Building construction pdf
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  • 1. Project report on “Building Construction” Topic= Arches Submitted to Dezyne E’cole College towards The partial fulfilment of the Masters of Science in Interior Designing By Anandita Portia Dezyne E’cole College 106/10, civil lines, Ajmer Tel:- 0145-2624679 www.dezyneecole.com 2013-2014
  • 2. Acknowledgment I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my principal Mrs Vinita Mathur, my teacher Miss Divya Sharma as well as our director Mr Amit Mathur who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic Arches which also helped me in doing a lot of research and I came to know about so many new things .I am really thankful to them .Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time. I am making this project not only for marks but to also increase my knowledge. THANKS AGAIN TO ALL WHO HELPED ME ANANDITA PORTIA M.Sc. ID 2nd Sem.
  • 3. What is Building Construction? A building can be defined as a structure broadly consisting of walls, floors and roofs, erected to provide covered space for different uses such as residence, education, business, manufacturing, storage, hospitalization etc. The method adopted for construction and choice of material to be used in the building depends upon a number of factors like character of occupancy, location of site, climate, local materials and funds available.
  • 4. Technical Terms ABUTMENT OR PIER-is the part of the wall on which the arch rests. INTRADOS-is the under-surface of an arch.
  • 5. EXTRADOS-is the outer surface of an arch or the outer curve of the arch ring. SPRINGING LINE-is an imaginary line joining the two springing points CROWN-is the highest point of the extrados of an arch. KEY STONE-is the highest central wedge-shaped block of an arch. SPAN-is the clear horizontal distance between the supports. SPANDRIL-a horizontal line from the crown of the arch and a perpendicular line from the springing of the outer curves. HAUNCH-is the portion of the arch situated centrally between the key and skew backs
  • 6. SPRINGER-is the first voussoir at springing level on either side of the arch. RISE-is the vertical distance between the springing line and the highest point on the introdos.
  • 7. Types of Arches FLAT ARCH SEMI CIRCULAR ARCH
  • 8. HORSE SHOE ARCH SLITED ARCH
  • 9. SEGMENTAL ARCH DROP ARCH
  • 10. TREEFOIL ARCH MOORISH ARCH
  • 11. OGEE ARCH MULTIFOIL ARCH
  • 12. GOTHIC ARCH ELLIPTICAL ARCH
  • 13. THANK YOU