The Access Grid What Is it and What Can it do? Alexander Terzian and Zachary Wright University of Michigan Michigan Center...
What is the Access Grid? <ul><li>From the Access Grid website: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Access Grid™ is an ensemble of re...
<ul><li>inSORS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.insors.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANL/NCSA Software </li></ul><ul><ul><...
VRVS <ul><li>“ VRVS is a web oriented system for videoconferencing and collaborative work over IP networks. The Virtual Ro...
AccessGrid.org <ul><li>AG Software </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Community Support </li></ul>“ The AG ...
inSors Grid (IG) <ul><li>Commercial all-in-one solution </li></ul><ul><li>“ One Box” </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></...
What is needed to get on the Access Grid? Good Computer Computer Large screen, multiple displays  Monitor Software with su...
Access Grid Software <ul><li>VIC (Video Conferencing Tool) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Vic is a video conferencing application...
inSors Grid Desktop
Unicast vs.Multicast (M-bone)
Multicast Virtual Rooms vs. Bridged <ul><li>Multicast broadcasts to multicast video and audio addresses </li></ul><ul><li>...
Our System <ul><li>Dell Precision 450 Xeon dual-processor 2.66 GHz, 512MB RAM, Windows XP Professional </li></ul><ul><li>X...
Access Grid in Action
inSors Interface
Multiple Video Streams
Access Grid Conference Room
inSors IG Cube
What we’ve found <ul><li>There is no substitute for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good phone line and speakerphone </li></ul></ul...
Problems with Access Grid <ul><li>Other AG users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Grid software/hardware issues, problems  </l...
Keys to Future Success <ul><li>Improved CODECs </li></ul><ul><li>More multicast-enabled networks </li></ul><ul><li>Less ex...
Art on the Grid Complex Multisite Visual Collaboration
Distance Learning on the Grid
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Powerpoint Document - The Access Grid - What Is it and What ...

  1. 1. The Access Grid What Is it and What Can it do? Alexander Terzian and Zachary Wright University of Michigan Michigan Center for Biological Information Virtual Soldier Project
  2. 2. What is the Access Grid? <ul><li>From the Access Grid website: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Access Grid™ is an ensemble of resources including multimedia large-format displays, presentation and interactive environments, and interfaces to Grid middleware and to visualization environments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> These resources are used to support group-to-group interactions across the Grid. For example, the Access Grid (AG) is used for large-scale distributed meetings, collaborative work sessions, seminars, lectures, tutorials, and training. The Access Grid thus differs from desktop-to-desktop tools that focus on individual communication. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The promise: The Access Grid is next-generation collaborative technology. </li></ul><ul><li>The reality so far: The Access Grid is high-end videoconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Access Grid differ from traditional videoconferencing? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple video/audio streams and unlimited number of participants (in theory) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized and (mostly) public meeting “locations” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses multicast-enabled networks </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>inSORS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.insors.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ANL/NCSA Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Grid Toolkit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.accessgrid.org / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VRVS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.vrvs.org / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These use variations of VIC (video) and RAT (audio) software </li></ul>Three Ways to get on the Access Grid
  4. 4. VRVS <ul><li>“ VRVS is a web oriented system for videoconferencing and collaborative work over IP networks. The Virtual Room Videoconferencing System ( http://www.vrvs.org ) provides a low cost, bandwidth-efficient, extensible means of videoconferencing and remote collaboration” </li></ul>
  5. 5. AccessGrid.org <ul><li>AG Software </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Community Support </li></ul>“ The AG technology was developed by the Futures Laboratory at Argonne National Laboratory and is deployed by the NCSA PACI Alliance”
  6. 6. inSors Grid (IG) <ul><li>Commercial all-in-one solution </li></ul><ul><li>“ One Box” </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul><ul><li>Desktop Version </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Support </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is needed to get on the Access Grid? Good Computer Computer Large screen, multiple displays Monitor Software with support Access Grid software (vic and rat) Bandwidth: Gigabit connection Bandwidth: Megabit connection Multicast-enabled internet connection Internet connection Multiple microphones with echo cancellation hardware Microphone Multiple cameras Webcam or other computer camera Preferred Bare Minimum
  8. 8. Access Grid Software <ul><li>VIC (Video Conferencing Tool) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Vic is a video conferencing application developed by the Network Research Group at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in collaboration with the University of California, Berkeley .” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses RTP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for Multicast Backbone (MBone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www-nrg.ee.lbl.gov/vic/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RAT (Robust Audio Tool) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Robust Audio Tool (RAT) is a an open-source audio conferencing and streaming application that allows users to participate in audio conferences over the internet. These can be between two participants directly, or between a group of participants on a common multicast group.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RTP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multicast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed at University College London </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. inSors Grid Desktop
  10. 10. Unicast vs.Multicast (M-bone)
  11. 11. Multicast Virtual Rooms vs. Bridged <ul><li>Multicast broadcasts to multicast video and audio addresses </li></ul><ul><li>A bridged connection relies on an MCU “bridge” for protocol translation and unicast/multicast translation. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Our System <ul><li>Dell Precision 450 Xeon dual-processor 2.66 GHz, 512MB RAM, Windows XP Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Xentera 4-output video card w/3 NEC Vt 660 Projectors </li></ul><ul><li>Gentner AP 400 echo-cancellation device </li></ul><ul><li>4 Canon VC-C4 Cameras </li></ul><ul><li>4 audio-technica table microphones </li></ul><ul><li>2 projection screens </li></ul><ul><li>4 ceiling-mounted speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless keyboard and gyroscopic mouse </li></ul><ul><li>4 track-mounted spotlights </li></ul><ul><li>inSORS Grid software </li></ul><ul><li>inSORS Grid Recorder server </li></ul>
  13. 13. Access Grid in Action
  14. 14. inSors Interface
  15. 15. Multiple Video Streams
  16. 16. Access Grid Conference Room
  17. 17. inSors IG Cube
  18. 18. What we’ve found <ul><li>There is no substitute for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good phone line and speakerphone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preferably connected to AG </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared-desktop system (e.g. VNC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teleconference bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many users, especially traveling users, do not have access to a computer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Problems with Access Grid <ul><li>Other AG users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Grid software/hardware issues, problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-echo canceling microphones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restricted access to private rooms (e.g. inSORS rooms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor multicast connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdated CODECs (h.261) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-AG users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>H.323 to AG bridge problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Bandwidth (especially home users) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incompatible CODECs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-H.323 compatible cameras/software (e.g. iSight) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Keys to Future Success <ul><li>Improved CODECs </li></ul><ul><li>More multicast-enabled networks </li></ul><ul><li>Less expensive echo-canceling microphones and hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Low-cost packages </li></ul><ul><li>Better documentation and support </li></ul><ul><li>More users on the Access Grid! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Art on the Grid Complex Multisite Visual Collaboration
  22. 22. Distance Learning on the Grid

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