Punjab (historic region), historical region in the northwestern part of the subcontinent of India. The region is now divided into the province of Punjab in Pakistan and the states of Punjab , Himachal Pardesh and Haryāna in India.
An important influence in the history of the Punjab region was the development of the Sikh religion Influenced by both Hindu and Muslim thought, the Sikh religion started with the teachings of the guru Nanak during the 15th century. In the 18th century the Sikhs, the Moguls, and the Afghans all struggled for control of the Punjab.
The Punjab was partitioned between India and Pakistan when India gained independence from Britain in 1947. Under the terms of the Indian Independence Act, the Punjab was divided into the East Punjab province of the Union of India and the West Punjab province of Pakistan.
The Pakistani portion of the Punjab region was merged in 1955 into the province of West Pakistan, and in 1970 it was reconstituted as Punjab province. In 1956 the Indian portion was merged with other provinces to form the present state of Punjab. For the subsequent history of Punjab state, see Punjab
The region’s name means "land of five rivers" and comes from the five tributaries of the Indus river that traverse the Punjab: the Jhelum, Chenāb, Rāvi, Beās, and Sutlej.
CULTURE The Punjab region has a rich cultural tradition. Punjabi literature dates to the Islamic poetry of Attar, a 13th-century follower of Sufism. Romantic folk ballads such as the Hir Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal, and Mirza Sahiban have remained popular in the region. Giddha—a dance that originated in the region—and both Sikh and Muslim musical forms are still common across the Punjab.
Punjab Province, Pakistan Camels serve as pack animals for grain harvested in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Punjab is the richest agricultural region of the country, accounting for much of Pakistan’s wheat crop.
Punjabi, Indic language of the Indo-European language family. Punjabi developed in the Punjab region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. It is a major language of both Punjab Province in Pakistan and Punjab state in India Punjabi is recognized as one of the 18 official state languages of India.
Religions of Punjab Sikhism Hindusim Muslims Christanity