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Vistula oder offensive

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  1. 1. Vistula-Oder Offensive<br />Vinko Pavlovic<br />
  2. 2. THESIS<br />The Soviet Union trekked hundreds of miles through Nazi territory and were successful in their goal of reaching the Oder River and tightening the noose around Germany’s neck.<br />
  3. 3. The Nations<br />Germany <br />Soviet Union<br />Poland<br />
  4. 4. The Commanders and Their Forces<br /><ul><li>Ferdinand Shörner / Josef Harpe
  5. 5. …Army group A
  6. 6. Ninth Army 
  7. 7. LVI Panzer Corps
  8. 8. XXXXVI Panzer Corps 
  9. 9. VIII Corps 
  10. 10. Fourth Panzer Army 
  11. 11. LXII Corps 
  12. 12. XXIV Panzer Corps 
  13. 13. XLVIII Panzer Corps 
  14. 14. 17th ArmyLIXCorps
  15. 15. XI Corps
  16. 16. XI SS Corps
  17. 17. Georgy Zhukov
  18. 18. First Belorussian Front
  19. 19. 47th Army 1st Polish Army 
  20. 20. 3rd Shock Army 61st Army
  21. 21. 1st Guards Tank Army 2nd Guards Tank Army
  22. 22. 5th Shock Army 8th Guards Army 
  23. 23. 69th Army  33rd Army
  24. 24. Ivan Konev
  25. 25. First Ukrainian Front
  26. 26. 21st Army 6th Army
  27. 27. 3rd Guards Army 13th Army
  28. 28. 4th Tank Army 3rd Guards Tank Army
  29. 29. 52nd Army 5th Guards Army
  30. 30. 59th Army 60th Army</li></li></ul><li>The Objective<br /> Invade Germany from the West<br />
  31. 31. The Beginning <br />The Nazis had…<br />450,000≈ Troops<br />1,150 Tanks (Most from the Battle of the Bulge)<br />4,100 Artillery Pieces<br />1,300 Aircrafts<br /><ul><li>The Soviets had…
  32. 32. 160+ Divisions
  33. 33. 2,200,000+ Troops
  34. 34. 4,500+ Tanks
  35. 35. 2,500+ Assault guns
  36. 36. 5,000+ Aircrafts
  37. 37. 13,500+ Pieces of Field Artillery(76 mm or more)
  38. 38. 14,500+ Mortars
  39. 39. 5,000≈ Anti-Tank Guns
  40. 40. Because the main defensive forces of the German Army were close together, they were easily targeted for Artillery Strikes.
  41. 41. German Intelligence gathered information that Soviet forces had 3 times more fire power…. The Soviets actually had 5 times the firepower of the Germans.</li></li></ul><li>Soviets on the Offensive<br />The Soviets Began their Offensive On the Vistula River<br />The Vistula is the biggest river in Poland<br />First Battle took place at 04:35 on January 12, 1945<br />Soviets 1stUkrainian front attacked 48th Panzer Corps<br />Attacked from Baranow Bridgehead with Heavy Artillery Barrages followed by infantry attack.<br />At 10:00 second wave of Artillery strikes began and four hours later another infantry attack began, overwhelming the Germans and created many gaps.<br />Soviets Pressed forward quickly because of boosted morale and overwhelming numbers.<br />Germans did not give up and even after losing continuously, they drafted more and more soldiers.<br />
  42. 42. Hitler Retaliates (sort of)<br /><ul><li>Hitler finally intervenes on January 15 1945.
  43. 43. Hitler Orders PanzerkorpsGrossdeutschland to counter attack from East Prussia towards 4th Panzer Army. (Against the advice of General Heinz Guderian).
  44. 44. The Counter attack is quickly met by the 1st Belorussian Front and is pushed back to the Southwest.</li></li></ul><li>Nazis Retreat<br /><ul><li>On the Evening of January 16th German Troops Evacuated Kielce.
  45. 45. On January 17th Warsaw(Capital of Poland) was captured by Soviets.
  46. 46. Hitler was furious. He ordered the stationed forces there to fight till the very last man dies.
  47. 47. Head of the Operations Branch of the German Army High Command, Colonel Bogislaw von Bonin, was arrested
  48. 48. General Smilo von Luttwitz and General Theodor Busse are fired.</li></li></ul><li>Soviets Conquer<br /><ul><li>On January 17th Konev is ordered to capture the industrial region of Upper Silesia
  49. 49. En route they captured Krakow unopposed
  50. 50. By January 18th the Soviet troops reached Lodz (3rd biggest city in Poland) They captured it the next day.
  51. 51. Hitler upset with the failure of Colonel General Josef Harpe and replaces him with Colonel General Ferdinand Shorner.</li></li></ul><li>Soviets Begin to Reach Oder and Urban Warfare Begins <br />On January 22nd Soviet troops begin to reach the Oder River a several locations.<br />Several bridgeheads are established in preparation for upcoming battles.<br />On January 25th Posen, Germany (Present day Poznan, Poland) becomes the target of brutal street fighting. <br />This occurs as a result of the Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army and 8th Guards Army attack<br />
  52. 52. Germans Retreat out of Poland and Auschwitz Concentration Camp is Captured<br /><ul><li>January 25th: General Schulz of German 17th Army requests for his remaining 100,000 troops to withdraw from Katowice, Poland.
  53. 53. His pleas are authorized by Shorner the second time he begs for the evascuation.
  54. 54. The Evacuation is completed the night of January 27.
  55. 55. January 28 Soviet troops enter Katowice.
  56. 56. January 27th: Soviet troops reached the Auschwitz Concentration Camps in Germany as they further their advance.</li></li></ul><li>Final Captures and Offensive is Complete<br /><ul><li>January 31st: Soviet troops capture Kienitz, Germany on the West bank of the Oder River.
  57. 57. Allowed Ukrainian First established two bridgeheads.
  58. 58. February 1st: Kustrin, Germany is surrounded by Soviets and is declared a Fortress City.
  59. 59. February 2nd: First Belorussian Front reaches Oder River near Frankfurt, Germany.
  60. 60. Soviet Stavka(Military Headquarters) in Moscow declare the Vistula-Oder Offensive Complete </li></li></ul><li>The Aftermath<br />Soviets suffered 44,000 deaths and 150,000 troops wounded.<br />150,000 Nazi’s were killed and 70,000 were captured<br />When the Stavka announced the operation as complete there were conflicting ideas.<br />Zhukov believed that it was for the best that the forces should secure East Prussia and Pomerania because if they continued towards Berlin they would be outflanked in the North.<br />Chuikov argued that the forces were only 70 kilometers (40 miles) to the west and Berlin’s defenses were weak at this point.<br />