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European MBA OB presentation

European MBA OB presentation



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Power Power Presentation Transcript

  • POWER Organizational Behaviour Tami LAIB Esther TAN Enrique VILLAJOS Vincent BOGAERS Xavier VANDERCHMITT
  • Power can have two connotations
  • What is power?
    • Power is the ability to …
      • Get someone to do something you want done.
      • Make things happen in the way you want.
      • In workplaces:
      • To have power : to be able to do something
      • To use power : to use the resources the workplace gave you to do your job
      • To “over-use” power : to use resources not given by the workplace or not related to the purpose of the job.
  • Types of position power
        • Reward power
        • Coercive power
        • Legitimate power
        • Process power
        • Information power
        • Representative power
  • The dark side of Power
    • “ Coffee, Tea, or Me?”
    • Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
  • Over-use of Power
    • Psychological pressure
    • Religious harassment
    • Racial harassment
    • And sexual harassment
  • Definition Sexual harassment is unwelcome attention of a sexual nature and is a form of legal and social harassment. It includes a range of behavior from seemingly mild transgressions and annoyances to actual sexual abuse or sexual assault. Sexual harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination in many countries, and is a form of abuse (sexual and psychological) and bullying.
  • Some Statistics in Canada
    • One in four women and one in ten men have experienced some form of sexual harassment in the workplace.
    • 87% of Canadian women report experiencing sexual harassment.
    • 43% of all Canadian women have been sexually harassed at work.
    • 8% of those who are harassed at work report the harassment.
    • 8 out of 10 female students said they had been sexually harassed at school.
  • Some Statistics in USA
    • 31% of the female workers claimed to have been harassed at work
    • 7% of the male workers claimed to have been harassed at work
    • 62% of targets took no action
    • 100% of women claimed the harasser was a man
    • 59% of men claimed the harasser was a woman
    • 41% of men claimed the harasser was another man
    • Of the women who had been harassed: 43% were harassed by a supervisor
    • 27% were harassed by an employee senior to them
    • 19% were harassed by a coworker at their level
    • 8% were harassed by a junior employee
  • Consequences
    • Higher absenteeism
    • Financial and legal costs
    • Higher turnover
    • Lower productivity
    • Poor morale
  • The good side of Power
    • Empowerment
  • What is empowerment?
      • The process by which managers help others to acquire and use the power needed to make decisions affecting themselves and their work.
      • Considers power to be something that can be shared by everyone working in flatter and more collegial organizations.
      • Provides the foundation for self-managing work teams and other employee involvement group
      • Empowerment changes the dynamics between supervisors and subordinates
    • The power keys to empowerment
      • Traditional view
        • Power is relational in terms of individuals.
      • Empowerment view
        • Emphasis is on the ability to make things happen.
        • Power is relational in terms of problems and opportunities, not individuals.
  • How can managers empower others?
      • Trainings
      • Clearly define roles and responsibilities
      • Provide opportunities for creative problem solving
      • Emphasize different ways of practicing influence
      • Provide support to individuals so they become comfortable with developing their power
      • Expand inducements for thinking and
      • acting, not just obeying
  • Benefits
    • Higher job satisfaction
    • Higher productivity
    • Higher loyalty
    • Higher innovation
    • Lower turnover
    • Lower absenteism
  • In conclusion
  • References
    • Saskatchewan Women’s Secretariat.
    • Statistics Canada: Violence Against Women Survey, November, 1993.
    • The Way Forward: Rethinking the Problem of Workplace Sexual Harassment, 2002, Sexual Assault Centre London.
    • “ The Joke’s Over – Student to Student Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools”, published by The Ontario Women’s Directorate, The Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation and the Ministry of Education,
    • Statistics Canada, The Daily. (Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, November 18, 1993.)
    • http://www.sacha.ca