Poverty  could  have  been   eliminated  if  more  money   had  been  commi4ed •  We  know  what  poor  people   need  and  they  should  be   en;ced  to  do  what  we  feel   is  best •  Aid  does  more  harm  than   good,  and  countries   receiving  aid    have  not   grown  faster  than  others •  Aid  corrupts  governments   and  prevents  people  from   searching  for  their  own   solu;ons •  It’s  less  about  how  much   aid  is  given  but  more  about   where  the  money  is   directed •  Significant  progress  can  be   made  through  the   accumula;on  of  a  set  of   small  well-­‐tested  and   carefully  thought-­‐out  steps. Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 4. African  Philanthropy:  PRAXIS   1000 km1000 km 1000 mi1000 mi00 00 Types  of  African  Philanthropy ì  Ver;cal  Philanthropy ì  Rich  to  Poor ì  Philanthropy  for  the   Community ì  Horizontal  Philanthropy ì  Poor  to  Poor ì  Philanthropy  of  the   Community Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 5. Praxis:  HORIZONTAL  (POOR)  PHILANTHROPY   ì  Spurred  by  compassion,  pity,   mutual  assistance  and  co-­‐ opera;on.   ì  One  to  One:  Between  community     members  e.g.  paying  a  neighbor’s   rent,  or  assis;ng  with  the  child’s   school  fees. ì  Many  to  one:  Within  community   organiza;ons ì  Savings  clubs ì  Burial  socie;es ì  Stockvels  etc. 1000 km1000 km 1000 mi1000 mi00 00 Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 6. Praxis:  VERTICAL  PHILANTHROPY   ì  Spurred  by  responsibility,   compassion,  personal   influence,    poli;cal  interests,   tax  incen;ves.   ì  One  to  Many:  Individual   funding  a  program.   ì  Many  to  Many:  Crowd-­‐funding   or  raising  money  to  advocate   for  a  social  cause  or  in   response  to  a  social  problem. 1000 km1000 km 1000 mi1000 mi00 00 Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 7. Praxis:  CENTRAL  AFRICA     Dikembe  Mutombo •  Congo •  Former  NBA  player •  Over  $20million  to  Biaba  Marie   Mutombo  hospital  in  Congo Noella  Coursaris •  Dem.  Rep.  of  Congo •  Interna;onal  Model •  Secured  delivery  of  $500,000  in   medical  supplies  to  DRC  hospital   Samuel  Eto’o •  Cameroon •  Interna;onal  Football  Player •  Raised  funds  for  football   academy  and  pediatric  hospital Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 8. Praxis:  EASTERN  AFRICA   Chris  Mburu •  Kenya •  UN  human  Rights  Advocate •  Established  Hilde  Back  Educa;on   Fund  for  secondary  school   educa;on Eric  Wainaina •  Kenya •  Singer,  Songwriter •  Raised  $100,000  for  the  1000   Wells  Project Thakkar  Ashish •  Uganda •  Entrepreneur •  Set  up  Mara  Founda;on  to   support  start-­‐up  businesses Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 9. Praxis:  NORTHERN  AFRICA   Basit  Igtet •  Libya •  Zurich-­‐based  Businessman •  Founded  Independent  Libya  Fund   to  support  democracy  and  good   governance   Marwa  El  Daly •  Egypt •  Social  Innovator •  Set  up  the  Maadi  Community   Founda;on  for  community   development Miloud  Chaabi •  Morocco •  Businessman  and  Poli;cian •  Miloud  Chaabi  Founda;on   focused  on  educa;on Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 10. Praxis:  SOUTHERN  AFRICA   Allan  Gray •  South  Africa •  Businessman •  Over  $150million  to  Allan  Gray   Orbis  Founda;on  for  educa;on Donald  Gordon • South  Africa • Businessman • Through  Donald  Gordon  Founda;on,   gave  $17million  to  Witwatersrand   University  and  $33million  to  Royal  Opera   House  and  Wales  Millennium  Center,  UK       Strive  Masiyiwa •  Zimbabwe •  Businessman •  Founded  Capernaum  Trust  for   scholarships  for  28,000  orphans   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 11. Praxis:  WESTERN  AFRICA   Tony  Elumelu •  Nigeria •  Economist,  Banker,  Investor •  Founded  Tony  Elumelu  Founda;on   focused  on  impact  inves;ng  in   African  businesses Angelique  Kidjo •  Rep.  of  Benin •  Singer,  Song-­‐writer •  Set  up  Batonga  Founda;on,  A   $300,000  trust  fund  for  vulnerable   children Kanu  Nwankwo • Nigeria • Interna;onal  Football  Player • Set  up  the  Kanu  Heart  Founda;on   which  has  flown  400  children  for   cri;cal  heart  surgeries Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 12. Potential:  DIASPORA   0   10,000   20,000   30,000   40,000   50,000   60,000   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   Millions  (In  Current  US$)   Years   Africa:  Total  ODA  and  Personal  RemiZances  Received  2002-­‐2012   Personal   Remi-ances   Received     Total  Official   Development   Assistance  Received   Source:  World  Bank   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 13. Potential:  DIASPORA   0   20,000   40,000   60,000   80,000   100,000   120,000   140,000   160,000   180,000   Nigeria   Egypt   Morocco   Tunisia   Sudan   Senegal   South   Africa   Kenya   Algeria   Lesotho   Millions  (In  Current  US$)   Country   10  African  Countries  with  the  Highest  Personal  Remiiances  Received   2002-­‐2012   Personal   RemiZances   Received  2002-­‐2012   ODA  Received   2002-­‐2012   Source:  World  Bank   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 14. Potential:  DIASPORA   0   20,000   40,000   60,000   80,000   100,000   120,000   140,000   160,000   180,000   Millions  (In  Current  US$)   Country   10  African  Countries  with  the  Highest  ODA  Received  2002-­‐2012 Personal   RemiZances   Received  2002-­‐2012   ODA  Received   2002-­‐2012   Source:  World  Bank   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 15. Potential:  RELIGIOUS  INSTITUTIONS   Bishop   David  Oyedepo Pastor  E.  Adeboye Pastor  Chris   Oyakhilome Pastor  Temitope   Joshua •  Established  Living  Faith   Ministries  in  1981 •  Es;mated  Net  Worth  -­‐   $150million •  Assets  include  4  private   jets,  homes  in  London   and  the  United  States •  Has  headed  the   Redeemed  Chris;an   Church  of  God  for  28   years,  which  has  at   least  1,000  parishes   worldwide •  Es;mated  Net  Worth  –   Unknown •  Church  assets  include  a   private  jet  worth   $30million •  Established  Believers’   Love  World •  Es;mated  Net  worth  -­‐   $30million •  Assets  include  a   television  sta;on,   record  label  and   extensive  real  estate •  Established  the   Synagogue  Church  of   All  Na;ons  in  1987,   with  parishes  in  Ghana,   South  Africa,  Greece   and  the  UK •  Es;mated  net  worth  -­‐   $10million •  Philanthropic  and  has   donated  over  $20   million  to  social  causes.   Source:  Forbes.com,  2011   Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 16. Lessons   ì  The  strength  of  African  philanthropy  is  in   the  communal  effort ì  African  philanthropists  understand  their   needs  beier  than  foreigners  do     ì  Credible  Ins;tu;ons  play  a  pivotal  role  in   the  success  or  failure  of  African   philanthropy ì  Limited  Documenta;on  and  Impact   Assessment ì  Ver;cal  Philanthropy  keeps  the  social   structure  of  inequality  in  place,  unlike   horizontal  philanthropy   ì  Mo;ves  behind  philanthropic  giving  are   similar 1000 km1000 km 1000 mi1000 mi00 00 Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 17. Recommendations   ì  More  research  needed  for   documenta;on  and  analysis ì  Partnerships  with  governments,   local  and  interna;onal   organiza;ons  as  well  as  other   stakeholders ì  Keep  African  Philanthropy  less   Ins;tu;onal,  and  more   Communal ì  Impact  Assessment  is  needed 1000 km1000 km 1000 mi1000 mi00 00 Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014  
  • 18. THANK  YOU! Vivian  N.  Anugo,  April  2014