231109 rm-v.j.-review of literature


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231109 rm-v.j.-review of literature

  1. 1. WELCOME
  2. 2. By Mrs. Vimala Jayakaran Senior Librarian email: vimalajayagaran@hotmail.com REVIEW OF LITERATURE, ELECTRONIC LITERATURE SEARCHES AND INFORMATION RETRIEVAL
  3. 3. What is Research <ul><li>Research is a scientific process. It is a systematic search for answers to questions about facts and relationship between facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Research in stimulating exciting and interesting and provides opportunity for members of the description to make a lasting contribution to general knowledge. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition <ul><li>Research is a careful enquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles, deligent investigation to ascertain something </li></ul><ul><li>Clifford Woody </li></ul><ul><li>What is nursing research </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing research is a systematic appropriate to examining phenomena important to nursing and nurses. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of Research to Nursing <ul><li>It validates nursing as a profession </li></ul><ul><li>It provides a scientific basis for nursing practice </li></ul><ul><li>It demonstrates accountability of the profession. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Review of Literature <ul><li>“The review of literature is an organised critique of the important scholarly literature that supports a study and a key step in the research process.” </li></ul><ul><li>The term scholarly literature refers to published and unpublished data-based research </li></ul>
  7. 7. A data based (research) report or article is a report of an original research study by the researcher (s) who conducted the study
  8. 8. Why Review of Literature? <ul><li>The Literature review is an essential precursor to the research process </li></ul><ul><li>It uniforms about what researcher has already been done on a given subject </li></ul><ul><li>It indicates how other researchers have undertaken their research, how they collected their information or data and how they managed problems that commonly face researchers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Continues…. <ul><li>It will tell what pitfalls to avoid and will guide them in constructing their own research project. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Review of Literature Theoretical frame work Problem/ need/ significance Question/ hypothesis Design/ methodology Findings Implications Recommendations RELATIONSHIP OF THE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE TO THE STEPS OF THE QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROCESS
  12. 12. CONSUMER OF RESEARCH LITERATURE REVIEW Clinical problem Conduct literature review Look through available journals on unit Ask other nurse colleagues yes No trial and error Tradition method Use library Electronic sources No efficient yes Print source No No: necessary unless data needed on material published before 1982 Time-consuming MEDLINE CINAHL Yes 2 databases MEDLINE No not as a single data base CINAHL print CINAHL On-line yes No Not necessary for data-based material after 1982;Time-consuming Conduct computer search Seek Librarian and consult Yes No Frustrating and Time-consuming On your own
  13. 13. DEFINITION “The future masters of technology will have to be light hearted and intelligent. The machines easily masters the grim and dumb” Marshall Mcluhan INFORMATION RETRIEVAL
  14. 14. INFORMATION <ul><li>“The current definite answer to almost any question can be found within the four walls of most Libraries” </li></ul><ul><li>-Arthur Ashe </li></ul><ul><li>A message received and Understood </li></ul><ul><li>Information is the result of processing, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the person receiving it </li></ul>
  15. 15. Data Information Knowledge Transformation of Data to Knowledge Human Intellect Complexity
  16. 16. Health Care Delivery Methods Location Knowledge base Technology Provider Patient-Centered Informatics Model <ul><li>Influencing </li></ul><ul><li>Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care Model </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>IMPACTS </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>
  17. 17. E BOOKS <ul><li>E Books are electronic storage of printed version of the books that store text and topics and display them in big screen. </li></ul><ul><li>This invisible books shelf has no limits. </li></ul><ul><li>With this new E books the internet will become our book store. </li></ul><ul><li>This books are available in compact disc as well as through internet activation i.e online access. </li></ul>ELECTRONIC SEARCHES
  18. 18. Advantages <ul><li>They are quicker to obtain </li></ul><ul><li>They are more updated and upgraded </li></ul><ul><li>Usually one gets far more than just the book. </li></ul><ul><li>E Book takes up less space </li></ul><ul><li>They are more portable </li></ul><ul><li>Reference can be hot linked </li></ul><ul><li>It saves the time </li></ul>
  19. 19. Disadvantages <ul><li>Very costly </li></ul><ul><li>Requires Equipment to be read </li></ul><ul><li>Unfamiliar and new </li></ul><ul><li>Different standards currently in use </li></ul>
  20. 20. EBOOKS AVAILABLE IN CON LIBRARY 1999 POTTER & PERRY: Basic Nursing 6 2003 SAXTON: Mosby’s Comprehensive review of Nsg. Ed. 17 5 2000 SILVESTRI L A: NCLEX-PN 4 2004 ECKER P M: Simbryo: An Animated tour of Human Development 3 2000 TORTORA & CRABOWSKI: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Ed. 9 2 2000 HUETHER S E: Understanding Pathophysiology 1 Year Author & Title S No
  21. 21. Continued… 2000 LEWIS Sharon M etc: Medical Surgical Nsg: Assessment and management of clinical problems Ed.5 12 2002 DOENGES M E etc: Nursing care plans: Guidelines for individualizing patient care Ed.6 11 2002 EDWARDS M J A: Internet for Nurses and allied health Professionals Ed. 3 10 2002 DeLAUNE S C & Ladner P K: Fundamentals of Nursing 9 2001 POTTER & PERRY: Fundamentals of Nursing Ed. 5 8 2000 SMITH S F: Clinical Nursing skills. Ed.5 7
  22. 22. Continued… 1997 REEDER S J etc: Maternity Nursing Family Newborn and Women’s Health Care Ed. 18 (floppy disk) 18 2002 SWARTZ Mark H: Textbook of Physical diagnosis: History and examination Ed. 4 17 2004 CAPLIN Marcy Ed: Straight A’s in Medical Surgical Nursing ( a review series) 16 2004 SMELTIZER S C & BARE B G: Brunner & siddarth’s textbook of Medical surgical Nursing Ed. 10 15 1999 PHIPPS W J etc: Medical Surgical Nursing concepts &clinical practice. Ed. 6 14 2001 BLACK J M etc: Medical Surgical Nursing Clinical management for positive outcomes Ed. 6 13
  23. 23. Continued… 1999 WONG Donna L : Whaley & Wong’s Essentials of Paediatric Nursing Ed. 6 23 2003 HOCKENBER Y M J etc: Wong’s Nursing Care of Infants and children Ed. 7 22 1999 WONG D L:Whaley & Wong’s Nursing Care of Infants and children Ed. 6 21 2000 KATTWINKEL JOHN Ed: TB of Neonatal resusitation 20 2003 PILLITTERI A: Maternal and Child Health Nursing: care of the child bearing & child rearing family: Ed. 4 19
  24. 24. Continued… 2005 BOYD Mary Ann: Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary practice 27 2001 KARCH Amy M: Lippincott’s Nursing Drug Guide 26 2004 Hodgson B etc Ed: Straight A’s in Pediatric nursing 25 2002 POTT N L & MANDLECO B L: Pediatric Nursing caring for children and their families 24
  25. 25. E Journals <ul><li>E journals defined as non print material that is produced digitally. </li></ul><ul><li>Two major categories : </li></ul><ul><li>1.Communication Management </li></ul><ul><li>2. Information Management </li></ul>
  26. 26. SALIENT FEATURES <ul><li>They can be delivered to the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>They can be read by more than one person at a time </li></ul><ul><li>The text can be searched </li></ul><ul><li>They can include multimedia and graphics in color at marginal cost. </li></ul><ul><li>They published quickly </li></ul><ul><li>They can be interactive </li></ul><ul><li>The content can be reproduced, forwarded and modified with copy right protection </li></ul>
  27. 27. Major Publishers of Scholarly e-journals in Medical Sciences <ul><li>Elsevier Science www.elsevier.com </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Press www.apnet.com </li></ul><ul><li>Blackwell-Science </li></ul><ul><li>www.blackwellpublishing.com </li></ul><ul><li>Kluwer Academic Publishers </li></ul><ul><li> www.wkap.nl/kaphtml.htm </li></ul><ul><li>MCB University Press www.mcb.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Springer </li></ul><ul><li>www.link.springer.de/whatsnew.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge University Press www.cup.org </li></ul>
  28. 28. Indian Publishers of Scholarly e-journals in Medical Sciences <ul><li>Medknow Publications www.indianjmedsci.org </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Anaesthetists’ Forum www.theiaforum.org </li></ul><ul><li>The Anatomical Society of India www.indmedica.com/anatomy/aindex </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Journal of Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Quarterly journal published by Indian Cancer Society (Full text of articles) </li></ul>
  29. 29. THE E-JOURNALS COLLECTION FROM ELSEVIER HEALTH SCIENCES <ul><li>Advances in Neonatal Care </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management and Response </li></ul><ul><li>Geriatric Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Heart and Lung- The Journal of Acute and critical Care </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Emergency Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Pediatric Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Pediatric Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Vascular Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Clinics of North America </li></ul><ul><li>Pain Management Nursing </li></ul>
  30. 30. ELECTRONIC MAIL (EMAIL) <ul><li>Email Sends Messages Between Computers across a network. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of E-mail for communication is so widespread. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful tool for its speed and universal accessibility </li></ul>
  31. 31. Literature Databases <ul><li>Automated Literature databases provide access to relevant Literature and are an important research source in all disciplines. These databases offer speed, flexibility, currency and convenience in retrieving relevant information. Databases are generating specific to one field such as Health care, Social Sciences, Education, Mathematics and so on. Databases provide a defined, controlled, predictable and efficient means of finding relevant information on a particular topic. E.g. CD-ROM drive, CINAHL and MEDLINE were the most frequent used databases. </li></ul>
  32. 32. DATABASES CINAHL DATABASES MEDLINE (Pubmed) <ul><li>CINAHL WITH FULL TEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Provides indexes for 2717 journals – Nursing and allied </li></ul><ul><li>health. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains more than one lakh records (back to 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing jounals from NL and ANA. </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable cited references nearly 1150 journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides full text 320 journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Price $ 7308 (Rs. 3,35,948) </li></ul><ul><li>PRE CINAHL </li></ul><ul><li>As a companion database for subscribers. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides current awareness of new journal article and includes a rotating file of limited bibliographic information. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Alphabetic List </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Permuted List </li></ul>CINAHL
  34. 34. Alphabetic List BLOOD LOSS, SURGICAL C23.542.100 C23.612.100 Year: 1991 Loss of blood surgery. For blood loss following surgery, related to the surgical wound, see HEMORRHAGE, POSTOPERATIVE. For /therapy or /prevention and control use HEMOSTASIS SURGICAL. Before 1991 see under HEMOSTASIS; POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS. See also HEMOSTASIS, SURGICAL X Surgical Blood Loss X x Blood Conservation Scope Note may explain use of subheadings History Note ] ----XX
  35. 35. See also references are not made between headings that appear in the same tree. Consequently, consult the Tree Structures to select the most appropriate and specific heading(s) related to your topic. Tree Structures
  36. 36. The trees are composed of 16 broad categories : <ul><li>Anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>Organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals and Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical Diagnostic and Therapeutic Technique and Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatry and Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Technology, Industry, Agriculture, Food and Beverages </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Information Science and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Named Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Classification Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Locations </li></ul>TREE CATEGORIES
  37. 37. Permuted List EDUCATION, POST-RN ------- Hyphenated Subject Heading EDUCATION , PREMEDICAL Education , Problem-Based see PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING --- Cross References Education , Professional, Retraining see REFRESHER COURSES Education Providers, Continuing see CONTINUING EDUCATION PROVIDERS EDUCATION, RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION RESEARCH EDUCATION, RESPIRATORY THERAPY EDUCATION, SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION, SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY Education Studies see EDUCATION RESEARCH EDUCATION, SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, THEORY BASED Education, Vocational see VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Emergency Medical Services Education see EDUCATION, EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES In this section CINAHL Subject Headings and their Cross References are arranged in alphabetical order
  38. 38. Reconsider Topic DECIDE TOPIC Rephrase Heading Check for Subject Heading Available YES NO Check Permuted Suggested Headings NO YES Check Alphabetic for Tree Numbers and Related Headings SELECT CONDUCT SEARCH Check Alphabetic for Tree Numbers and Related Headings SELECT Search Strategy Flow Chart
  39. 39. This convenient flow chart will help you to more effectively search the CINAHL database. Whether used with electronic retrieval via the CINAHL direct service, the CINAHL database on CD-ROM and online, or the print index, the search strategy development is the same for all media. Simply select your topic and go to the Subject Heading List to begin your search. The flow chart will progressively guide you in several easy-to-flow stages to your ultimate goal… the exact citations you’re looking for!
  40. 40. EMBAS <ul><li>EMBAS is an European database produced by Elsevier Science in the Netherlands with coverage complimentary to Medline in the area of European Literature and drug and Toxiology related information. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes data from 3500 Biomedical journals </li></ul><ul><li>It is free to an individual user and also no fee to instituitional subscription or membership of professional organisation. </li></ul>
  41. 41. MEDLINE (Pubmed) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Pubmed is a service of the NLM (National Library of Medicine, includes over 15 million citation for Biomedical articles back to the 1950’s. These citations are from medicine and additional Life Science journals. Pubmed includes to many sites providing full text articles and other related sources.
  42. 42. THE INTERNET <ul><li>THE Internet is the second largest communication in the world which has the following facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>A virtual network of inter connected computers via telephone </li></ul><ul><li>network . </li></ul><ul><li>Global email system that is available and extremely cheap. </li></ul><ul><li>A global teleshopping service </li></ul><ul><li>A system support countrywide classroom with teleconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Largest public accessible collection of database </li></ul>
  43. 43. WORLD WIDE WEB <ul><li>An international group of databases </li></ul><ul><li>To access text, pictures and other multimedia with a click of a mouse. </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest growing and most dynamic feature of internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Help the user to retrieve right information from anywhere in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G NETSCAPE (or) Microsoft Internet Explorer </li></ul>
  44. 44. IMPORTANT Websites <ul><li>Dictionary Encyclopedia and Glossary www.britannica.com </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.vh.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.allwords.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quotation Archieve </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.aphids.com/quotes/index.shtml </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical References </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.ons.gov.uk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.who.int/whosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reference Service </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask a Librarian: www.earl.org.uk/ask/index.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Public Library: www.ipl.org/ref/que </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Continued… <ul><li>Travel Information </li></ul><ul><li>Multi map: www.multi.com </li></ul><ul><li>Streetmap: www.streetmap.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor’s desk: www.drsdesk.sghms.ac./uk </li></ul><ul><li>Fda: www.fda.gov/search.html </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Literature </li></ul><ul><li>www.nelh.nhs.uk </li></ul><ul><li>Health Information </li></ul><ul><li>SciPICH: www.scipich.org </li></ul><ul><li>Job Information </li></ul><ul><li>Job Unlinited: www.jobsunlimited.co.uk . </li></ul><ul><li>BMJ Classified: classfied.bmj.com </li></ul>
  46. 46. Selected Search engines for Use on the Internet <ul><li>TITLE </li></ul><ul><li>Altavista </li></ul><ul><li>Excite </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>InfoSeek </li></ul><ul><li>Lycos </li></ul><ul><li>Webcrawler </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>ADDRESS </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.altavista.digital.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.excite.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.Infoseek.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lycos.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webcrawler.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://search.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ho.ch./honselst </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.individual.com </li></ul>
  47. 47. Selected Internet Sites for Nursing Resources <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Agency for Health Care Policy and Research-clinical guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Centres for Diseases Control and Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>National Institutes of Health </li></ul><ul><li>National Library of Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration </li></ul><ul><li>ADDRESS </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ahcpr.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nlm.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.osha.gov </li></ul>
  48. 48. Nursing Related Websites <ul><li>American Nursing Informatics Association </li></ul><ul><li>National Health Information Center (referrals to organisations and sites) </li></ul><ul><li>National Council of State Boards of Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>National League for Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Net </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing World (ANA) </li></ul><ul><li>Sigma Theta Tau </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ania.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://nhic-nt.health.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncsbn.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nln.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://nursingnet.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://nursingworld.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://stti-web.inpui.edu </li></ul>
  49. 49. Contd… <ul><li>http://www.nursingcenter.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rtstudents.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greatnurse.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nurse.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.imanational.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.icmr.nic.in/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nml.nic.in/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.freemedicaljournals.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.healthweb.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicalconferences.com/ </li></ul>
  50. 50. METASITES FOR NURSING INFORMATION <ul><li>CINAHL – www. Cinahl.com </li></ul><ul><li>BNIPLUS – www.bniplus.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>CHID - http://chid.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>VHINL - www.nursinglibrary.org </li></ul><ul><li>MEDSCAPE – www.medscape.com/nurseshome </li></ul><ul><li>EVIDENCE BASED NURSING – www.nursingsociety.org/worldviews/index/html </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>ONLINE FREE JOURNALS </li></ul><ul><li>S.NO. TITLE WEBSITE ADDRESS </li></ul><ul><li>1. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NURSING http:// www.nursingcentre.com </li></ul><ul><li>2. CANCER NURSING http:// www.nursing.com </li></ul><ul><li>3. CRITICAL CARE NURSE http:// www.aacn.org </li></ul><ul><li>4. GERIATRIC NURSING http:// www.mosby.com/gerinurs </li></ul><ul><li>5. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NSG STUDIES http://www.elsevier.com </li></ul><ul><li>6. INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW www.blackwell.science.com </li></ul><ul><li>JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING http://www.blackwell.science.com </li></ul><ul><li>JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING www.antonio.ingentaselect.com </li></ul><ul><li>9. JL OF MIDWIFERY & WOMEN’S HEALTH http:// www.elsvier.com </li></ul><ul><li>10 JL OF NURSING ADMINISTRATION www.jona.editorialmanager.com </li></ul><ul><li>11. JOURNAL OF NURSING CARE QUALITY www.aspenpublishers.com </li></ul><ul><li>12. JOGNN www.awhonn.org </li></ul><ul><li>13. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC NURSING www.wbsounders.com </li></ul><ul><li>14. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL NURSING www.professionalnursing.org </li></ul><ul><li>15. NURSE EDUCATION TODAY w ww.harcourtinternational.com </li></ul><ul><li>16. NURSE PRACTITIONER www.tnpy.com </li></ul><ul><li>17. NURSING MANAGEMENT www.nursingmanagement.com </li></ul><ul><li>18 NURSING OUTLOOK www.mosby.com </li></ul><ul><li>19. ORTHOPEDIC NURSING www.naon.inurse.com </li></ul><ul><li>20. PUBLIC HELATH NURSING www.blackwell.science.com </li></ul><ul><li>21 REGISTERED NURSE www.rnweb.com </li></ul><ul><li>22. ACCIDENT & EMERGENCY NURSING www.elsevierhealth.com </li></ul><ul><li>23. JOURNAL OF NURSING EDUCATION www.journalofnursingeducation.com </li></ul><ul><li>24. PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHIATRIC CARE www.blackwellpublishing.com/nursing </li></ul><ul><li>25 NURSING FORUM www.blackwell_synergy.com / </li></ul><ul><li>26.JOURNAL PSYCHOSOCIAL NURSING http://ijpnonline.com/ </li></ul>
  52. 52. CONCLUSION The future libraries will emerge live wires active on E-learning to educate the users and facilitate access to information. It is E learning which will create a Paperless Society and Paperless Libraries. Electronic Journals offer certainly possibilities for a transformation of the information chain. Electronic journals should not just be a medium for scholarly communication but should also serve the functions of quality control and archiving.
  53. 53. Thank you