Volcanoes & Videoconferencing Challenger E-Mission Prep Lynne M. Bailey CSD 9 Title IIB STEM Grant [email_address]  or  [e...
Agenda <ul><li>Paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objecti...
Online Agenda & Links <ul><li>http://teacherlynneb.googlepages.com   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Workshop Agendas </li>...
Getting Started <ul><li>Paperwork done?  </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols – leave no tracks! </li></ul><ul><li>Earth science co...
Volcanology What’s Hot?
 
Volcano Primer <ul><li>Escape of hot, molten rock (Magma), ash and gas through planetary crust from below the surface </li...
 
Volcano Types <ul><li>Shield  volcano </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest form, tall and broad with flat, roundish shapes: Olympu...
Stratovolcano Cross-Section <ul><li>Large magma chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Bedrock </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit (pipe) </li></...
Forces of Nature <ul><li>National Geographic Website  http:// www.nationalgeographic.com/forcesofnature /   </li></ul><ul>...
May ‘07 Eruption in Chile http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/10/world/americas/10chile.html
How Do These Compare? <ul><li>Aleutian Islands:  Listen to Podcast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last one of 8/7/08  Kasatochi , t...
What’s an e-Mission™ <ul><li>Video conferencing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Challenger Learning Center </li></ul><ul><ul...
Operation Montserrat <ul><li>Middle school students  </li></ul><ul><li>Will the volcano erupt? Will a nearby hurricane mak...
Four Teams <ul><li>Soufriere Hills volcano on Montserrat is ready to erupt at the same time a Category 3 hurricane is appr...
Previously… <ul><li>Overview  presentation   </li></ul><ul><li>Visit website and review materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ww...
Connect to Mission Control Can use webcam with Safari Check with Rosemary Nieves, Grant Coordinator/ NYIT for additional r...
Today’s Mission: Volcano Team <ul><li>Distribute volcano team worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>Complete in groups  </li></ul><...
Construct a Volcano <ul><li>Research ideas for volcano designs </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with bursts </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Bursting Gas <ul><li>Alka Seltzer Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Alka seltzer, film canister,  or similar, water & pus...
From PS 53
Online Volcano Resources <ul><li>This presentation and resources are online at http://technoed.wikispaces.com Click on the...
Video Conferencing <ul><li>Joys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great pre & post-conferenci...
VC Providers <ul><li>NASA  </li></ul><ul><li>Many museums </li></ul><ul><li>For video conferencing providers go to  http:/...
VC Equipment <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>New  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Webcam attached to interactive white board <...
Reflections
Reflection and Share -out <ul><li>Written reflection of today’s workshop </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Add a comm...
Closing <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Check the  blog  for these and more resources  <...
Thanks for Coming! Lynne M. Bailey STEM Trainer 917.309.4361 [email_address]
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  • rotocol: Food at tables only. Leave no tracks. We are guests. Review: cell phones, bathrooms, breaks, location of food sources Introduction – Overview: Introduction of Participants Overview: Teacher Perspective: Performance Indicators for Earth Science K-8 Sign in sheets Pre-test 10 questions (Anonymous) Ancillary question: What do you teach? Share-out about test/ What do you expect from these sessions? Learning style questions to differentiate instruction ; Why: to highlight the fact that we, and our students, do learn differently. Not a class about learning styles, but we will have varying activities that will hopefully address many different styles.
  • Extrusive refers to the mode of igneous volcanic rock formation in which hot magma from inside the Earth flows out (extrudes) onto the surface as lava or explodes violently into the atmosphere to fall back as pyroclastics or tuff . This is opposed to intrusive rock formation, in which magma does not reach the surface. The main effect of extrusion is that the magma can cool much more quickly in the open air or under seawater , and there is little time for the growth of crystals . Often, a residual portion of the matrix fails to crystallize at all, instead becoming an interstitial natural glass or obsidian . If the magma contains abundant volatile components which are released as free gas, then it may cool with large or small vesicles (bubble-shaped cavities) such as in pumice , scoria , or vesicular basalt . Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extrusive_(geology)
  • Diagram from wikipedia
  • NASA is free and getting an appointment can be difficult
  • Many museums are NYIT TBLS partners and they are preparing to use webcams and an Internet Server (Safari Montage) to deliver video conferencing. Webcams are very inexpensive, and easy to set up using the USB port.
  • volcanoVCF.ppt

    1. 1. Volcanoes & Videoconferencing Challenger E-Mission Prep Lynne M. Bailey CSD 9 Title IIB STEM Grant [email_address] or [email_address]
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review volcanoes </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare materials for e-mission team </li></ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces of Nature website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Mission practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcano bursts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VC Providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share-out </li></ul>
    3. 3. Online Agenda & Links <ul><li>http://teacherlynneb.googlepages.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on Workshop Agendas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on today’s subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read the hand-out on Volcanoes from Challenger’s e-mission </li></ul>
    4. 4. Getting Started <ul><li>Paperwork done? </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols – leave no tracks! </li></ul><ul><li>Earth science components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcanoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Algebraic calculations </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster planning </li></ul>
    5. 5. Volcanology What’s Hot?
    6. 7. Volcano Primer <ul><li>Escape of hot, molten rock (Magma), ash and gas through planetary crust from below the surface </li></ul><ul><li>Creates an opening, or rupture in the crust </li></ul><ul><li>Magma is called lava as it flows out and can form mountains or features like mountains over a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Heat rises because hot substances are less dense than colder ones; this heat energy and trapped gas can create cataclysmic explosions </li></ul><ul><li>Most formed at subduction zones found at tectonic plate borders </li></ul>
    7. 9. Volcano Types <ul><li>Shield volcano </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest form, tall and broad with flat, roundish shapes: Olympus Mons on Mars, Kilauea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cinder cone volcano </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small cone-shaped: Crater Lake </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Composite or stratovolcanoes : majestic, towering like Mt. St. Helens </li></ul>
    8. 10. Stratovolcano Cross-Section <ul><li>Large magma chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Bedrock </li></ul><ul><li>Conduit (pipe) </li></ul><ul><li>Base </li></ul><ul><li>Sill </li></ul><ul><li>Branch pipe </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of ash emitted by the volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Flank </li></ul><ul><li>Layers of lava emitted by the volcano </li></ul><ul><li>Throat </li></ul><ul><li>Parasitic cone </li></ul><ul><li>Lava flow </li></ul><ul><li>Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Crater </li></ul><ul><li>Ash cloud </li></ul>http://www.cuca.k12.ca.us/rcms/smith/volcano/earth.htm#cross
    9. 11. Forces of Nature <ul><li>National Geographic Website http:// www.nationalgeographic.com/forcesofnature / </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy the volcano section </li></ul><ul><li>You can take a quiz online at http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ngkids/0106/volcano/ </li></ul><ul><li>In groups, develop worksheet ideas for student use when visiting this site </li></ul>
    10. 12. May ‘07 Eruption in Chile http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/10/world/americas/10chile.html
    11. 13. How Do These Compare? <ul><li>Aleutian Islands: Listen to Podcast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last one of 8/7/08 Kasatochi , third in three weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chilean mountain erupted in May 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Islands are always cooking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/interior/plume_volcanism.html&edu=high </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. What’s an e-Mission™ <ul><li>Video conferencing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Challenger Learning Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.e-missions.net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission control is in charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online materials for students and teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several award-winning missions available for grades 3-12 </li></ul></ul>
    13. 15. Operation Montserrat <ul><li>Middle school students </li></ul><ul><li>Will the volcano erupt? Will a nearby hurricane make landfall? </li></ul><ul><li>Should you evacuate residents from their homes? </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation based on real-life events on Montserrat </li></ul><ul><li>Computers with Internet access and VC equipment required </li></ul>
    14. 16. Four Teams <ul><li>Soufriere Hills volcano on Montserrat is ready to erupt at the same time a Category 3 hurricane is approaching </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano team calculates rock fall and volcanic tectonic data to predict volcanic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane team tracks hurricane and estimated estimates path and arrival time </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation team uses population maps and transport options to move residents from danger zones to safe shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite data from the island transmitted every 5-6 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Communication team keeps Mission Control informed and relays team recommendations </li></ul>
    15. 17. Previously… <ul><li>Overview presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Visit website and review materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.e-missions.net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operation Montserrat – for students: T-3 Weeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.e-missions.net/om/3weeks/yourTask.aspx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See teacher site for sequence & task plan </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Connect to Mission Control Can use webcam with Safari Check with Rosemary Nieves, Grant Coordinator/ NYIT for additional resources
    17. 19. Today’s Mission: Volcano Team <ul><li>Distribute volcano team worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>Complete in groups </li></ul><ul><li>Review volcanic eruption data and graphs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rock fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tectonic activity </li></ul></ul>
    18. 20. Construct a Volcano <ul><li>Research ideas for volcano designs </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with bursts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alka Seltzer in small containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baking soda and vinegar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Menthos and Coca Cola? (see YouTube for videos) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add to wiki page at http://technoed.wikispaces.com </li></ul>
    19. 21. Bursting Gas <ul><li>Alka Seltzer Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Alka seltzer, film canister, or similar, water & pushpin </li></ul><ul><li>Develop hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Put 20 mm water (about 4 tsp.) into canister </li></ul><ul><li>Add ¼ Alka seltzer, cover and observe </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat, adding ½ a tab, cover and observe </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat again, but this time, put a few small holes in canister lid. Add ½ a tab, cover with lid and observe. </li></ul><ul><li>Write up your experiment: Hypothesis, materials, procedure, results & conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Vinegar & Baking Soda </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Aluminum tray, Large cup, small Dixie cup, food coloring </li></ul><ul><li>Place large cup upside down in pan </li></ul><ul><li>Add baking soda to Dixie cup to about 1/3 and place on top of large cup </li></ul><ul><li>Add white vinegar tinted with food coloring? and stand back </li></ul><ul><li>Variations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.volcanolive.com/model.html </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. From PS 53
    21. 23. Online Volcano Resources <ul><li>This presentation and resources are online at http://technoed.wikispaces.com Click on the Volcano tab </li></ul>
    22. 24. Video Conferencing <ul><li>Joys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great pre & post-conferencing resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pitfalls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. VC Providers <ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><li>Many museums </li></ul><ul><li>For video conferencing providers go to http:// www.nyiteez.org/providers.htm </li></ul>
    24. 26. VC Equipment <ul><li>Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Webcam attached to interactive white board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online server connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.safarimontage.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.sightspeed.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video support via Skype, Yahoo, Aim, </li></ul></ul>
    25. 27. Reflections
    26. 28. Reflection and Share -out <ul><li>Written reflection of today’s workshop </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Add a comment to the blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://lynnembailey.edublogs.org </li></ul></ul>
    27. 29. Closing <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Check the blog for these and more resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures will be posted and linked to http://flickr.com/photos/lynnemb/ for more photos </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. Thanks for Coming! Lynne M. Bailey STEM Trainer 917.309.4361 [email_address]
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