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La10301 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. LA10301
  • 2. LA10301Analytical Reasoning or Logical Ability is a very importantarea in preparation for MBA entrance exams. All examscontain good number of questions from this area. While insome of the exams, there is a separate section devoted toit, like IIFT has ‘Logical Ability’, SNAP has ‘Analytical andLogical Reasoning’, NMAT has ‘Intelligence and LogicalReasoning’, IRMA has ‘Analytical Reasoning’, whereas it ispart of Maths or English sections in exams like CAT andXAT.
  • 3. LA10301We should also bear in mind, that solving questions from otherareas, like Maths and DI, also involve a fair amount of reasoningor analytical skills and hence this area becomes all the moreimportant.Let us look at some common varieties of puzzles that are asked inexams and discuss them.1. Linear Sequencing/Seating Arrangement2. Circular Arrangement3. Distribution4. Order Sequence5. Routes and Networks6. Selection7. Truth Tellers/Liars/Alternators
  • 4. Linear Sequencing/Seating ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Four boys Aman, Aviral, Raj and Vidur, and four girlsRachna, Rihana, Anamika and Vanshika are sitting in a rowfacing you in such a way that no girl sits next to each other. Noperson sits next to the person whose name starts with the sameletter. Anamika is the only girl between Rihana and Vanshika whodoes not have anyone to her left.Who is sitting to the immediate left of Rachna?(a) Aman (b) Vidur (c)Aviral (d) Cannot be determined
  • 5. Linear Sequencing/Seating ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Four boys Aman, Aviral, Raj and Vidur, and four girlsRachna, Rihana, Anamika and Vanshika are sitting in a rowfacing you in such a way that no girl sits next to each other. Noperson sits next to the person whose name starts with the sameletter. Anamika is the only girl between Rihana and Vanshika whodoes not have anyone to her left.In how many ways they all can sit?(a)One (b) Two (c)Four (d) six
  • 6. Linear Sequencing/Seating ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Four boys Aman, Aviral, Raj and Vidur, and four girlsRachna, Rihana, Anamika and Vanshika are sitting in a rowfacing you in such a way that no girl sits next to each other. Noperson sits next to the person whose name starts with the sameletter. Anamika is the only girl between Rihana and Vanshika whodoes not have anyone to her left.If Aviral sits at one of the extremes then who sits to theimmediate right of Rihana?(a)Aman (b) Vidur (c)Raj (d) Data is sufficient
  • 7. Linear Sequencing/Seating ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Four boys Aman, Aviral, Raj and Vidur, and four girlsRachna, Rihana, Anamika and Vanshika are sitting in a row facing you in sucha way that no girl sits next to each other. No person sits next to the personwhose name starts with the same letter. Anamika is the only girl betweenRihana and Vanshika who does not have anyone to her left.Which of the following conditions is required to complete the seatingarrangement?(a)Aman and Aviral sit next to Rachna(b) All the boys whose names start with the same letter sit in alphabetical orderfrom left to right?(c) Vidur is not sitting next to Vanshika(d)None of the above.
  • 8. Linear Sequencing/Seating ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Four boys Aman, Aviral, Raj and Vidur, and four girlsRachna, Rihana, Anamika and Vanshika are sitting in a row facing you in sucha way that no girl sits next to each other. No person sits next to the personwhose name starts with the same letter. Anamika is the only girl betweenRihana and Vanshika who does not have anyone to her left.Who can sit next to Vanshika?(a)Aviral (b) Aman (c)Raj (d) Any of the above.
  • 9. Circular ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Eight members of the committeeAneer, Adheer, Amit, Aarjav, Avinash, Akansha, Atul and Aviralare sitting around a table to discuss the issue raised in thecommittee. Avinash is sitting to the left of Atul who is sitting tothe opposite to the person whose name has the least number ofletters in it. Adheer is sitting two places away from both Akanshaand Avinash but not next to Atul. Aarjav is sitting next to neitherAkansha nor Avinash.Who is sitting to the right of Aarjav?(a) Akansha (b) Aneer (c)Aviral (d) Cannot be determined
  • 10. Circular ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Eight members of the committee Aneer, Adheer, Amit, Aarjav,Avinash, Akansha, Atul and Aviral are sitting around a table todiscuss the issue raised in the committee. Avinash is sitting to theleft of Atul who is sitting to the opposite to the person whosename has the least number of letters in it. Adheer is sitting twoplaces away from both Akansha and Avinash but not next to Atul.Aarjav is sitting next to neither Akansha nor Avinash.If all the people sitting opposite to each other interchange theirpositions then who will sit to the left of Adheer?(a) Amit (b) Aneer (c)Aviral (d) Aarjav
  • 11. Circular ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Eight members of the committeeAneer, Adheer, Amit, Aarjav, Avinash, Akansha, Atul and Aviralare sitting around a table to discuss the issue raised in thecommittee. Avinash is sitting to the left of Atul who is sitting tothe opposite to the person whose name has the least number ofletters in it. Adheer is sitting two places away from both Akanshaand Avinash but not next to Atul. Aarjav is sitting next to neitherAkansha nor Avinash.In how many ways Aneer and Aviral can sit?(a) One (b) Four (c)Two (d) None of these
  • 12. Circular ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Eight members of the committeeAneer, Adheer, Amit, Aarjav, Avinash, Akansha, Atul and Aviralare sitting around a table to discuss the issue raised in thecommittee. Avinash is sitting to the left of Atul who is sitting tothe opposite to the person whose name has the least number ofletters in it. Adheer is sitting two places away from both Akanshaand Avinash but not next to Atul. Aarjav is sitting next to neitherAkansha nor Avinash.Who sits three places away to the right of Amit?(a) Avinash (b) aneer (c)Aviral (d) Akansha
  • 13. Circular ArrangementRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Eight members of the committeeAneer, Adheer, Amit, Aarjav, Avinash, Akansha, Atul and Aviralare sitting around a table to discuss the issue raised in thecommittee. Avinash is sitting to the left of Atul who is sitting tothe opposite to the person whose name has the least number ofletters in it. Adheer is sitting two places away from both Akanshaand Avinash but not next to Atul. Aarjav is sitting next to neitherAkansha nor Avinash.Aviral can never sit next to which of the following?(a) Adheer (b)Avinash (c)Aakansha (d) Amit
  • 14. DistributionRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Six players Pavitra, Qureshi, Rajat, Sarthak, Tanya and Utsavplay six different games hockey, cricket, football, chess, golf andbasket ball and represent six different cities. Pavitra plays hockeyand hails from chennai. Utsav plays basket ball. The one who isfrom Mumbai plays football but he is not Rajat. Sarthak is not achess player but is from Delhi. Tanya is from Calcutta and thecricket player is representing Bangalore. Mysore is one of the sixcities.Who is playing golf?(a) Rajat (b) Qureshi (c)Sarthak (d) Tanya
  • 15. DistributionRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Six players Pavitra, Qureshi, Rajat, Sarthak, Tanya and Utsavplay six different games hockey, cricket, football, chess, golf andbasket ball and represent six different cities. Pavitra plays hockeyand hails from chennai. Utsav plays basket ball. The one who isfrom Mumbai plays football but he is not Rajat. Sarthak is not achess player but is from Delhi. Tanya is from Calcutta and thecricket player is representing Bangalore. Mysore is one of the sixcities.Which city is Utsav from?(a)Chennai (b) Bangalore (c)Mumbai (d) Mysore
  • 16. DistributionRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Six players Pavitra, Qureshi, Rajat, Sarthak, Tanya and Utsavplay six different games hockey, cricket, football, chess, golf andbasket ball and represent six different cities. Pavitra plays hockeyand hails from chennai. Utsav plays basket ball. The one who isfrom Mumbai plays football but he is not Rajat. Sarthak is not achess player but is from Delhi. Tanya is from Calcutta and thecricket player is representing Bangalore. Mysore is one of the sixcities.The one who plays chess is from which City?(a) Bangalore (b) Calcutta (c)Mysore (d) Delhi
  • 17. DistributionRead the following information carefully and answer thequestions given below it.Six players Pavitra, Qureshi, Rajat, Sarthak, Tanya and Utsavplay six different games hockey, cricket, football, chess, golf andbasket ball and represent six different cities. Pavitra plays hockeyand hails from chennai. Utsav plays basket ball. The one who isfrom Mumbai plays football but he is not Rajat. Sarthak is not achess player but is from Delhi. Tanya is from Calcutta and thecricket player is representing Bangalore. Mysore is one of the sixcities.Which of the following games Tanya plays?(a)Chess (b) Cricket (c)football (d) Golf
  • 18. DistributionRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six players Pavitra, Qureshi, Rajat, Sarthak, Tanya and Utsav play six differentgames hockey, cricket, football, chess, golf and basket ball and represent sixdifferent cities. Pavitra plays hockey and hails from chennai. Utsav playsbasket ball. The one who is from Mumbai plays football but he is not Rajat.Sarthak is not a chess player but is from Delhi. Tanya is from Calcutta and thecricket player is representing Bangalore. Mysore is one of the six cities.Which of the following is a correct combination of the player – game – cityrespectively?(a) Football – Qureshi – Mumbai(b) Tanya – Chess – Calcutta(c) Rajat – Golf – Bangalore(d) Utsav – Hockey - Mysore
  • 19. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.Which of the following is the newest Mall?(a)Prasads (b) Wave (c)Total (d) Z-Square
  • 20. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.Which of the following Malls is shorter than Phoenix?(a) Prasads (b) Central (c)Wave (d) None of these
  • 21. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.Which of the following Malls is third in the sequence if they are arranged inthe order from oldest to newest?(a) Prasads (b) A –Square (c)Phoenix (d) Wave
  • 22. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.Which of the following Malls is third in the sequence if they are arranged inthe order from oldest to newest?(a) Prasads (b) A –Square (c)Phoenix (d) Wave
  • 23. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.Prasads is older than how many malls?(a) Three (b) Two (c)Four (d) Five
  • 24. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.In which of the following years, Phoenix Mall could have been built, if all themalls were built in the years 1946, 1989, 2002, 2008, 2012 and 2016respectively?(a) 2012 (b) 1989 (c)2016 (d) 2002
  • 25. Order SequenceRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.Six Malls – Central, Prasads, Wave, Z- Square, Phoenix and Total were built insix different years and are of six different heights. Total is shorter than Zsquare which is shorter than Central which is older than Z – Square which isolder than Wave, but newer than Phoenix which is older than Central butnewer than Prasads which is taller than Central but shorter than Wave. Total isthe oldest mall and taller than Phoenix.If all the malls are arranged in sequence from tallest to shortest height-wiseand oldest to youngest age-wise, then how many of them will have the samenumber of malls at least to one side of them in both the sequences?(a) One (b) Two (c)Three (d) None
  • 26. Routes and NetworksRead the following information carefully and answer the questions givenbelow it.In an office there are seven cabins having seven different names and all ofthem have telephones which are interconneted through EPBAX. A person’scall can be transferred from one cabin to another depending on the connectionprovided Call to any cabin can be made directly or by routing it throughmultiple cabins.One can make calls from cabin Cuba to cabin Rasa but cannot receive a callback. Similarly calls can be made but not received from cabins Pogo toCuba, Lara to Pogo, Sasa to Lara and Gama. Whereas the cabins from whichcalls can be made as well as received as Dora and Rasa, Lara and Rasa, Cubaand Lara, Sasa and Dora and Gama and cuba. The seven people who sit in thecabins – Cuba, Dora, Rasa, Lara, Sasa. Pogo and Gama are P, Q, R, S,T, U andV respectively. When a call is made from one cabin to another, no part of theroute through which the call has been made should be used twice.
  • 27. Routes and Networks1.In how many ways can U receive P’s call?(a)Two (b) three (c)Four (d) None of these2. What is the shortest way of making a call from Gama to Pogo?(a)Gama-Cuba-Rasa-Lara-Pogo(b)Gama-Cuba-Lara-Pogo(c)Gama-Sasa-Lara-Pogo(d)None of these3. If T and V interchange their cabins, then how many ways S can talk to T?(a) Three (b) four (c)Five (d) None of these4. What is the least number of cabins through which a voice will travel if onemakes a call from cabin Lara to Gama?(a) One (b) Two (c)Three (d) Four