LEARN PHOTOGRAPHY BASICS
Visionary Media Productions
Basics of Equipment
•Photography Jargons Explained
•Concepts: Aperture, Depth of Field, Shutter Speed, ISO,
•Understanding Digital Photography
•Styles/Modes of Photography
•Tools & Techniques of Composition
Choosing the Best Camera
•Not a once in a lifetime purchase anymore.
•Select one which can do the job you want
Today and as per your future requirement
•Some kinds of cameras do.
some kinds of things better or more easily
e.g., Sports photography vs. Close-up portraits.
•Price isn‟t the best indicator.
TYPES OF CAMERAS
• WEB CAMERAS AND MOBILE CAMERAS
How much do you need?
•Often, cameras are categorized by the no. of
Megapixels they can capture .
•As if that resolution figure is the only measure
of the camera‟s value.
•This value can be quite misleading.
ZOOM: OPTICAL AND DIGITAL
Optical vs. Digital Zoom
•An optical zoom uses the optics (lens) of the digital
camera to move you closer to your subject.
•A digital zoom simply enlarges the existing image
digitally. It is not really zoom, in the strictest definition
of the term.
•Enlarging the image digitally reduces picture quality,
and should therefore usually be avoided
•Some manufacturers label their lenses with the "total
zoom" by multiplying the optical with the digital.
•When comparing digital cameras:
Go for higher optical zoom. Digital zoom can always be
achieved later in an image editing software.
RESOLUTION AND PRINT SIZES
800 x 600
1600 x 1200
2300 x 1700
3000 x 2000
3888+ x 2592+
•A technology that stabilizes the lens to
effectively reduce blur due to camera shake
How the camera measures the amount of light
available to expose a picture
•Centre-Weighted: Readings are taken at
various part of the picture, with a special
emphasis for the centre.
•Spot: Readings are taken at a specific point.
•Each camera manufacturer has its own
variations (Evaluative Metering)
The ability to adjust colours based on white as
a reference colour to give as true a white as
•All other colours are corrected accordingly
•Auto WB (AWB): the camera determines and
selects the correct colour temperature for
Some preset white balance settings are
daylight, cloudy, tungsten, or fluorescent.
Aperture, Depth of
Speed, ISO, Noise
a hole or an opening
It causes variations in
the Depth of Field
within the image
•Amount of time the
picture is exposed
•Short/Fast shutter speed
•Long/Slow shutter speed
•the measure of a digital camera sensor‟s
sensitivity to light
•a higher number indicates higher sensitivity
•This is usually expressed as a range,
e.g. ISO 100 - 1600.
•A higher sensitivity allows us to take pictures
in low light without using flash
•Higher ISO causes more "noise" than lower
Allows you to decide the shutter speed (e.g. fast at 1/500
sec. for stop action photography, or slow at 2 sec. for
night photography), and the camera decides the best
Allows you to choose the aperture (e.g. large
at F1.8 for portrait, of small at F16 for
You have complete creative control in selecting
both the shutter and aperture.
All digital cameras usually have an Auto mode:
the camera decides for you the best shutter
Primary function is to allow a large depth of field.
Landscape mode tells the camera to default to a
large Depth of Field (Small Aperture)–f16.
This mode is not well suited for full-length
portraits or groups of people
Portrait mode tells the camera to default to a:
•Small Depth of Field (Large Aperture)– f1.8
tells the camera to default its settings toward
capturing images faster
This is done by:
•Increasing Shutter Speed
This preset slows down the shutter speed to
allow a lot of light into the camera.
•Both the foreground and background of the
image are properly exposed.
•very useful in taking low-light
images where you do not want
the background to be black
This setting works with your camera
lens to allow it to focus from a very
•Depth of Field becomes very Small
(Large Aperture)– f1.8
•Does not have a lot of alternative
Why compose your images?
Create the picture.
Decide what is in and what is left out.
“Convince” the eye to glance at it moment longer.
“Composition" means "Putting Together"
Rule of thirds
The theory is that your photo becomes more
balanced and will enable a viewer of the
image to interact with it more naturally.
People‟s eyes usually go to one of the
intersection points most naturally rather than
the centre of the shot.
It works with this natural way of viewing an
image rather than working against it
Important to experiment to overcome the
tendency to centre everything.
•But, sometimes you may find situations where it's
difficult to follow the rule of thirds.
•If you know why you're doing it -feel free!
•But when you're first starting out it's a good idea
to try to follow it whenever you can.
leads the viewer‟s eye into the depth of the
Usually, centre it and create a symmetrical
composition leading to the centre.
Camera lens filters still have many uses in digital
photography, and should be an important part of any
photographer's camera bag....
Here is the major filters and their function...
1 - Protective Filters
UV Filters - Absorbs ultraviolet rays. Gives cleaner, sharper pictures
with less haze. Also serves as a permanent lens protector.
Personally, i have a UV filter on every lens :)
EXIF (exchangeable image
• EXIF (exchangeable image file) data is a record of what
camera settings were used to take a photograph.
EXIF data stores information like camera model,
exposure, aperture, ISO, what camera mode was used
To interpret this EXIF data, you will need an EXIF
viewer. There are many ways to go about this. Your
image processing program should provide that
functionality within the program.
For beginners, reading an images EXIF data can be a
very useful learning tool....
Take a number of shots at different shutter speed/aperture combinations.
Ensure your LCD brightness is set to Normal, not Bright, for a truer
representation of your recorded image.
A good aperture to start with is F4.0 or F5.6 (for greatest depth of field),
and adjust shutter speed up or down until you're satisfied with the shot.
Always bring and use a tripod. It's quite common to have exposures of an
entire second or more during night-time photography.
Bring along a flashlight. A pocket flashlight is essential when you're doing
photography at night.
Minimalistic photos is creating „empty‟ spaces in the photograph....
The eye of the person looking at the image can‟t help but be drawn
to the element of the image you‟ve taken.... the subject!
“make your subject the strongest point of your photo even though it
might take up only a small part of the overall image”....
When I‟m attempting to take a show with a minimalist feel to it I keep
those words in mind.
pick subjects wisely
experiment with color
use depth of field
crop out distractions
Zoom In or out...