Pilot-tesing, Monitoring and Evaluating the Implementation of Curriculum
Module III Leson 3 Pilot Testing, Monitoring and Evaluating the Implementation of the Curriculum
Pilot Testing It is one of the commonpractices of curriculum makers todetermine the strength and theweaknesses of a written or plannedcurriculum. It assures the teachersand the schools that the curriculummaterials are ready to use.
The Basic Education Curriculum (BEC)is the original name of the curriculum to thewhole nationwide system of education in2002. But after one year it was renamed asRevitalized Basic Education Curriculum(RBEC) because there are somemodifications, revisions, andenhancement from the original.
Therefore, the pilot test or try-outis a developmental process that givesthe signal as to whether the particularcurriculum can already be implementedwith confidence.
Curriculum MonitoringMonitoring is important to:• Determine if the curriculum is still relevant and effective• Know if the curriculum is working or not;
• Provide decision on what aspects have to be retained, improved or modified; and• Provide decision that would even end or terminate the program
Curriculum Evaluation Curriculum evaluation refers to a systematicprocess of judging the value, effectiveness and adequacy of a curriculum: its process, product and setting which will lead to informed decision.
In practice, there are two waysof curriculum evaluation1. School-based evaluation2. Accreditation
1. School-based Evaluation Is an approach to curriculum evaluation which places the content, design, operation and maintenance of evaluation procedure in the hands of the school personnel.
For example, twoteachers may wish to examinea science unit they are bothteaching. They will undertakean evaluation in order toimprove their individualteaching activities.
On the other hand, thewhole school may undertakecurriculum evaluation of themathematics program across alllevels in order to re-evaluateschool policy and initiate re-development of the mathematicscurriculum.
Some advantages of the School-Based Evaluation• Accountability is shared by all, hence bias and conflict are minimized.• School personnel develop evaluation skills.• The real concerns of the school and community are addressed by the evaluation.
Some advantages of the School-Based Evaluation• Broad participation of school personnel provide opportunities for building school cohesiveness.• Provides reliable and valid information on curriculum, resources, and general school functioning.
2. Accreditation Is a voluntary process ofsubmitting a curricular program to anexternal accrediting body for review inany level of education: basic, tertiary orgraduate school to assure standard.
Accreditation is viewed as a process bywhich an institution at the tertiary levelevaluates its educational activities, in whole orin part, and seeks an independent judgment toconfirm that it substantially achieves itsobjectives, and is generally equal in quality tocomparable institutions.
The actual accreditation survey visits are conducted by teams of accreditors usually composed of five (5) members per team per program staying in the host institution for a period of three (3) days.• http://www.aaccupqa.org.ph/BenefitsOfAccred. html
Among the many purposes ofaccreditation are to foster excellence andimprove programs. The curricular accreditationwill assure the academic community, otheragencies and the general public that curriculummeets standards comparable to other excellentinstitutions offering similar programs.
What are the areas of accreditation under Curriculum and Instruction?1. Curriculum and Program Studies2. Classroom Management3. Instructional Processes or Methodologies4. Graduation Requirements5. Administrative Support for Effective Instruction6. Evaluation of Academic Performance of Students Goodbye
1. Curriculum and Program ofStudies Program of studies includes theclusters of knowledge, skills, attitudes,values and experiences that will provide thestudents at any level with the necessarycompetencies for effective learning.
For basic education, program ofstudies includes the subject areas inEnglish, Mathematics, Science, Filipino andMakabayan. Any program of studies shouldmeet the Department of Educationrequirements for basic education.
While the CHED mandates the programof studies for tertiary and advancededucation. The course or degree programsare composed of general educationsubjects, professional education subjectsand major subjects. They are also enrichedby subjects called electives.
2. Classroom Management The teacher who implements thecurriculum sees to it that management ofteaching and learning in the classroomfollows procedure and guidance to enhanceand create an environment conducive tolearning.
An environment conducive to learningconsiders the physical factors such asclassroom physical arrangements, ventilation,lighting, cleanliness; while the human factorsinclude the teachers’ attitude, students’responses, teacher-students relationships,student-student relationships and interaction.
3. Instructional Processes or Methodologies The decision of choosing and using the method of teaching is a crucial factor in curriculum and instruction. There are varied methodologies that are compatible with the different learning style of the students.
4. Graduation Requirements Graduation means successfulaccomplishment of the curricularprogram of studies. A student has toaccomplish its academic program asprescribed in the program of studies.
5. Administrative Support for Effective Instruction A curriculum can be best implemented ifthere is support of the school administration.Quality instruction should be sustained byrequiring needed instructional materials, highquality examination questions and othersupport for effective instruction.
6. Evaluation of Academic Performance of Students It is necessary that learning outcomes beevaluated. After all the best measure of acurriculum is the learning outcome of thestudents. The evaluation of students’performance should make use of valid andreliable tools which are periodically reviewed and revised. Accreditation
Thank you for listening! Virginia L. Sevilla - Bernabe