Zero Conditional First Conditional Second Conditional Third Conditional Mixed Conditionals
Functionto show a condition and consequencethat are always true FormulaIf + Present simple, present simpleIf + S + V1, S + V1
ExampleIf you walk too fast at high altitude, youget really short of breath.There are easier things to do if you wantto raise money for charity.
Functionto show which thing is more likely tohappen FormulaIf + Present simple, S + Future simpleIf + S + V1, S +Will/won’t + V1
ExampleIf I have time later, I’ll upload some ofthe photos on to the blog.I won’t be able to play the gametomorrow if I am feeling this ill.
Functionto show imaginaryto show consequenceto show something that unlikely happento give advice FormulaIf + Past simple, Past FutureIf + S + V2, S + Would/wouldn’t + V1
ExampleIf I was fitter, I wouldn’t find this so hard.I wouldn’t sleep so badly if it wasn’t socold at night.
FunctionTo show regrets from in the pastTo speculate what would happen in thepastto criticize what someone or we do in thepast FormulaIf + past perfect , past future perfectIf + S + Had + V3 ,S+ would/wouldn’t + have +V3
Exampleif we’d played any longer, someonewould have got hurtI wouldn’t have made so many newfriends if I hadn’t agreed to come on thistrip
RulesWhen we want to talk about the pastconsequence of a situation that is still true atthe time of speaking, we use a secondconditional in the of clause and thirdconditional in the main clause.If + S + V2, S + Would/wouldn’t + have + V3
RulesWhen we want to talk about the presentconsequence of a past action we use a thirdconditional in the if clause and the secondconditional in the main clauseIf + S + had + V3, S + Would/wouldn’t + V1
ExampleIf I had gone to the party last night, Iwould be feeling so tired todayIf I were rich, I would have bought thatFerrari we saw yesterday.
1. If I _____ (be) stronger, I _______ (help) you carry thepiano.2. If we ______ (see) you, we ____________(stop).3. If we ________ (meet) him tomorrow, we ______ (say)hello.4. He _________ (repair) the car himself if he ________(have) the tools.5. If you_______ (drop) the vase, it _________ (break).6. If I _______ (not study), I _________ (not pass) theexam.7. I _________ (not go) to school by bus if I _______(have) a driving licence.8. If she _______ (not see) him every day, she _______(be) lovesick.9. I ________(not travel)to London if I _______(not get)acheap flight.10. We _______(be) stupid if we _______ (tell)him aboutour secret.
1. I ______(be) a millionaire now if I _______(take) that job.2. If _______ (catch) that plane ________(die) now.3. If ________ (not spend) all your money onCDs, you ______ (not break).4. If I _______(speak) better English, I ________(have) gotthe job5. If you _______ (be) smarter, you ________(borrow)money in the first place.6. If we ________(follow) the sign, we _______(not be) lostnow.7. If you ________(drink) less last night, you _______(nothave) a hangover.8. If she _____(not be) afraid of flying, she _____(nottravelled) by boat.9. I ________(be)able to translate the letter if my Italian_______(be) better.10. If I ______ (be) a good cook, I _______(invite)them tolunch.
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