Tamarind

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Tamarind

  1. 1. Description of related species & varieties of T amarind P resented B y…… G.Saraswathi 13-533-009
  2. 2. T amarind • Botanical Name : Tamarindus indicus. Linn • Family : Fabaceae [ Caesalpiniaceae ] • Origin : Eastern Tropical Africa • Ch.No : 2n=24 • It’ s also known as Indian date.
  3. 3. • Most important multipurpose tree in India. arindus has only one • The monotypic genus of Tam species, indica. • India – largest producer in the world. • India – only country produces a commercial crop tamarind. [ K.V.peter,2007 ]
  4. 4. • Flavour component of the pulp – 2 – acetylfuran • Major constituent – Tartaric acid [ 8-18% ]. • Kernal powder - Sizing material for jute & Textiles. • Kernal powder – Xyloglycan – gelling agent.
  5. 5. Description • Tamil Nadu • Madhya Pradesh • Andhra Pradesh • Maharashtra • Karnataka
  6. 6. Germplasm H oldings • Totally 1209 accessions • State agrl.universities - 661 • Forest dept,Karnataka - 220 • Forest dept, TN - 328 [ Pareek & Awasthi, 2002 ]
  7. 7. B otany • Large, handsome,long-lived evergreen tree. • It is used for shade, ornamental value & fruit. • 20 m height, 7m girth. • Flowers – Sub terminal racemes – yellowish or pale yellow blossoms. • Propagation – seeds – 20kg /ha. • Vegetatively cuttings, root suckers, inarching, softwood grafting & patch budding, air layering. • Inarching & patch budding – 90% success [K.V.Peter,2007]
  8. 8. Classification Based on colour - Red,block,brown etc. Light & dark colour. Based on taste - Sour – Prathisthan , PKM -1 Sweet – Thailand type Based on place - Urigam,Cumbam,Karur. Identification Based on place Of origin - East Indian variety – Long pods 6-12 seeds/ pod - West Indian variety – shorter pods 1-4 seeds/pod
  9. 9. Varieties S.N Variety o Avg.yiel P arentag Inisti /Uni e d Recom. Salient features state In kgs / tree Early bearer, dwarf high yielding variety. 1 PKM – Clonal HC & RI 263 Flowering – 3rd yr in 1 selection Periyakulam grafts, 5th yr in 1992 from seedlings. Endapuli Fruits – Semicircle. village Pulp recovery -39% Tartaric acid – 17.1% Ascorbic acid – 3.95 mg/ 100g TN
  10. 10. Short in size, branch – Umberlla, Pods – lengthy, 2 Urigam Local genotype - 150 -200g fleshy & tasty - C shaped from Urigam – Per each curvature. Thenkanikottai fruit Flowering – Late – Mar Dharmapuri TN Harvest – July Seedlings – 6 – 8 yr starts bearing. Grafts – 4th yr onwards 3 Prathisthan Selection Fruit Research station – Aurangabad Mah. Mah - -
  11. 11. 4 DTS -1 Selection UAS,Bangalor e 1.5 kg/ Sweet red type tree Kar slightly susceptible to pod borer. 5 Yogeswari Selection Forest dept, - Red pulp Kar Karnataka 6 No.263 Selection Fruit Research Station – Aurangabad – Mah. - - Mah
  12. 12. L ocal selections • Cumbum selection – Theni district – TN • Rahuri selection – Maharashtra • Kangadevanpalli • Devar Ullimangalam
  13. 13. References • Horticulture Science Series Vol 5 – Prof. K.V.Peter E.V.Nybe N.Miniraj • Advances in Spices Research – P.N.Ravindran

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