1. PREAMBLEGatorade and Powerade are sports drinks used by athletes to rehydrate and improve performanceduring practices and competitions. Both brands are made with a mix of water, sugar, andelectrolytes to help replenish what was lost due to physical exertion and perspiration.HISTORYGatorade was created in 1965 after a University of Florida assistant football coach sat down withteam doctors to discuss why so many players were being adversely affected by the heat during practices and games. Researchers Dr. Robert Cade, Dr. Dana Shires, Dr. H. James Free and Dr. Alejandro de Quesada discovered two key factors that were causing the Gator players to drop in performance: fluids and electrolytes being lost as sweat by the players were not being replaced, and the player had a lack of energy from low levels of carbohydrates. Gatorade was named after the University of Floridas mascot, the "Gator." Gatorade was purchased by The Quaker Oats Co. in 1983 who werebought by PepsiCo in 2001. It is currently sold in over 80 countries world-wide.Powerade was created in direct competition to Gatorade. Powerade was introduced in 1988 byCoca Cola and became the official sports drink of the Olympic Games along with Aquarius, anothersports drink at that time,
2. COMPOSITIONThe composition of Gatorade has evolved and is currently a 6% carbohydrate drink made with high-fructose corn syrup, natural flavoring ingredients, and artificial coloring.Powerade’s listed ingredients include: water, high-fructose corn syrup, salt, potassium citrate,phenylalanine, sucralose, sodium citrate, malic acid, potassium phosphate, vitamin B6 and vitaminB2. Their ION4 version contains all four electrolytes in the correct ratio as found in sweat.
3. BENEFITSBoth Gatorade and Powerade help maintain electrolyte and carbohydrate balance through salt andsugar.Gatorade asserts that a 6% carbohydrate solution is ideal for absorption and energy production and that "sports drinks with lower or higher concentrations than 6% carbohydrate are unlikely to deliver on all these key attributes." Powerade contains vitamins B6 and B12, both of which are active in the production of energy but only if combined with food. VARIETIES Gatorade is marketed as the G Series which contains three main types of sports drink: before, during, and after athletic events. Prime 01 is the pre-game fuel that comes as a gel. Perform 02 consists of traditional Gatorade products like Gatorade Thirst.Quencher (Original Gatorade), G2, and Gatorade Powder are used during competition.Recover 03 is the post-workout protein and carbohydrate drink. It provides hydration and musclerecovery after exercise.G Series Pro was developed for professional athletes and was being sold in Home Depot and DicksSporting Goods in the U.S. in 2010.G Natural is made with "natural flavors and ingredients” including Stevia, an artificial sweetener.
4. G Series Fit is formulated for before, during and after exercise like the three above but consists ofpre-workout fruit-and-nut bites, flavored electrolyte drinks, and post-workout protein recoverysmoothies.The Coca-Cola Co. also produces Powerade Zero which is a zero-calorie flavored drink which usessucralose instead of sugar.CONSIDERATIONSBoth products do benefit performance and recovery but only if you are exercising for a prolongedperiod of time. However, due to the large amount of sugar it contains, unless you are vigorouslyexercising for a minimum of one hour, the sports drinks will have no benefit other than to increaseyour calorie intake. Drink water instead. As a comparison, running a mile will burn 130 calories(depending on your speed and weight). If you drink a bottle of Powerade after your run, you areadding 230 calories, Gatorade adds 310 calories. If you are trying to lose or maintain your weight byrunning, this won’t help.An interesting discussion between runners on which they use…http://www.runnersworld.com/community/forums/nutrition-weight-loss/general-nutrition/gatorade-vs-powerade
5. SPORTS DRINK ISSUEResearch done at the University of Maryland shows that tooth enamel is at risk when exposed tosports beverages like energy drinks and sports drinks as well as fitness water.Damage to tooth enamel was three to eleven times higher compared to soft drinks. Reason? Theacids it contains as additives.The acids are combining with plaque and demineralizing the surface of the tooth so a cavity canform. The worst offenders were lemonade, sports drinks and energy drinks. To a lesser extent,fitness water, cola and ice tea did the same thing. To avoid the damage simply brush your teeth ordrink in gulps every so often instead of sipping which causes the liquid to stay in your mouth toolong.THE NEWEST DANGER - BVO BVO – Brominated Vegetable Oil is an ingredient that is added to beverages to keep ingredients from separating causing oil to rise to the top of the bottle. Bromine is an element that reacts with iodine which can cause issues with the thyroid gland. BVO is found in flame retardant upholstery and pajamas. Strangely enough, we drink it and research is showing that it isbuilding up in people’s bodies including breast milk.Scientific American has stated that there are apparent “links to impaired neurological development,reduced fertility, early onset of puberty and altered thyroid hormones.”Both PepsiCo and Coke openly use BVO as it is found in Gatorade, Powerade, Fresca, Fanta Orange,Sunkist, and Mountain Dew.Interestingly enough, BVO has been banned in the European Union and Japan. So really, howvaluable an ingredient is it if these products are sold in these countries without it?
6. Home RecipesWhy buy it when you can make? You know what you need – 8% sugar (8 grams per 100 mL ofwater) and 1-2 grams per liter of salt.Basic Sports Drink1 liter water (32 oz)1/3 cup glucose or sucrose1/4 tsp table saltFlavoring depending on your taste like orange or lemon juiceKeep refrigerated.Sports Bottle Drink (20 oz)3 Tbsp sugar1/8 tsp table saltFlavoring like orange or lemon juice, Kool-Aid or other drink mix.Trying 2-3 Tbsp of juice or 1/3 pack of Kool-Aid.Keep refrigerated.Powdered Sports Drink9 Tbsp sugar3/8 tspn table salt1 pack Kool-Aid or other drink mix.Mix dry.Split mixture into three ziplock bags.Add 1 bag to 20-oz. of water in a sports bottle.
7. My name is Jacques Delorme and I am thefounder of ViSports. I have been around sportsfor over 30 years as a player, official and acertified coach in baseball, basketball, football,volleyball and wrestling. I have coached all agegroups from 3 yr olds all the way up to amasters team (over 35). I completed myBachelor of Education degree in Chemistry,physical education and general science in 1990.I went on to a career in teaching which alsohad me involved in coaching badminton,basketball, curling, football, little leaguebaseball, soccer, softball and track and field.As a part of my coaching, I didn’t always stress proper nutrition. There was very little emphasis on eatingproperly when I was an athlete. When my son started taking his training more seriously (and eventually playon the Junior National Handball team), I gathered up to date information on sports nutrition to get him tomake the most of his efforts. As a result, I started taking classes and certifications and put what I learnedinto three websites to communicate with others interested in learning more about the training, nutritionand motivation of youth athletes.Updates are made almost daily to my sites as feedback comes in and research studies are released. I willcontinue to study and learn as much as I can about youth training, nutrition and motivation. My sites willcontain the most up to date information I can find. I have done presentations for sports groups, communitygroups as well as schools. Once information is completed in late 2012, I will be releasing a new nutritionbook and training materials that will be available on my sites.“Teach and guide our youth before the lessons they learn by trial and error alone render them incapable ofreaching their true potential.”Jacques DelormeFounder and CEO“Opportunities are never lost…someone will take the one you missed.”.