Improving Learning with Refurbished Buildings for Students in Lower-Economic Areas  Frank Locker PhD Frank Locker Educatio...
Glen Earthman: 112,000 Google entries Baltimore NAACP report Link: http://www.aclu.org/rightsofthepoor/edu/13429prs2004011...
SCHOOL  BUILDINGS + STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT <ul><li>Students in poor buildings perform less well than students in functional b...
OLDER BUILDINGS ARE DETRIMENTAL TO STUDENT PERFORMANCE <ul><li>Age is proxy for conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Age is often ...
CRITERIA THAT MOST IMPACT STUDENT PERFORMANCE   IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE <ul><li>Human comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor air ...
SCIENCE EQUIPMENT/FURNITURE <ul><li>4 studies conclude if building has poor science equipment & furnishings, students perf...
WEST VIRGINIA HIGH SCHOOLS <ul><li>119 of 126 high schools in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Higher poverty schools had been ...
SYRACUSE, NY REFURBISHED BUILDINGS <ul><li>21 “recently renovated” urban schools serving 10,000 students: high poverty  </...
BOSTON SCHOOLYARD REFURBISHMENT <ul><li>82 urban schools: high poverty </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 had improved schoolyards </li...
VARIABLES <ul><li>Physical conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Schoolyard conditions </li></ul><ul><li>School size </li></ul><ul>...
Teachers’ opinions of problem areas: “ The Condition of Education 2003”, National Center for Educational Statistics Small ...
School Campuses NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>Subdivide large high school buildings  </li></ul><ul><li>Small choice high schools w...
Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
School Campuses NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>SMALL SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>Clear focus + high expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Ri...
School Campuses NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>59% on track to graduate on time, compared with  49%  </li></ul><ul><li>11% increase...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>IS 339, middle school, Manhattan near Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENT LEARNING </...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>IS 339, middle school, Manhattan near Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENT LEARNING </...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>Pilot summer programme </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot after school programme, 2 hrs/day </li...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>Learning gains 4 to 8 X traditional classroom approach </li></ul><ul><li>In 1/3 the l...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
<ul><li>Charter, choice school </li></ul><ul><li>Now multiple small schools, 500 students max  </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego...
<ul><li>Personalised, hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Internships in local businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Adult world co...
<ul><li>Larry Rosenstock, CEO </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Learning Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about project-based le...
PHYS  ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY  MATH  ART  PERF ARTS SCIENCE <ul><li>Technical school in disguise </li></ul>Hi...
David Stephen, Architect High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA
PHYS  ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY  MATH  ART  PERF ARTS SCIENCE High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen...
PHYS  ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY  MATH  ART  PERF ARTS SCIENCE High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>One of poorest communities in Victoria:  </li></ul><ul...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>Starting in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Child development a...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Start of educational change </l...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing ...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing ...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing ...
DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>Learning results </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to all oth...
MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>High Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Test Scores at 36% - 73% vs 12% E...
Mary Featherston Designer BEFORE  AFTER MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>Started in year 5-6 </li...
Mary Featherston Designer MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
Mary Featherston Designer MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>Year 2-3-4 </li></ul>
MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
TRADE FOR YOUR BUSINESS CARD Want a Colour Copy of this Slide Show?
SMALL SCHOOL; STRATEGIC LOCATION MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects Tutorials Flexible Space Dormitory Cell Phone S...
HIGH STUDENT SUCCESS; TUTORS MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects Tutorials Flexible Space Dormitory Cell Phone Store...
SHARED FACILITIES, LOW SF/STDNT MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects No Gym No Library No Tech Ed No Family/Consumer ...
MEASUREMENT OF STUDENT SUCCESS <ul><li>TESTS </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized testing </li></ul><ul><li>All 6 New England st...
<ul><li>TESTS  vs. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of Essential Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative on ...
<ul><li>TESTS  vs. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Reports of rising test performance should lead us to ask”  What...
<ul><li>SCHOOLS WITHIN SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>A team of colleagues to work with (other students) </li></ul><ul><li>Rela...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
<ul><li>Effective Education/Innovative Leaning Places </li></ul><ul><li>15-16 July </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate School of De...
FRANK LOCKER Educational Planning with HMFH Architects ADVISORY COMMONS ADVISORY ADVISORIES Metropolitan Regional Career &...
FRANK LOCKER Educational Planning with HMFH Architects ADVISORY COMMONS ADVISORY ADVISORIES <ul><li>Small school:120 stude...
OLDER BUILDINGS ARE DETRIMENTAL TO STUDET PERFORMANCE  CAUTION!!! <ul><li>Most older buildings/ buildings in poor conditio...
NATURAL DAYLIGHTING <ul><li>Students with most daylight progressed 20% faster than those with least amount of daylight  </...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY American Architectural Foundation
NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY <ul><li>Learning gains 4 to 8 X traditional classroom approach </li></ul><ul><li>In 1/3 the l...
Thanks <ul><li>New York City </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Bachmann, JCJ Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Xenia Cox </li></ul><ul><l...
School of One  NEW YORK,  NY
High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen, Architect
FIRST ORDER OF IMPORTANCE:   SAFETY <ul><li>Potable water </li></ul><ul><li>Fire safety </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate lavator...
HUMAN COMFORT <ul><li>Significant positive correlation between student achievement and temperatures within comfort zone </...
POOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY <ul><li>EPA: 10,000,000 school days lost/ year: asthma attacks </li></ul><ul><li>More doctor diagn...
LIGHTING <ul><li>Good quality lighting & proper FC: increases in student performance </li></ul><ul><li>Schools w/ poor lig...
ACOUSTICS <ul><li>Positive correlation between appropriate acoustical  conditions & student achievements </li></ul><ul><li...
SOUND ENHANCEMENT SYSTEMS <ul><li>Wireless microphone, 4 speakers </li></ul><ul><li>$2000+- per classroom </li></ul><ul><l...
OVERCROWDED SCHOOL FACILITIES <ul><li>Lower student achievement  </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary ...
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Frank Locker, Frank Locker Educational Planning

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Exploring refurbishment and local partnerships as the number one option to improve the education of students in poor socio-economic areas

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Frank Locker, Frank Locker Educational Planning

  1. 1. Improving Learning with Refurbished Buildings for Students in Lower-Economic Areas Frank Locker PhD Frank Locker Educational Planning [email_address] Remodelling Education Spaces Conference Manchester UK September 2010
  2. 2. Glen Earthman: 112,000 Google entries Baltimore NAACP report Link: http://www.aclu.org/rightsofthepoor/edu/13429prs20040113.html Research DR GLEN EARTHMAN
  3. 3. SCHOOL BUILDINGS + STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT <ul><li>Students in poor buildings perform less well than students in functional buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Most research shows 5 to 10 percentile rank points difference </li></ul><ul><li>Can be as much as 17 percentile points </li></ul>Dr Glen Earthman Research
  4. 4. OLDER BUILDINGS ARE DETRIMENTAL TO STUDENT PERFORMANCE <ul><li>Age is proxy for conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Age is often a reliable indicator that building condition is poor </li></ul><ul><li>14 studies: all reported students in modern schools with higher achievements than older buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Students in old buildings: 5 – 7 percentage points lower than in new buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Students in new buildings significantly outperform in reading, listening, language & math </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  5. 5. CRITERIA THAT MOST IMPACT STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE <ul><li>Human comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustical control </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Science Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>Student capacity- Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Student capacity- Secondary </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  6. 6. SCIENCE EQUIPMENT/FURNITURE <ul><li>4 studies conclude if building has poor science equipment & furnishings, students perform less well </li></ul><ul><li>8 percentile rank points lower than those with newer, functional equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Same holds true for elementary schools </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  7. 7. WEST VIRGINIA HIGH SCHOOLS <ul><li>119 of 126 high schools in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Higher poverty schools had been renovated through state funded programme </li></ul><ul><li>Student achievement in high poverty high schools statistically similar to non-poverty schools </li></ul>Research Lyn Guy
  8. 8. SYRACUSE, NY REFURBISHED BUILDINGS <ul><li>21 “recently renovated” urban schools serving 10,000 students: high poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Three focus schools </li></ul><ul><li>6 th grade maths scores rose 20% after renovation </li></ul><ul><li>No similar results for reading </li></ul><ul><li>No similar results for 3 rd grade maths </li></ul>Research Dr Lorraine Maxwell
  9. 9. BOSTON SCHOOLYARD REFURBISHMENT <ul><li>82 urban schools: high poverty </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 had improved schoolyards </li></ul><ul><li>72 schools reported improved 4 th year maths scores: 25% more students passed state tests </li></ul><ul><li>No similar effect on English scores </li></ul><ul><li>Increased physical activity = more learning? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased teacher/staff/student morale? </li></ul><ul><li>Community-based participatory process led to more engagement? </li></ul>Research Lopez, Campbell,+ Jennings
  10. 10. VARIABLES <ul><li>Physical conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Schoolyard conditions </li></ul><ul><li>School size </li></ul><ul><li>Class size </li></ul><ul><li>Community/parent involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation tools </li></ul><ul><li>Research procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Educational delivery/learning modalities </li></ul><ul><li>School organisation </li></ul>Research
  11. 11. Teachers’ opinions of problem areas: “ The Condition of Education 2003”, National Center for Educational Statistics Small schools mitigate the negative effect of poverty VARIABLES Research
  12. 12. School Campuses NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>Subdivide large high school buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Small choice high schools with learning themes </li></ul><ul><li>Research: small schools mitigate many negative aspects of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>CLOSE 20 FAILING SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>OPEN 100+ SMALL CHOICE SCHOOLS </li></ul>
  13. 13. Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  14. 14. Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  15. 15. School Campuses NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>SMALL SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>Clear focus + high expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Rigorous instructional programme </li></ul><ul><li>Personalised learning programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Schoolwide focus on student achievement </li></ul><ul><li>School-based professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships with community organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Parent + caregiver engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Student voice + participation </li></ul><ul><li>Student choice of learning theme </li></ul>
  16. 16. School Campuses NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>59% on track to graduate on time, compared with 49% </li></ul><ul><li>11% increase in college credits attained </li></ul><ul><li>Attendance up 5%+- </li></ul><ul><li>Graduation rates up from 62% to 69% </li></ul>
  17. 17. School of One NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>IS 339, middle school, Manhattan near Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENT LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>2004: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maths: 9% students on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English Language Arts: 12% on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TEACHER ATTRITION </li></ul><ul><li>60% quit within 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>40% are disheartened </li></ul>
  18. 18. School of One NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>IS 339, middle school, Manhattan near Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENT LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>2004: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maths: 9% students on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English Language Arts: 12% on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2009: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maths: 62% on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English language arts: 42% on grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SCHOOL OF ONE </li></ul><ul><li>One of Time Magazine’s </li></ul><ul><li>Top 50 Inventions 2009 </li></ul>
  19. 19. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  20. 20. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  21. 21. School of One NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>Pilot summer programme </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot after school programme, 2 hrs/day </li></ul><ul><li>Now operational at several high poverty middle schools </li></ul><ul><li>4 teachers work together </li></ul><ul><li>+ Teaching aides </li></ul><ul><li>Student playlist </li></ul><ul><li>Learning task orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Personalised learning </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of learning modalities, simultaneously </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate assessment and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Daily change in student’s playlist </li></ul>
  22. 22. School of One NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>Learning gains 4 to 8 X traditional classroom approach </li></ul><ul><li>In 1/3 the learning time </li></ul><ul><li>Student learning needs are assessed </li></ul><ul><li>Student preferred learning modalities are identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative learner? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective learner? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual learner? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auditory learner? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  24. 24. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  25. 25. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  26. 26. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  27. 27. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  28. 28. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  29. 29. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  30. 30. <ul><li>Charter, choice school </li></ul><ul><li>Now multiple small schools, 500 students max </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego demographic: 1/3 poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Student test scores in top 25% statewide </li></ul><ul><li>99% university acceptance rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% are first in their family to attend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>+84% university completion rate (2x national average) </li></ul><ul><li>38% major in STEM (science-technology-engineering-math) (2x national average) </li></ul>High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA
  31. 31. <ul><li>Personalised, hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Internships in local businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Adult world connections </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed ability levels </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated curriculum/dual certifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maths/science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>humanities </li></ul></ul>High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA
  32. 32. <ul><li>Larry Rosenstock, CEO </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Learning Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Talking about project-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>www.mobilelearninginstitute.org </li></ul>High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA
  33. 33. PHYS ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY MATH ART PERF ARTS SCIENCE <ul><li>Technical school in disguise </li></ul>High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen, Architect
  34. 34. David Stephen, Architect High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA
  35. 35. PHYS ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY MATH ART PERF ARTS SCIENCE High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen, Architect
  36. 36. PHYS ED MEDIA CTR SCIENCE ENGLISH HISTORY MATH ART PERF ARTS SCIENCE High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen, Architect
  37. 37. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>One of poorest communities in Victoria: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.87 out of .99 scale </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of most multicultural: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English not spoken in 87% of homes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>25% migration/transfer rate </li></ul>
  38. 38. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>Starting in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Child development approach </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher teams: 3 to 5 teachers </li></ul><ul><li>2 year levels grouped together: 1-2, 3-4, 5-6 </li></ul><ul><li>Project based “discovery learning” </li></ul><ul><li>Students take control of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Pathfinder School </li></ul><ul><li>Guided by Kenn Fisher + </li></ul><ul><li>Fielding Nair </li></ul><ul><li>Now enrollment growth by </li></ul><ul><li>150 students due to popularity </li></ul><ul><li>of the programmes </li></ul>
  39. 39. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Start of educational change </li></ul><ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive whiteboards </li></ul><ul><li>2008 </li></ul><ul><li>More desktops </li></ul><ul><li>2009 </li></ul><ul><li>1:1 netbooks for years 3-6 </li></ul><ul><li>i-pods </li></ul><ul><li>Cameras </li></ul>
  40. 40. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing building remodelled to meet new curriculum </li></ul>
  41. 41. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing building remodelled to meet new curriculum </li></ul>
  42. 42. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>New school in construction </li></ul><ul><li>Existing building remodelled to meet new curriculum </li></ul>
  43. 43. DALLAS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA Dallas Community Primary School <ul><li>Learning results </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to all other schools in Victoria </li></ul>
  44. 44. MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>High Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Test Scores at 36% - 73% vs 12% Expected per Student Family Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Reggio Emilia self-guided curriculum model </li></ul><ul><li>Students responsible for own learning </li></ul><ul><li>Student collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Personal learning passions: students negotiate OWN curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher teams: 3 to 5 teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on media literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary learning </li></ul><ul><li>Deep, authentic learning </li></ul><ul><li>Project-based learning </li></ul>
  45. 45. Mary Featherston Designer BEFORE AFTER MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>Started in year 5-6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This was the wrong place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>110 Students </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Teams </li></ul><ul><li>Activity Zones </li></ul><ul><li>Project-Based Learning </li></ul>
  46. 46. Mary Featherston Designer MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
  47. 47. Mary Featherston Designer MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
  48. 48. MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School <ul><li>Year 2-3-4 </li></ul>
  49. 49. MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA Wooranna Park Primary School
  50. 50. TRADE FOR YOUR BUSINESS CARD Want a Colour Copy of this Slide Show?
  51. 51. SMALL SCHOOL; STRATEGIC LOCATION MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects Tutorials Flexible Space Dormitory Cell Phone Store RELATIONSHIPS Low SES High success
  52. 52. HIGH STUDENT SUCCESS; TUTORS MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects Tutorials Flexible Space Dormitory Cell Phone Store RIGOR, ROLE MODELS 8AM TO 5PM Summer school MCAS RESULTS 8 th grade: 80% fail 10 th grade: Math 3rd highest in state COLLEGE RATE: 100%
  53. 53. SHARED FACILITIES, LOW SF/STDNT MATCH School – Boston, MA HMFH Architects No Gym No Library No Tech Ed No Family/Consumer Use YMCA Use Public Lib Sports based on interest 185 Stdnts+- 107SF/stdnt
  54. 54. MEASUREMENT OF STUDENT SUCCESS <ul><li>TESTS </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized testing </li></ul><ul><li>All 6 New England states </li></ul><ul><li>Mandated by NCLB </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of easily measured learning </li></ul><ul><li>AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement of higher level learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement of higher level learning </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>TESTS vs. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of Essential Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative on authentic testing </li></ul><ul><li>ATLAS: Authentic Teaching & Learning for All Students </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut: </li></ul><ul><li>State test includes essay questions </li></ul><ul><li>Administered at grades 5, 8, 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive to administer </li></ul><ul><li>Feds: </li></ul><ul><li>Administer every year, grades 3-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Use multiple choice to cut costs </li></ul>MEASUREMENT OF STUDENT SUCCESS
  56. 56. <ul><li>TESTS vs. AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Reports of rising test performance should lead us to ask” What was taken away from my child’s education in order to make them better at taking standardized tests?” </li></ul><ul><li>Alfie Kohn </li></ul><ul><li>71% of school districts report they have reduced time in at least 1 other subject in order to make more time for reading and mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Study of 25,000 MS & HS students: students with “high arts” involvement (took at least 2 art classes per week and participated in extracurricular arts )… performed far better on standardized tests than students with “low arts involvement.” </li></ul>MEASUREMENT OF STUDENT SUCCESS
  57. 57. <ul><li>SCHOOLS WITHIN SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>A team of colleagues to work with (other students) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Role models </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of comfort & security </li></ul>RELATIONSHIPS <ul><li>How small is small? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How many teachers can sit around a conference table? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many students can a principal know by name? </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  59. 59. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  60. 60. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  61. 61. <ul><li>Effective Education/Innovative Leaning Places </li></ul><ul><li>15-16 July </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate School of Design </li></ul><ul><li>15 architects + 15 educators X 2 days = magic </li></ul>Coming Soon HARVARD EXECUTIVE EDUCATION Frank Locker Educational Planning “ Hands-on” 12 October Framingham area conference center Charles Fadel keynote Experts: 6 Teachers + 20 Students 100+- teachers create ideas for P-BL in their own schools PROJECT-BASED LEARNING CONFERENCE
  62. 62. FRANK LOCKER Educational Planning with HMFH Architects ADVISORY COMMONS ADVISORY ADVISORIES Metropolitan Regional Career & Technical Center <ul><li>Lower socio-economic students who otherwise might have dropped out </li></ul><ul><li>92% attendance rate (local average 81%) </li></ul><ul><li>98% graduation rate (local average 87%) </li></ul><ul><li>98% college attendance rate; 75% college graduation rate (50% national average; 6% national average for lower socio-economic students) </li></ul><ul><li>75% are first ones in their families to go to college </li></ul><ul><li>#1 in state for School Climate </li></ul><ul><li>#1 in state for Parent Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>#1 in state for Teacher Availability (Academic Issues) </li></ul><ul><li>#1 in state for Teacher Availability (Personal Issues) </li></ul>Met School Providence, RI, USA
  63. 63. FRANK LOCKER Educational Planning with HMFH Architects ADVISORY COMMONS ADVISORY ADVISORIES <ul><li>Small school:120 students </li></ul><ul><li>Internships in business + institutions 2 days/week, 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized learning: curriculum wrapped around student interests </li></ul><ul><li>Project-based learning/didactic teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers are advisors </li></ul><ul><li>School integral in community </li></ul><ul><li>Use Sports Hall+ services in community centre </li></ul><ul><li>Use Community College for Advanced Placement </li></ul>Metropolitan Regional Career & Technical Center Met School Providence, RI, USA Newport, RI, USA
  64. 64. OLDER BUILDINGS ARE DETRIMENTAL TO STUDET PERFORMANCE CAUTION!!! <ul><li>Most older buildings/ buildings in poor condition are in areas of greatest poverty (SES status) </li></ul><ul><li>Low SES students generally perform less well than students in more affluent areas </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  65. 65. NATURAL DAYLIGHTING <ul><li>Students with most daylight progressed 20% faster than those with least amount of daylight </li></ul>Research Heshong Mehone Group
  66. 66. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  67. 67. School of One NEW YORK, NY American Architectural Foundation
  68. 68. NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  69. 69. NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  70. 70. Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  71. 71. NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  72. 72. NEW YORK, NEW YORK Bushwick High School Laura Kurgan, New Visions: Peter Bachmann, HLW Architects
  73. 73. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  74. 74. School of One NEW YORK, NY <ul><li>Learning gains 4 to 8 X traditional classroom approach </li></ul><ul><li>In 1/3 the learning time </li></ul>
  75. 75. Thanks <ul><li>New York City </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Bachmann, JCJ Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Xenia Cox </li></ul><ul><li>Adam Rubin </li></ul><ul><li>Bruce Eisenberg, STV Architects </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>Rob Riordan </li></ul><ul><li>Larry Rosenstock </li></ul><ul><li>Dallas </li></ul><ul><li>Valerie Karaitiana, Acting Principal, Dallas Brooks Community Primary School, Dallas, Victoria, AU </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda Henning, Acting Principal, Dallas Primary School, Dallas, Victoria, AU </li></ul><ul><li>Lynne Gunning, Assistant Principal, Dallas, Victoria, AU </li></ul><ul><li>Wooranna Park Primary School </li></ul><ul><li>Ray Trotter, Principal </li></ul><ul><li>Annalise Gehling </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Cuffee Charter School </li></ul><ul><li>David Bourne, Director </li></ul><ul><li>Nina Gianotti </li></ul><ul><li>MATCH School </li></ul><ul><li>Alan Safran, Director </li></ul><ul><li>School of One </li></ul><ul><li>Joel Rose </li></ul>
  76. 76. School of One NEW YORK, NY
  77. 77. High Tech High School SAN DIEGO, CA David Stephen, Architect
  78. 78. FIRST ORDER OF IMPORTANCE: SAFETY <ul><li>Potable water </li></ul><ul><li>Fire safety </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate lavatories </li></ul><ul><li>Security systems </li></ul><ul><li>Communication system for use in emergencies </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  79. 79. HUMAN COMFORT <ul><li>Significant positive correlation between student achievement and temperatures within comfort zone </li></ul><ul><li>8 studies: positive relationship: controlled environment & student achievement/behavior </li></ul><ul><li>15 studies: strong relationship AC & student performance </li></ul><ul><li>Non-AC’d buildings: 3-1/2 percentile rank points lower on various measures than AC’d buildings </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  80. 80. POOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY <ul><li>EPA: 10,000,000 school days lost/ year: asthma attacks </li></ul><ul><li>More doctor diagnosed asthma symptoms higher in dirty buildings </li></ul><ul><li>High CO2: more reported health symptoms & lower test scores </li></ul><ul><li>Remove allergens from carpeting: </li></ul><ul><li>math scores up 3.8% </li></ul><ul><li>logical reasoning up 3-4% </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  81. 81. LIGHTING <ul><li>Good quality lighting & proper FC: increases in student performance </li></ul><ul><li>Schools w/ poor lighting: lower student performance </li></ul><ul><li>Schools w/ daylighting: 20% higher student achievement on standardized tests </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  82. 82. ACOUSTICS <ul><li>Positive correlation between appropriate acoustical conditions & student achievements </li></ul><ul><li>California study of achievement of students in noisy building: </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd graders: </li></ul><ul><li>.4 years behind in reading </li></ul><ul><li>.7 years in math </li></ul><ul><li>6 th graders: .7 years behind in reading </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of noise, in & outside classroom, hinders achievement </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman
  83. 83. SOUND ENHANCEMENT SYSTEMS <ul><li>Wireless microphone, 4 speakers </li></ul><ul><li>$2000+- per classroom </li></ul><ul><li>10-15 percentage gains in student performance </li></ul><ul><li>Regardless of class size, individual learning needs, socioeconomic status (SES), or English Language Learner (ELL) proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>One study: 36% drop in teacher absenteeism </li></ul>Research Dr Paul McCarty
  84. 84. OVERCROWDED SCHOOL FACILITIES <ul><li>Lower student achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Lower HS graduation rates </li></ul><ul><li>Negatively impacts work of teachers </li></ul>Research Dr Glen Earthman

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