Cyberspace før og nå (8390 KB)Presentation Transcript
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564) The marble not yet carved can hold the form of every thought the greatest artist has.
E D M
Får ikke kjøpe medisin direkte
” Innherred sykehus vil spare millionbeløp på å kjøpe legemidler direkte fra grossist.
Statens helsetilsyn sier nei.
Sykehusdirektør Sigurd Ingvaldsen er oppgitt.”
Adresseavisen 26 oktober 2000
Cyberspace før og nå. Om mennesker og maskiner. Førsteamanuensis Arne Krokan BI / Norges Markedshøgskole Professor Tor G Syvertsen Institutt for konstruksjonsteknikk Studio Apertura NTNU http:// www.apertura.ntnu.no/cyberspace/cyberspace.htm
Cyberspace William Gibson, Neuromancer, 1984
“ Cyberspace. A consensual hallucination experienced daily by billions of legitimate operators, in every nation, by children being taught mathematical concepts ...
A graphic representation of data abstracted from the banks of every computer in the human system. Unthinkable complexity”
HG Wells: “World Brain”, 1938
"We are living in 1937, and our universities, I suggest, are not half-way out of the fifteenth century. We have made hardly any changes in our conception of university organization, education, graduation, for a century - for several centuries.
The three or four years course of lectures, the bachelor who knows some, the master who knows most, the doctor who knows all, are ideas that have come down unimpaired from the Middle Ages. Nowadays no one should end his learning while he lives and these university degrees are preposterous. It is true that we have multiplied universities greatly in the past hundred years, but we seem to have multiplied them altogether too much upon the old pattern.”
“ As We May Think” “ Professionally our methods of transmitting and reviewing the results of research are generations old and by now are totally inadequate for their purpose. If the aggregate time spent in writing scholarly works and in reading them could be evaluated, the ratio between these amounts of time might well be startling” Vannevar Bush: “ As We May think”, July 1945 “ Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready-made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified”.
Memex (Vannevar Bush)
“ Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, “memex” will do.
A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.
It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.”
Augmentation vs Automation
“ The secret of what anything means to us depends on how we've connected it to all the other things we know.
That's why it's almost always wrong to seek the "real meaning" of anything. A thing with just one meaning has scarcely any meaning at all.”
- Marvin Minsky
The LINK is the FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTY of the digital medium (WWW)
Sputnik 4 oktober 1957
Douglas C. Engelbart, ca 1950
FLASH-1: The difficulty of mankind's problems was increasing at a greater rate than our ability to cope. (We are in trouble.)
FLASH-2: Boosting mankind's ability to deal with complex, urgent problems would be an attractive candidate as an arena in which a young person might try to "make the most difference."
Yes, but there's that question of what does the young electrical engineer do about it? Retread for role as educator, research psychologist, legislator, ... ? Is there any handle there that an electrical engineer could ...
FLASH-3: Ahah -- graphic vision surges forth of me sitting at a large CRT console, working in ways that are rapidly evolving in front of my eyes (beginning from memories of the radar-screen consoles I used to service).
Den første musa
Klaviatur og mus
Fall Joint Computer Conference, San Fransisco 1968
Lett å bruke? eller effektiv?
ARPA Advanced Project Research Agency 1969: ARPANET 1973: UK og Norge tilknyttet 1983: INTERNET 1989: internett ~1994: WWW ~1996: .com
Informasjonshistorikk (kortform) Skriving oppfinnes Johan Gutenberg finner opp løse typer og moderne trykking Von Neumann m fl finner opp datamaskinen Mikroprosessoren gjør datamaskinen til allemannseie Internett kobler oss alle sammen Etter Nathan Myhrvold, Microsoft
The media shape the thinking
50000 years: spoken language
5000 years: written language
500 years: printed books
50 years: computers
5 years: digital media
Idea: professor Mitchel Resnick, MIT Media Laboratory new media skills: 5 years knowledge economy: 10 years new organizations: 25 years new universities: 100 years??
Every medium has its natural symbols Clay and pin Papyrus and brush Stone and chisel Cuneiform letters Hieratic letters Runic letters
The Computer The Printing Press S i m p l e t y p o g r a p h y J OHANNES G UTENBERG The Icon From incunabulas to
Basic Skills Reading Writing Arithmetics Hard-working Acquire knowledge Present ideas Differential communication Team-working Printed Book Digital Network
The First Paperless Airplane
“ Augmented Reality”
Kunstig syn Zoom
Richochet Wireless Internet Access DISH Network Home Service on Call Long Distance Electronic Town Square Home Electronics Sale Appliance Protection Informasjons-forsyning: ‘Information at Your Fingertips’
get your position right?
VIDEOCONFERENCING IN THE OUTBACK
Since 1993, aborigine communities in Australia's Northern Territory have been using videoconferencing as the primary medium for personal and business communications among each other and other sites in Sydney, Darwin and Alice Springs.
The Tanami Network, which uses PictureTel video-conferencing equipment, is favored over the telephone or radio because it can convey the extensive system of hand gestures used by aborigines while speaking. (Technology Review Apr 96 p17)
83 år gammel Yamada-sjarmør
Moore’s Law Revisited Performance/Cost for Computing Nathan Myhrvold’s 1st Law: Software is a gas - it expands to fit the container it is in The digital medium Price 0 Performance
Effektivisering av “lukket avdeling” Kostnad pr enhet Produserte enheter Effektivisering av byråkratiet medfører: MER BYRÅKRATI
Kommunikasjon Send Hent Produsenten må være kundeorientert Brukeren har kontroll Kostnad Senderen har kontroll og makt Mottakeren blir nedlesset
What information consumes
"What information consumes is rather obvious:
it consumes the ATTENTION of its recipients .
Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention , and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the over-abundance of information sources that might consume it."
Nobel laureate economist Herbert A. Simon Key Resources: Attention and Knowledge
Den har massevis av informasjon, men har fortsatt ingen egen mening om noe.
Den skal i utgangspunktet hjelpe deg med å løse problemer, men det er i virkeligheten DEN som er problemet.
Så snart du har bundet deg til en, innser du at hadde du ventet litt lenger, ville du fått en mye bedre modell.
Ingen bortsett fra dens skaper forstår dens indre logikk
Det interne språket den bruker for å kommunisere med andre PCèr er uforståelig for andre
Selv den aller minste feil blir lagret i langtids-minnet, for senere å bli hentet opp igjen til stadighet
Så fort du skaffer deg en, finner du ut at halvparten av lønna di går med til tilleggsutstyr .
Capital and Profitable Knowledge Physical Capital: matter and energy Engineering Financial Capital: money and stocks Economics Intellectual, Human, Structural Capital: ambitions, attitudes, relations Sociology, Psychology Anthropology, ... 1960 1980 2000
Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet (NTNU), Trondheim Kunnskap om kunnskapsvekst
www Know Ho W ! Know W hat? Know W hy? BUY it!!! DO it!!!
Attila the Hun on Timing
"Pushing events to happen before their time is less important than their ultimate achievement. Victory comes to one who knows not only what to do but when to do it."
Kunstig intelligens?? U intelligente komponenter med effektiv kommunikasjon kan skape en intelligent helhet! Kan vi frambringe kunstig intelligens?
Naturlig dumhet!! Intelligente komponenter med in effektiv kommunikasjon kan skape en u intelligent helhet.... Kan vi avskaffe naturlig dumhet?
New Millenium Champions
Speed and Simplicity
Unique External Relations
Unique Internal Relations
Responsibility and Trust
Changing Times ....
' It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,
it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness,
it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity,
it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness,
it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair,
we had everything before us, we had nothing before us,
we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way '
( Charles Dickens : "A Tale of Two Cities” , 1859)
Y2K??? Ingenting mot Y1-problemet!!
The Knowledge Economy Postulate 1: Knowledge is Power Postulate 2: Time is Money As any engineer knows; Work = Power*Time By substitution: Work = Knowledge*Money Solving for Money: Money = As Knowledge 0 Money regardless of Work Hence: the less you know, the more you make Work Knowledge
Hoffnarren: Tor G Syvertsen Ide, tekst og grafikk: Tor G Syvertsen Per R Stokke Jan Onarheim Per Morten Schiefloe Arne Krokan Spesialrådgiver: Bjørn Vidar Lerøen Produsert og framført av: Den norske digitalmisjon Støttet av: NTNU Statoil Norges Forskningsråd Trekkspill: Helge Førde The Brazz Brothers CopyLeft 1997-2001 Den norske digitalmisjon TAKK FOR OPPMERKSOMHETEN [email_address] 0