Erikson's Psycho-Social Theory of Development

14,069 views
13,452 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
11 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
14,069
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
366
Comments
0
Likes
11
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Erikson's Psycho-Social Theory of Development

  1. 1. • Erikson’s ‘psychosocial’ term isderived from the two source words –namely psychological or the root,‘psycho’ relating to the mind, brain,personality etc. and ‘social’ orexternal relationships andenvironment, both at the heart ofErikson’s theory.
  2. 2. • Each stage involves a psychosocialcrisis of two opposing emotionalforces. A useful term is used byErikson for these opposing forcesis ‘contrary disposition’. Each crisisstage relates to a corresponding lifestage and its inherent challenges.
  3. 3. •Erikson used the word ‘syntonic’for the first-listed ‘positive’dispositions in each crisis and‘dystonic’ for the second-listeddispositions. Erikson connectedthem with the word ‘versus’.
  4. 4. •If a stage is manage well, we carryaway a certain virtue or psychosocialstrength which will help us true the restof the stages of our lives. Successfullypassing through each crisis involve‘achieving’ a ratio or balance betweenthe two opposing dispositions thatrepresent each crisis.
  5. 5. •On the other hand, if we don’t do so well,we may develop maladaptations andmalignancies, as well as endanger all ourfuture development. A malignancy is theworse of the two, and involves too little ofthe positive and too much of the negativeaspect of the task. A maladaptation is notquite as bad and involves too much of thepositive and too little of the negative.
  6. 6. The 8 Psychosocial Stages of DevelopmentSTAGE 1 STAGE I INFANCYToo much TRUST Too much MISTRUSTMALADAPTATION Psychosocial Crisis MALIGNANCY Sensory TRUST vs. MISTRUST Withdrawal maladjustment VIRTUE HOPE
  7. 7. STAGE 2 STAGE II EARLY CHILDHOODToo much AUTONOMY Too much SHAME Psychosocial Crisis MALADAPTATION MALIGNANCY AUTONOMY vs. SHAME Impulsiveness Compulsiveness and DOUBT VIRTUE DETERMINATION
  8. 8. STAGE 3 STAGE III EARLY CHILDHOODToo much INITIATIVE Too much GUILT MALADAPTATION Psychosocial Crisis MALIGNANCY Ruthlessness INITIATIVE vs. GUILT Inhibition VIRTUE COURAGE
  9. 9. STAGE 4 STAGE IV SCHOOL-AGE STAGEToo much INDUSTRY Too much INFERIORITY Psychosocial Crisis MALADAPTATION MALIGNANCY INDUSTRY vs. Virtuosity Inertia INFERIORITY VIRTUE COMPETENCY
  10. 10. STAGE 5 STAGE V ADOLESCENCEToo much EGO IDENTITY Too much ROLE CONFUSION Psychosocial Crisis MALADAPTATION MALIGNANCY EGO IDENTITY vs. ROLE Fanaticism Repudiation CONFUSION VIRTUE FIDELITY
  11. 11. STAGE 6 STAGE VI YOUNG ADULTHOODToo much INTIMACY Too much ISOLATION MALADAPTATION Psychosocial Crisis MALIGNANCY Promiscuity INTIMACY vs. Exclusion ISOLATION VIRTUE LOVE
  12. 12. STAGE 7 STAGE VII MIDDLE ADULTHOODToo much GENERATIVITY Too much STAGNATION MALADAPTATION Psychosocial Crisis MALIGNANCY Over Extension GENERATIVITY vs. Rejectivity STAGNATION VIRTUE CARE
  13. 13. STAGE 8 STAGE VIII LATE ADULTHOODToo much INTEGRITY Too much DESPAIR MALADAPTATION Psychosocial Crisis MALIGNANCY Presumption INTEGRITY vs. DESPAIR Disdain VIRTUE WISDOM
  14. 14. Prepared by: Yves Arboleda Annalyn Tacardon Glynis Madet Tnx a listening !!

×