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P O W E R
P L A N T
ENGINEERING
by
BLACK &VEATCH
Lawrence F. Drbal
Managing Editor
Patricia G. Boston
Associate Editor
Kay...
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Power plant engineering/by Black & Veatch; Lawrence F. Drbal, managing ...
CONTENTS
Foreword vii
Preface ix
Authors xi
Contributors xiii
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
Lawrence F. Drbal
Chapter 2 ENGINEE...
vi Power Plant Engineering
Chapter 12 CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEMS 353
David J. Brill
Chapter 13 CYCLE PERFORMANCE IMPACTS 38...
FOREWORD
The electric power generation and distribution industry has
evolved during almost exactly one century into its pr...
PREFACE
Blaise Pascal, scientist, mathematician, and physicist, once
noted that the last thing we discover in writing a bo...
AUTHORS
Stanley A. Armbruster, P.E.
B.S., Kansas State University, Nuclear Engineering.
(Steam Turbine Generators)
Gordon ...
xii Power Plant Engineering
Mark F. McClernon, Ph.D.
B.S., Rockhurst College, Engineering Science; M.S.,
University ofNotr...
CONTRIBUTORS
The authors are grateful to many people and organizations
who assisted in the development of their chapters. ...
xiv Power Plant Engineering
Chapter 19-Site/Plant Arrangements
Contributors: Lynn E. Brown
Acknowledgments: W. Keith Kramb...
INTRODUCTION
Lawrence F. Drbal
One only has to experience a power outage to be reminded of
how much we take electricity fo...
COAL HANDLING SYSTEM
TRANSFER
BUILDING
TRAIN UNLOADING
CRUSHER
BUILDING
HOT REHEATSTEAM TURBINES
UNIT
SILOS
STEAM
DRUM
SUP...
Introduction 3
converts the thermal energy of the superheated and reheated
steam from the steam generator to electrical en...
4 Power Plant Engineering
native to pulverized coal steam generators. A solid bed of
fuel (such as coal) isfluidizedby an ...
9
ENGINEERING ECONOMICS
John M. Wynne
2.1 INTRODUCTION
Understanding and maintaining the proper relationship be­
tween eng...
6 Power Plant Engineering
mid-1970s has made cost minimization increasingly impor­
tant. Beginning in the 1970s, rapid ele...
Engineering Economics 7
information on the type and amount of capacity needed.
Once bids are received and evaluated, the m...
8 Power Plant Engineering
Table 2-1. Compounding and Future Values
Period Beginning Balance Interest 1
(A) (B)($) x (C)
1 ...
Engineering Economics 9
n = number of compounding periods, and
(1 + 0" = future value factor (FVF).
The future value of a ...
10 Power Plant Engineering
4. Unless otherwise stated, all future costs should be calcu­
lated as the current cost times a...
Engineering Economics 11
ЗА. If a utility wanted to set aside an amount currently that
would equal the boiler component co...
12 Power Plant Engineering
This example illustrates the general approach that should
be taken to decide among alternatives...
Engineering Economics 13
Table 2-3. Determination of Levelized Costs
Year
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Total
Annual
Cost
(A)$)
20,...
14 Power Plant Engineering
e = annual escalation rate,
n = number of years,
k= , , ., and
1 + i
i(l + i)n
CRF = ■„  „_ y
,...
Engineering Economics 15
operating cost incurred annually is matched by a dollar of
revenue.
The determination of the pres...
16 Power Plant Engineering
depreciation schedule for most types of utility property.
However, the ADS is mandatory for som...
Engineering Economics 17
was not allowed in the rate base. Through the AFUDC It is important to remember that a return on ...
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Transcript of "91705548 power-plant-engineering-black & veatch"

  1. 1. P O W E R P L A N T ENGINEERING by BLACK &VEATCH Lawrence F. Drbal Managing Editor Patricia G. Boston Associate Editor Kayla L. Westra Associate Editor R. Bruce Erickson Art Editor
  2. 2. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Power plant engineering/by Black & Veatch; Lawrence F. Drbal, managing editor, Patricia Boston, associate editor, Kayla L. Westra, associate editor. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 0-412-06401-4 1. Electric power-plants—Design and construction. I. Drbal, Lawrence F. II. Boston, Patricia G. III. Westra, Kayla L. IV. Black & Veatch. TK1191.P64839 1996 621.31'21--dc20 96-34590 Cover photo courtesy of Black & Veatch; Mike McPheeters (photographer). Intermountain Power Plant. Cover design: Curtis Tow Graphics © 1996 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, Inc., 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now know or hereafter developed is forbidden. The use in this publication of trade names, trademarks, service marks and similar terms, even if the are not identified as such, is not to be taken as an expression of opinion as to whether or not they are subject to proprietary rights. Printed in the United States of America. 9 8 7 SPIN 11384991 springeronline.com
  3. 3. CONTENTS Foreword vii Preface ix Authors xi Contributors xiii Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1 Lawrence F. Drbal Chapter 2 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS 5 John M. Wynne Chapter 3 THERMODYNAMICS AND POWER PLANT CYCLE ANALYSIS 39 Mark F. McClernon Chapter 4 FOSSIL FUELS 71 Kenneth E. Carlson Chapter 5 COAL AND LIMESTONE HANDLING 124 Richard H. McCartney Chapter 6 COMBUSTION PROCESSES 165 G. Scott Stallard and Todd S. Jonas Chapter 7 STEAM GENERATORS 185 Benjamin W. Jackson Chapter 8 STEAM TURBINE GENERATORS 218 Stanley A. Armbruster Chapter 9 STEAM CYCLE HEAT EXCHANGERS 250 Jay F. Nagori and Samuel Tarson Chapter 10 FANS 286 Kris A. Gamble Chapter 11 PUMPS 310 Lawrence J. Seibolt
  4. 4. vi Power Plant Engineering Chapter 12 CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEMS 353 David J. Brill Chapter 13 CYCLE PERFORMANCE IMPACTS 385 Michael J. Eddington Chapter 14 POWER PLANT ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS CONTROL 418 Lloyd L. Lovely and Alan W. Ferguson Chapter 15 WVTER TREATMENT 464 Richard G. Chapman Chapter 16 LIQUID AND SOLID WASTE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL 521 Kenneth R, Weiss Chapter 17 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS 551 Lloyd Wade Sherrill Chapter 18 PLANT CONTROL SYSTEMS 599 Augustine H, Chen Chapter 19 SiTE/PLANT ARRANGEMENTS 642 Roger M. Prewitt Chapter 20 GAS TURBINES 659 Jeffrey M. Smith Chapter 21 FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION 689 Kenneth E. Habiger Chapter 22 RESOURCE RECOVERY 710 Mitchell N. Bjeldanes and Gordon V. Z. Beard Chapter 23 NUCLEAR POWER 733 Lawrence F. Drbal Chapter 24 EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 781 Larry E. Stoddard Chapter 25 POWER PLANT PLANNING AND DESIGN 809 Stephen M. Garrett Chapter 26 PERMITTING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW REQUIREMENTS 829 Anne F. Harris, Amy L. Carlson, Douglas C. Timpe, and Lesley A. Wallingford APPENDIX CONVERSION TABLE 856
  5. 5. FOREWORD The electric power generation and distribution industry has evolved during almost exactly one century into its present form. This development has been driven by economics, tech­ nological advancements, and government regulations. These diverse forces have produced generation and distribution systems that are reliable, safe, and environmentally accept­ able, suitable for service throughout the world. The technol­ ogies which make up the systems have brought a highly convenient and economic form of energy to both densely populated cities and remote geographic areas. Electrical en­ ergy has become a fundamental requirement for the exis­ tence of modern society. Likewise, it is essential for eco­ nomic progress in lesser developed regions. Because the need for electricity is pervasive in our soci­ ety, there is a continuing interest in the technology of electric power production and distribution. Unfortunately for those with such interests, a comprehensive source of information has not been available until now. Existing texts have tended to be single topic treatments that address power plant design and plant components (primarily pre-1950) or electrical dis­ tribution system design. Power Plant Engineering, however, offers a unified treatment of power system economics, plan­ ning, design, and operation that includes consideration of all of the forces which have shaped the industry. The problem in producing a reliable book that treats all aspects of the industry has been in recruiting authors of the talent level required and in providing time and support for successful completion of the project. Producing such a book requires developing the concept and organizing the effort required, as well as managing and encouraging individuals who can effectively communicate their precise technical knowledge and experience in many diverse fields. The Black & Veatch organization is fortunate to have available within its structure the complete cast of players necessary to mount such a production. Equally important to its success, Black & Veatch management had the vision to encourage the project. The high level of talent and the effort expended on the task of producing the book are evident in the quality of the resulting product. The book wisely concentrates on state-of-the-art technol­ ogy. It emphasizes the why and the what of current practice. However, it does not neglect some of the underutilized en­ ergy sources and systems or t