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Business location 2012 Business location 2012 Document Transcript

  • Visual HabitatBusiness location in EuropeSwitzerland/GermanySede di attività in EuropaSvizzera/Germania
  • Business location in Europe: Switzerland / Germany.Sede di attività in Europa: Svizzera / Germania.Demand: opening a headquarter in Switzerland (Ticino possibly).Richiesta: Lapertura di una località sede in Svizzera (Ticino possibilmente).Important considerations regarding the choice of the headquarter location:For reasons that we explicate further in this document, a possible site in Germany should also beconsidered.Considerazioni importanti per la scelta della località sede:Per motivi che spiegheremo ulteriormente in questo documento, un possibile sito in Germaniadovrebbe anche essere considerato.Economic comparison of the two countries:Switzerland has been holding the rank 1 on the global competitive index for several years. 1Switzerland also holds a high ranks as far as basic requirements, effciency enhancers andinnovation and sophistication factors are concerned. In a questionnaire, the following factors (outa list of 15 given ones) were considered the most problematic for doing business: Inadequatelyeducated workforce, ineffcient government bueraucracy, restrictive labor regulations, taxregulations, access to fnancing, tax rates.Germany on the other hand, ranked around rank 5 to 7 on the Global Competitiveness Reportduring the last few years, with its highest ranks for infrastructure, business sophistication andmarket size.2 In the questionnaire, respondents named restrictive labor regulations, taxregulations, ineffcient government bureaucracy, tax rates, inadequately educated workforce andaccess to fnancing as the most problematic factors for doing business (out of the same list of 15).Confronto economico dei due paesi:Svizzera è stata con la qualifca 1 sul lindice globale competitivo per diversi anni. 3 La Svizzeradetiene anche alti gradi per quanto riguarda i requisiti di base, esaltatori di effcienza e fattori diinnovazione e raffnatezza. In un questionario, i seguenti fattori (di un elenco di 15 dati) sono staticonsiderati i più problematici per fare affari: forza lavoro non adeguatamente istruita, burocraziagoverno ineffciente, le norme restrittive del lavoro, normativa fscale, accesso ai fnanziamenti, lealiquote fscali.Germania, daltra parte, classifcata intorno Rank 5 a 7 sul indice globale competitivo nel corsodegli ultimi anni, con i suoi più alti gradi nella sofsticazione degli affari, nelle infrastrutture e ledimensioni del mercato.4 Nel questionario, gli intervistati nominano restrittive normative del lavoro,i regolamenti fscali, burocrazia ineffciente del governo, le aliquote fscali, forza lavoroadeguatamente istruite e laccesso ai fnanziamenti come i fattori più problematici per fare affari(dallo stesso elenco di 15).1 The Global Competitiveness Report 2011 – 2012, pages 334 & 335 – Appendix 12 The Global Competitiveness Report 2011 – 2012, pages 184 & 185 – Appendix 23 The Global Competitiveness Report 2011 – 2012, pagine 334 & 335 – allegato 14 The Global Competitiveness Report 2011 – 2012, pages 184 & 185 – allegato 230/04/12 © VisualHabitat, Italy page - pagina 1 / 5
  • Economic situation in the textile sector - Switzerland:According to a study by the Swiss Textile Federation5, the conditions for Swiss economicdevelopment have worsened due not only to the debt crisis in Europe, the weaker globaleconomy and the still strong franc (Handelszeitung of 04.23.20126). After increasing by 7% in2010, the increase of exports diminished in 2011 to 2.1% . The exporters have been forced to cutprices by an average of 5.5%. This corresponds to the highest decrease ever recorded. After arapid decline from May to November 2011, the assessment of business conditions in December2011 and January 2012 has brightened somewhat, but is still in negative territory.Looking at the external trade can be noticed that the strong downward trend could be sloweddown in the clothing exports in 2011. The clothing exports to the EU region were up by as muchas 4.3%, which is mainly due to the increased demand from Germany (+14%) and Italy (+4%).The apparel exports to the European Union in 2010 have fared signifcantly better than the rest ofthe world and thus amount to about 60% of total apparel exports.7Against the backdrop of the global trend, a very weak development is emerging for the Swisseconomy in 2012. The expectations of the Swiss textile and clothing producers in the coming sixmonths have even worsened after the last economic report. Export business and new orders willrun poorly. Especially the expectations for the sale prices have turned sharply downwards.La situazione economica nel settore tessile - Svizzera:Secondo uno studio della Federazione Tessile Svizzera 8, le condizioni per lo sviluppo economicodella Svizzera sono peggiorate a causa non solo alla crisi del debito in Europa, leconomia globalepiù debole e il franco ancora forte (Handelszeitung del 2012/04/23 9). Dopo un aumento del 7% nel2010, laumento delle esportazioni diminuita nel 2011 al 2,1%. Gli esportatori sono stati costretti atagliare i prezzi in media del 5,5%. Questo corrisponde al calo maggiore mai registrato. Dopo unrapido declino da maggio a novembre 2011, la valutazione delle condizioni di business neldicembre 2011 e gennaio 2012 ha ravvivato un po , ma è ancora in territorio negativo.Guardando il commercio estero si può notare che la forte tendenza al ribasso potrebbe essererallentato nel settore delle esportazioni di abbigliamento nel 2011. Le esportazioni diabbigliamento verso la regione europea sono aumentate di ben il 4,3%, il che è dovutoprincipalmente alla maggiore domanda dalla Germania (+14%) e dallItalia (+4%). Le esportazionidi abbigliamento verso lUnione europea nel 2010 hanno registrato risultati signifcativamentemigliori rispetto al resto del mondo, e quindi pari a circa il 60% delle esportazioni totali diabbigliamento.10Sullo sfondo della tendenza globale, uno sviluppo molto debole sta emergendo per leconomiasvizzera nel 2012. Le aspettative dei produttori svizzeri di tessile e di abbigliamento nei prossimisei mesi hanno addirittura peggiorata dopo lultimo rapporto economico. Export e nuovi ordini sisvolgeranno male. Soprattutto le aspettative per i prezzi di vendita si sono trasformatibruscamente verso il basso.5 Konjunkturbericht Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie Winter 2011 / 2012 – Appendix 36 http://www.handelszeitung.ch/unternehmen/textilindustrie-kaempft-mit-frankenstaerke7 http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idcat=31 – Appendix 48 Konjunkturbericht Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie Winter 2011 / 2012 – Appendix 39 http://www.handelszeitung.ch/unternehmen/textilindustrie-kaempft-mit-frankenstaerke10 http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idcat=31 – allegato 430/04/12 © VisualHabitat, Italy page - pagina 2 / 5
  • Economic situation in the textile sector - Germany:After 2010, 2011 was another strong year for the German textile and clothing industry. Revenuesincreased by 7.1%, where the garment sector has seen a sales increase of 6% by December2011. At the time of the economic report11, sales have stagnated at a high level. As of December2010/2011, the new orders in the apparel sector clearly grew with +6.7% and also the foreigntrade of the entire year 2011 compared with 2010 was positive. The exports in the garment sectorincreased by 8.3% compared to the same period, imports increased +13.1% . The raw materialimports increased by 28.1% over the same period last year, which is due in part to the sharp risein commodity prices. Due to the high global demand, market participants are not expectingfurther signifcant price reductions.Apart from short-term fuctuations, which also arise due to the rather small amount of samples ofthe textile and apparel segments, position and outlook are overall stable. Due to the relativelygood economic climate in the textile and apparel sector, this may be taken as a positive signal.La situazione economica nel settore tessile – Germania:Dopo il 2010, 2011 è stato un altro anno forte per i settori tedeschi tessile e abbigliamento. Iricavi sono aumentati del 7,1%, dove il settore dellabbigliamento ha visto un incremento dellevendite del 6% entro dicembre 2011. Al momento della relazione del report economico 12, levendite hanno subito una stagnazione ad alto livello. Dal dicembre 2010/2011, i nuovi ordini nelsettore abbigliamento sono cresciuti in modo chiaro con il 6,7% e anche il commercio estero ditutto lanno 2011 rispetto al 2010 è stato positivo. Le esportazioni nel settore tessile sonoaumentati del 8,3% rispetto allo stesso periodo, le importazioni sono aumentate 13,1%. Leimportazioni di materie prime sono aumentati del 28,1% rispetto allo stesso periodo dello scorsoanno, che è dovuto in parte al forte aumento dei prezzi delle materie prime. A causa della altadomanda globale, i partecipanti al mercato non si aspettano riduzioni di prezzo più signifcative.Oltre a futtuazioni a breve termine, che sorgono anche a causa della quantità piuttosto piccola dicampioni dei segmenti tessili e di abbigliamento, la posizione e le prospettive sono nel complessostabili. A causa del clima economico relativamente bene nel settore tessile e abbigliamento,questo può essere preso come un segnale positivo.Possible headquarter locations in Switzerland:According to information provided by the Swiss Textil Federation13, the companies associated tothem are distributed mainly in the German-speaking part of Switzerland: the cantons of Zurichand St. Gallen in the north-east, and Berne in the west. It is in the canton of St. Gallen, wheremost people are employed in the textile sector. Due to its convenient location towards Germanyand Austria as well as the airport in Zurich-Kloten being in this region, the Greater Zurich Regionis one of the most interesting recommendation for a headquarter in Switzerland.Possibili luoghi di sede in Svizzera:Secondo le informazioni fornite dalla Federazione svizzera del tessile 14, le aziende associate adessi sono distribuiti principalmente nella parte tedesca della Svizzera: Nei Cantoni di Zurigo e SanGallo, nel nord-est, e Berna a ovest. È nel cantone di San Gallo, dove sono impiegati la maggiorparte delle persone nel settore tessile. Grazie alla sua posizione strategica verso la Germania elAustria e laeroporto di Zurigo-Kloten essere in questa regione, la Grande Regione di Zurigo èuna delle raccomandazioni più interessanti per una sede in Svizzera.11 http://www.textil-mode.de/app/so.asp?o=/_obj/49D06205-C64D-4136-B161-905AD5FB0B48/outline/2012- 02_Konjunkturbericht.pdf12 http://www.textil-mode.de/app/so.asp?o=/_obj/49D06205-C64D-4136-B161-905AD5FB0B48/outline/2012- 02_Konjunkturbericht.pdf13 http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idcat=18 – Appendix 514 http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idcat=18 – Appendix 530/04/12 © VisualHabitat, Italy page - pagina 3 / 5
  • Possible headquarter locations in Germany:According to information from the german textile and fashion federation, the strongest states inthe textile sector in Germany are: North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria.Unfortunately, for the time being, we do not detailed fgures or maps, as offered by Switzerland,for this regions. Since the Greater Munich Area is one of the strongest economic regions inGermany, a company base in the area north of Munich could be interesting. On one hand becauseof the favorable position towards Switzerland and Austria as well as the airport being very close.Possibili luoghi di sede in Germania:Secondo le informazioni fornite dalla federazione tedesca tessile e moda, gli stati più forti nelsettore tessile in Germania sono: Nord Reno-Westfalia, Baden-Württemberg e la Baviera.Purtroppo, per il momento, non abbiamo fgure dettagliati o mappe, come offerti dalla Svizzera,per questo le regioni. Poiché larea Greater Monaco di Baviera è una delle più forti regionieconomiche in Germania, la zona a nord di Monaco di Baviera potrebbe essere interessante perlo sviluppo di una sede. Da un lato a causa della posizione favorevole verso la Svizzera e lAustria,nonché laeroporto essendo molto vicino.30/04/12 © VisualHabitat, Italy page - pagina 4 / 5
  • Contacts for Switzerland:Contatti per la Svizzera:Swiss Textiles - Geschäftsstelle Zürich, Headquarter: http://www.swisstextiles.chBeethovenstrasse 20Postfach 2900CH – 8022 ZürichTel. +41 (0)44 289 79 79zuerich@swisstextiles.chGreater Zurich Area: http://www.greaterzuricharea.ch/Lukas Huber Director, Project Manager+41 44 254 59 08lukas.huber@greaterzuricharea.chJianping Gao Representative CHINA+86 21 6149 8208jianping.gao@greaterzuricharea.chContacts for Germany:Contatti per la Germania:Gesamtverband der deutschen Textil- und Modeindustrie e.V.Reinhardtstr. 12 -1410117 BerlinTel +49 (0) 30 726220-0info@textil-mode.deChina-Europe Textile Alliance ( C.E.T.A. )Vivian Zhu Head of C.E.T.A.Tel: +86 21 62497505zhu.vivian@c-e-t-a.comMunich Airport Business Park: http://www.mabp.de/Katrin-Jasmin Becker, M.A. Wirtschaftsförderin+49 (0) 8 11 55 22 12 8wirtschaftsfoerderung@hallbergmoos.de30/04/12 © VisualHabitat, Italy page - pagina 5 / 5
  • Switzerland 2.1: Country/Economy Profiles Key indicators, 2010 GDP (PPP) per capita (int’l $), 1985–2010 Population (millions)...................................................7.6 GDP (US$ billions)...................................................523.8 Switzerland Advanced economies 50,000 GDP per capita (US$) ...........................................67,246 GDP (PPP) as share (%) of world total..................0.44 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Global Competitiveness Index Rank Score Stage of development (out of 142) (1–7) GCI 2011–2012 .......................................................... 1......5.7 Transition Transition 1 1–2 2 2–3 3 GCI 2010–2011 (out of 139)....................................................1........ 5.6 GCI 2009–2010 (out of 133)....................................................1........ 5.6 Factor Efficiency Innovation driven driven driven Basic requirements (20.0%).................................................3........ 6.2 Institutions...............................................................................6........ 5.8 Institutions Infrastructure..........................................................................5........ 6.1 7 Macroeconomic environment .............................................7........ 6.3 Innovation Infrastructure 6 Health and primary education.............................................8........ 6.5 5 Business Macroeconomic 4 Efficiency enhancers (50.0%)..............................................2........ 5.5 sophistication environment334 3 Higher education and training.............................................3........ 5.8 2 Health and Goods market efficiency.......................................................5........ 5.2 Market size 1 primary Labor market efficiency........................................................1........ 6.0 education Financial market development ............................................7........ 5.3 Technological readiness.......................................................1........ 6.3 Technological Higher education Market size ...........................................................................39........ 4.5 readiness and training Innovation and sophistication factors (30.0%) ................1........ 5.8 Financial market Goods market development efficiency Business sophistication .......................................................3........ 5.8 Labor market efficiency Innovation................................................................................1........ 5.8 Switzerland Innovation-driven economies The most problematic factors for doing business Inadequately educated workforce ...................................18.3 Inefficient government bureaucracy................................14.6 Restrictive labor regulations..............................................14.6 Tax regulations .....................................................................12.1 Access to financing.............................................................10.3 Tax rates ..................................................................................7.1 Policy instability .....................................................................5.8 Inadequate supply of infrastructure...................................4.4 Foreign currency regulations ..............................................4.2 Poor work ethic in national labor force.............................3.6 Inflation....................................................................................2.5 Crime and theft.......................................................................1.1 Government instability/coups..............................................0.7 Poor public health..................................................................0.4 Corruption................................................................................0.3 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Percent of responses Note: From a list of 15 factors, respondents were asked to select the five most problematic for doing business in their country and to rank them between 1 (most problematic) and 5. The bars in the figure show the responses weighted according to their rankings. The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 © 2011 World Economic Forum
  • Switzerland 2.1: Country/Economy ProfilesThe Global Competitiveness Index in detail INDICATOR VALUE RANK/142 INDICATOR VALUE RANK/142 1st pillar: Institutions 6th pillar: Goods market efficiency 1.01 Property rights....................................................... 6.4 ..............2 6.01 Intensity of local competition................................ 5.5 ............24 1.02 Intellectual property protection ............................. 6.1 ..............3 6.02 Extent of market dominance................................. 5.9 ..............1 1.03 Diversion of public funds ...................................... 6.1 ..............6 6.03 Effectiveness of anti-monopoly policy................... 4.9 ............21 1.04 Public trust of politicians ....................................... 5.1 ............ 13 6.04 Extent and effect of taxation................................. 5.1 ............10 1.05 Irregular payments and bribes .............................. 6.3 ............10 6.05 Total tax rate, % profits*..................................... 30.1 ............34 1.06 Judicial independence........................................... 6.4 ..............5 6.06 No. procedures to start a business*........................ 6 ............34 1.07 Favoritism in decisions of government officials .... 4.9 ............ 11 6.07 No. days to start a business* ................................ 20 ............81 1.08 Wastefulness of government spending ................ 5.0 ..............8 6.08 Agricultural policy costs ........................................ 3.3 .......... 118 1.09 Burden of government regulation ......................... 4.1 ............ 17 6.09 Prevalence of trade barriers .................................. 4.2 ............87 1.10 Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 5.5 ..............7 6.10 Trade tariffs, % duty*............................................ 4.1 ............48 1.11 Efficiency of legal framework in challenging regs. 5.5 ..............4 6.11 Prevalence of foreign ownership........................... 5.7 ............ 16 1.12 Transparency of government policymaking........... 5.9 ..............3 6.12 Business impact of rules on FDI........................... 5.3 ............21 1.13 Business costs of terrorism .................................. 6.2 ............32 6.13 Burden of customs procedures ............................ 5.1 ............ 19 1.14 Business costs of crime and violence .................. 6.1 ..............9 6.14 Imports as a percentage of GDP* .......................41.0 ............78 1.15 Organized crime .................................................... 6.4 ............ 19 6.15 Degree of customer orientation............................ 6.0 ..............3 1.16 Reliability of police services.................................. 6.3 ..............5 6.16 Buyer sophistication.............................................. 5.2 ..............2 1.17 Ethical behavior of firms ....................................... 6.5 ..............6 1.18 Strength of auditing and reporting standards ....... 5.6 ............24 7th pillar: Labor market efficiency 1.19 Efficacy of corporate boards ................................. 5.3 ............10 7.01 Cooperation in labor-employer relations................ 6.1 ..............1 1.20 Protection of minority shareholders’ interests...... 4.9 ............28 7.02 Flexibility of wage determination .......................... 5.7 ............ 18 1.21 Strength of investor protection, 0–10 (best)* ....... 3.0 .......... 131 7.03 Rigidity of employment index, 0–100 (worst)* ......7 ............10 .0 7.04 Hiring and firing practices ..................................... 5.8 ..............3 2nd pillar: Infrastructure 7.05 Redundancy costs, weeks of salary* .................... 13 ............21 2.01 Quality of overall infrastructure ............................. 6.7 ..............1 7.06 Pay and productivity .............................................. 5.3 ..............5 2.02 Quality of roads..................................................... 6.4 ..............3 7.07 Reliance on professional management ................. 6.0 ..............9 2.03 Quality of railroad infrastructure............................ 6.8 ..............1 7.08 Brain drain ............................................................. 6.3 ..............1 2.04 Quality of port infrastructure................................. 5.2 ............36 7.09 Women in labor force, ratio to men*.................. 0.88 ............32 2.05 Quality of air transport infrastructure .................... 6.5 ..............3 2.06 Available airline seat kms/week, millions* .........881.4 ............26 8th pillar: Financial market development 335 2.07 Quality of electricity supply................................... 6.8 ..............2 8.01 Availability of financial services............................. 6.6 ..............1 2.08 Fixed telephone lines/100 pop.* ......................... 58.6 ..............6 8.02 Affordability of financial services .......................... 5.9 ..............2 2.09 Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop.* ....... 123.6 ............37 8.03 Financing through local equity market .................. 4.6 ............ 17 8.04 Ease of access to loans ........................................ 3.7 ............21 3rd pillar: Macroeconomic environment 8.05 Venture capital availability ..................................... 3.7 ............ 18 3.01 Government budget balance, % GDP*................. 0.2 ............20 8.06 Soundness of banks.............................................. 5.9 ............26 3.02 Gross national savings, % GDP* ........................ 33.3 ............22 8.07 Regulation of securities exchanges....................... 5.6 ............ 12 3.03 Inflation, annual % change*.................................. 0.7 ..............1 8.08 Legal rights index, 0–10 (best)* ............................ 8.0 ............20 3.04 Interest rate spread, %* ....................................... 2.7 ............ 19 3.05 General government debt, % GDP* ................... 55.0 .......... 100 9th pillar: Technological readiness 3.06 Country credit rating, 0–100 (best)* ................... 94.1 ..............2 9.01 Availability of latest technologies .......................... 6.7 ..............2 9.02 Firm-level technology absorption .......................... 6.2 ..............4 4th pillar: Health and primary education 9.03 FDI and technology transfer.................................. 5.1 ............27 4.01 Business impact of malaria ............................ N/Appl. ..............1 9.04 Internet users/100 pop.*..................................... 83.9 ..............9 4.02 Malaria cases/100,000 pop.* .............................. (NE) ..............1 9.05 Broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop.* ...... 38.2 ..............1 4.03 Business impact of tuberculosis ........................... 6.6 ............ 12 9.06 Internet bandwidth, kb/s/capita*....................... 130.5 ..............5 4.04 Tuberculosis incidence/100,000 pop.* .................. 4.9 ..............8 4.05 Business impact of HIV/AIDS ............................... 6.3 ............ 18 10th pillar: Market size 4.06 HIV prevalence, % adult pop.* ............................. 0.4 ............79 10.01 Domestic market size index, 1–7 (best)*.............. 4.3 ............40 4.07 Infant mortality, deaths/1,000 live births*............. 4.0 ............24 10.02 Foreign market size index, 1–7 (best)* ................. 5.2 ............34 4.08 Life expectancy, years*....................................... 82.0 ..............3 4.09 Quality of primary education................................. 5.9 ..............4 11th pillar: Business sophistication 4.10 Primary education enrollment, net %* ............... 94.2 ............59 11.01 Local supplier quantity .......................................... 5.7 ..............6 11.02 Local supplier quality............................................. 6.2 ..............1 5th pillar: Higher education and training 11.03 State of cluster development................................ 5.1 ..............8 5.01 Secondary education enrollment, gross %*....... 96.1 ............43 11.04 Nature of competitive advantage .......................... 6.4 ..............2 5.02 Tertiary education enrollment, gross %* ............ 49.4 ............51 11.05 Value chain breadth ............................................... 6.1 ..............3 5.03 Quality of the educational system ........................ 5.9 ..............1 11.06 Control of international distribution....................... 5.3 ..............6 5.04 Quality of math and science education ................ 5.8 ..............4 11.07 Production process sophistication ........................ 6.4 ..............2 5.05 Quality of management schools ........................... 6.0 ..............3 11.08 Extent of marketing............................................... 5.8 ..............5 5.06 Internet access in schools..................................... 6.2 ..............9 11.09 Willingness to delegate authority ......................... 5.3 ..............6 5.07 Availability of research and training services ........ 6.4 ..............1 5.08 Extent of staff training .......................................... 5.6 ..............1 12th pillar: Innovation 12.01 Capacity for innovation.......................................... 5.8 ..............2 12.02 Quality of scientific research institutions .............. 6.3 ..............2 12.03 Company spending on R&D.................................. 5.8 ..............3 12.04 University-industry collaboration in R&D............... 5.8 ..............1 12.05 Gov’t procurement of advanced tech products..... 4.5 ............ 14 12.06 Availability of scientists and engineers ................. 5.1 ............ 15 12.07 Utility patents granted/million pop.* .................. 211.6 ..............7Notes: Values are on a 1-to-7 scale unless otherwise annotated with an asterisk (*). For further details and explanation, please refer to the section “How to Read the Country/Economy Profiles” on page 89. The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 © 2011 World Economic Forum
  • Germany 2.1: Country/Economy Profiles Key indicators, 2010 GDP (PPP) per capita (int’l $), 1985–2010 Population (millions).................................................82.1 GDP (US$ billions)................................................3,315.6 Germany Advanced economies 40,000 GDP per capita (US$) ...........................................40,631 35,000 GDP (PPP) as share (%) of world total..................3.96 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Global Competitiveness Index Rank Score Stage of development (out of 142) (1–7) GCI 2011–2012 .......................................................... 6......5.4 Transition Transition 1 1–2 2 2–3 3 GCI 2010–2011 (out of 139)....................................................5........ 5.4 GCI 2009–2010 (out of 133)....................................................7........ 5.4 Factor Efficiency Innovation driven driven driven Basic requirements (20.0%)...............................................11........ 5.8 Institutions.............................................................................19........ 5.3 Institutions Infrastructure..........................................................................2........ 6.4 7 Macroeconomic environment ...........................................30........ 5.4 Innovation Infrastructure 6 Health and primary education...........................................23........ 6.3 5 Business Macroeconomic 4 Efficiency enhancers (50.0%)............................................13........ 5.2 sophistication environment184 3 Higher education and training.............................................7........ 5.7 2 Health and Goods market efficiency.....................................................26........ 4.8 Market size 1 primary Labor market efficiency......................................................64........ 4.4 education Financial market development ..........................................39........ 4.5 Technological readiness.....................................................14........ 5.6 Technological Higher education Market size .............................................................................5........ 6.0 readiness and training Innovation and sophistication factors (30.0%) ................5........ 5.5 Financial market Goods market development efficiency Business sophistication .......................................................4........ 5.7 Labor market efficiency Innovation................................................................................7........ 5.4 Germany Innovation-driven economies The most problematic factors for doing business Restrictive labor regulations..............................................20.7 Tax regulations .....................................................................18.1 Inefficient government bureaucracy................................11.2 Tax rates ................................................................................11.2 Inadequately educated workforce ...................................11.0 Access to financing...............................................................8.7 Policy instability .....................................................................5.5 Inadequate supply of infrastructure...................................3.5 Poor work ethic in national labor force.............................3.0 Inflation....................................................................................2.4 Corruption................................................................................2.0 Foreign currency regulations ..............................................1.1 Government instability/coups..............................................0.9 Crime and theft.......................................................................0.5 Poor public health..................................................................0.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Percent of responses Note: From a list of 15 factors, respondents were asked to select the five most problematic for doing business in their country and to rank them between 1 (most problematic) and 5. The bars in the figure show the responses weighted according to their rankings. The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 © 2011 World Economic Forum
  • Germany 2.1: Country/Economy ProfilesThe Global Competitiveness Index in detail INDICATOR VALUE RANK/142 INDICATOR VALUE RANK/142 1st pillar: Institutions 6th pillar: Goods market efficiency 1.01 Property rights....................................................... 5.7 ............ 18 6.01 Intensity of local competition................................ 5.8 ..............9 1.02 Intellectual property protection ............................. 5.6 ............ 13 6.02 Extent of market dominance................................. 5.7 ..............3 1.03 Diversion of public funds ...................................... 5.6 ............ 14 6.03 Effectiveness of anti-monopoly policy................... 4.9 ............23 1.04 Public trust of politicians ....................................... 3.7 ............37 6.04 Extent and effect of taxation................................. 3.3 ............80 1.05 Irregular payments and bribes .............................. 5.9 ............22 6.05 Total tax rate, % profits*..................................... 48.2 .......... 100 1.06 Judicial independence........................................... 6.3 ..............7 6.06 No. procedures to start a business*........................ 9 ............94 1.07 Favoritism in decisions of government officials .... 4.3 ............ 19 6.07 No. days to start a business* ................................ 15 ............63 1.08 Wastefulness of government spending ................ 3.7 ............40 6.08 Agricultural policy costs ........................................ 3.8 ............ 76 1.09 Burden of government regulation ......................... 3.0 ............88 6.09 Prevalence of trade barriers .................................. 4.7 ............49 1.10 Efficiency of legal framework in settling disputes 4.9 ............ 19 6.10 Trade tariffs, % duty*............................................ 0.8 ..............4 1.11 Efficiency of legal framework in challenging regs. 5.0 ............ 12 6.11 Prevalence of foreign ownership........................... 5.1 ............47 1.12 Transparency of government policymaking........... 5.0 ............28 6.12 Business impact of rules on FDI........................... 4.6 ............72 1.13 Business costs of terrorism .................................. 5.8 ............55 6.13 Burden of customs procedures ............................ 4.7 ............37 1.14 Business costs of crime and violence .................. 5.6 ............32 6.14 Imports as a percentage of GDP* ...................... 39.9 ............81 1.15 Organized crime .................................................... 5.9 ............33 6.15 Degree of customer orientation............................ 5.4 ............ 18 1.16 Reliability of police services.................................. 5.9 ............21 6.16 Buyer sophistication.............................................. 4.3 ............21 1.17 Ethical behavior of firms ....................................... 5.9 ............ 14 1.18 Strength of auditing and reporting standards ....... 5.3 ............36 7th pillar: Labor market efficiency 1.19 Efficacy of corporate boards ................................. 5.2 ............ 17 7.01 Cooperation in labor-employer relations................ 5.1 ............22 1.20 Protection of minority shareholders’ interests...... 4.8 ............31 7.02 Flexibility of wage determination .......................... 3.1 .......... 136 1.21 Strength of investor protection, 0–10 (best)* ....... 5.0 ............77 7.03 Rigidity of employment index, 0–100 (worst)* ... 42.0 .......... 112 7.04 Hiring and firing practices ..................................... 2.8 .......... 132 2nd pillar: Infrastructure 7.05 Redundancy costs, weeks of salary* .................... 69 .......... 102 2.01 Quality of overall infrastructure ............................. 6.2 ............10 7.06 Pay and productivity .............................................. 4.3 ............38 2.02 Quality of roads..................................................... 6.2 ............10 7.07 Reliance on professional management ................. 5.7 ............ 13 2.03 Quality of railroad infrastructure............................ 5.7 ..............5 7.08 Brain drain ............................................................. 4.4 ............31 2.04 Quality of port infrastructure................................. 6.1 ............10 7.09 Women in labor force, ratio to men*.................. 0.87 ............39 2.05 Quality of air transport infrastructure .................... 6.5 ..............6 2.06 Available airline seat kms/week, millions* ......4,641.0 ..............5 8th pillar: Financial market development 185 2.07 Quality of electricity supply................................... 6.7 ............ 11 8.01 Availability of financial services............................. 5.8 ............ 18 2.08 Fixed telephone lines/100 pop.* ......................... 55.4 ..............8 8.02 Affordability of financial services .......................... 5.1 ............23 2.09 Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop.* ........ 127 ............30 .0 8.03 Financing through local equity market .................. 4.0 ............41 8.04 Ease of access to loans ........................................ 3.0 ............54 3rd pillar: Macroeconomic environment 8.05 Venture capital availability ..................................... 3.0 ............37 3.01 Government budget balance, % GDP*................ -3.3 ............64 8.06 Soundness of banks.............................................. 4.9 ............87 3.02 Gross national savings, % GDP* ........................ 22.8 ............53 8.07 Regulation of securities exchanges....................... 4.5 ............52 3.03 Inflation, annual % change*...................................1.2 ..............1 8.08 Legal rights index, 0–10 (best)* .............................7 ............39 .0 3.04 Interest rate spread, %* ....................................... 2.7 ............21 3.05 General government debt, % GDP* ................... 80.0 .......... 122 9th pillar: Technological readiness 3.06 Country credit rating, 0–100 (best)* ................... 93.3 ..............3 9.01 Availability of latest technologies .......................... 6.2 ............20 9.02 Firm-level technology absorption .......................... 5.9 ............ 14 4th pillar: Health and primary education 9.03 FDI and technology transfer.................................. 4.3 ............92 4.01 Business impact of malaria ............................ N/Appl. ..............1 9.04 Internet users/100 pop.*......................................81.9 ............ 12 4.02 Malaria cases/100,000 pop.* .............................. (NE) ..............1 9.05 Broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop.* .......31.6 ..............9 4.03 Business impact of tuberculosis ........................... 6.5 ............ 16 9.06 Internet bandwidth, kb/s/capita*......................... 60.8 ............ 15 4.04 Tuberculosis incidence/100,000 pop.* .................. 4.9 ..............8 4.05 Business impact of HIV/AIDS ............................... 6.1 ............26 10th pillar: Market size 4.06 HIV prevalence, % adult pop.* ............................. 0.1 ............21 10.01 Domestic market size index, 1–7 (best)*.............. 5.8 ..............5 4.07 Infant mortality, deaths/1,000 live births*............. 3.5 ............ 19 10.02 Foreign market size index, 1–7 (best)* ................. 6.5 ..............3 4.08 Life expectancy, years*....................................... 79.9 ............22 4.09 Quality of primary education................................. 4.6 ............36 11th pillar: Business sophistication 4.10 Primary education enrollment, net %* ................97 ............25 .6 11.01 Local supplier quantity .......................................... 5.9 ..............3 11.02 Local supplier quality............................................. 6.0 ..............4 5th pillar: Higher education and training 11.03 State of cluster development................................ 4.9 ............ 13 5.01 Secondary education enrollment, gross %*...... 101.7 ............20 11.04 Nature of competitive advantage .......................... 6.1 ..............4 5.02 Tertiary education enrollment, gross %* .............. n/a ........... n/a 11.05 Value chain breadth ............................................... 6.1 ..............4 5.03 Quality of the educational system ........................ 4.9 ............ 17 11.06 Control of international distribution....................... 5.3 ..............4 5.04 Quality of math and science education ................ 4.4 ............48 11.07 Production process sophistication ........................ 6.3 ..............3 5.05 Quality of management schools ........................... 4.8 ............36 11.08 Extent of marketing............................................... 5.6 ............10 5.06 Internet access in schools..................................... 4.9 ............41 11.09 Willingness to delegate authority ......................... 4.8 ............ 15 5.07 Availability of research and training services ........ 6.0 ..............3 5.08 Extent of staff training .......................................... 4.9 ............ 16 12th pillar: Innovation 12.01 Capacity for innovation.......................................... 5.7 ..............3 12.02 Quality of scientific research institutions .............. 5.6 ............10 12.03 Company spending on R&D.................................. 5.5 ..............5 12.04 University-industry collaboration in R&D............... 5.2 ............ 13 12.05 Gov’t procurement of advanced tech products..... 4.2 ............29 12.06 Availability of scientists and engineers ................. 4.5 ............41 12.07 Utility patents granted/million pop.* ................. 150.6 ..............9Notes: Values are on a 1-to-7 scale unless otherwise annotated with an asterisk (*). For further details and explanation, please refer to the section “How to Read the Country/Economy Profiles” on page 89. The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012 © 2011 World Economic Forum
  • Konjunkturbericht Textil- und BekleidungsindustrieWinter 2011 / 2012Die Entwicklung der internationalen und nationalen WirtschaftslageSeit dem letzten Konjunkturbericht im November 2011 haben sich die Rahmenbedingungen für die SchweizerKonjunkturentwicklung verschlechtert. Vor allem in Europa schlägt die Verunsicherung im Zusammenhang mitder Staatsschuldenkrise immer stärker negativ auf die Konjunktur durch. Das gesunkene Vertrauen dämpft dieprivate Investitions - und Konsumnachfrage und immer mehr Euro-Länder verfolgen notgedrungen eine restriktiveFinanzpolitik. In Deutschland hat sich die aktuelle Lage gegenüber den Vormonaten zwar nicht verbessert, aberimmerhin haben sich die Erwartungen aufgehellt. Es besteht Hoffnung, dass die Konjunkturdelle bereits im2. Quartal 2012 überwunden werden kann. Den anderen drei grossen Volkswirtschaften Europas stehen hingegenschwere Zeiten bevor. So lässt sich im laufenden Jahr eine Rezession in Italien nicht mehr vermeiden. InGrossbritannien herrscht eine hartnäckige Stagnation und in Frankreich ist das Wachstum in den letzten Monatenzum Erliegen gekommen. Auch in den Schwellenländern ist die Abschwächung der wirtschaftlichen Dynamikdeutlich sichtbar. Trotzdem sind diese Volkswirtschaften relativ robust und dürften weiterhin eine positive Rolle fürdie Weltwirtschaft spielen. Die Verlagerung der Wachstumsdynamik weg von Industrie- und hin zu denSchwellenländern wird sich dadurch weiter fortsetzen. Einen positiven Akzent setzten im letzten Quartal die USA.Dort hat sich das Wachstumstempo gegen Ende des letzten Jahres erhöht. Die Immobilienkrise ist zwar nochimmer nicht ausgestanden, aber ein erneuter Rückfall in die Rezession ist unwahrscheinlich geworden.In der Schweiz hat sich die in der ersten Jahreshälfte 2011 noch solide Konjunktur seit letztem Sommer deutlichabgekühlt. Die ungünstige Kombination aus schwächerer Weltkonjunktur und aus immer noch starkem Frankenhinterlässt deutliche Bremsspuren bei den Exporten und bei den Ausrüstungsinvestitionen der Unternehmen.Nachdem die Exporte 2010 noch um 7% zulegen konnten, schrumpfte das Plus im letzten Jahr auf 2.1%.Angesichts des starken Frankens sahen sich die Exporteure gezwungen, ihre Preise um durchschnittlich 5.5% zusenken. Dies entspricht dem höchsten je registrierten Rückgang. In der Schweizer Industrie hat sich dieBeurteilung der Geschäftslage seit Sommer 2011 rapide verschlechtert und bewegte sich die letzten Monate imnegativen Bereich. Produktion und Bestellungseingänge sind in den letzten Monaten gesunken, die Ertragslageist unbefriedigend und die Auftragsbestände werden kleine r. Die schwierigen Umfeldbedingungen zwingenSchweizer Unternehmen zunehmend zu einschneidenden Umstrukturierungsmassnahmen. Das reale BIP dürfteim vierten Quartal 2011 geschrumpft sein und sich erst in der zweiten Jahreshälfte 2012 wieder langsam erholen .Die Lage der Schweizer Textil- und BekleidungsindustrieDas schwierige wirtschaftliche Umfeld spiegelt sich in den Konjunkturdaten der Textil - und Bekleidungsindustrieso deutlich, wie kaum in einer anderen Industriebranche. In den Monaten Dezember und Januar scheint dieTextil- und Bekleidungsindustrie aber in eine Phase der Bodenbildung eingetreten zu sein, denn es kam zu einerleichten Erholung der Indikatoren auf tiefem Niveau.Kapazitätsauslastung (in %) 90 Seit dem Frühling 2011 machen sich die Abkühlung der Weltwirtschaft und der starke 85 Schweizer Franken in einer sinkenden Auslastung 80 der Produktionskapazitäten der Schweizer Industrie bemerkbar. Die Kapazitätsauslastung der 75 Schweizer Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie lag im 70 Januar 2012 noch bei 76% (Oktober 11: 77%). Der seit letztem Frühling anhaltende Abwärtstrend 65 konnte damit im letzten Quartal gebremst werden. 60 Im Durchschnitt der Schweizer Industrie lag die 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Kapazitätsauslastung bei 83%. Textil/Bekleidung Industrie total
  • Geschäftslage (Saldo) 60 Nach einer rasanten Talfahrt zwischen Mai und November 2011 hat sich die Beurteilung der 40 Geschäftslage in den Monaten Dezember und 20 Januar wieder etwas aufgehellt, liegt aber nach 0 wie vor deutlich im negativen Bereich. Diese -20 Verbesserung ist vor allem darauf zurück zu führen, dass zahlreiche Unternehmen in ihrer -40 Beurteilung der Geschäftslage von schlecht auf -60 befriedigend umgestellt haben. Als gut wird die -80 Geschäftslage immer noch nur von rund 9% der 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Unternehmen beurteilt. Im Vergleich mit dem Durchschnitt der Industrie ist die Stimmung bei Textil/Bekleidung Industrie total den Textil- und Bekleidungsproduzenten schlechter.Auftragsbestand (Saldo) 20 Auch die Beurteilung der Auftragsbestände hat 10 sich seit dem Tiefpunkt im November 2011 0 wieder etwas erholt. Das schwierige -10 wirtschaftliche Umfeld setzt den Textil- und -20 Bekleidungsproduzenten bei der Akquisition -30 -40 neuer Aufträge aber weiterhin zu. Im Januar -50 beurteilten nur 3% der Unternehmen den -60 momentanen Auftragsbestand als gross, 57% als -70 normal und 40% als zu klein. -80 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Textil/Bekleidung Industrie totalMit der Geschäftslage w ir d der konjunkturelle Gesamtzustand des Unternehmens dargestellt. Die Testteilnehmer beantworten dieFrage: "Wir beurteilen die Geschäftslage insgesamt als: gut, befriedigend, schlecht." Der Auftragsbestand umfasst die Mengeoder den Wert der noch nic ht in Arbeit genommenen Kundenaufträge. Die Testteilnehmer beantworten die Frage: "Wir beurteilenden Auftragsbestand insgesamt als : zu gross, normal, zu klein." Ausgew iesen wir d für beide Indikatoren der Saldo aus positivenund negativ en Antworten. Dieser gibt die Tendenz der Entwic klung wieder. In der Praxis zeigen die Saldi eine hohe Korrelation mitden tatsächlic hen Wachstumsraten der Realindikatoren.Quelle: KOF ETHZBeschäftigungslage 3. Quartal 2010 3. Quartal 2011Beschäftigte Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie 13‘900 14‘800 Januar 2011 Januar 2012Arbeitslose Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie 559 517Arbeitslosenquote Textil- und 3.6 3.4BekleidungsindustrieQuelle: Bundesamt für Statisti k, Staatssekr etariat für Wirtschaft
  • AussenhandelIm 4. Quartal (Okt. bis Dez. 2011) exportierte die Schweizer Textil- und Bekleidungsindustrie Waren im Wert von717.5 Mio. CHF (-8.6% gg. Vorjahresquartal). Die Textilexporte (370.5 Mio. CHF) sind gegen Jahresende hinstärker ins Minus abgerutscht (-13.5% gg. Vorjahresquartal). Die Bekleidungsexporte (347.0 Mio. CHF) wiesen im4. Quartal nur ein relativ kleines Minus aus (-2.8%). Über alle vier Quartale 2011 hinweg gesehen verzeichnetendie Textilexporte ein Minus von 6.5% und die Bekleidungsexporte ein Minus von 3.8% 1. Von allenExportbranchen verzeichnete 2012 die Textilindustrie nach der Papierindustrie den stärksten Rückschlag.Exporte Textilien Exporte Bekleidung 20 20 10 10 0 0 -10 -10 -20 -20 -30 -30 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Prozentuale Veränderung gegenüber dem Vorjahresquartal.Exporte nach Wirtschaftsräumen Textilien Bekleidung Jan. – Dez. 2011 Jan. – Dez. 2011 TCHF Veränd. in % TCHF Veränd. in %EU / EFTA 1‘160‘486 -8.6 980‘865 4.3Asien 151‘252 -0.3 221‘313 -15.5USA 72‘254 -8.8 119‘922 -24.9Mittlerer Osten 30‘988 16.5 32‘479 10.3Afrika 35‘305 -10.7 3‘840 -28.8Zentral- / Südamerika 14‘148 -20.3 6‘935 -19.4Australien / Ozeanien 4‘262 -17.1 11‘303 -22.2Veränderungen in % jeweils gegenüber der Vorjahresperiode.Textilexporte nach Ländern: 2011 mussten die Exporte der Schweizer Textilindustrie einen Rückgang um 6.5%hinnehmen. Während im 1. Quartal noch ein bescheidenes Wachstum verzeichnet werden konnte, wurden in denfolgenden drei Quartalen die negativen Vorzeichen immer stärker. Dabei erfasste der Abwärtstrend praktisch alleWirtschaftsräume und Kontinente. Im 4. Quartal konnten nur noch die Ausfuhren nach dem Mittleren Osten(+22%), und nach Südostasien (+15%) ein Wachstum verzeichnen, alle anderen Regionen lagen im Minus. Für dieExportbilanz 2011 der Textilindustrie wirkte sich die Abnahme der Textilexporte nach Europa ( -8.6%) besondersbelastend aus. Die grössten Abnehmerländer Deutschland (-7%), Italien (-6%), Frankreich (-11%) und Österreich(-6%) bezogen 2011 deutlich weniger Waren als noch im Vorjahr. Schwierig gestaltete sich 2011 auch dasGeschäftsumfeld in Asien. Während die Ausfuhren nach Südkorea und Japan stagnierten, verzeichneten anderegrosse Abnehmerländer wie China (-6%), Hong Kong (-9%) und Singapur (-9%) eine Abnahme. Dieser Rückgangkonnte nur durch ein Wachstum in vielen kleineren asiatischen Exportmärkten kompensiert werden.Bekleidungsexporte nach Ländern: Bei den Bekleidungsexporten konnte 2011 der starke Abwärtstrend desVorjahres gebremst werden. Für das ganze Jahr resultiert aber immer noch eine Abnahme von 3.8%, wobei imJahresverlauf keine klare Tendenz auszumachen ist. Die Bekleidungsexporte nach Europa legten 2011 um 4.3%zu, was vor allem der erhöhten Nachfrage aus Deutschland (+14%) und Italien (+4%) zu verdanken ist. Bei denanderen Wirtschaftsräumen konnte einzig der Mittlere Osten (+10%) ein Wachstum verzeichnen. In Asienhingegen war Bekleidung aus der Schweiz 2011 weniger gefragt als im Vorjahr. Alle wichtigen Abnehmerländerweisen ein Minus aus: China (-2%), Hong Kong (-4%), Japan (-25%) und Südkorea (-34%).1 Die Exportzahl en umf assen auch Wiederexporte aus de r Regio n Mendrisiotto, die sich durch ei nen hohen Anteil reiner Handelsbetrie be oh neProduktion auszeichnet. Aus der übrigen Sch wei z haben die Bekleid ungsexporte 2011 um 7.9% gg. dem Vorjahr zuge nommen.
  • Exporte der Textil- und Okt. – Dez. 2011 Jan. – Dez. 2011Bekleidungsindustrie nachWarengruppen TCHF Veränd. in % TCHF Veränd. in %Total Textilien 370‘493 -13.5 1‘562‘120 -6.5 Spinnstoffe 10‘910 -13.6 50‘399 -4.5 Garne 46‘632 -20.3 222‘741 -2.4 Gew ebe und Gew ir ke 117‘176 -12.4 471‘494 -6.5 Stickerei, Plüsch, Tüll etc. 19‘924 -15.2 78‘963 -7.0 Heimtextilien 40‘562 -12.7 154‘262 -6.9 Techn. Textilien 135‘290 -11.7 584‘261 -8.0Total Bekleidung 346‘953 -2.8 1‘427‘375 -3.8 Oberbekleidung 253‘677 -3.4 1‘058‘550 -5.5 Unterbekleidung 42‘325 -5.6 164‘595 -2.4 Bekleidungszubehör 50‘951 2.5 204‘230 4.7Veränderungen in % jeweils gegenüber der Vorjahresperiode. Detaillierte Aussenhandels zahlen zur Textil- undBekleidungsindustrie sind im Mitgliederbereich unter www.swisstextiles.ch abrufbar.Quelle: Eidg. Zoll ver waltungAusblick und ErwartungenDie Weltwirtschaft befindet sich immer noch in einer sehr fragilen Situation, in der das Pendel in beideRichtungen ausschlagen kann. Nach wie vor ungelöst und damit der grösste Risikofaktor für die globaleKonjunkturentwicklung sind die hohen Staatsschulden in der EU und in den USA. Auch wenn die Beruhigung deraktuellen Krise gelingt, werden die zugrundeliegenden strukturellen Probleme für die Weltwirtschaft noch langenachwirken. Unter der Annahme, dass sich die angespannte Situation an den Finanzmärkten allmählich beruhigt,sollte sich die Wirtschaft im Euroraum in der zweiten Jahreshälfte 2012 langsam wieder erholen. Für 2012 istaber nur mit einem bescheidenen BIP-Wachstum von rund 0.5% zu rechnen. Während Deutschland eine relativrobuste Konjunkturentwicklung aufweisen wird, ist im übrigen Euroraum mit rezessiven Tendenzen zu rechnen.In den USA hat sich das Wachstumstempo gegen Ende des letzten Jahres erhöht. Für 2012 kann mit einer BIP-Wachstumsrate von rund 2% gerechnet werden. Für die Schwellenländer wird trotz Abkühlung ein Plus von rund6% prognostiziert. Die grössten Zugpferde werden China und Indien sein. Ende Januar haben wichtigeStimmungsindikatoren in Deutschland und den USA überraschend ins Positive gedreht. Ob dieserStimmungsumschwung tatsächlich das Licht am Ende des Tunnels ist, wird sich aber erst noch zeigen müssen.Vor dem Hintergrund der globalen Entwicklung zeichnet sich 2012 für die Schweizer Wirtschaft eine sehrschwache – wahrscheinlich für einzelne Quartale sogar leicht schrumpfende – Wirtschaftsentwicklung ab. Für dasganze Jahr wird mit einem BIP-Wachstum (real) von 0.2% bis 0.5% gerechnet. Die Indikatoren weisen aber nichtauf einen krisenhaften Konjunktureinbruch wie Ende 2008 hin. Erst dem zweiten Halbjahr 2012 sollte dieSchweizer Wirtschaft wieder langsam Fahrt aufnehmen. Die Erwartungen der Schweizer Textil- undBekleidungsproduzenten für das kommende halbe Jahr haben sich gegenüber dem letzten Konjunkturberichtnoch weiter eingetrübt. Exportgeschäft und Bestellungseingang werden schlecht verlaufen, die Personalbeständereduziert. Vor allem die Erwartungen für die Verkaufspreise haben deutlich nach unten gedreht.Erwartungen Exporte Erwartungen Verka ufspreise Jan. 2012Erwartungen Bestellungseingang Erwartungen Beschäftigung Okt. 2011 Quelle: KOF ETHZ
  • Federation - About ourselves - Switzerland - home of textiles - Sales markets - Sales markets - Swiss Textiles 02/05/12 09:29Sales marketsAs Switzerland’s oldest industrial sector, the textile industry was already a high-ranking exporting country within Europe in the 18th century. Today, the majority ofSwiss production is still exported. StatisticsRegional distribution textile exportsRegional distribution garment exportshttp://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idcat=31 Pagina 1 di 1
  • Federation - About ourselves - Switzerland - home of textiles - Switzerland - home of textiles - Swiss Textiles 02/05/12 09:28Switzerland - home of textilesThe Swiss textile and garments industry focuses on the production of high qualitygarments, home textiles and a wide range of technical textiles. The products arebacked up by first class services.Regional distribution of the textile and garments companiesThe chart shows the regional distribution of the Swiss textile and garmentsproducers. Activity is concentrated on Eastern Switzerland and the central part ofthe country, including Zurich.Today some 14,000 persons work in the Swiss textile and garments industry:8,800 in the textile industry and 5,000 in the garments sector.http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idart=11&changelang=2 Pagina 1 di 2
  • Federation - About ourselves - Switzerland - home of textiles - Switzerland - home of textiles - Swiss Textiles 02/05/12 09:28http://www.swisstextiles.ch/cms/front_content.php?idart=11&changelang=2 Pagina 2 di 2
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