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Naxalism   threat to india's internal securit
 

Naxalism threat to india's internal securit

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    Naxalism   threat to india's internal securit Naxalism threat to india's internal securit Presentation Transcript

    • Naxalism:Biggest threat to Indias internal security
    • Genesis & Ideology► “Naxalism” takes its name from Naxalbari (WB), which witnessed a socio-economic uprising in 1967► Naxalites – term used to describe adherents to ideology of radical Communist groups► Believe in capturing power through a violent revolution
    • Genesis & Ideology… contd.► Naxals aim at ushering in a socialist economy, classless society, and communist polity► To realize this, Naxals believe in complete annihilation of class enemies► Chief targets include upper caste landlords, police, politicians, government officials
    • Major Left-wing extremist groups► PWG & MCC merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in September 2004► CPI (Marxist-Leninist) Janashakti► Peoples Liberation Guerrilla Army, military wing of CPI (Maoist)
    • How widespread is the movement?► Pan-Indian spread, present in 170 districts in 13 states► Naxal groups are very active in AP, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, MP, Jharkhand, Bihar, and WB► Naxalites are a highly trained cadre, especially in guerrilla warfare
    • How widespread is the movement? ... Contd.► Maoists have set up a continuous corridor extending from AP to Nepal where they run a parallel govt.► The Maoists call this corridor as the Compact Revolutionary Zone (CRZ)► Naxals have access to sophisticated weapons, better communication tools
    • External links
    • Maoists have a strong relationship with► Nepals Maoists – joint training, ideological bro’hood► ISI (Pakistan) – funds and arms supply► Bangladeshi Islamic militant organizations – funds and arms supply
    • Impact of Naxal violence► As Naxal violence is directly targeted at the State & its arms, it subverts national sovereignty► Thousands of innocent civilians and security personnel killed by Naxals► Infrastructure like railway stations and telecom exchanges worth hundreds of crores destroyed
    • Impact of Naxal violence…► Unrest in Naxal-infested areas has led to flight of investment & large-scale migration to urban areas► Has deepened divisions between upper classes / lower classes, & upper castes / lower castes► Direct links with external terror outfits has increased the vulnerability of sensitive places to terror attacks
    • What can be done to control Naxal violence?
    • Three most important measures include► Redressing socio-economic grievances of Naxal sympathizers / supporters / cadre► Negotiations with Naxal organizations► Use of force against Naxal organizations
    • Redressing socio-economic grievances► Remove root cause, the mother of all ills - poverty► Land reforms, distribution of surplus land among the landless► Empowering the socially disadvantaged / lower classes / backward castes► Abolish class and caste discrimination
    • Redressing socio-economic grievances► Generation of secured employment esp., targeting the youth in the affected areas► Involve people in building community assets like roads, check dams, afforestation► Spread of literacy – a powerful tool in the fight against exploitation of gullible masses by Naxal organizations
    • Negotiate with the Naxals► For any negotiations to take place, Naxals should lay down their arms first► Adopt carrot and stick approach► Warn them that anti-State violent activities will not be tolerated and that the same will met with force
    • Negotiate with the Naxals► Assure them that a grievance redressal mechanism within the framework of our Constitution will be set up► Option of general amnesty could be considered► If Naxals surrender and join the mainstream, then they will be given economic incentives like jobs
    • Use of force against Naxal organizations► A concerted and well-coordinated effort by armed forces backed by strong political will is needed► States affected by Naxal violence should evolve a common strategy of tackling such violence► Intelligence sharing & mobilization of well-trained force armed with sophisticated weapons
    • Use of force against Naxal organizations► Special units of the Indian Army, trained in jungle & guerrilla warfare could be brought in► Ensure that people living in Naxal hot-beds are not harassed, which could alienate them further► No effort should be spared to tackle this ever-growing threat to Indias internal security