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National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
National Identity
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National Identity


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  • 1. National Identity
    Victoria Oshomkova
    Form 10 b
  • 2. Facts and Statistics
    • Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
    Capital: Tallinn
    • Climate:  Maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers
    Population: 1,341,664 (July 2004 est.)
    • Ethnic groups:  Estonian 65.3%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Belarusian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.6% (1998)
    • 3. Religions: Evangelical Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Estonian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Word of Life, Jewish
  • Coat of arms
  • 4. Language in Estonia
    Estonian is the official language of Estonia. It is spoken by about 1.1 million people in the country itself and then thousands of others outside it too. Estonian is a Finno-Ugric language and is closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian. It has been
    influenced by German,
    Russian, Swedish and Latvian,
    though it is not related to
  • 5. Estonian Culture & Society
    The Role of the Family;
    Cultural Traditions;
  • 6. Religion
    Estonia's constitution guarantees freedom of religion, separation of church and state, and individual rights to privacy of belief and religion.Estonia has one of the highest level of irreligious individuals in the world; nearly three-quarters of the population stating no specific religious affiliation in 2000. The largest religious faith in the country is Evangelical Lutheranism, adhered to by 14.8% of the population, principally ethnic Estonians. Just behind this group in size is the Eastern Orthodox, practised chiefly by the Russian minority.
  • 7. The Role of the Family
    •  The family is still the central focus of social life.
    • 8.  The make up of the family is usually "nuclear" in cities and "extended" in rural areas although this is a slight generalisation.
    • 9.  Family ties and very close which means newly weds will often live with parents until on their feet and the old are generally looked after rather than put in care homes.
  • Cultural Traditions
    • Estonian culture as an identity is very strong. 
    • 10.  Oral traditions especially have played a key role in preserving traditions, stories and customs during Soviet administration.
    • 11.  Singing is a very Estonian activity and the Estonians are known to have sung their way to freedom during the "Singing Revolution" of 1989-91.
  • Manners
    • Estonians on the whole are quiet and reserved. 
    • 12. They tend to speak softly and do not like to draw attention to themselves. 
    • 13. Being rational, calm and not going to emotional extremes are all qualities that respected. 
    • 14. At first Estonians can come across as aloof. Once a relationship warms up this becomes less so.
  • Tallinn
  • 15. Tartu
  • 16. Narva
  • 17. Etiquette and Customs in Estonia
    Meeting and
    Gift Giving Etiquette;
    Table Manners.
  • 18. Meeting and Greeting
    • Greetings can come across as rather formal and rather reserved. 
    • 19. Men should initiate greetings with women and the younger person always greets the older person. 
    • 20.  When meeting someone make sure you are stood up, offer direct eye contact and give a nice firm handshake. 
    • 21. The most common greeting is "tere" ("hello").Titles are very important. "Härra" is for Mr, "Prova" is Mrs and "Preili" is Miss. All should be followed with the surname.
    • 22.  Only use first names once you have been invited to do so.
  • Gift Giving Etiquette
    •  Gifts are usually exchanged for birthdays and at Christmas. 
    • 23.  Gifts need not be expensive as it is more about the thought than monetary worth. 
    • 24.  If you are invited to an Estonian's house, a decent gift is a bring a box of chocolates or flowers. 
    • 25.  Flowers should be given in odd numbers. 
    • 26. Gifts are usually opened when received.
  • Table Manners
    •  Table manners are relatively formal in Estonia. 
    • 27.  Remain standing until invited to sit down.
    • 28. Table manners are Continental, i.e. the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. 
    • 29.  Do not begin eating until the hostess starts or someone says "head isu" ("good appetite"). 
    • 30.  Avoid resting your elbows of the table. 
    • 31. Compliment the hostess on the meal. 
    • 32.  Try to finish everything on your plate.
  • The Estonian Academy of Arts (Estonian: EestiKunstiakadeemia, EKA) is the only public university in Estonia providing higher education in art, design, architecture, media, art history and conservation.
  • 33. National food
    Historically Estonian Cuisine has been simple
    peasant food, which today is influenced by
    many countries. Today it includes many
    typical international foods. The most typical
    foods in Estonia are black bread, pork, potatoes
    and milk-related products. Estonians themselves
    have considered blood sausage (verivorst) and 
    sauerkraut "typical Estonian foods", but mostly those are eaten only at Christmas.
  • 34. The end