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prerequisites of a good descriptive essay

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    prerequisites of a good descriptive essay prerequisites of a good descriptive essay Presentation Transcript

    • DIPLOMA IN TEACHING OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE Lesson Plan number 1 Prepared by: Miss Nida Khan
    • PREREQUISITES OF A GOOD DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY
    • GRADE: O LEVEL SUBJECT: ENGLISH TIME: 45 Minutes AIMS:  The students shall be able to develop:  Communicative competence—the ability to communicate with clarity, relevance, accuracy and variety  Creativity—the ability to use language, experience and imagination to respond to new situations, create original ideas and make a positive impact  Critical skills—the ability to scan, filter and analyse different forms of information  Cross- cultural awareness—the ability to engage with issues inside and outside own community dealing with the familiar as well as the unfamiliar
    • CORE OBJECTIVES To enable the students to:  Communicate appropriately, with a clear awareness of purpose, audience and register  Communicate clearly and develop ideas coherently, at word level, at sentence level and at whole text level  Use accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar  Communicate creatively, using a varied range of vocabulary, sentence structures and linguistic devices
    • LESSON OBJECTIVES By the end of lesson the students shall be able to:  Have a knowledge of the purpose and significance of description and its types  Identify the various stages in writing descriptive essay  Learn and use the new vocabulary creatively and innovatively  Use a variety of sentence structures
    • METHODOLOGY Direct Method Visual Technique
    • • Projector • Pictures • Thesaurus
    • The students shall be divided in almost four groups and shall be handed over the pictures to study.
    • APPROACH  Working in groups look at the given pictures and reserve the first thought and feeling that you have in your mind along with the other significant and minute details that you notice. (The response time given shall be 3 to 5 minutes to the whole class).
    • WHAT IS DESCRIPTION?  Description is a way of giving the details about an object, event, location, person, etc. When you describe something, you are telling about its physical and other traits. Give lots of details to make the scene real for the reader.
    • TYPES OF DESCRIPTION  Objective-- Objective description attempts to report accurately the appearance of the object as a thing in itself, independent of the observer's perception of it or feelings about it.  Example: Lincoln's Objective SelfDescription "If any personal description of me is thought desirable, it may be said, I am, in height, six feet, four inches, nearly; lean in flesh, weighing, on an average, one hundred and eighty pounds; dark complexion, with coarse black hair, and gray eyes…" (Abraham Lincoln, Letter to Jesse W. Fell, 1859)
    • • Subjective-Impressionistic description is very different. Focusing upon the mood or feeling the object evokes in the observer rather than upon the object as it exists in itself, impressionism does not seek to inform but to arouse emotion.
    • Example: Rebecca Harding Davis's Impressionistic Description of a Smoky Town "The idiosyncrasy of this town is smoke. It rolls sullenly in slow folds from the great chimneys of the iron-foundries, and settles down in black, slimy pools on the muddy streets. Smoke on the wharves, smoke on the dingy boats, on the yellow river--clinging in a coating of greasy soot to the house-front, the two faded poplars, the faces of the passers-by. The long trains of mules, dragging masses of pig-iron through the narrow street, have a foul vapour hanging to their reeking sides. Here, inside, is a little broken figure of an angel pointing upward from the mantel-shelf; but even its wings are covered with smoke, clotted and black. Smoke everywhere! A dirty canary chirps desolately in a cage beside me. Its dream of green fields and sunshine is a very old dream--almost worn out, I think." (Rebecca Harding Davis, "Life in the Iron Mills." The Atlantic Monthly, April 1861)
    • QUESTION: Do you see any literary device used in Rebecca Harding’s impressionistic description? (Asked with reference to the prior lesson on similes, metaphors, personification)
    • WHAT IS A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY? WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY?
    • WHAT SHOULD BE THERE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY  Take time to brainstorm  Use clear and concise language  Choose vivid language  Use figures of speech  Use your senses  Essay should have a proper beginning, middle and end  What were you thinking?  Leave the reader with a clear impression  Be organized
    • TIPS FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY  First decide on what you want to describe  What is the purpose of this description?  What should you include in this description?  Drafting your essay  Avoid unnecessary description
    • Activity 1 Now sit back, close your eyes and imagine a person who scared you or impressed you the most. Open your eyes after 1 minute and explain what you saw using different words.
    • IS USING NEW WORDS REALLY IMPORTANT IN DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY? adds variety to the essay enhances your knowledge imagination is not limited
    • USE A VARIETY OF SENTENCE STRUCTURES Vary the rhythm by alternating short and long sentences. Vary sentence openings.
    • WORKING IN GROUPS
    • Activity 2 Read out the sample descriptive essay and then answer the following questions:  What is the subject of the sample essay?  Does the author make use of fresh and varied vocabulary? Underline and write them.  Does the author use her senses to describe the scene? Give examples.  Is there any literary device used by the author?  Write the meanings of the following: Looming, trade in, serenity, intimidating, imperceptible, assault, dislodged
    • W O R K I N G I N PA I R S A c t i v i t y 3 Write descriptive paragraph using at least two literary devices and sentence structures on one of the following topics:  Your dream house  A treasured belonging  The ocean  The perfect shopping mall
    • RECAPITULATION  What is description?  What should be there in a descriptive essay?  Why should we write a descriptive essay?  What literary devices can be most commonly used in descriptive essay?
    • INDEPENDENT WORK
    • Write a descriptive essay between 350- 500 words on ONE of the following topics using the list of descriptive adjectives. (You can also look up for the synonyms of the adjectives from the thesaurus). • Describe the sights, sounds, smells and tastes of the busiest street in your area. • Describe the backstage during a play or a concert • Describe your favorite place of entertainment and write about some of the people who work there. • Describe two interesting and different buildings in your neighborhood. You should describe their appearance and atmosphere and not just tell stories about what happens in them.
    • LIST OF DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES List of Adjectives Describing Sound List of Adjectives Describing Taste List of Adjectives Describing Touch List of Adjectives Describing Color Blaring . Cooing Bitter Hard Azure Delicious Loose Aqua Deafening Fresh Rough Blue Loud Hot Smooth Black Melancholic Icy Slippery Crimson Noisy Juicy Sticky Cyan Soft Spicy Sharp Gold Shrill Sweet Scattered Green Squeaking Sour Soft Magenta Silent Salty Tender Orange Thundering Tasty Uneven Pink Whispering Tasteless Wet Turquoise e.g. Blaring loudspeaker e.g. Delicious pastry e.g. Rough surface e.g. Green diamond