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The Phenomenon of Folklore Fairy Tales as a Reflection of a Russian National Character
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The Phenomenon of Folklore Fairy Tales as a Reflection of a Russian National Character

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  • 1. The Phenomenon of Folklore Fairy Tales as a Reflection of a Russian National Character
  • 2. Plan:
    • Introduction
    • What is Russian national character
    • Fairy tales:
    • Topics and characters
    • Bylina-like tales
    • Tales with women
    • Ivans in tales
    • Conclusion
  • 3. When foreigners consider Russian national character, they usually implicate these following peculiarities and credos:
    • Big nature – meaning not easy to define
    • Kind soul – warm-heartedness and sympathy
    • Hope for the better and be ready for the worst
    • Russian collectivism -  Our inclination to work jointly for the common good
    • Better have a hundred friends than a hundred rubles
  • 4. Russian national character
    • National character is the whole set of person’s qualities which can be applied to the whole nation. Russian national character is almost impossible to explain to the full.
  • 5.
    • Fairy tales
    Existential tales Magic tales Tales with Ivans Bylina-like tales Tales with female characters
  • 6. Existential tales Existentialism – the belief in philosophy that people are responsible for their own actions and experiences, and that the world has no meaning.
    • The fairy tales about everyday life are based on ordinary events, there are only real people
    • Contradictions: poor – rich, witty – stupid and unsophisticated, weak – powerful and strong.
    • Presence of two sides and two types of heroes: the good and the evil ones
    • Strongly expressed preferences to positive heroes.
    • The main and the most important thing – justice, which will triumph in the end.
  • 7. Magic tales. Bylina-like tales These are the tales about Bogatyrs - Medieval Russian heroic warriors.
    • The typical features of the Bylina-like tales.
    • The plot is the description of a feat.
    • The main heroes – the warriors, the bogatyrs.
    • They glorify valour, courage, wisdom, generosity, devotion, the desire to defend the Homeland.
    • The narration is constructed in such a way that it reminds of a song.
    • Worshiping of strength and power.
  • 8. Alyosha Popovich
    • He is the youngest of all warriors but is as brave and dedicated as the others. He is known for his agility, slyness, and craftiness. Alyosha Popovich is fun-loving and may occasionally be a liar and a cheat. He defeated the dragon Tugarin Zmeyevich by trickery.
  • 9. Dobrynya Nikitich
    • Dobrynya Nikitich is often portrayed as being close to the royal family, undertaking sensitive and diplomatic missions. As a courtier, Dobrynya seems to be a representative of the noble class of warriors. He is an excellent archer, swimmer, and wrestler, plays the gusli, and is known for his courtesy and cunning.
  • 10. Ilya Muromets
    • Ilya Muromets is regarded as the greatest of the bogatyrs. Although Ilya's adventures are mostly a matter of epic fiction, he himself is believed to have been a historical person: a 12th century warrior and, in older age, a monk named Ilya Pechorsky. He suffered serious illness in his youth and was unable to walk until the age of 33 , when he was miraculously healed by two pilgrims.
  • 11. Magic tales with female characters
    • Baba Yaga
    • Vasilisa the Beautiful
    • Vasilisa the Wise
  • 12. Baba Yaga
    • Baba Yaga is generally thought to be one of the most disputable and doubtful characters in a Russian tale. We can encounter Baba Yaga almost in every second Russian fairy tale. She has ‘welcoming’ nature and she always has some magical creatures or objects in her house.
  • 13. Vasilisa the Beautiful
    • Vasilisa the Beautiful is generally portrayed as a beautiful young lady, neatly dressed and very friendly and kind-hearted. She is oppressed by her step-mother and two step-sisters. The only friend she has is a magic doll which does all the housework, thus giving her a helping hand. As a result of hard work Vasilisa marries the Russian tsar and they live happily.
  • 14. Vasilisa the Wise
    • Vasilisa the Wise is shown as a relatively young woman having smart and inquisitive mind. Her appearance, though, is not important, as she is unbelievably intelligent. The theme of the fate and the superiority of men is implicated in the tales of this kind. We can take the tale ‘Ivan the Talentless’ as an example.
  • 15. Magic tales with Ivan characters Ivan is usually portrayed as the youngest of the three brothers. He’s thought to be silly (Ivan the Fool), but he has some hidden potential. Having beaten an evil monster (Bykov) or just having stayed truthful and encountered all the life difficulties (Ivan the Fool), they receive all the virtues and good things: fame, money, a wife, a house etc. He seems to be the most vivid and lively character. Ivan the Prince is another tale featuring Ivan as the main character. He belongs to the upper class and is asked by his father to cope with a strange creature stealing apples from their garden. The main idea of the tale is the importance of Ivan’s moral strength and friendship and readiness to help in return.
  • 16. Conclusion The fairy tales are very important. In this sense fairy tales with existential notions are remarkable in three ways: not only for their ability to act as a way of passing knowledge from one generation to another, it servers as a remarkable example of Russian people’s wisdom and values and it gives a detailed description of life of ordinary people , which is right from the historical point of view.
  • 17. Bibliography :
    • В.Я.Пропп «Морфология волшебной сказки». Москва Лабиринт, 1998 г. 
    • А.В. Павловская «Русский мир», 1 часть. Глава 1. («Народные сказки и русский характер»). SLOVO 2009 г.
    • http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Сказка
    • http://www.licey.net/lit/istok/usial
    • http://www.licey.net/lit/istok/magic
    • http://www.petropal.narod.ru/txts/morph.htm
    • http://literat.rialn.info/fairytale/27-bytovye-skazki.html
    • http://feb-web.ru/feb/slt/abc/lt2/lt2-8024.htm
  • 18. The project was made by
    • Derzhavina Olga
    • Konovalova Elizaveta
    • Moritz Elina
    • Reutova Yana
    • Thank you for your attention!