Copyright & Visual Art
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Copyright & Visual Art

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Niels Schaumann presentation in "Transforming Publishing Practices in the Arts" session at the VRA + ARLIS/NA 2nd Joint Conference in Minneapolis, MN.

Niels Schaumann presentation in "Transforming Publishing Practices in the Arts" session at the VRA + ARLIS/NA 2nd Joint Conference in Minneapolis, MN.

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Copyright & Visual Art Copyright & Visual Art Presentation Transcript

  • Copyright & Visual Art Niels Schaumann March 27, 2011
  • A Little History
    • Pre-copyright: censorship and monopoly
    • Statute of Anne (1710): books
    • US Copyright (1790)
    • Engraver’s Act (1735)
    • US Engraver’s Act (1802)
    • Fine Art Copyright Act (1862)
    • US Fine Art Act (1870)
  • Why Copyright?
    • Continental Europe: natural law
      • Parent-child
    • Anglo-American: utilitarian
      • Economic incentive to create & disseminate
      • “ Promote the progress of science”
  • Modern Copyright
    • 1905-1908—failed revision efforts
    • 1909—the “solution”
    • Perfect example of public choice legislation
    • Since 1909, only two exceptions
  • Requirements for Copyright
    • “ Originality”
      • Originated with the author
      • Minimally creative
    • “ Fixation” in a tangible medium of expression
  • Modern Rights in Visual Art
    • Economic rights
      • Reproduce
      • Adapt
      • Publish
      • Publicly display
    • Moral rights
      • Attribution
      • Integrity (modified)
  • Limitations on Copyright
    • Idea vs. Expression
    • Duration
    • Fair Use
      • Commentary, criticism
      • Four-factor test
    • First Sale
      • Right for owner of a copy
  • The Public Domain
    • Encompasses all that is not protected by copyright
      • Not proper subject matter
      • Copyright expired
      • Copyright forfeited?
    • Zombie copyright …Golan v. Holder
  • Property Rights in a Copy
    • Not copyright; not public law
    • Basis for museum licensing of images of public domain works
    • Access mediated by contract
    • High transaction cost of private law
  •