SPC Handbook May 08 2013


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This is a comprehensive Handbook for Policy Makers on the Student Police Cadet project developed in June 2013

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SPC Handbook May 08 2013

  3. 3. Page3 NOTE: This handbook is meant to serve as a reference guide for policy-makers and officials interested in implementing the Student Police Cadet (SPC) scheme for the benefit of school students in their respective states. A comprehensive discussion of all salient aspects of the existing programme, currently being implemented in hundreds of schools across Kerala, is presented herein. Relevant guidelines, clarifications and other instructions with respect to the training programme are also included. In general, the basic ideas and principles presented here would be applicable as well as practicable in all communities across the country. However, certain components of the project may need to be fine-tuned in order to meet the particular circumstances of the respective target communities.
  4. 4. Page4 I. INTRODUCTION The STUDENT POLICE CADET Project is a school-based youth development programme that trains high school students to evolve as future leaders of a democratic society by inculcating in them respect for the law, civic sense, empathy for vulnerable sections of society and resistance to social evils. The project enables youth to explore and develop their innate capabilities, thereby empowering them to resist the growth of negative tendencies such as social intolerance, substance abuse, deviant behavior, and anti-establishment violence. Equally, it strengthens within them commitment towards their family, the community, and the environment. The programme is designed to develop in youth contemporary skills and qualities necessary to face the challenges of life in the 21st Century. The potential of the SPC Project for community development has been appreciated by Dr Manmohan Singh, Hon. Prime Minister of India, Sri Hamid Ansari, Hon. Vice-President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, Former President of India, Sri Nikhil Kumar, HE Governor of Kerala, successive Chief Ministers and other Ministers of Kerala, MPs and MLAs, and Judges of the Kerala High Court. Other dignitaries who have been equally impressed include Sri T K A Nair (Advisor to Prime Minister), Sri V N Rai (Director, Sardar Valabhbhai Patel National Police Academy), Sri Hormese Tharakan IPS (former Director, RAW,) Radha Vinod Raju IPS (former Head, NIA) etc.
  5. 5. Page5 The Kerala Legal Services Authority (KELSA), Kerala Road Safety Authority, Bharat Petroleum Corporation, and several other organisations have partnered with the SPC project to take forward their own community- based activities. A recommendation by the All India Police Science Congress in 2011 that all states implement the SPC project led to a team of police officers from Rajasthan visiting Kerala to study the project, following which the Rajasthan State Police have decided to launch the SPC Project as a pilot programme in selected schools there. SIGNIFICANT FEATURES OF SPC PROJECT The SPC project is a synergistic partnership between the internal security framework of a state and its educational institutions that: • Trains and encourages youth to develop respect for law and to practice abiding by law as a way of life. • Uses existing network, infrastructure and leadership qualities of Police to supplement physical, mental and educational development of youth • Creates confident youth willing to react against social evils, and capable of finding solutions to community problems • Enables school communities to create safe school environments, and • Stimulates parents and community leaders to work with police in creating safer communities
  6. 6. Page6 II. GENESIS & LAUNCH OF PROJECT The Student Police Cadet Project has its roots in Janakeeyam, a community-level initiative by Kochi City police, in 2006. During the event, more than 400 high school students from 30 local schools interacted with police officers, engaging in wide-ranging discussions on community issues and visiting police stations. During these discussions, the students expressed a desire to have an ongoing association with the police. Accordingly, that same year, a pilot Student-Police project was launched on an experimental basis in certain selected schools in Ernakulam Rural District and later in Alappuzha District. Within a short time, positive results began to be seen among the student community in these schools, with significant improvement in academic performance by students, tackling of school-level deviant behavior by police with the help of students, empowerment of girl students to resist harassment, etc. Also, at Kozhikode in January 2010, a squad of high school students trained by the police was entrusted with the responsibility of crowd management at Kerala School Kalotsavam, an annual event involving more than 10,000 student participants, Asia’s largest youth-centred cultural festival. Following the creditable showing by these students at this event, and in light of the success stories from project-implemented schools, a detailed proposal for a school-based training programme was prepared under the guidance of Sri. Jacob Punnoose IPS (DGP-Kerala) and submitted to the Government of Kerala. On the basis of this report, Government of Kerala issued GO (P) 121/2010/Home dated 29-05-2010, with the stated objective of moulding a generation of law-abiding, socially committed and service-oriented youth. A state-level Advisory Committee
  7. 7. Page7 was constituted with Sri. Jacob Punnoose IPS (DGP-Kerala) as Chairman, senior Government officials as members, and Sri P Vijayan IPS as State Nodal Officer for the SPC Project. An initial decision was also taken to implement the project in 100 selected schools across Kerala, to commence in August 2010. Meant to be implemented jointly by the Departments of Home and Education, and supported by Departments of Transport, Forest, Excise and Local Self-Government, the SPC project was officially launched in August 2010 in 127 schools across Kerala, with 11176 students - both boys and girls - enrolled as Cadets. As of March 2013, the programme is now operational in 247 schools across Kerala with a combined strength of nearly 16,000 SPCs.
  8. 8. Page8 III. PRELIMINARY RESULTS A field-level assessment of project outcomes by State Institute for Educational Management and Training, Kerala, revealed significant positive impact on students, parents, teachers and police personnel, due to SPC programme. Some preliminary results of the SPC programme are listed below: a. The project has proved that local police officers can work in close association with schools in their jurisdiction to tackle crime and prevent anti-social activities that target the student community. b. The emphasis on discipline, proper conduct in schools and physical fitness was found to improve the overall mental attitude of students. c. Interaction with police officials, workshops by educationists and trainers, and presentations by qualified professionals in various fields was found to raise the level of social awareness of SPCs. d. Through various SPC field activities and camps, the cadets had the opportunity to mingle with students of different backgrounds and other Districts. This exposure is expected to develop an inclusive community perspective among the students. e. The activities conducted as part of the SPC project channelized the energy and enthusiasm of high school students into productive outlets, resulting in better family relationships and involvement in community life. The ever-increasing demand for the project from communities throughout Kerala is indicative of a deeply-felt need in society for better coordination between citizens and uniformed authorities to ensure a safe and healthy future for the entire country.
  9. 9. Page9 IV. SOCIAL CONTEXT OF SPC PROJECT The need for a school-level intervention such as the Student Police Cadet (SPC) project derives from a combination of philosophic, demographic, sociological and economic factors that are expected to influence the future global standing of our nation. The significance of the SPC Project lies in its potential to positively impact the following: DEMOCRACY AND RESPECT FOR LAW Democracy is a system of governance whereby people adopt, enact and give to themselves a framework of rules, called Laws, which they are expected to abide by voluntarily. Ownership of law by a community implies that children inherit the Law by birth. Children in a democracy must not grow up in dread of, or with contempt for Law. Rather, these children must be brought up knowing that law exists for their safety and security, and that obeying Law is part of their general civic duty. CHALLENGES OF DEMOCRATIC POLICING In a truly modern democratic state, there must occur a paradigm shift in the policing function from “enforcement” to “facilitation” of law. At the same time, Police today also have to respond to challenges thrown up by terrorist and separatist activities by aggrieved groups in society, unpredictable outbursts of social disharmony and incidents of anti- establishment violence. CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF YOUTH Increasing intolerance, criminal and deviant behavior among youth has been attributed to weakening of family ties, declining moral standards
  10. 10. Page10 in society and liberal use of intoxicants, among others. Other problems experienced by students include poor physical and mental endurance, lower self-esteem, and lack of personal goals. IMPACT OF INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY Rapid developments in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) throw up immense opportunities as well as pose threats to youth. Youngsters heavily exposed to such technology become vulnerable to cyber crime, misuse of social media and mobile phone technology. INDIA’S DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND Today, 50% of India’s population is less than 25 years of age. It has been predicted that by the year 2030, India will have the world’s largest population, at approximately 153 Crores, of which youth would constitute about 95 Crores, i.e. 63%. For the country to benefit from this demographic profile, India’s youth must become capable of leadership in all fields of human activity, through proper training. CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY AND SOCIAL INCLUSIVENESS Today’s communities experience contentious issues such as poor waste management, environmental degradation, disregard of rules and regulations, and lack of respect for others’ rights. Youth must come face- to-face with such issues early in their personal development. Only then will they grow as socially responsible citizens with a willingness to empathize with and find solutions to problems of wider humanity.
  11. 11. Page11 V. PROJECT FRAMEWORK VISION & MISSION The vision of SPC Project is a humane and just society where citizens respect and follow laws willingly, practice responsible behavior towards others, demonstrate empathy for weaker sections of society, participate in tackling community issues and resist threats to the natural environment. The mission of the SPC Project is to unlock the potential of our youth and make them capable of becoming social leaders with global vision guided by humanitarian values. OBJECTIVES OF SPC PROJECT • To mould a generation of youth who willingly respect and abide by Law, and who practice civic sense, democratic behavior and selfless service to society as the natural way of life. • To facilitate development of good health, physical and mental fitness, self-control and discipline in youth, thereby enhancing their capacity for hard work and personal achievement • To enable youth to work with police and other enforcement authorities including Forest, Transport, and Excise in preventing crime, maintaining law and order, promoting road safety, and improving internal security and disaster management. • To develop social commitment in youth and empower them against deviant behavior in themselves and others, thereby preventing growth of social evils such as drug and alcohol abuse, intolerance, vandalism, separatism, and terrorism in society.
  12. 12. Page12 • To enable youth to explore and develop their inner potential in achieving success, by inculcating in them leadership, teamwork skills, innovative thinking and problem solving ability. • To increase knowledge and understanding of effective use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) among youth, preventing its negative influence and enabling them to benefit from the vast potential of ICT. • To motivate youth to develop secular outlook, respect for other’s fundamental rights and willingness to carry out their fundamental duties as enshrined in the Constitution of India by developing in them qualities of Patriotism, Open-mindedness, Large- heartedness, Inclusiveness, Capability and Effectiveness (POLICE) The objectives of the Student Police Cadet project are synchronous with the goals of the National Youth Policy which seeks to involve youth in the noble work of nation- building. SPC MOTTO The SPC motto is “We learn to serve.” The feeling of togetherness implied by 'we' should be reinforced in students to enable them to shoulder the responsibility both of learning and social service. Service-mindedness emphasised by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of our nation, is to be instilled in young minds to make them ideal future citizens. Learning and Growing through Service is the primary idea encapsulated in the SPC motto.
  13. 13. Page13 SPC EMBLEM The letters “SPC” are engraved in gold within a circle on blue background signifying discipline. The Asoka Chakra positioned just above it stands for the sovereignty and integrity of the nation. Below it is inscribed the Indian motto “Satyameva Jayathe”, which means “Truth always prevails” SPC FLAG The flag is designed with the emblem of SPC engraved on blue background. The flag stands for Nationalism blended with integrity, discipline and creativity. SPC UNIFORM SPCs are expected to wear appropriate uniform during training as well as when engaged in project-related activities. Two types of uniforms are prescribed, worn depending upon the type of activity: i) Official: Khaki Pants and Shirt, Black Belt, Black Leather Shoes with Khaki Socks, Blue Beret Cap, Lanyard with whistle, SPC badge, SPC Shoulder Letters & Insignia, Name. ii) Physical Training: White T-shirt, Black Pants, White Canvas Shoes.
  14. 14. Page14 VI. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHOOL SELECTION District-level Advisory Committee will draw up a priority list of schools, who have expressed an interest to commence SPC units. These schools must satisfy criteria laid down for inclusion in the programme, and be willing to support SPC project implementation. DNOs will verify the availability of training facilities in such schools. Final priority list of schools from each District will be submitted to State Advisory Committee, for final screening and approval. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR SPC SCHOOLS • School must have minimum strength of 500 students, and must be either Government or Government-aided school. • SPC schools must have an active and supportive Parent Teacher Association • There must be two willing teachers to serve as Community Police Officers, one of whom is a lady • There must be a ground and facilities adequate for providing physical training for cadets • There must be a special office for the SPC project, with separate changing rooms for boy cadets and girl cadets. • School facilities shall be provided for CPOs and ACPOs to participate in project-related training camps and workshops. • Taking into consideration the resource constraints, a maximum number of SPC schools may be specified for one Police District, limited to one school in each Police station limit.
  15. 15. Page15 SELECTION OF STUDENT POLICE CADETS First year cadets are called Junior Cadets and Second year cadets are called Senior Cadets. The strength of each batch is 44 cadets, with two platoons of 22 each. In case of co-educational schools (with both Boys and Girls) one platoon must be of girls only. For selection as SPCs, students • Must have secured a minimum of 50% marks or C+ grade in the previous annual examination. • Must possess required physical and medical fitness. • Must produce the conduct certificate from the Headmaster or Principal and consent letter from parent or guardian. • In case there are more than 44 applicants for enrolment in the programme, appropriate screening tests comprising physical, written and interview techniques are employed to shortlist the required number of cadets. Student Police Cadets (H.S Wing) In High Schools, SPC units with cadets from 8th Standard onwards form the SPC – High School wing. Student Police Cadets (H.S.S Wing) In Higher Secondary Schools, SPC units with cadets from +1 level comprise the SPC - Higher Secondary School wing.
  16. 16. Page16 APPOINTMENT OF COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICERS In each SPC school, two dedicated and service-minded teachers are selected as Community Police Officer (CPO)/Additional Community Police Officer (ACPO), with responsibility for implementing the SPC programme in the school. One of them will be a lady teacher. Teachers from any discipline may be appointed as CPOs. These teachers undergo appropriate training for their role in the SPC project. COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICER (CPO) CPO is a key post of SPC programmes. Two experienced, willing and socially committed teachers will be designated as Community Police Officers in each school. However, since the CPOs are also expected to participate in the physical training routines, it is advisable that such CPOs be younger teachers, generally less than 45 years of age. Each CPO will undergo proper training by police personnel, bear the rank of honorary SI of Police after such training, and be responsible for the satisfactory progress of SPCs in the training programme. The responsibilities of CPOs in the SPC programme should be taken into consideration while allotting other duties to them in the School. DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF CPO • CPO/ACPO(s) will undergo SPC project related training at designated location, such as AR Camp, Police Academy, Police Training College, etc.
  17. 17. Page17 • CPO/ACPO will coordinate with DIs and other SPC project officials to ensure smooth implementation of the project in his/her school • CPO/ACPO will be issued SPC uniform which (s)he is expected to wear during all SPC-related programmes and activities • CPO/ACPO is expected to behave with decorum and maintain dignity, as part of the SPC project • CPO/ACPO will attend meetings, workshops and training programmes as directed by SPC officials in charge of the district • CPO/ACPO will act as a spokesperson for the SPC project in his/her school • CPO/ACPO will liaise with police officers including DIs, PSLCs, and others for organizing indoor classes, outdoor training and camps for the cadets • CPO/ACPO will be responsible for keeping the parents of the cadets informed about the progress and performance of their wards • CPO/ACPO will maintain and update records of all SPCs in the respective school • CPO/ACPO will submit reports on project implementation at school advisory board meetings • CPO/ACPO will coordinate with SPC project officials to carry out practical training projects and activities by SPCs. • CPO/ACPO will participate in district-level camps and, if necessary, in state-level camps as well. • CPO/ACPO will make regular reports to SPC project officials regarding various aspects of project, as may be required from time to time. • CPO/ACPO will constantly live up to the spirit of the SPC project and motivate cadets in his/her charge to do the same.
  18. 18. Page18 APPOINTMENT OF DRILL INSTRUCTORS In each SPC school, two police personnel function as Drill Instructors, with the responsibility of training the SPCs. Drawn from the personnel attached to the local Police Station or AR camp, these DIs undergo special training for the SPC project. DRILL INSTRUCTOR (DI) Selected Police personnel of the rank of ASI/HC/PC are designated as Drill Instructors with responsibility to impart physical training to SPCs in the school premises on a regular basis. They are responsible for ensuring that the cadets attain a desirable level of physical fitness and stamina, and are capable of participating in formation marching and parade drills during National Festivals such as Republic Day and Independence Day. The success of the SPC training programme in a school depends upon the effective execution of duties and responsibilities by the Drill instructors. DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF DI • DI will undergo such training as is necessary for the purpose of carrying out his/her responsibilities • DI shall visit the school to conduct training for SPCs in Parade and PT as per Activity Calendar. • DI shall be in neat and proper turnout during such visit to the school • DI will coordinate with the CPO(s) in the school to arrange and conduct SPC training activities, visits and camps etc. • DI shall ensure that the ground and other arrangements for such training is adequate for the required purpose • DI shall be responsible for well-being of cadets during the training activities, visits and camps
  19. 19. Page19 • DI will assist CPO to prepare monthly report, maintain school records with regard to SPC project, ensure that cadets keep their SPC Dairy up-to-date, and extend necessary assistance to CPO as well as other project officials in smooth implementation of the SPC project in the school. • DI shall arrange and coordinate Inspection visits to the school by officials, and have the responsibility of following up on instructions issued after such inspection. • DI shall report to the respective PSLO on performance of SPCs with respect to the outdoor component of SPC training, as well as follow-up action on instructions from officials (Monthly report) • DI shall, at all times, maintain decorum and dignity of police while carrying out assigned duties and responsibilities. CODE OF CONDUCT FOR SCHOOL-LEVEL SPC OFFICIALS S/he shall not indulge in any illegal activity as per the Kerala Police Act. They should recognize and respect the limitation of their power and function. They should always be courteous and well-mannered. They should maintain high standard of discipline, obedience to superiors and loyalty to the force. Without the sanction of the authority they shall not ask or accept or participate in raising fund or take part in any form of the collection of money for public or private purpose. They shall not appear in a public place or any SPC function in a state of intoxication. Misuse of uniform is an offense liable for disciplinary action.
  20. 20. Page20 SCHOOL-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE Committee comprising School Principal as Chairman, Inspector with jurisdiction as Convenor, President of Parent-Teacher Association, local representatives from Education, Forest, Excise, Transport departments, sitting member of Local Self-government body, Staff Secretary and Sub-Inspector as Committee Secretary will be formed in each SPC school. This committee will have responsibility for overseeing and supporting project implementation in the school, with meetings every month. FUNCTIONS OF SCHOOL LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE • Providing necessary support and guidance for SPC programmes in the school. • Supporting the SPC unit in the effective conduct of programmes. • Mobilizing funds and infrastructure for SPC unit • Co-ordinating with the PTA for various SPC programmes • School Advisory committee can change the programmes according to the specific circumstances of the school (Sports meet, Science, Maths, Work Experience, IT Fairs etc).
  21. 21. Page21 VII. SPC TRAINING PROGRAMME The training programme of the SPC project comprises of a planned mix of classes, workshops and activities with five components: PHYSICAL TRAINING (OUTDOOR CLASSES) The goal of physical training is to inculcate desirable standards of health, physical fitness, discipline in mind and body of cadets, team spirit, and capability and endurance to carry out assigned responsibilities. Drill Instructors visit SPC schools and conduct physical training for cadets, including Drill, Parade, Cross-country March, Yoga etc., as per the Annual SPC Activity Calendar. STUDY CLASSES (INDOOR TRAINING) The goal of indoor training is to acquaint cadets with Police-related topics, Matters of Law, Constitutional Principles, Community Policing, National Movements, Personality Development principles, inculcate in them self- esteem and raise them as confident citizens. In each SPC school, CPOS and DIs organize indoor classes on various topics as above, as per the Activity Calendar. FIELD VISITS A major component of the training programme consists of field visits by cadets to establishments that administer, implement and adjudicate the law, places of historical, cultural, scientific and national importance, etc. These visits provide practical exposure to cadets, and raise awareness of citizenship values in them. CPOs and Drill instructors coordinate with PSLCs to arrange such visits.
  22. 22. Page22 CAMPS During their two-year training period, SPCs take part in camps, both residential & non-residential. These camps • provide cadets with opportunities for leadership development, life- skills acquisition and personality enhancement. • enable creation of healthy team spirit and self-esteem within each cadet. • create better understanding of the SPC Project and its objectives in cadets a) Mini Camps: During Onam & Christmas vacations, Junior Cadets and Senior Cadets participate in 3-day camps in the respective schools. These camps are non-residential in nature, and comprises activities meant to build team spirit and promote personality development for cadets. One camp each year is to be conducted as a Nature camp. b) Annual District Summer Camp: For senior SPCs, at the end of the academic year, a 5-day residential camp is organized in each District, at a central location in the District, such as District Armed Reserve Camps, Battalion Headquarters, Police Training College, or Police Academy. c) Annual State Summer Camp: Every year, a 7-day state-level SPC Summer Camp is conducted at a central location for selected senior SPCs from all over the state. This residential camp comprises life-skills enhancement workshops, interactions with renowned and prominent personalities, senior Government officials and political leaders, and other personality development components.
  23. 23. Page23 COMMUNITY PROJECTS Leadership qualities of SPCs are strengthened by participation in various community issues such as road safety, drug and substance abuse, environmental protection, and aspects of law and crime. They are also encouraged to participate in social service projects, take responsibility during school festivals, sports meets, etc. and traffic control duties. Community Projects: • Are supervised activities that form an integral part of the SPC training programme • Are meant to achieve/put into practice one or more of the overall objectives of the SPC project • Involve school-level coordination with officials of supporting Departments, viz. Transport, Forest, LSG, Excise, Health etc. • Deliver measurable results in terms of learning outcomes, personal development, skill acquisition and I ncreased effectiveness.
  24. 24. Page24 VIII. SPC TRAINING MATERIALS The two-year training programme in SPC schools is carried out as per training materials specially developed for each component by officials entrusted with this responsibility. These materials serve as a guide for school-level CPOs and DIs in carrying out their responsibilities towards their charges. ANNUAL ACTIVITY CALENDAR Annual SPC training follows a detailed schedule laid out in the Annual Activity Calendar, developed prior to the commencement of each school academic year by a team of SPC officials. This Calendar specifies, for the following year, particular topics to be covered, events to be conducted, camps to be organized, themes of community projects and so on. Monthly performance reports from SPC schools must indicate their adherence to this calendar, and provide details of each SPC-related activity in the school. OUTDOOR TRAINING MANUAL An outdoor training manual for the SPC programme has been developed, specifically tailored for the target community of high school students, by experienced physical trainers and SPC officials. Principles of good health and fitness through proper diet, hygiene, and regular exercise are included in this manual. Basic routines of parade training, group drills and formation marching are clearly described, with accompanying visuals and explanations. In addition, a visual CD of the various training routines is also available to the trainers in each school. The manual specifies minimum standards of physical training proficiency to be attained by SPCs, at specified stages during their training period.
  25. 25. Page25 INDOOR TRAINING MANUAL An Indoor Training Manual for the SPC project has been developed to guide trainers in SPC schools, with inputs from academicians and subject experts in various fields. The Manual lays down the broad goals of indoor training, describes the format to be followed for indoor classes and workshops, and also specifies how the learning achievements of SPCs are to be measured on a regular basis. Essentially, the manual is a practical guide for all teachers on how to improve their teaching methods for better learning outcomes for their students. SPC DIARY Each cadet is supplied with a specially designed notebook, called the SPC Diary, with relevant information, instructions and guidelines regarding the SPC project. In this diary, cadets are expected to maintain detailed and up-to-date written notes of events, activities and experiences in connection with their SPC training programme. The quality of each cadet’s SPC Diary is taken into account while assigning grades on completion of the training programme. COMMUNITY PROJECTS MANUAL Community projects - to be carried out in each school and community by the cadets themselves, under the supervision of SPC officials - comprise a significant component of the SPC training programme. Road safety, prevention of drug and narcotic substance abuse, promoting environmentally friendly communities etc. are some of the projects envisaged as part of the programme. Each such project is usually carried out with assistance and involvement of one or more supporting departments and agencies in the SPC project. In order to
  26. 26. Page26 ensure uniformity of project implementation and increased effectiveness of project outcomes, specific guidelines to be followed by SPC school- level units are issued, as necessary. An operational manual containing all necessary information on each of these projects must be developed for assisting school-level implementation. PHYSICAL PROFICIENCY PROGRESS CARD In SPC School, each cadet must have a Physical Proficiency Progress (PPP) Card, a regularly updated document with details of the progress made by the cadet over the course of the training programme. Individual performances in the quarterly assessment tests of physical proficiency will be recorded by school-level SPC officials, and will document the progress of the student in physical fitness and endurance. ASSESSMENT & EVALUATION At the end of the two-year training programme, all cadets undergo a series of tests, including physical, written and skill-based components. In general, such testing will take place during the summer camps in each district. On the basis of performance in these tests, each SPC is awarded a grade appropriate to his/her level of proficiency. Cadets are eligible for SPC Training Completion Certificates on successful completion.
  27. 27. Page27 MONITORING PROGRESS OF TRAINING There is a need for timely and ongoing monitoring of the progress of SPC programme implementation in each school. This is done through a structured reporting process, involving SPC officials at various levels, such as: • Monthly Performance Report on implementation of SPC Project will be prepared by the Community Police Officer and Drill Instructor jointly. It will be submitted to the State Nodal Officer with specific remarks of Heads of Institution, Police-Student Liaison Officer (Inspector of Police), District Nodal Officer and District Superintendent of Police. • Quarterly Assessment Report based on performance of SPCs in Outdoor and Indoor activities to be prepared by the District Superintendent of Police with the assistance of a three member team constituted for this purpose. • Overall Evaluation Report will be prepared by an independent team constituted by the State Advisory Committee to evaluate the progress in the implementation of SPC project in each district.
  28. 28. Page28 IX. SCHOOL-LEVEL REPORTS Every month, prior to a specified date, CPO/ACPOs prepare and submit to the respective DNO a school-level implementation report for that school. This Report is in a pre-designed format, with provision for including all details relevant to such a report. Drill Instructors assist the CPO/ACPO in this task. These reports are processed and relevant data communicated by each level of the executive hierarchy to the higher authority, as shown below I.I.I.I. MONTHLYMONTHLYMONTHLYMONTHLY COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICER DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER SPC SECRETARIAT SPC SECRETARIAT STATE NODAL OFFICER II.II.II.II. QUARTERLYQUARTERLYQUARTERLYQUARTERLY STATE NODAL OFFICER STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE
  29. 29. Page29 X. POST-TRAINING ACTIVITIES After completing the two-year training, these SPCs can be fruitfully engaged in several ways, once they leave school and become members of the wider community. Some of these are: a) SPC SUPPORT • School-level SPC training • Volunteering at SPC camps • Coordinating with faculty and officials for various programmes b) ASSIST FOREST, EXCISE, POLICE ETC., AS MEMBER OF • Janamaithri Suraksha team • School Protection Group • Disaster Management team • Road Suraksha Samiti • Kadalora Jagratha Samithi • Blood Donor Forum • Forest Protection team c) ASSOCIATE WITH COMMUNITY NGOs IN • Pain & Palliative Care activities • Waste Management programmes • Road safety campaigns • AIDS awareness projects • Environmental protection schemes
  30. 30. Page30 XI. IMPLEMENTATION FLOWCHART PHASE I: SELECTION OF SCHOOLS • Applications invited from interested schools, through notification in Govt. Gazette & news media • All applications received, whether in a district or at state-level or through other channels, are collated and segregated District-wise • Lists of all applicant schools are forwarded to DNO responsible for each district • Within each district, DNO and team of SPC officials scrutinise applications to confirm details, verify availability of infrastructure, and so on • These schools are then ranked as per specified criteria, and a final shortlist from each district is forwarded to SNO office • Consolidated list of schools from all districts is collated at SPC Secretariat, and presented to State Advisory Committee for final approval by SNO • Approved list is then sent for Government approval by State Advisory Committee through PHQ • Government accords formal sanction to commence SPC project in schools included in this list, and appropriate Government Orders are passed.
  31. 31. Page31 PHASE II: DISTRICT-LEVEL INITIATION • District-wise list of approved schools is forwarded to respective DNO from SPC Secretariat • In each District, DNO forwards the list of SPC schools within each police station limit to concerned SHOs through CIs • From strength available at police station (or at Armed Police Camp), CI & SHO jointly shortlist required number of qualified police personnel for assignment as Drill Instructors (two per school) • From above list, DIs are assigned to each SPC school as per convenience PHASE III: SCHOOL-LEVEL INITIATION • Instructional & informational materials regarding SPC project given to School Principal • Constitution of School Advisory Committee, comprising Principal, Representatives of faculty, parents, police officials and local dignitaries • Nomination of willing and capable faculty as Community Police Officers (two per school) • Applications invited from interested students for enrollment as SPCs • Selection of SPCs from list of applicants by selection sub-committee comprised of HM, CPO, DI, CI, etc., as per criteria stipulated by State Advisory Committee • Details of all selected SPCs in the school to be sent to SPC Secretariat through respective DNO
  32. 32. Page32 • Opening of bank account for SPC project, to be operated jointly by School Principal and respective Circle Inspector • Issuance of Uniforms & PT dress to SPCs by school advisory committee • Commencement of training programme as per Annual Activity calendar • Regular school-level reports are submitted to DNO regarding SPC project implementation PHASE IV: STATE-WIDE MONITORING & ASSESSMENT • Monthly reports from SPC schools are scrutinized, verified and assessed as per certain evaluation criteria, by DNO in each district • Every month, DNOs present monthly SPC performance reports at state-level Review Meeting chaired by SNO. Necessary directions and clarifications, as well as suggestions for performance improvement are taken up at this meeting. • Every three months, state-wide performance reports are presented to the State Advisory Committee by SNO, for appropriate guidance and directions. • Proposals for project improvement, suggestions for smooth implementation and requests for policy decisions at Government- level are cleared at this State Advisory Committee meeting, for necessary action by SNO.
  33. 33. Page33 XII. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE The Student Police Cadet scheme envisages a two-year training programme, with different components. Ongoing supervision and evaluation are essential for its success. An hierarchy of advisory bodies and administrative officials has been constituted, with clear role and responsibilities for project implementation, as below: STATE –LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE This is the highest policy-making body in the SPC hierarchy, with authority to approve selection of schools, formulate guidelines for project implementation, issue directions to SPC programme officials, and ensure adherence to project guidelines by all stakeholders. Committee will comprise Director General of Police as Chairman, Education Secretary as Convenor, and Director of Public Instruction (DPI), Department Heads of Higher Secondary, Vocational Higher Secondary, Forest, Excise, Transport, and Local Self-Government as members. Other departments and agencies to be included in State Advisory Committee are Youth Affairs, Sports Council, NRHM, and others as per discretion and decision of Government, or as felt necessary by State Committee itself. State Advisory Committee has the responsibility of monitoring and assessing statewide project implementation, which is done through the State Nodal Officer, a designated police official with statewide authority. State Advisory Committee is required to develop and submit an annual project implementation report to Government, each year. State Advisory Committee will meet every two months to monitor progress and status of statewide SPC project implementation. Secretary of State Advisory Committee will be a police officer of rank IGP (HQ)
  34. 34. Page34 FUNCTIONS OF STATE LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE • Advising Government in the development of SPC programme • Helping Government departments plan and implement SPC programmes • Making arrangements for preparation of training modules for key persons and CPOs • Making arrangements for the periodic evaluation of SPC Programmes. • Encouraging research and publication works in connection with SPC. • Overseeing the maintenance of state, district, school level records for the implementation of the programme • Supervising the functioning of SPC at various levels. • Recommend to Government to increase the strength of cadets in the state. • Mobilizing funds from various sources including government for the Implementation of the SPC programmes.
  35. 35. Page35 DISTRICT-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE Committee with District Collector as Patron, District Police Chief as Chairman, and District Panchayath Standing Committee Chairman (Education), District heads of Education, Forest, Excise, Transport, Local Self-Government and other departments as members will be formed in each Police district. This committee will support, monitor and evaluate project implementation in SPC schools in the respective District. Convenor of the District-level Committee will be District Head of Education, its Secretary will be District Nodal Officer and it will meet every 2 months. FUNCTIONS OF DISTRICT-LEVEL ADVISORY COMMITTEE • Providing necessary support and guidance for SPC programmes in schools • Preparing priority list of schools where SPC project would be implemented. • Co-ordinating various departments for the smooth functioning of SPC programme. • Monitoring school-level SPC activities throughout the District • Proposing district-level programmes and activities for facilitating development and ensuring ongoing effectiveness of SPC scheme
  36. 36. Page36 XIII. EXECUTIVE FRAMEWORK STATE NODAL OFFICER In order to assist the State Advisory Committee on the implementation of the SPC project, a senior police officer is designated as State Nodal Officer – SPC project. The SNO has overall executive responsibility for the project implementation, with jurisdiction in the entire state. The SNO will liaise with District-level officials, coordinate with officials from other departments and report regularly to the State Advisory Committee on a regular basis. DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF STATE NODAL OFFICER • Participate in all meetings of State Advisory Committee • Provide overall guidance to district-level officials on various aspects of project implementation • Convene monthly meetings of DNOs to assess status of project implementation • Issue periodic guidelines and instructions to DNOs & other project officials on aspects of SPC programme implementation • Ensure that decisions taken at the State Advisory Committee are implemented by DNOs & other field-level officials • Oversee the functioning of the SPC Secretariat • Motivate and influence DNOs & other SPC officials to constantly improve project implementation aspects • Liaise with heads of supporting Departments to strengthen and streamline project implementation
  37. 37. Page37 • Prepare periodic reports on project outcomes for internal circulation as well as community-wide dissemination • Communicate with a wide range of stakeholders, community leaders and well wishers to generate support for the project at various levels • Conceptualise and implement schemes for the higher effectiveness of the programme • Provide leadership to continual efforts to widen scope and impact of the project • Initiate and lead efforts to create appropriate content for various components of the training programme • Undertake visits to various training establishments to study ways of improving programme effectiveness, as well as promote the project. • Organise training programmes for project officials • Lead the team to organize and conduct the state-level Summer Camp for SPCs.
  38. 38. Page38 DISTRICT NODAL OFFICER (DNO) In each District, a police officer of rank not less than Deputy Superintendent of Police shall be appointed by DPC as District Nodal Officer for SPC project. DNO has the overall responsibility of project implementation in the District, and will coordinate with SPC officials to carry out various training activities. DNO will report to the SNO on the performance of SPC project on a regular basis. DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF DNO • District Nodal Officer will assist District Police Chief in implementing the SPC project in schools within the respective Police District. • DNO will prepare the list of schools where SPC project is to be implemented. • DNO will co-ordinate with district-level officials of various departments and agencies to carry out SPC programme activities in schools • DNO will monitor school-level project implementation as per the Activity Calendar. • DNO will supervise selection of SPCs with assistance from Inspectors, SHO’s, Drill Instructors, Headmaster/Principal, CPOs, and ACPOs. • DNO will inspect each SPC school once a year, with inspection report sent to State Nodal Officer through District Police Chief. • DNO will conduct monthly conference of Drill instructors, CPO and ACPOs.
  39. 39. Page39 • DNO will conduct monthly conference of Circle Inspectors and SHO’s concerned, preferably on the same day of district crime conference. • DNO will be in charge of the district level office for the SPC project, wherein all records and registers shall be maintained up- to-date. • DNO will initiate action on projects for obtaining financial help from Local Self Govt. and other institutions. • DNO will obtain, consolidate and forward periodical reports to the State Nodal Officer. • DNO will constitute, with permission of District Police Chief, an Inspection Team, comprising Officers from the District Armed Reserve to evaluate the performance of PT and parade. • The respective DNO is responsible for organizing the Annual District Summer Camp in each district.
  40. 40. Page40 POLICE STUDENT LIAISON OFFICER (PSLO) Wherever there are SPC schools, the local Circle Inspector with jurisdiction shall be designated as Police Student Liaison Officer (PSLO) of SPC project. PSLO will have field-level responsibility of SPC project implementation in the school(s) falling in his jurisdiction. PSLO will report to DNO on project implementation on a regular basis. DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF PSLO I. Circle Inspector (PSLO) with jurisdiction is the police officer in overall charge of SPC project in each concerned school. II. PSLO will convene school level advisory committee meeting at least once in a month with proper notice. III. PSLO will verify that school-level SPC activities are as per the Activity Calendar. IV. PSLO will personally supervise selection of cadets in SPC schools, with the support of Headmaster/ Principal, CPO, ACPO and Drill Instructors. V. PSLO will ensure creation and maintenance of all records w.r.t to selection/rejection of SPCs in SPC school VI. PSLO will conduct half-yearly Inspection of SPC schools, and forward copies of such report to designated officials, including DNO & SNO. VII. PSLO will visit each SPC school once a month during the time of parade and PT, and forward appropriate remarks to designated officials.
  41. 41. Page41 VIII. PSLO will have the responsibility to ensure that Mini Camps are conducted in each school, in coordination with school level advisory committee IX. PSLO will appoint Drill Instructors for each SPC school, of which one will be WCPO if there is girls’ wing in the schools. PSLO will ensure that DIs are regular in conducting training programmes in SPC schools X. PSLO will coordinate with CPOs to organize indoor and outdoor classes for cadets XI. PSLO will supervise proper utilization of project funds in each SPC school XII. PSLO will ensure that monthly performance report from each SPC school is prepared and forwarded to designated officials in a timely manner XIII. PSLO will also maintain relevant SPC records at his office. XIV. PSLO is required to be present at the time of inspection by superior officers. XV. PSLO has the responsibility of organizing school-level camps
  42. 42. Page42 XIV. ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT CENTRES a) SPC SECRETARIAT A central administrative office, called the SPC Secretariat has been established to ensure the smooth implementation of the SPC project statewide. SPC Secretariat is headed by one police officer of Deputy Superintendent of Police rank, supported by a team of lower officials. FUNCTIONS OF SECRETARIAT • Secretariat will maintain state-wide records such as updated list of schools, DIs, CPOs and other relevant information. • Secretariat will initiate and follow-up on inter-departmental correspondence, collect and analyse monthly performance reports, and prepare regular status reports on SPC project. • Secretariat will prepare agenda and minutes for State Advisory Committee meetings • Secretariat will develop Annual reports, project presentations, etc. on SPC project • Secretariat ensures that all decisions and directions of State Advisory Committee are carried out/followed by project stakeholders. • Secretariat initiates and oversees Performance Review and Financial Audit every year. • SPC Secretariat monitors school-level project implementation, and prepares monthly consolidated reports for SNO, prior to meeting of DNOs
  43. 43. Page43 • SPC Secretariat maintains minutes of meetings (state & district), records of correspondence, news reports, etc. for future reference (digital & hard copy) • Secretariat will maintain library of SPC camp reports, activity and event reports, project reports etc. from across the state • Secretariat will arrange and coordinate training for SPO, DI, etc. at various institutions, i.e. KEPA, IMG, KILA, SIEMAT, etc. • Secretariat is responsible for evaluation of SPCs, i.e. assess physical development, prepare examinations, conduct grading, etc. • Secretariat must coordinate correspondence, follow-ups, invitations etc. for major events of SPC Calendar, for instance, SPC Quiz, SPC Day, etc. • Secretariat must maintain copies of visual media products, photographs of events, slideshows, etc. • Secretariat must ensure that website is updated with accurate data and information • Secretariat must conduct school-level inspections to monitor project implementation b) DISTRICT NODAL OFFICE The Student Police Cadet District Nodal Office (also called the “SPC Learning Centre”) is the central hub for all activities connected with the SPC project in a District. Located in the District Headquarters, and staffed by a team of SPC officials, the Office coordinates, supports and strengthens all aspects of SPC programme implementation in the District. The SPC District Nodal Office serves as the venue of meetings for SPC officials, a resource
  44. 44. Page44 library for trainers and cadets, and an authoritative clearing house for all SPC-related information. The overall responsibility for guiding and supervising the functioning of the District Nodal Office/ SPC Learning Centre is that of the Asst. District Nodal Officer. FUNCTIONS OF DISTRICT NODAL OFFICE • District Nodal Office coordinates all activities of SPC in the District • District Nodal Office collects and maintains project records of schools, supporting departments and officials, and cadets of SPC programme in the District • District Nodal Office conducts periodic assessment of various aspects of the SPC training programme, such as quality of parade, PT and other activities. • SPC officials attached to District Nodal Office undertake surprise visits to SPC schools/camps, and report any defects or shortcomings to the proper authorities • The District Nodal Office ensures that all communications from SNO reach the concerned DNO & other officials, and that follow- up action is reported to SNO regularly • The District Nodal Office is responsible for establishing and maintaining good relations with concerned officials from all departments and stakeholders • The District Nodal Office communicates with SPC project officials of programmes according to Annual Activity Calendar schedule, and collects Action Taken Report from them, as necessary • The District Nodal Office informs officers about difficulties faced by SPC officials and take necessary steps to find solutions
  45. 45. Page45 c) SPC LEARNING CENTRE • The SPC Learning Centre will prepare and maintain a data bank of SPC Resource Persons for conducting classes for SPCs in the district • The SPC Learning Centre will develop and maintain Library with magazines, newspapers and other materials for reference purposes, available for all interested persons • The staff of SPC Learning Centre will conceptualize and conduct constructive activities for higher effectiveness of SPC programme as per available resources • The SPC Learning Centre will plan and conduct a regular schedule of monthly conferences of SPC officials, periodical tests for SPCs, special indoor class etc. • The Learning Centre will undertake appropriate steps to involve SPCs in organization and conduct of socially beneficial activities in District • The SPC activities in the District will be published on the SPC website through the efforts of SPC Learning Centre • Best practices of SPC programme in each school will be collected and collated for wide dissemination among SPC project officials through the in-house magazine • SPC Learning Centre will develop and publish quarterly reports of SPC project activities in the particular district, after clearance from DNO/SNO
  46. 46. Page46 XV. FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION SOURCES OF FUNDS Funds for the SPC project will be sourced from the plan funds of Government Departments such as Home, Education, Forest, Excise, Motor Vehicle and Local Self-Government. Also, funds may be sourced from the Road Safety Fund, Rashtreeya Madhyama Shiksha Abhayan, community policing/modernisation fund, etc. UTILIZATION OF FUNDS All financial transactions relating to SPC activities will be governed by the rules and regulations of the state. All funds received from the government shall be reported to the Advisory Committee. In general, the following expenses will be incurred in SPC schools: i. Acquisition of SPC Uniforms On selection, each cadet is supplied, free of cost, an official SPC uniform and a physical training uniform (as described earlier in this document) ii. Daily training expenses On each day of SPC training, cadets are to be provided with snacks and refreshments, expenses for which are borne by the school-level project management, at pre-permitted rates.
  47. 47. Page47 iii. Project Expenses Community projects may require additional expenses, which are met from supporting departments/agencies or by project management itself, as per issued instructions. iv. Event Expenses SPC-related events, in school as well as in the outside community, may also require additional funds, which are to be met from local sources such as PTA funds, locally reputed community organization, etc. ACCOUNT BOOKS AND REGISTERS The Principal/Headmaster is responsible for the overall functions of SPC in the Schools. S/he should ensure that the grants/aid by the government have been deposited in the authorised bank accounts. All original documents such as cash book, pass book, enrolment register, cadets' diary, vouchers and receipts, project register, etc should be maintained in the School. Community Police Officer shall be the custodian of the documents and register. A copy of all important registers must be kept in the office of the PSLO. BANK ACCOUNT Each SPC school must open and maintain a separate bank account to assist project implementation. This will be a joint account to be managed and operated by the Head of the school along with the respective Circle Inspector. CPOs must maintain copies of related statement of accounts, supported by vouchers, bills, etc.
  48. 48. Page48 ANNUAL SCHOOL-LEVEL FINANCIAL AUDIT Each year, all SPC-related accounts in each SPC school must be properly checked and audited by authorized officials, deputed for the purpose by Secretariat/District Nodal Officer. SCHOOL-LEVEL OPERATIONAL EXPENSES • Government and Govt-aided schools are eligible to receive financial assistance for project running expenses, directed to each school by way of the respective District Nodal offices of SPC Project. • During the first year after commencement of the SPC project in a school, the SPC unit in the school will consist of 44 students (Junior batch). • With the additional selection of 4 new cadets in the second year, the total strength of SPCs in that school would rise to 88, and this will continue to hold good from then onwards. • In addition to a one-time uniform expense for junior batch SPCs, the project incurs expenditure for uniforms for CPOs, for refreshments per cadet per class/activity, and for other project activities, as specified by SPC management each year. Tables I & II (following) present, in detail, a breakup of expenses Incurred in each SPC school annually:
  49. 49. Page49 TABLE I: BREAKUP OF EXPENSES IN EXISTING SCHOOL (ANNUAL) Sr. No ITEM DESCRIPTION AMOUNT/UNIT (Rs) TOTAL AMOUNT (Rs) 1 Uniforms for new cadets (44 nos., junior batch only) 1,500.00 66,000.00 2 PT Dress (88 nos., junior & senior) 500.00 44,000.00 3 Refreshment expense per cadet per class (85 classes per year) 20.00 1,49,600.00 4 School-level Vacation Camps (Onam & Christmas) 18,000.00 5 Monthly Honorarium for CPOs (each) 500.00 12,000.00 6 Uniform for CPO & ACPO (2 nos) 1,500.00 3,000.00 7 Community Projects 35,000.00 8 Materials for SPC office 2,000.00 TOTAL 3,29,600.00 • 2ND YEAR ONWARDS, 2 BATCHES OF SPCS – JUNIOR & SENIOR
  50. 50. Page50 TABLE II: BREAKUP OF ANNUAL EXPENSES IN NEW SCHOOL (FIRST YEAR) Sr. No ITEM DESCRIPTION AMOUNT/UNIT (Rs) TOTAL AMOUNT (Rs) 1 Uniform for 44 cadets 1,500.00 66,000.00 2 PT Dress for 44 cadets 500.00 22,000.00 3 Refreshment expense per cadet per class (85 classes per year) 20.00 74.800.00 4 Materials for SPC office 5,000.00 5 Uniform for CPO & ACPO (2 nos.) 1,500.00 3,000.00 6 Monthly Honorarium for CPOs (each) 500.00 12.000.00 7 School-level vacation camp (Onam & Christmas) 10,000.00 8 Community projects 35,000.00 TOTAL 2,27,800.00 • JUNIOR BATCH OF SPCs – 44 NOs
  51. 51. Page51 XVI. TRAINING THE TRAINERS Since the SPC scheme envisages a well-rounded yet intensive in-school training programme for high school students, it is equally necessary that their instructors be equipped to carry out their responsibilities. Hence, CPOs, DIs, and other SPC officials need to undergo training in various aspects of the programme. The SPC scheme makes provision for regular training of such officials, including refresher training, by senior and experienced trainers. Preferably all such training programmes are to be conducted at State Police Academies/Training Centers. Three categories of training programmes are designed, as below: BASIC COURSE a) FOR CPOs & ACPOs This is a 14 day residential training course for CPOs and ACPOs, comprising an in-depth coverage of the various aspects of the SPC programme. The course includes field-training for teachers in the various outdoor training modules, including parade, physical training, and other activities. Classes and training routines are conducted by senior police officers connected with the SPC programme. CPOs & ACPOs are required to successfully complete training routines in formation marching, understand the basics of physical training, participate in cross-country walks, and unarmed combat as well. One outcome of the training programme is that teachers are facilitated to acquire fitness and develop positive daily habits. It is advisable to conduct such training at a centrally located Police Training Facility for CPOs/ACPOs from all over the state, in batches, as
  52. 52. Page52 necessary. All CPOs & ACPOs must necessarily complete SPC – Basic Training during their first year after appointment to the post. b) DRILL INSTRUCTORS & ADNOs The basic course for Drill Instructors is a 7-day residential training programme that covers various aspects of the SPC programme, and is meant to orient police personnel as educators of high school students. Classes on personality development, motivational psychology, skill development, contemporary youth issues, and other relevant topics are the subject matter of this course. Senior police officers as well as professional trainers lead the various educational exercises. This programme sensitizes police personnel on various social and development issues, enabling them to empathise with student problems. An outcome of this training is that DIs (& other police personnel) who undergo the course are motivated and equipped to work with students, as mentors, facilitators and guides. ORIENTATION COURSES a) In order to acquaint senior officials with the SPC programme, one-day workshops and training classes on various aspects of the SPC project are conducted periodically. One category of officials for whom such orientation workshops are conducted include District-level Heads of Police & Education, as well as higher officials from these departments. b) Similarly, one day training programme on aims, objectives and other details of SPC Project are organized for
  53. 53. Page53 District Nodal Officers, Addl. District Nodal Officers, Student Police Liaison Officers (Inspector), SHOs, Drill Instructors, Community Police Officers, Heads of Education institutions which is selected for implementing SPC Project and District level officers of and above the rank of Forest, Excise, Transport, Fire Force and Local Self Government. REFRESHER PROGRAMMES Every year, Refresher training courses for various categories of officials are conducted, viz. two-day Programme for District Nodal Officer, PSLOs, SHOs, and Heads of Educational Institutions, Three- day residential programme for Drill Instructors, and Seven-day residential programme for CPOs and Addl. CPOs. The purpose of these workshops is to update the officials on changes and developments of the project, invite their feedback for modifications to programme components, and ensure uniformity of SPC programme implementation across the state.
  54. 54. Page54 XVII. RESULTS & FEEDBACK A. COMMUNITY-LEVEL OUTCOMES OBSERVED As per the results of a statewide survey of SPC officials and other stakeholders by SIEMAT-Kerala, the SPC project has brought about a positive impact on various stake holders of the society especially the cadets, teachers and school atmosphere in which the project was implemented. The following tangible outcomes are already felt: STUDENTS • Improvement in physical fitness, physical and mental endurance. • Increased vigor, confidence, self discipline and more responsible behavior. • Fearless and free interaction with police and better understanding of functions and roles of police. • Positive attitude and readiness to serve others. • Improvement in academic performance and better participation in extra-curricular activities. • Time and goal consciousness • Willingness to abide by law and motivate others to do the same. SCHOOLS • School premises and its surroundings made free from sales and usage of tobacco and tobacco products, other intoxicating substances and influence of antisocial elements. • Schools are made free from accident and traffic congestion.
  55. 55. Page55 • Improvement in internal discipline. Children with deviant behavior are identified and brought to the attention of teachers. • Neat, clean and plastic free School Campus. Gardens of flowers, medicinal plants are grown in some schools. • Smooth and effective organizing of school level functions. • Improvement in academic performance. PARENTS • Willingness to change. Being forced to obey law since their children insist upon them to do so. • High appreciation of behavioral changes and responsible behavior among their children. • Increased interest and knowledge in better and effective parenting. POLICE • Better and responsible behavior. • Motivation to serve as a role model for community members. • Opportunity to improve the image of Police, by correcting negative impressions created by Films and Media in young minds. • Increased flow of information regarding antisocial activities. TEACHERS • Better and responsible behavior. • Change in impression towards police. • Increased awareness of problems of adolescents.
  56. 56. Page56 B. INSIGHTS FROM FIELD-LEVEL OFFICIALS The Research & Development Cell of the SPC Project conducted several internal reviews and project surveys among SPC officials regarding field-level implementation of the SPC training programme. The personal experiences of SPC officials – included below - makes clear that the project does indeed have the potential to facilitate positive changes within the student community, which in turn would prove beneficial to society in the long run. • Many CPOs & DIs are motivated enough to devote more time than strictly necessary for the SPC project, spending many more hours than strictly required. • Level of motivation of respondents – both CPOs & DIs - is very high, in spite of facing several issues at personal and professional level • Commitment to development of SPCs and through them the entire student community is a worthwhile goal for the respondents • More often than not, CPOs & DIs identify closely with the students that they train in SPC schools, sharing their victories and sometimes even family problems. • Specific memorable experiences of respondents as part of SPC project include self-development, empowerment of students to solve family and community issues and effective intervention to deter social evils • Project outcomes that have been experienced are: resistance to intoxicants and social evils, better physical fitness, increased self- confidence, deeper family and social involvement, practice regular habits, goal-orientation and willingness for social service. • In general, all respondents agree that SPC project training is effective in raising discipline and self-esteem of cadets, developing them as role
  57. 57. Page57 models for the student community, and creating hope for the future of families and communities • Many CPOs themselves have reported increase in confidence, courage, and ability to solve problems of students. They have also welcomed the opportunity to work in cooperation with uniformed authorities in finding innovative solutions to youth issues • Project objectives that are valued by respondents include creating national spirit, developing self-esteem, inculcating social commitment, facilitating empathy for fellow human beings, discipline, leadership, environmental awareness etc. COMMUNITY IMPACT & EXPERIENCES • Several cadets have been able to correct alcoholism and bad behavior by adults in their family and community • Detection and dissuasion of sale of tobacco products in shops near schools, Arrest of persons selling illicit liquor, visit to police station after road accident, dissuading uncle from suicide, arrest of anti-social eve- teaser etc. • Empathy with inmates of orphanage, old age homes, pain and palliative care establishments • In general, there is positive community response to activities of SPC units during youth festivals, subhayatra, etc. • Good behaviour of SPCs towards teachers, elders, officials, and other community members • Development of regular habits, better physical fitness, increased self- confidence, empathy with needy etc., among SPCs.
  59. 59. Page59 A. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENT POLICE CADET PROJECT a. Operational Strengths • Committed and visionary leadership from heads of departments and other officials comprising State Advisory Committee • Regular briefings to State-level leaders of project • Regular meetings with DNO/ADNOs • Regular and ongoing communication with SPC functionaries • Teams for development of various aspects of SPC project • Production of Literature on SPC project • Statewide operational framework in place • Committed District-level officials (police, education) • Dedicated School-level officials (teachers and police) • Committees at State, District & School-level • Active SPC Secretariat established • Active and productive office of SNO • Motivated & trained CPOs & DIs
  60. 60. Page60 b. High-level Official Support • Active State Advisory Committee • Involvement of department heads in state advisory committee • Financial assistance from Government (budgetary) • Financial support from other departments (transport, education, etc.) • Nomination of Department officials as members of district committees (Education, Transport, Forest, Excise, etc.) • Necessary Govt Orders & Dept Orders as required to support programme • Inclusion of Model Residential Schools (at own cost) in project • Sanction for District SPC Offices, with office, staff and vehicle (though not fully functional) • Benefits for project participants o Grace marks for SPCs o Honorariums for CPOs, compensatory day off c. Community Support • Widespread support from elected representatives • Enthusiastic school-level support from parents and other stakeholders • Demand from new schools for inclusion in scheme
  61. 61. Page61 d. National-level acceptance • Positive response from Prime Minister, Vice-President, former President, Governor of Kerala, and high-level officials • Recommendation by National Police Science Congress in 2011 • Invitation for SPcs to visit National Police Academy, Hyderabad • Invitation to SNO to make presentation on project to Home Minister and officials • Invitation to SNO to make presentation in Goa • Recognition and Rollout of project in Rajasthan • Enquiries from other states such as Jharkhand, Punjab, Chandigarh, etc.
  62. 62. Page62 B. STEPS FOR PROJECT CONSOLIDATION The following matters need the particular attention of Government authorities and officials responsible for implementing the SPC Project: a. In the SPC project, teachers designated as Community Police Officers take on responsibilities in addition to their regular school workload. Therefore, CPOs who fulfill certain stipulated performance criteria may be deemed to be eligible for special allowances from Government, sucb as honoraria, compensatory leave, etc. b. Also, Drill Instructors need the full support and cooperation of their superiors and peers in the Police organization, if they are to be effective as trainers of our youth. Hence, provision must be made to accommodate their SPC responsibilities as part of their official duty. c. Since community-level awareness programmes with respect to road safety, environmental awareness, anti-substance abuse activities, etc. are an integral and crucial part of the SPC project, adequate financial resources must be allocated to the SPC project for this purpose by Government and officials. d. The SPC project must be declared eligible to receive assistance from development funds available with local self-government bodies, MLA funds, MP project funds etc. Appropriate guidelines to this effect must be issued by the concerned authorities to enable this.
  63. 63. Page63 e. Student Police Cadets may be granted grace marks with academic merit on successful completion of the requisite two years of SPC training, based on specific performance objectives. f. In light of their exposure and training, successful Cadets may be given priority for recruitment to uniformed Government services such as Police, Forest, Excise, etc. in future. g. A wide range of appropriate and specific educational materials must be developed for officials and cadets engaged in this innovative youth development programme h. A framework to evaluate training processes for cadets as well as the performance of SPC units in a school needs to be developed and put in place. i. Regular and ongoing efforts must be made to ensure media visibility of community-level activities of local SPC units j. Financial arrangements for community-level project implementation need to be regularized and strengthened. k. Refresher camps must be organized for SPCs and CPOs on a regular basis, both at the state level as well as the District-level, structured such that there is uniformity in the outcomes desired.
  64. 64. Page64 C. IMMEDIATE MEASURES PROPOSED In order to sustain and enhance the effectiveness of the Student Police Cadet project, the following aspects of SPC project implementation need strengthening on priority basis. 1. Strengthening the administrative offices at state, district and school levels to ensure: a. Availability of current and updated field-level project information b. Better coordination between executive officials for increased efficiency of school-level project implementation c. Effective and efficient internal communications between SPC school, units, officials and management for improved project results 2. Formation of SPC Training Cell with experienced personnel to: a. Develop appropriate training modules for SPC officials and SPCs b. Conduct training programmes on regular basis for officials c. Evaluate ongoing field-level performance of school-level SPC officials 3. Establishment of SPC Research & Development Cell to a. Conduct internal surveys and assessments on regular basis b. Generate periodic reports on aspects of project implementation c. Develop appropriate promotional material for the project
  65. 65. Page65 D. ADDITIONAL SUGGESTIONS: • Strengthen monitoring of project implementation through visits by higher-ups in police as well as education • Reduce other burdens of CPOs & ACPOs for greater effectiveness • Ensure follow-up activities for SPCs even after they complete the two-year training period, so that value of training is not lost • Raise awareness of Headmasters and increase involvement of educational authorities in project implementation • Conduct refresher courses more often • Organise refresher courses at district-level, rather than state-wide • Ensure higher participation of supporting departments in project implementation • Instructions to CPOs must be through HMs strictly • Infrastructural facilities for SPC in each school • District and state-level sports and cultural competitions for SPCs • Do not conduct events at short notice, ensure at least 3 days for preparation • Do away with repeated submitting of performance/activity reports • Ensure timely disbursal of uniforms, refreshment expenses, etc. • Preparation of comprehensive manual, training CDs, handbooks etc. is a must
  66. 66. Page66 • For proper involvement of CPOs in SPC programme, their regular academic burden must be not more than 22 – 25 periods per week • Reduce length and detailing of performance report • Ensure that DIs are available, on time and well trained • Pedagogy and methodology of training to be clearly communicated to school and other educational authorities • Include CPOs in project and activity planning meetings (district/state- level) • Utilise email facility to communicate with CPO and school authorities • Using marks as a selection criterion may be avoided, since such training is needed more for otherwise backward students • Make monthly reporting system online, with simpler format • Ensure selection of wiling and interested teachers as CPOs
  67. 67. Page67 The Student Police Cadet Project does not create moreThe Student Police Cadet Project does not create moreThe Student Police Cadet Project does not create moreThe Student Police Cadet Project does not create more policemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each youngpolicemen; rather it seeks to grow the policeman within each young member of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The fieldmember of our communities. The field----level experiences oflevel experiences oflevel experiences oflevel experiences of SPCSPCSPCSPC officials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitateofficials prove without doubt that the SPC project can facilitate positive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would provepositive changes within the student community, which would prove beneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nationbeneficial to society in the long run. and generate significant nation---- wide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal swide positive returns, such as greater internal security, healthier andecurity, healthier andecurity, healthier andecurity, healthier and safer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stablesafer communities, and create responsible future citizens of a stable democracy.democracy.democracy.democracy.
  68. 68. Page68 ANNEXURES
  69. 69. Page69 1. SPC DIRECTORATE – FRAMEWORK (suggested) The SPC Directorate is envisaged as a central authority for the statewide Student Police Cadet project, headed by senior officials of the major departments responsible for the Project. The purpose of setting up an SPC Directorate is to bring the entire statewide SPC organization under a single executive authority. This is expected to lead to better coordination among SPC functionaries and beneficiary institutions, ensure timely communications and implementation of project activities, and facilitate maximum effectiveness. It will have separate wings with specific responsibilities for different aspects of the programme, each headed by senior officers and supported by teams of experienced staff, as described below: DIRECTORATE SECTIONS REGISTRATION WING: Maintenance of statewide records of SPCs (past & current), Issue of Enrollment numbers, Completion Certificates, Issue of Grades, Performance Record, Certification of SPC schools FINANCE WING: Handling of SPC project funds from Govt & other sources, Disbursal for specific project requirements, Inspections and Supervision of bank accounts, Maintenance and monitoring of financial records, Auditing, Generation of annual budgets, Requests for funding of innovative project activities
  70. 70. Page70 OPERATIONS WING: Supervision of funds-disbursal and utilisation at school-level, Monitoring of school-level SPC activity, Inspection of schools, conduct of SPC annual events (SPC Quiz, SPC Day, etc.) ACADEMIC WING: Curriculum development, Formulation of Annual Activity Calendar, Testing, Assessment and Grading of SPCs, Development of training modules, Liaison with senior education officials TRAINING WING: Selection of SPC field-level functionaries, Conduct of training programmes for CPOs, DIs, development of training modules for officials & cadets COMMUNICATIONS WING: Announcements in Gazettes & news media, Conduct of orientation programmes for SPC officials, parents, functionaries and officials, community leaders, press releases to media reg SPC major events, event reports RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT WING: Multimedia support for SPC project activities, Field surveys and internal assessment of project implementation, generation of field reports, maintenance of website, development of reports and proposals as per requirements of other Directors
  71. 71. Page71 2. NATIONAL ACTION PLAN (PROPOSED) Facilitation of SPC project implementation in all states, initially as a pilot project in selected schools, and subsequent wider rollout. Initiation of steps for project implementation in all schools, irrespective of whether they are Government-run or under private management, including Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodaya Vidyalayas, schools under CBSE and ICSE, etc. Inclusion of the SPC indoor training module in the regular school curriculum, which would include personality development, road safety, substance abuse prevention, environment protection, legal literacy, responsible waste management, internal security, and safe use of Information and Communication Technology. Establishment of SPC Training Academies in each state, to impart training to all officials connected with project implementation in that particular state. Formation of a National Task Force - comprised of qualified, experienced and committed officials, from various fields including police and education - to support, study, and evaluate the potential of the SPC project for community development, by formulation of a National Act enabling SPC project rollout nation-wide.
  72. 72. Page72 3. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT VERTICALS Education (Students) a. Students’ academic performance improved b. 21st century skills (team work, problem-solving, communication, etc.) developed in students c. Future employability of students enhanced Personality Development a. Inculcation of Discipline in students b. Lifestyle Diseases such as obesity, depression, substance abuse etc. have been effectively addressed c. Greater self-awareness and responsibility prevents unhealthy sexual development of adolescents d. Better physical fitness and discipline leads to increased capability development in students e. Involvement in sports encourages development of team spirit and spirit of sportsmanship Safety of students in school, public places, during travel as well as at home is improved Environmental Protection activities by students raises public awareness of such matters, and also ensures better utilization of natural resources by future society
  73. 73. Page73 Governance & Citizenship a. In an increasingly uncertain scenario of societal violence and lawlessness, students understand the need to be law- abiding citizens, for their own good as well as that of society b. Students understand that citizenship in a democratic society requires greater personal responsibility such as Voting, practicing civic sense, following rules of the road, behaving properly and with courtesy in public, and so on. c. The development of community spirit develops and reinforces the Secularism quotient in students d. Developing social responsibility and civic sense in students lowers the chances of students getting involved in substance abuse, destruction of public property and other anti-social activities. e. In addition, students are diverted away from being involved in acts of terrorism, cyber crime, and other crimes of a serious nature Students contribute to stronger Family & Community relationships through empathetic awareness of issues associated with old age, physical disability, and similar issues. Students trained in Palliative Care contribute to care of needy persons in their own families and communities
  74. 74. Page74 Inculcation of responsibility and gender sensitivity among students contributes to better safety and security for girls and weaker sections of society Training girl students today ensures empowerment of women in future The project strengthens Democratic Policing by facilitating greater sensitivity and efficient service delivery by police organization. Community Policing projects such as Janamaithri Suraksha project, Kadolara Jagratha Samiti, Road Suraksha Samiti and similar efforts by police are greatly strengthened by the SPC project The SPC project also contributes to teacher development by enhancing their personal effectiveness, and raising their social intervention capability through increased self-confidence and empowerment
  75. 75. Page75 4. NCC vis-a-vis SPC: A JUXTAPOSITION The National Cadet Corps (NCC) of India is a voluntary organization which trains cadets from high schools, colleges and Universities all over India, to join the armed forces and serve the country. The Cadets are given basic military training in small arms and parades. NCC, launched as a nation-wide youth-focused leadership development activity in July 1948, inculcates in youth a sense of nationalism and secular outlook that contributes towards the building of the nation. It also provides a platform for individual upliftment through a process of channelising the energy of the youth into constructive pursuits. Prime facie, there exist many similarities between the two projects, viz. NCC & SPC. Both organizations promote among youth self-discipline, community spirit, voluntary adherence to Law and patriotism. They also facilitate physical fitness in youth, provide them with parade training and instill in them pride in wearing a uniform. The following points are relevant in developing a better comparative understanding of each: Parent organization of NCC: Union Ministry of Defense, SPC: Police & Education NCC Motto: “Unity & Discipline”, SPC Motto: “We learn to Serve” The promoting uniformed service is a fundamental difference – Military for NCC, Police for SPC; since the main function of Armed Forces is national defense through protecting the borders, while Police stands for enforcement of Law and controlling social disorder.
  76. 76. Page76 Armed forces undergo specific training to resist external threats, while Police forces are trained for maintenance of internal security NCC has officers from Armed Forces, SPC has officers from various Government departments Scope of SPC training designed to be wider and more flexible than that of NCC; NCC training does not specifically address contemporary issues of youth or communities NCC training features compulsory military training, SPC facilitates exposure to Law and Order, as well as Government functioning NCC focuses on protection of the nation, SPC focuses on empowerment of the citizen The NCC organisation is an hierarchical structure, while the SPC organization follows a networking model NCC is about patriotic armed service, SPC is about responsible citizenship The SPC project has a marked positive effect on the police organization, whereas NCC does not have the same effect on the armed forces organization. Similarly, SPC project has a significant impact on morale of school communities, whereas NCC does not have the same effect. While NCC was originally designed as a feeder organization to armed forces, SPC is not meant to be feeder into police or other uniformed services
  78. 78. Page78 IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINES (GENERAL) • For each project, one DNO is nominated as State Project Coordinator • State-level Meeting of SNO and Coordinator with Programme Officers to discuss and assess modalities of state-wide implementation • Quarterly Review Meetings of Project officials conducted to present state-level implementation report for each project, every three months • Quarterly Assessment Reports will be submitted to State Advisory Committee for inclusion in SPC project reviews, reports, etc. • Press materials on each project will be released as appropriate (local and statewide) • In each school, senior cadets, in rotation, are given responsibility for carrying out certain tasks on a regular basis for each project ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY PROJECTS • Cadets get exposure to systems of administration and learn to work with authorities • Cadets develop social responsibility and insights into societal conditions • Cadets imbibe civic sense and empathy for needy sections of society • Cadets are motivated to undertake activities that positively impact their family, communities they live in, and their local environment
  79. 79. Page79 1. Project “LEGAL LITERACY” The Kerala Legal Services Authority (KELSA) is a statutory body constituted to provide free legal service to the weaker sections of the society, and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities. Project LEGAL LITERACY has, as its principal goal, the development of SPCs as community-level ambassadors of KELSA to promote legal awareness among community members. OBJECTIVES: • To inculcate within students respect for Law and the Judicial System • To teach students basic principles of Law and judicial processes • To enable students to participate in initiatives that promote law-abiding culture within community members • To associate SPCs in dissemination of awareness materials on laws relevant to the daily life of citizens and the community • To educate students to make use of the legal system by invoking timely and appropriate assistance from concerned authorities • To raise community awareness about KELSA and the legal aid services rendered by this institution METHODOLOGY: In each school, CI/DI/CPO will coordinate with representatives of KELSA to organize: 1. Indoor Classes on specified topics by a legal expert/practitioner designated by KELSA • Class of 3 hrs duration (2 sessions of 90 mins), generally conducted on Saturdays
  80. 80. Page80 • Each class supported by audio-visual presentations (where necessary), with time for interaction between faculty and students • Two such classes each year, with different topics for junior & senior cadets 2. Study tour to Police Station by junior cadets guided by police official • View layout of police station, and facilities for visitors, complainants, arrested persons, etc. • Briefing on functions of each police official in station • Understand how complaints are registered & FIRs recorded • Interaction with Head of Police Station to understand what types of crimes are common in jurisdiction 3. Study tour to Jail premises by junior cadets guided by police official • View layout of jail, and arrangements for inmates • Understand how, from where and by whom inmates are brought to jail • Supervised interaction with selected inmates • Interaction with Head of Jail 4. Study Tour to Courts by senior SPCs guided by KELSA representative • Understand role of Judge, Registrar, Government Pleader, Defense Lawyer etc. • Learn how cases are listed, taken up, argued and judgments passed • Learn how laws are presented and passed in Assembly
  81. 81. Page81 • Study role of KELSA in providing legal assistance to needy 5. Study Tour to Legislative Assembly by senior SPCs guided by • Tour of Assembly & facilities for MLAs, visitors, officials etc. • Interaction with MLA(s), Assembly officials, etc. • Visual presentation on History of Legislative Assembly (if available) 6. Activities: • In-school presentation during school assembly after visit to Court, Jail, Police Stations and other establishment • State-wide Essay competition on relevant topic chosen by KELSA, with District-level prizes SALIENT POINTS: 1. Which objectives of SPC are sought to be achieved by project? • Respect for Law, knowledge of Fundamental Rights & Duties, & developing Law-abiding behavior 2. What resources are used/available for project? • Resource persons & awareness materials from KELSA • Indoor classes on specified topics • Visits to institutions that create, execute and adjudicate the law 3. How are resources distributed among first and second years? FIRST YEAR: o Classes on Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights & Duties, Specific Acts
  82. 82. Page82 o Visit to Police Station & Jail SECOND YEAR: o Classes on KELSA & Procedure for passing/amending Laws o Visit to Court(s) & Legislative Assembly 4. How are costs of the project met? • Funding from KELSA through DLSA units 5. What are the learning outcomes of the project? • Law – what it is, how it comes into effect, how administered & adjudicated • Basics of Indian Constitution, Rights & Duties of Indian Citizen • Constitution of Various Courts and their jurisdictions • Functions of Legislative Assembly & role of MLAs • Process of Creating Law 6. How are learning outcomes tested? • Section on Law and Legal system included in Assessment tests • Essay on any one of a selection of topics 7. What skill/knowledge is developed by cadets through the project-related activity? • Basic knowledge about Indian Constitution, Law, & Judicial system • Awareness of Rights & Duties of Indian Citizen • Ability to facilitate legal counseling by KELSA for needy members of community
  83. 83. Page83 2. Project “MY TREE” Statewide campaign led by SPCs, supported by Kerala Forest Department, to facilitate and promote community involvement in environmental protection activities. The project motivates school students to play an active part in protecting and preserving the environment for future generations. OBJECTIVES • To engage students in activities designed to promote better understanding of environmental issues • To enable students to develop sensitivity towards nature by planting and growing trees, herbal and horticultural gardens, etc. • To encourage students to create oases of greenery in and around school premises • To facilitate activities by school students that highlight the problem of environmental degradation in our communities and promote better utilization of our natural resources METHODOLOGY • In each SPC school, cadets with support of Kerala Forest Department, will plant trees in and around the school premises, as also their residential compounds and public areas. • Saplings of “Kanikonna”, “Aarya Veppu” and “Nelli”- trees closely associated with Kerala and appropriate for local conditions - will be distributed among the SPC units. • Each SPC will also involve at least 5 others, such as his/her classmates, friends and family members in this tree-planting activity.
  84. 84. Page84 • Poster competition on a specific topic will be organized, with District- level prizes to be awarded by Forest Department. • The annual SPC Nature Camp will be used to conduct workshops on specific environmental issues and test cadets’ knowledge of nature. • Identification of environmentally sensitive areas in vicinity of each SPC school, and implementation of appropriate protection measures. OUTPUT • In each SPC school, Cadets will bring out an annual (print/handwritten) magazine containing articles, photos, drawings and interviews with subject experts. The best such magazine will be digitally reproduced and widely disseminated. • SPC units will be encouraged to develop Visual media awareness materials on specific issues of environmental protection/degradation. The best materials will be widely disseminated and also made available on the SPC website. • The best posters will be widely circulated and used in various ways (wall calendars, postcards, etc.) to promote environmental protection within communities • Minimum of 10 lakh tree saplings will be planted annually statewide by SPCs and their friends. SALIENT POINTS 1. Which objectives of SPC are sought to be achieved by project? • Love of nature and environmental awareness • Learning to work with forest officials in nature protection activities
  85. 85. Page85 2. What resources are used/available for project, viz. time, material, persons? • Resource persons/Subject experts from Forest Department • Tree Saplings and other material from Forest Department • Accommodation facilities at Forest areas, wildlife sanctuaries 3. How is the training distributed between first and second years? • All activities will be same for junior and senior cadets. However, there will be a different theme for the project each year 4. How are costs of each activity to be met? • Travel expenses for trips by SPC schools • Field expenses by Forest Department 5. What are the learning outcomes of the project? • Knowledge of natural ecosystems and sub-systems • Understand environmental balance and need for ecological conservation • Awareness of role of Forest Department in protection & preservation of environment 6. How are learning outcomes tested? • Assessment Tests during Nature camps • Nature Magazine • Poster preparation • Visual Media materials by SPCs
  86. 86. Page86 3. Project “SUBHAYATRA” The Subhayatra Project is implemented with support of Kerala Road Safety Authority, with the goal of developing SPC units as community-level road safety resource centres. OBJECTIVES • Ensuring road safety practices among members of the school community • Enforcing safety of school vehicles • Establishing road safety zone around schools • Setting up Road Safety information board within school premises • Involving local communities in ensuring road safety of school students METHODOLOGY In each SPC school, SPC units will coordinate with Dy RTOs to implement the following: • Establish a notice-board in each school to disseminate information and news about road safety, among school community • Install following road signs and information boards near school (if not already present): a. School nearby b. Speed Limit sign c. Zebra crossing d. Emergency Numbers for Ambulance, Hospital, Blood Bank, Police, Fire & Rescue, etc.
  87. 87. Page87 • Create at least one safe pedestrian crossing (zebra crossing/signal) close to the school entrance gate, with guidance of authorities • Enable SPCs to function as Road Safety Warden during school opening & closing hours • Ensure that school vehicles are in good mechanical condition and that drivers are qualified, experienced and have responsible attitude towards safety of students • Visits to Traffic Police Station, Emergency & Trauma Care Hospital, Blood Bank • First aid workshop and safety seminar by SPCs for other students • Quarterly Reports will be submitted to DNO and forwarded to SNO every three months • Annual road safety test to generate safety rating for school • The School(s) with best performance in each District will be given awards by Kerala Road Safety Authority. SALIENT POINTS 4. Which objectives are sought to be achieved/put into practice? • Work with Transport authorities to promote road safety 2. What resources are used/available, viz. time, material, persons, facilities? • Indoor classes by Road safety officials & subject experts • Multimedia awareness materials • Traffic Police Station, Hospital, Blood Bank