Values Name and define five values you believe are especially important for students in the 21st century. Support your proposal with research, theory, and statements the requirements of being successful in an information age economy. How would recommend educators go about teaching those values?
Values Values are defined in literature as everything from eternal ideas to behavioral actions.
Criteria for determining levels of goodness, worth or beauty.
Act of valuing
Part of the affective system
Also provide an important filter for selecting input and connecting thoughts and feelings to action
Students urged to provide verifiable facts about the correctness or value of the topics or issues
Analysis Developed mainly by social science educators
Emphasizes rational thinking and reasoning
Major assumption--valuing is the cognitive process of determining and justifying facts and beliefs derived from those facts
2. Questioning and substantiating relevance Analysis A variety of higher-order cognitive and intellectual operations are frequently used 1. Stating issues 3. Applying analogous cases 4. Pointing out logical and empirical inconsistencies 5. Weighing counter arguments 6. Seeking and testing evidence
2. Assemble purported facts Analysis A representative instructional model 1. Identify and clarify the value question 3. Assess the truth of purported facts 4. Clarify the relevance of facts 5. Arrive at a tentative value decision 6. Test the value principle implied in the decision
Values Clarification Relies on internal cognitive and affective decision making process An individualistic rather than a social process
Values Clarification Individual makes choices and decisions affected by the internal processes of willing, feeling, thinking, and intending Assumed that as the individual develops, the making of choices will more often be based on conscious, self-determined thought and feeling
Values Clarification Person is seen as an initiator of interaction with society and environment The educator should assist the individual to develop his or her internal processes
Action Learning Derived from a perspective that it is important to move beyond thinking and feeling to acting Related to the efforts of some social studies educators to emphasize community-based rather than classroom-based learning experiences
Action Learning Advocates stress the need to provide specific opportunities for learners to act on their values Place more emphasis on action-taking inside and outside the classroom Service learning carries on the tradition of action learning
Action Learning Values are seen in the interaction between the person and society The process of self-actualization is viewed as being tempered by social factors and group pressures