VRA 2014 Case Studies in International Copyright, Arnold


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Presented by Matthias Arnold, at the Annual Conference of the Visual Resources Association, March 12-15, 2014 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Session 9, Case Studies in International Copyright Compliance: Untangling the Web of Publishing and Sharing Copyrighted Content Online
Cara Hirsch, Artstor
Allan Kohl, Minneapolis College of Art and Design (on behalf of the VRA Intellectual Property Rights Committee)
Vicky Brown, University of Oxford (on behalf of the VRA International Task Force)

Allan Kohl, Minneapolis College of Art and Design
Vicky Brown, University of Oxford

• Matthias Arnold, University of Heidelberg (Germany)
• Vicky Brown, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
• Marta Bustillo, National College of Art and Design, Dublin (Ireland)
• Lavinia Ciuffa, American Academy in Rome (Italy)
• Marika Sarvilahti, Aalto University, Helsinki (Finland)

Teachers, students and scholars have long been able to rely on fair use in making content available for teaching, research and study within the United States. However, such protections don’t exist outside the United States. This session explores the various ways that visual resource professionals have addressed copyright compliance issues when making images available for educational and scholarly purposes outside of the United States. Using various case studies, the session will address the sharing of image resources between and among different institutions, determining when and how images can be made available to the general public, creating image-based research collaborations across national boundaries, and the international aspects of publishing with images.

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VRA 2014 Case Studies in International Copyright, Arnold

  1. 1. International Copyright Compliance Use cases from a German Research Institution Matthias Arnold, Heidelberg | March 14, 2014
  2. 2. The Cluster of Excellence "Asia and Europe in a Global Context: The Dynamics of Transculturality“ To “enhance the understanding of the multi-layered interactions between and within Asia and Europe” Ca. 60 projects organized in 17 interdisciplinary research groups and 4 research areas 5 new professorships Graduate School, M.A. Transcultural Studies DH unit “Heidelberg Research Architecture” (HRA) The Karl-Jaspers Centre for Advanced Transcultural Studies, Heidelberg Photo M. Arnold 2010 (Some) Research fields: Anthropology, Archaeology, Art History, Buddhist Studies, Chinese Studies, Egyptology, Historical Studies, Indology, Islam Studies, Japanese Studies, Law Studies, Media and Communication Studies, Musicology, Public Health, Political Sciences, Religious Studies, Social Sciences, Tibetan Studies, and more Languages: English, German Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali, Sanskrit, Russian, etc.
  3. 3. Research collections New research area: Transcultural Studies Digitisation of research material (often access restricted, e.g. if related to Ph.D. studies) http://abou-naddara.uni-hd.de (open access, not annotated)
  4. 4. Digital collections “Classical” image database, hosted by University Library Copyrighted material, access restricted to members of the university
  5. 5. Digital collections Professorships Visual and Media Anthropology and Global Art History Reproductions and fieldwork photographs
  6. 6. Digital collections Slide collection of Prof. Sontheimer’s field research (1958-92) Slide collection - Institute of East Asian Art History
  7. 7. Images in German copyright law • “Photo works (Lichtbildwerk)“ – higher level of creativity, artistic image, also includes individual amateur photographs -> individuality matters (motif, perspective, light/shadow) • protection: 70 years post mortem auctoris • „Photos (Lichtbild)“ – e.g. shopping catalog images, x-ray or aerial photographs • protection: 50 years after creation/publication • Unprotected images – e.g. reproductions of 2D originals Many restrictions, e.g.: • Image quotation (unaltered, citation of source) • Access for research & education (clearly defined group) • Electronic reading places – Libraries, Museums, Archives
  8. 8. Copyright collective Since the 1965 new copyright law creators may receive royalties from • reproductions; resale; online publishing; library use; intranet use in schools or universities; photocopying; use at electronic reading places, in reading circles, or in press reviews Organisation through collecting society “VG Bild-Kunst” (since 1968) • administers different rights and royalty claims for its members
  9. 9. Special platform for Art History 2001: prometheus – distributed digital image archive Central access to digital images for research & education Non-profit association Connects 78 databases 16 open access > 1.1 million images University, archive, and museum collections Mostly German speaking countries Metadata: Artist, title, location, date, image source, copyright, source database
  10. 10. prometheus Agreement with VG Bild-Kunst: • world wide image for non-commercial research and educational purposes Cooperation with Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz (bpk): • bpk-images may be freely used in non-commercial academic publications (ed. >1000 samples) with citation Provides copyright/ publishing information (as delivered) Implementation of HyperImage for publishing (“MetaImage”) Access to prometheus: campus or personal license
  11. 11. Insert -> Header/Footer -> check “Slide Number” and “Footer” with the respective line, e.g. Institute | Person | Title 13
  12. 12. Summary/Outlook Open access to public domain material Central access to copyrighted material