Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. MOTIVATION
  2. 2. <ul><li>A PROCESS OF INSPIRING OTHERS FOR DOING SOMETHING </li></ul>
  3. 3. NEED DRIVE EFFORTS SUCCESS FAILURE DEFENSE MECHANISM --FRUSTRATION --AGGRESSION --DEPRESSION --DELUSION --WITHDRAWL
  4. 4. MODELS EARLY THEORIES CONTEMPORARY THEORIES SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT HUMAN RELATIONS MODEL CONTENT THEORIES PROCESS THEORIES MASLOW’S NEED HIERARCHY THEORY HERZBERG’S TWO FACTOR THEORY ALDERFER’S ERG THEORY ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION THEORY GOAL SETTING THEORY VROOM’S EXPECTANCY MODEL ADAM’S EQUITY THEORY PORTER LAWLER’S MODEL
  5. 5. <ul><li>CONTENT THEORIES </li></ul>
  6. 6. MASLOW’S NEED HIERARCHY THEORY PHYSIOLOGICAL NEED SAFETY AND SECURITY NEED BELONGINGNESS NEED SELF ESTEEM SELF ACTUALISATION
  7. 7. HERZBERG’S TWO FACTOR THEORY <ul><li>(A) HYGIENE FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING CONDITIONS, SALARY, HARMONIOUS RELATIONS ETC. </li></ul><ul><li>(B) MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>INCENTIVES, RECOGNITION, PRAISE, AFFILIATION ETC. </li></ul>
  8. 9. ALDERFER’S ERG THEORY <ul><li>EXISTENCE : BASIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>RELATEDNESS : SOCIAL AND AFFILIATION NEED </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH : NEED TO GROW AND DEVELOP </li></ul>
  9. 10. Mc CLELLAND’S NEED ACHIEVEMENT THEORY <ul><li>NEED FOR POWER ( nPow ) </li></ul><ul><li>NEED FOR ACHIEVEMENT ( nAch ) </li></ul><ul><li>NEED FOR AFFILIATION ( nAff ) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>PROCESS THEORIES </li></ul>
  11. 12. GOAL SETTING THEORY GOAL GOAL COMMITMENT TASK PERFORMANCE MEETING THE GOAL DESIRE TO MEET THE GOAL SELF-EFFICACY BELIEF
  12. 13. VROOM’S EXPECTANCY MODEL <ul><li>EXPECTANCY : The belief that particular level of effort will be followed by particular level of performance. Range from 0 to +1. </li></ul><ul><li>INTRUMENTALITY : Perception of an individual that first level outcomes are associated with second level outcomes. Range from -1 to +1. </li></ul><ul><li>VALENCE : Individuals preference for second level outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome of Positive Valence : Eager to achieve </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome of Negative Valence : Eager to avoid or resist. </li></ul><ul><li>(In both the cases the person will be motivated to put effort) </li></ul>
  13. 14. ADAM’S EQUITY THEORY <ul><li>Based on social comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Person </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison other </li></ul><ul><li>Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul>Comparison of self with others Inequity Equity <ul><li>Change input </li></ul><ul><li>-Leaving field </li></ul><ul><li>-Alter things </li></ul>Motivation compared With Individual Input Others Rewards Individual Rewards Others Input
  14. 15. PORTER LAWLER MODEL VALUE OF REWARDS ABILITIES AND TRAITS PERCIEVED EQUITABLE REWARDS SATISFACTION INTRINSIC REWARDS EXTRINSIC REWARDS ROLE PERCEPTION PERCIEVED EFFORT-REWARD PROBABILITY EFFORTS PERFORMANCE ACCOMPLISHMENT

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