• Definition of Narrative Text The telling of a story or an account of asequence of events. One of the four traditionalforms of composition (along withdescription, exposition, and persuasion). Narrationdiffers from exposition, which can also relate asequence of events, in that narration need not befactual and may be written from the perspective ofa character in the text.
Structure Narratives commonly have a five-part structure(sometimes called Freytags Pyramid) comprising anexposition, rising action, climax, falling action anddenouement.
Characteristic of narrative text :1. OrientationIt is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the storyAre introduceExample : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in theJungle where elephants helped the men with their work2. ComplicationWhere the problems in the story developedExample : Now, Mantu had an elephant of his very own.His name is Opie3. ResolutionWhere the problems in the story is solvedExample : Mantu than climbed upon his little friend’s back and wentHome to the village
Sub-Types Narrative text is often classified by sub-types orgenres. Some common narrative genres includedetective fiction, historicalnarratives, memoirs, science fiction, fables andmyths.
The Function of Narrative text The function of the narrative text is to informand entertain. Narrative text will tell the story withamusing way. It provides an esthetic literary experienceto the reader. Narrative text is written based on lifeexperience. In literary term, experience is what wedo, feel, hear, read, even what we dream.
Example of narrative text story “The Story of Kite” The sun shone brightly and the west breeze blew. The kitewas flying this way and that way tied to her string. Suddenly thestring snapped. The kite was free. She soared high in the air untilshe could see far, far away. The kite followed some parrots whotook her to see the rainforests. The air was cool and the kite gotwet. The kite followed some crocodiles who took her to see therivers. The air was misty and the kite caught a fish. The kitefollowed some wallabies who took her to see the deserts. The airwas hot and the kite got tired. So the kite followed the sun whotook her back home, right to her string