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241109 rm-p.l.-conceptual framework

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  • 1. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK DR. PREMILA LEE PROFESSOR & Ag. HOD DEPT. OF SURGICAL NURSING & CONTINUING NURSING EDUCATION
  • 2. CONCEPTS
    • Abstract ideas – e.g. Pain, anxiety
    • Building blocks of theory & conceptual framework
  • 3. CONSTRUCTS
    • High level abstraction with general meanings
  • 4. VARIABLES
    • Concepts used in quantitative studies are called variables
    • Variables are central building blocks of quantitative studies
  • 5. EXAMPLE Construct Concept Variables Emotional response Anxiety Abstract Concrete Palmar Sweating
  • 6.
    • Every study has a framework
    • Terms such as theories, models, frameworks, schemes & maps are overlapping as they are interrelated
  • 7. THEORY
    • An abstract generalization that offers a systematic explanation about how phenomena are interrelated
    • http://www.sandiego.edu/academics/nursing/theory/#Models
  • 8. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    • Conceptual framework, like theories deal with abstractions (concepts)
    • Represent a less formal attempt at organizing phenomena than theories
    • Provide a perspective regarding interrelated phenomena, but are more loosely structured than theories
  • 9. TYPES OF FRAMEWORK
    • Theoretical framework - when a study is based on a theory
    • Conceptual framework - when a study is based on a conceptual model
  • 10. MODELS
    • Schematic model is a symbolic representations of a conceptualization
    • Schematic models are visual representations of some aspect of reality
  • 11.
    • Conceptual models are common in both qualitative and quantitative research
    • Concepts and the linkages between them are represented through the use of boxes, arrows, or other symbols
    • Pender’s Health Promotion model, is a model for explaining and predicting the health promotion component of lifestyle
  • 12. Health Promotion Model Importance of Health Perceived control of health Perceived self-efficacy Definition of health Perceived health status Perceived benefits of health-promoting behaviors Perceived barriers of health-promoting behaviors Likelihood of engaging in health-promoting behaviors Cues to action Demographic characteristics Biological characteristics Interpersonal influences Situational factors Behavioral factors Cognitive Factors Modifying Factors Participation in Health – Promoting Behaviors
  • 13. PURPOSES OF CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    • Overall purpose is to make research findings meaningful and generalizable
    • Allows researchers to knit together observations and facts into an orderly scheme
    • Help us to explain why we are doing a project in a particular way
  • 14.
    • It can help us to understand and use the ideas of others who have done similar things
    • Conceptual frameworks act like maps that give coherence to empirical inquiry
    • A visual or symbolic representation of a theory or conceptual framework often helps to express abstract ideas in a concise and readily understandable form
  • 15.
    • A conceptual framework is a diagram that depicts the variables in the research and the relationship among them
    • The diagram should be accompanied by a written description of approximately six to ten sentences that explains the diagram
  • 16. HOW TO DEVELOP A CONCEPTUAL FRMEWORK
    • Most challenging steps in the research process
    • Much of the work involves thinking and reflecting
  • 17. THEORIES / MODELS IN QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
    • Testing a theory
    • Using a Model as an organizing structure
    • Fitting a problem to a Theory
  • 18. TESTING A THEORY
    • Theories stimulate new studies
    • Tip : If you are testing a specific theory or model, be sure to read about it from a primary source, and rely on the most up to date reference
    • Researchers sometimes combine elements from more than one theory as a basis for generating hypotheses
  • 19. Using a Model as an organizing structure
    • Most common use of the nursing models - to provide an organizing structure for the studies
  • 20. FITTING A PROBLEM TO A THEORY
    • Problem is formulated before consideration is given to a conceptual framework
    • Tip – If you begin with a research problem and are trying to identify a suitable framework, it is wise to confer with people who may be familiar with a broad range of theoretical perspectives
  • 21. Perceives Benefits Accepts RUTF Does not accept RUTF Does not perceive Benefit Introduction of ready to use therapeutic food Demographic variables Clinical variable Risk factors Behavioral outcome Behavior Specific knowledge and affect BASED ON HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL(PENDER, 2002) Individual characteristics and experience ACCEPTANCE OF READY TO USE THERAPEUTIC FOOD IN MALNOURISHED CHILDREN
  • 22.
    • Psychosocial
      • Family Support
      • Adoption of hobbies
      • Realistic approach
      • Ventilation of feelings
      • Sharing with friends and family
      • Seek professional help
      • Social isolation
    • Physiological
      • Self care
      • Intimacy
      • Activities of daily life
    • Spiritual
      • Belief in god
      • Religious Practices
      • Sources of referral for
      • Spiritual strength
    PERSON
    • Contextua l
    • Clinical Data
    • Socio demographic data
    • Focal
    • Perception of stigma
    • Coping
    • Minimal
    • Moderate
    • Maximum
    RESPONSES ADAPTIVE MODELS STMULI Conceptual framework – BASED ON ROY’S ADAPTATION MODEL 1991 PERCEIVED STIGMA & RELATIONSHIP TO COPING STRATEGIES AMONG BURN SURVIVORS
  • 23. CONCLUSION
    • Every study has a framework
    • A conceptual framework is a diagram that depicts the variables in the research and the relationship among them
    • Developing conceptual framework is challenging in research process
  • 24. Behavioral beliefs Cues to action Susceptibility Severity Severity Intention Subjective norm Behavior Normative beliefs

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